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and beheld the Ambracian Gulf! And was thy soul, young Lesbian ! Warm and enthis sea which I now sailed over, filled with thusiastic, friendship became with thee a my petty cares and anxieties, once vexed by passion, which the dull and cold of heart the tributary fleets of those “ who did the could not understand. The genius of Sapround world divide?" And where was Oc. pho-her fine sensibility and ardent imagitavius? where was Antony ? and that impe. nation, could only be generated in the derial beauty, whose royal luxury would ex-licious clime and under the bright skies of haust a kingdom's revenue in a night's Greece. We find, indeed, that she has been banqueting? Ask for the eddying bubbles in all ages remarkable for having produced of those receding waves, and exclaim with great and distinguished women-illustrious Solomon," All is vanity!" Yet is there no real instances to prove what the female mind is glory? Is that glittering though unsubstan- capable of: in opposition to those degradtial prize for which in all ages the great ing doctrines of the Koran which, it is to be amongst mankind have thirsted for and feared, have too many abettors even amonst contended-is it of so vain and ficeting a Christians. When the long night of darknature, that wisely the philosophic Juvenal,* ness and slavery, which has for three cenin bitter irony, only weighs the dust of the turies rested upon Modern Greece, accommighty dead? Even so does the enlightened panied by its never-failing attendants, mind treat the names and actions of many of ignorance and superstition, has fallen in those falsely styled " great,” to whom igno- common, nay, perhaps with heavier hand rance and the corrupted voice of Man have upon her daughters, it is in vain to look for decreed a fictitious glory; but with the the Sapphos, Aspasias, and Corinnas, of march of intellect and diffusion of know. other and brighter times ; but taking examledge a re-action takes place, and he bastens ple from her troubled eras, when, as now, to forget the old objects of his idolatry, to Greece was threatened with destruction by form other and juster notions of real great- her barbarous foes, they have directed their ness. When Cyrus and Babylon, Alexander energies more usefully to the emancipation and the Granicus, Hannibal and Cannæ, the of their country. And Bobolina of Spezbrilliant victories of Cæsar, the triumphs of zia, * with the patriotism which the royal Augustus, the conquests of Charlemagne, traitress wanted, is not unworthy of comthe Crusaders and Ascalon, Swedish Charles parison with the warlike Artemisia.t and Pultowa, Marlborough and Blenheim, I went below, and turned into my cot, and Napoleon, Marengo and Austerlitz-all are fell asleep, dreaming of Greece and her forgotten, or only remembered as the de- heroes. I was awakened in the morning stroyers of mankind, and the fatal scenes of by the rattling cable, as we came to anchor their destruction,--Socrates and his moral near Argostoli. We found the armed maxims—Plato and his dialogues--the devo- schooner Leonidas already there. On maktion of Leonidas-the justice of Aristides, ing a signal, an officer was sent to us. I -the discoveries of Newton-the philan- delivered him a letter from Signor Vostizzi. thropy of Howard-and the patriotism of He was very courteous, and, in answer to Washington-shall claim and receive the my questions, informed me that Admiral admiration of mankind. They, and such as Miaulis was at Hydra, and that the army they, shall alone be considered as the heroes and the principal chiefs were still before and benefactors of the human race, the pos. Tripolitza, prosecuting the siege. He said sessors of real glory.
it would be impossible to land the arms or And is it not, thought I, enthusiastically, myself in the Gulf of Patras, that there a glorious achievement to drive the bar- were several Turkish ships of war at anchor barous Mussulman from the lovely land near the town, and a large disposable body of Greece, which he has long desolated of troops in the different garrisons ; whó, -o expel those slavish and brutal denizens now that the Greek forces were drawn from the native land of freedom ?
away to a distant quarter, roamed about, “Yes !” said I, “ such a cause is worthy desolating the country. We resolved, thereof the name I bear. To die is but to live fore. to land in the Gulf of Arcadia, and to mingle my clay with the sacred ashes of cross the country to Tripolitza, where, he those who cannot die."
