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ARTICLE V.

SPIRITUS Sanctus, a Patre The Holy Ghost, proceeding

et Filio procedens, ejus- from the Father and the Son, dem est cum PATRE et Filio is of one substance, majesty, essentiæ, majestatis, et gloriæ, and glory with the Father verus ac æternus Deus.

and the Son, very and eternal

GOD.

The Phraseology of this Article.

This Article does not occur among those of 1552.
When the Latin and English are compared together.
Latin.

English
ejusdem essentiæ

of one substance. Two PROPOSITIONS. I. The Holy Ghost is one substance, majesty, and glory with the

FATHER and the Son, Very and Eternal God. II. The Holy Ghost proceedeth from the Father and the Son. III. The Ghost of God is holy.

Prop. I. The Holy Ghost is of one substance, majesty, and glory with
the FATHER and the Son, Very and Eternal God.
Subdivisions.

A. The Personality of the HOLY GHOST.
B. The Distinct Personality of the Holy Ghost.
C. The Consubstantiality of the Holy Ghost with the Father

and the Son, that is, His proper Divinity.

A. The Personality of the Holy Ghost.
2. Divine Testimony.
a. Negatively.

a. He is not a power of the Father.

Old Testament. Isa. xlviii. 16, “ The LORD

God, and His Spirit, hath sent Me.”
New Testament. Rom. xv. 13, “ That ye may

abound in hope through the power of the

Holy Ghost.” B. He is not a gift.

Old Testament. Exod. xxxi. 2, 3, “See, I

have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah : and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in know

ledge, and in all manner of workmanship." New Testament. 1 Cor. xii. 11, “All these

worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will.”

See also 1 Cor. xii. 10. y. He is not an operation or quality.

Old Testament. 2 Sam. xxiii. 2, “ The Spirit

of the LORD spake by me, and His word was

in my tongue." New Testament. Matt. xii. 31, 32, “ Wherefore

I say unto you, all manner of sin and blas_ phemy shall be forgiven unto men : but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy GHOST, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the

world to come.” ö. He is not an accident.

New Testament. Rom. viii. 26, “Likewise the

SPIRIT also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.”

ε. He is not an attribute. New Testament. Matt. xxviii. 19, “ Go ye there

H

fore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the FATHER, and of the Son, and

of the Holy GHOST."
5. He is not an effect produced by an exercise of the

Divine will.
Old Testament. Exod. xxviii. 3; Numb. xi.

17, 25; Judges vi. 34; 1 Sam. x. 6.
b. Positively.
a. His personal qualities.

Volition.
1 Cor. xii. 11. “But all these worketh that one

and the selfsame SPIRIT, dividing to every
man severally as He will.”_See also John

iï. 8; Heb. ii. 4. Intellect. Old Testament. Isa. xl. 2, 3, “And the spirit

of the LORD shall rest upon Him, the spirit
of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of
counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge
and of the fear of the LORD; and shall make
Him of quick understanding in the fear of the
LORD: and He shall not judge after the sight
of His eyes, neither reprove after the hearing
of His ears.

See also Exod. xxxi. 3.
New Testament. 1 Cor. ii. 10, “But God hath

revealed them unto us by His Spirit: for the
Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep

things of GOD." B. His personal actions.

Acts i. 16. “Men and brethren, this scripture

must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.”—See also Luke iï. 22. John xiv. 17, 26; xv. 26, 27; xvi. 8, 13–15. Acts ix. 31; X. 19; xiii. 2. Rom. viii. 26; xv. 16. 1 Cor. iii. 16; vi. 11; xii. 3. Ephes. ii. 18. Tit. iü. 5. 1 Pet. i. 2.

y. His personal affections and faculties.

Old Testament. Isa. Ixiii. 10, “ They rebelled

and vexed His HOLY SPIRIT." See also

2 Sam. xxiii. 2. Comp. Numb. xii. 6. New Testament. Ephes. iv. 30, “Grieve not the

Holy SPIRIT of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.” See also Acts

v. 9; vii. 51; x. 20; xüi. 2. d. His personal pre-existence (Gen. i. 2) and uncre

atedness (Matt. xii. 32; Luke i. 35). See also 1 Cor. xii. 11.

€. His Person.

Old Testament. 1 Sam. xvi. 14, “ But the

Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.” See also Zech. xii. 10; xiii. 2. Comp. 1 Kings

xxii. 19-22. New Testament. John xvi. 13, őtav čaop

Ékkivog a vɛūpa, rendered by Dr. S. Clarke, “He, that Person, the SPIRIT of truth.” Ephes.

i. 13, 14, το πνεύματι ός έστιν αρραβών. 2. Human Testimony.

Concerning the Personality of the Holy Ghost, the

primitive Fathers are unanimous in their affirma-
tive belief.
Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. c. 1. p. 152. “ Tell

me whether you assert that the Holy Ghost
calls any other being GoD and Lord, besides

the Father of all and His Christ." Ibid. c. xxxvi. p. 134. “ The Holy Ghost

answers them either from the Person of the FATHER, or from His own Person, û d'Ò TOū ιδίου (προσώπου). He has therefore an ίδιον πρόσωπον distinct from the πρόσωπον of the FATHER, as well as from that of the Kúpos tūv duvánewy.” See the whole passage.—See also Apol. 1, c. xl. p. 67. Dial. c. Tryph. c. lxxxiv. p. 181; c. lxi. p. 157; c. lxii. p. 81, where he uses ελέγχων in agreement with πνεύμα.

.

Tertullian. It would be tedious to accumulate

passages in which he speaks of the Holy Ghost as a distinct Divine Person,

B. The distinct Personality of the Holy Ghost.

a. His Personality distinct from that of the FATHER.

Old Testament. 77 distinguished from that

JEHOVAH whose SPIRIT He is. Isa. xlviii. 16, “Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I; and now the LORD God, and His SPIRIT, hath

sent Me.”_See also Isa. lxiii. 8–10. New Testament. John xv. 26, “But when the

Comforter is come, Whom I will send unto
you from the FATHER, even the SPIRIT of
truth, Which proceedeth from the FATHER,
He shall testify of ME."-See also Johd xvi.

7, 13, 14. Rom. viii. 26.
b. His Personality distinct from that of the Son.

Old Testament. Isa. lxi. I, “ The SPIRIT

of the LORD God is upon Me (CHRIST).” New Testament. John xvi. 7, “Neverthe

less I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away : for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you ; but if I depart, I will send Him unto you."

See also John xvi. 14; xv.
26. Matt. xii. 31, 32.
c. His Personality distinct from that of the Fathe

and of the Son.
Old Testament. Isa. vi. 8, “ Whom shall

I send, and who will go for Us?”
New Testament. Matt. xxviii. 19, “Go ye

therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the FATHER, and of

the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” See also Matt. iii. 16, 17. John xvi. 14. Rom.

viï. 29. 2 Cor. xii. 14. Gal. iv. 4, 6.

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