said, the arms were much required. He • Yonder is the Lover's Leap," said the advised me to remain on board the felucca, man at the helm ; and out beyond the lee- and in the event of our falling in with a bow of the felucca the high promontory of Turkish cruiser, he could divert her attenLeucadia was seen, overhanging the deep. tion, whilst we, carrying English colours,
I had not then, alas ! known what it is to might proceed quietly to our destination. love ; and my mind was attuned for loftier and sterner meditations ; yet did I not pass
* Bobolina of Spezzia fitted out seven ships that fatal steep, O gentle Sappho, without
against the enemy, at her own charge. conjuring up the remembrance of thy own
+ Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus and some beautifully-told sorroirs, and dropping, a neighbouring islands, followed Xerxes in his expetear into the cold wave, where thou didst dition against Greece. Her conduct at the battle seek for rest. Noble and highly gifted was of Salamis was so brave as to call from the Per
sian monarch the remark, that on that day the * Expende Annibalem : quot libras in duce summo men had behaved like women, and the women like Invenies ?
Juv. S. s., v. 147.
Assenting to the propriety of all this, we ger, he was fitted to command the rude chiefs hove the anchor up and made sail, and, by whom he was surrounded. Like his browithout meeting any opposition, brought to ther Alexander, he seemed born a soldier, for again the same evening near Cape Katakolo at this time he could not have been much in the Gulf of Arcadia. We sent a messen- more than thirty, and yet he was generalger on shore, who procured the aid of a issimo of the Greeks, and had proved himdozen rude carts, drawn by oxen, to convey self one of tbeir most successful leaders. In the arms, with Arcadian shepherds to guide person he was about the middle height; them-think of Arcadian shepherds ! his features were pale and thoughtful; he
I was now in Greece—the long-sighed for did not seem in good health, and walked bourne of my aspirations. We landed near with lameness, but I believe this is owing to the river Rufra, the ancient Alpheus. We some natural defect. In conversation he "passed the ruins of Olympia-indeed every was courteous and animated. He seemed step we took inland was entering upon clas- much mortified by the opposition he had sic ground, and amid scenes the most glo- met with from the Greek ephors, or pri. rious upon earth. Here fired with noble mates, in his plans for bringing the army emulation, had flocked the sages and heroes into regularity and discipline. He in forof old, whose virtues have dignified human na med me that Mavrocordato, with Catacuzture, who, though without revelation, had still ene, was gone into Western Greece, to asloved and followed virtue for its own sake, sume the command there ; and added, that and left an undying example to mankind. from some unpleasant tidings he had that Still does their spirit, with the genius of morning received, he would be obliged to liberty, seem to haunt those lovely valleys, march in the evening, with a small division and walk abroad on the hills of Greece. of the army, northward towards Patras.
He said he thought the garrison must event" The silent pillar, loan and grey,
ually, surrender, as the passes were all Claimed kindred with their sacred clay ; guarded, and they had no chance of receive Their spirit wrapt the dusky mountain,
ing any supplies. • The Turks,” said he, Their memory sparkled o'er the fountain ;
“have not made so many sorties of late ; Despite of every yoke she bears,
their cavalry are destroyed; while they That land is glory's still, and theirs !"
were fresh, they kept us from the plains ; Yet no generous mind can contemplate but now we can make nearer approaches; Greece without the most painful emotion. and if these fellows,” said he, "who will Her fertile vales are lone and neglected- stand for hours behind a rock to have a shot her fine public roads are broken up, or at a Turkish sentinel, would only employ rather not a vestige of them remains-her themselves in making a few gabions or fasbusy commerce-her immense and restless cines, something might be done; but no, population-her numerous cities, now only any manual work of this kind they think. distinguished by their ruins-all, all are servile and beneath them. We have, ingone-an exterminating war has completed deed, cut off the water-pipes, and thus pressher desolation. She is Greece, indeed, ed, the garrison will surrender, but not till "but living Greece no more !"
the season for action elsewhere has gone by. We now began to descend the hills which Long ere this I would have ventured an slope towards Tripolitza, and to fall in with assault ; but no," said he, scornfully, "the foraging parties from the besieging army. ephors expect vast spoil and treasure, and Tripolitza, like most of the Greek towns, would not that the profane hands of the looks imposing at a distance, but approach- soldiers should touch any of it. Your mus. ing nearer, are sadly disappointed kets will prove a most opportune aid, as with this capital of the Peloponnesus. many of our people have no other arms The fortifications are weak and ill construct-than a stick." ed, and could not have withstood a regular He offered me a command amongst the army forty-eight hours. Yet here had been Philhellenes, or sacred band, a battalion ten thousand Greeks for nearly a month, formed of Greeks, educated abroad ; or and they seemed to be as far from taking the foreign volunteers. I told him, however, of place as ever ; indeed their only hope seemed my little band of Suliotes, and their wish to to rest in starving the garrison into a surrend- act with the Arnauts or the Albanians. It er. This was not, however, owing to any defi. was then settled that I should give my letter ciency, on the part of the Greeks, of courage to Giorgaki Kizzo, whom, he said, I would or resolution, but to their complete want of a find a very noble fellow, and join his folbattering-train, or even artillery to cover an lowers. These matters being arranged, he assault, supposing a breach were effected. advised me to take up my quarters in one
On joining the army, I immediately made of the hamlets near the town, which he pointmy way to the tent-one of the few in the ed out to me. • The Greeks,” said he, "in army-of the General, if, indeed, amongst this delightful clime of theirs, easily man.so many independent chieftains, there was age about their couches for the night-a really such a person. I found in Demetrius few boughs and leaves make a rude but Ipsilanti all that I had previously heard of sufficient housing to keep off the dews of him. Bold and enthusiastic in the cause of the night, and that is all that is Greece ; intelligent and well informed ; sary." "Such, indeed, was the kind of tents unmoved by difficulties, undaunted by dan- which outstretched, far and near, around
Tripolitza, for every man seemed to have terms to capitulate offered that morning by his own particular domicile, such as it was. the Bardouniotes, a wild and warlike tribe,
I took my leave of Ipsilanti, who left living near the Mainotes; it was agreed his tent to give directions to some of his that they should be granted, and that evenofficers about his intended march, while I, ing the Bardouniotes came out and surrenattended by Tahir, my favourite Suliote, dered to the Mainotes. and Nicolo Vasi, took my way to see The Turks now began seriously to think about quarters in the village pointed out. of capitulation, when confidence and impru
Miserable, indeed, was the accommodation dence on their part anticipated them, and it presented ; for a small consideration, I brought the siege to a close with a horrible induced a Mainote chief to give up a catastrophe. Some of the Greek soldiers wretched house, with white-washed walls having entered into conversation with the and flat roof, and only three rooms. I Turkish sentinels, and offering fruit in barordered Tahir to domicile himself and his ter, the latter imprudently assisted them to comrades on the ground story, and notwith-mount the wall; but they were no sooner up standing the musquitoes and a hard mattress, than they hurled down the Mahometans, managed to sleep pretty soundly. Next opened the gates, and displayed the standard day, with Nicolo, who now seldom left me, of the Cross. to act as interpreter, I waited upon Giorgaki I was returning from an excursion to PaliKizzo, whose quarters were not far off, opolis with Giorgaki, when suddenly the din amongst the Mainotes and Epirotes, under of drums and shouting fell upon our ear. Pietros, bey of Maina, who had assumed " Hark!” cried he, “Tambourgi! tam.' the command of the army at Ipsilanti's bourgi! the Turks have made a sortie." departure. I found Giorgaki standing out We pushed rapidly forward, and, clearing side a large painted tent, engaged with some an olive wood, beheld the whole army rushyoung chieftains at quoits. Never did I see ing to the gates. a more complete model of manly beauty ; « St. Spiridon," cried Giorgaki," the gates his features were formed in the noblest cast are open-the cross ! forward-forwardof Grecian outline; his eyes were large and Tripolitza's ours !” Saying this, we ran at dark, mild in their expression, but full of full speed to our quarters: the Mainotes latent fire; of the middle height, but slim were already in motion; in a moment they and graceful as Apollo ; every action, as, were formed, and Giorgaki at their head. bounding with the quoit, he surpassed his fel- My Suliotes were ready waiting, with flashlows, betrayed the agile strength of a moun- ing eyes and impatient gestures, for me to taineer; clad in the complete and splendid lead them to the assault; the boy Nicolo Arnaut garb, his finely formed throat was was amongst the most eager. I ordered him bared and his raven hair fell down his to retire and take charge of my baggage. neck in almost feminine luxuriance. He The hope of pillage, and the slaughter of received me courteously, and, after reading their Albanian enemies, roused the demon of the letter I was charged with, embraced me, carnage in the breasts of the savage Suliotes, and invited me into the tent, where sat some and clashing their sabres, they cried to me of the elder chiefs playing at drafts, smoking to lead them forward. I drew my sword, and their chiboukes, or conversing. Amongst in a moment more we were mingled with the the latter was Pietros Bey, and the celebra. Mainotes, and amongst the advancing troops ted Colocotroni ; the first of these was a rushing towards the gates. Now rose from venerable looking old man, but the last at- the plain the reverberating din of the artil. tracted and fixed all the observer's attention: lery ; the quick rattling peals of volleying he was a man of about the middle age ; musketry; the war.cries and shouting of though above the common height, his huge hostile men meeting in deadly conflict. figure and breadth of chest made it appear 6 Hellas! and the Cross !” “ Souli! souli !" less; his limbs were large and muscular, “ Allah! allah ! allah il allah !" were heard and evinced great strength ; his features above the bickering of sabres, and the groans were noble, but fierce and haughty in their of the dying. We have gained the drawexpression ; his eyes dark and flashing like bridge, soon choked by the assailants; now the eagle's; his hair, which had once been friend and foe are trampled on-the walls black as the raven's wing, was slightly griz: are scaled-and, after a furious conflict, all zled; he was dressed like the Mainotes, and opposition is quenched in the blood of the in addition, wore a kind of half armour; his Moslems; and Tripolitza is given up to shoulders were protected by burnished slaughter and pillage. Now ring upon the scales, terminating in lions' heads; his ear the yells of the vanquished, and shrieks nether limbs were sheathed in greaves, or of flying women. Here and there, from street buskins, with silver scales.
to street, some returning party, rendered desI now placed my small but, I hoped, de- perate by despair, rally, and make a fierce voted contingent, including myself, at the resistance. disposal of the chiefs, who informed me, Mingled in the mêlée, and carried away however, that I could not be better than by the maddening tumult of the assault, I with my friend Giorgaki Kizzo ; that, in the had advanced far into the town, without bepath of honour and the hour of danger, I ing aware that gradually our party, and even could find no truer companion in arms. my own band of Suliotes, had fallen off to The chiefs then began to consult upon the plunder. Just then I fell in with a small body
of Turks retreating towards the citadel. A standard? By St. Bazil ! Signor Delaval,
never want a friend in Giorgaki."
rounding houses, furniture and spoil came I had only time to defend myself, when tumbling from the lattices, and now and then, the gigantic savage, bounding forward, was above the crackling and falling of the burnupon me, dealing blow after blow, with an ing rafters, were heard the stifled shrieks arm like a windmill, and a force which seem of the wretched Mussulmans, as they were ed more than human. I was master of my dragged from their hiding-places and given weapon, and was armed with a good cut-and- to the sword. Yes, truth must confess that thrust sword ; yet I found my strength fast the atrocities that followed the assault on failing me in this constant parrying of the Tripolitza were barbarous in the extreme. rapid attacks of my adversary's sword. I But ere we utterly condemn the Greeks, we saw I must no longer act on the defensive; should remember the annals of our own I made a feint, and getting my sword beneath campaign in the Peninsula, the ruthless the curved Damascus of the Nubian, with a violence which too often followed the stormsudden movement, forced it from his grasp. ing of our armies, gallant and disciplined
• Ah! dog of Eblis—but it shall not save as they were, when roused by that bloody thee.” He retreated a pace backward ; but impatience and animosity which is common seeing that I was too active to allow him to to all armies that have endured the hardships recover his scimitar, he seized the standard of a long and obstinate siege. Callous does in both his hands, and rushed forward again the most generous heart become amidst the with desperate fury. I struck at him as he desolating scenes and countless horrors of threw himself upon me, but he received my war. Giorgaki, heedless of the cries of these sword on the flag staff, and, ere I could reco- wretched prisoners, only seemed anxious ver myself, had grasped my sword arm with that his men should postpone their ruthless one of his brawny hands, and with the other occupation, until they had cut off the few seizing my throat, he bent me backward to straggling parties of the enemy, who now, the earth. Earth and sky reeled before my from different quarters, were seen flying vision-my brain swam-death was near-towards the citadel. and it would have been relief to the throes "Forward ! forward, sons of the Greeks !" of strangulation which I suffered under the he cried, "there will be time for plunder grasp of the infidel.
“Now Monker shall when we have gained the citadel." have thee, Christian," said the Nubian, as, He waved his sword, and some Mainotes kneeling on my chest, he wrenched the hilt gathering round, we pushed forward in purof my sword from my nerveless hold, and suit; we had not proceeded far when a shortened it for the fatal thrust. His arm fearful and united cry, as from several wowas raised aloft, but ere it descended, a pori- men, fell upon our ears—it proceeded from ard was driven by some friendly hand into a large square building connected with a the broad back of the Nubian, and with a court-yard, round which ran a gallery of convulsive spring, uttering a deep groan, he chambers. tell back and expired.
“Ha! they have burst the pacha's harem,' Again I breathed freely, my senses return- cried Giorgaki ; "on Signor Delaval-on to ed, and, looking up, I beheld Nicolo Vasi the rescue! Beshrew the caitriff wretch supporting my head, a second time my pre- who hearkens not to the cry of woman in
The gallant boy, notwithstanding distress !" my orders, had stormed the town with his We crossed the court-yard, and, ascendcountrymen, and singling me out after we ing a winding staircase, were within the had cleared the ramparts, determined to fol- pacha's serai. We heeded not the Mosaic low me, and if I fell, to fall with me. I rose floors and jets of living water sparkling in up and took him by the hand— Brave youth, their marble basins, the Parian pillars surhenceforth you shall never leave me; and porting the roof, which glittered with golden here,” said I, taking up the standard which verses from the Koran. "We heeded not all was wound 'round the Nubian, “here is a this eastern luxury and magnificence so painproud memorial of your early prowess for fully contrasted with the squalid appearance your kinsmen at Kiappa."
of the town, and its present hour of desolaA large body of the Greeks led on by tion. No; our souls were appalled, our Giorgaki Kizzo, his sword red to the hilt pulses stilled, by the heart-rending cry with the blood of the Moslems, now rushed which woman utters in the moments of her up the street. “Well met, signor," said he, utmost distress. Shriek after shriek resound* Tripolitza's ours. What? the Pacha'sed through the desolate oda, and now came
mingled with the oaths and imprecations of master? Yet so it was she was indeed the
We rushed forward, and entering a favourite wife of Chourchid Pacha. dormitory-heaven and earth! what a sight Poor Giorgaki ! the sympathy which was was there! Woman in her loveliest form, at first awakened by his own generous disthe captive beauties of Circassia and Fran. position, deepened into a warmer and more guestan, struggling with frail and impotent tender interest, as he gazed upon the supplistrength in the brutal embraces of an infuri- cating beauty of her who knelt before him. ated soldiery. I recognised in these barba- And Aisi, lovely Aisi, did she share in those rians my own band of Suliotes, aided by feelings? Yes! that tearful eye and quiverthree fierce Arcadians. The very momenting lip tell of emotions never felt till now. Giorgaki appeared in the oda, Tahir, my And ere the handsome young Greek raised favourite Suliote, was dragging a tall and her from the ground, she felt for the first lovely woman towards the entrance. time that she loved, and was beloved. Such
“Ah! Axonoiva," exclaimed Kizzo, as he is love in the East-the love of nature-vital, recognised the jewelled poniard at the cap- and rapid in its growth, as the shooting beams tive's girdle ; “the pacha's wife! Down of her own orb of day. with thy burden, ruffianly Klepthes, or by Giorgaki soon succeeded in assuring the St. Basil thy apostate blood shall dye my trembling inmates of the harem of their se. sword deeper than that of the infidel!" curity, and in quieting their alarms; he
Not without ransom,” said the Suliote, promised that a strong guard should be fiercely ;." she is mine by right.”
posted during the night in the courtyard to Maintain it then," said Giorgaki, and protect them; and that he himself and his with uplifted sabre, he rushed upon the friend, meaning me, would take up their Suliote, who stood ready to defend himself; quarters in the adjoining building. and his comrades coming to his assistance, Willingly do I throw a veil over the horGiorgaki's life would have been the price of rors which filled the first terrible night that this contention, had I not interposed. settled on Tripolitza after its occupation by
“ Back, Tahir!” cried I; “ you have sworn the Greeks ; fain would I, indeed, blot them to obey me. I myself will pay you any fair from my memory. Next day, the citadel ransom which you set on this lady.”. surrendered at discretion, and the seat of the
"'Tis well, sigpor," said Tahir; “I was Ottoman government in the Peloponnesus, the first, with my brave countrymen, to clear the scene of innumerable atrocities on the the ramparts, and open a passage into the part of their Turkish tyrants, and about two town, and heard yon false chieftain, to cheer ihousand prisoners, were in the hands of the on the wavering Mainotes, declare that Tri patriots. politza and all it held were given to the victors. Yet now he would tear from me the A few days after these events, Nicolo Vasi captive of my sword! Let him look to it; came and informed me that Tahir and the and mind, signor, 'tis to you I yield her;" Suliotes had sworn the death of Giorgaki saying which, with a scowl of hatred and Kizzo. I was not surprised at this, and defiance at Giorgaki, he retired from the willing enough to get rid of these dangerous seraglio, with his countrymen, who looked and troublesome followers-for though brave as enraged as himself; a few thrusts and and faithful to their masters, they are equally blows from our sabres sent the Arcadians savage and untractable. Summoning Tahir after them; and the oda being cleared, we and the rest of his band before me, I paid had time to contemplate the ininates of the them their arrears and a handsome gratuity, barem. Never did the eye rest upon more and dismissed them from my service. They lovely forms than these poor slaves of Scio seemed irritated and unprepared for this, till, and Circassia. Their very abandonment, observing Vasi standing behind me, Tahir their dilated eyes, and dishevelled tresses, cast a glance of intelligence at his comrades, but heightened their charms, and engaged and bowing low, retired. more deeply our sympathy for those whom I hastened to Giorgaki's quarters, and their brutal lord only considered as the toys informed him of the conspiracy against of his lust.
his life, which providentially I had been Gradually they seemed to recover from able to defeat, and I took care not to leave their fears, until, loosening their hold of the him till the Suliotes had long left the army, pillars to which they had clung in the extre- and crossed the mountains. I engaged a mity of their distress, they timidly approach. Greek servant, whom my friend had reed us, and, kneeling down, embraced our commended to me, and returned to my knees, and poured forth their thanks in sim-quarters. I was much surprised at not ple but touching eloquence. Foremost finding Nicolo waiting, as usual, to receive amongst them was the beautiful Circassian me. Alarmed, I ran through the rooms, whom Giorgaki had rescued from the savage calling his name, but he was no where to Suliote : distinguished by her beauty, even be found. I now apprehended the worst, amidst that beautiful group. And can that and was convinced that the vindictive Sugentle creature, thought I, as, kneeling at the liotes had made away with the boy. I hasfeet of her preserver, she pressed his hands tened back to the quarters of Giorgaki, to her lips and heart, and moistened them and told him of the disappearance of my with her tears of gratitude-can that child. brave young follower. He seemed as much like simplicity have charms for her ruthless distressed as myself, and immediately or.