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ARTICLE III.

ARTICULUS III.

ARTICLE III.

TUS pro

De Descensu CHRISTI ad Inferos. Of the going down of Christ into

Hell. Qu UEMADMODUM Chris- As Christ died for us, and

nobis mortuus est, was buried, so also is it to be et sepultus, ita est etiam cre believed that He went down dendus ad inferos descendisse. into hell. I. The Phraseology of this Article. 1. As compared with its correspondent of the Articles of 1552. A. In the Latin. 1552.

1562, 1571.
After “descendisse" occurs This clause has been

the following clause, Nam omitted.
corpus usque ad resurrec-
tionem in sepulchro jacuit,
Spiritus ab illo emissus,
cum spiritibus qui in car-
cere sive in inferno detine-
bantur, fuit, illisque præ-
dicavit :

quemadmodum
testatur Petri locus.
B. In the English.

As CHRIST died and was As CHRIST died for us
buried for us.

and was buried.
After “hell” occurs the fol- This clause has been

lowing clause, For the omitted.
body lay in the sepulchre
until the resurrection : but
His ghost departing from
Him was with the ghosts
that were in prison, or in

hell, and did preach to
the same: as the place of

St. Peter doth testify.
2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.
Latin.

English. ad inferos

into hell. credendus

it is to be believed. descendisse

He went down. II. Words.

hinw, the subterranean place to which the souls of the

dead are gathered. Job xxvi. 6. Isa. v. 14; xiv. 9, &c.
"Aồns, a not, iðɛiv to see: the invisible receptacle of departed

spirits.
Inferi,' those who inhabit infera.
Hell, Saxon hil, to cover.

Téevva gehenna, the place of torment after the resurrection. That CHRIST died for us, and was buried, has already been proved; and, therefore, we have but one proposition to substantiate, viz.

PROP. It is to be believed that CHRIST went down into hell.
1. The Testimony of Reason.

In order to fulfil the condition of a dead man.
2. Divine Testimony.
A. Old Testament.

Ps. xvi. 10. “ For Thou wilt not leave My soul in

hell; neither wilt Thou suffer Thine Holy One to

see corruption."

See also Ps. lxxxvi. 13.
B. New Testament.

Acts ii. 27–31. “ Because Thou wilt not leave My soul

in hell, neither wilt Thou suffer Thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou hast made known to Me the ways of life; Thou shalt make me full of joy with Thy countenance. Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh,

i Tertull. de Anim. c. lv.; de Resur. Carn. c. xvii.

He would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; he seeing this before spake of the resurrection of CHRIST, that His soul was not left in hell, neither His flesh

did see corruption.” See also Luke xxiii. 43. John xx. 17. Rom. x. 6, 7.

2 Cor. v. 8. Ephes. iv. 9, 10. Phil. i. 23. Col. ii. 5.

2 Tim. iv. 8. 1 Pet. ïï. 18, 192; iv. l.
3. Human Testimony.
A. Fathers.

Irenæus (A.D. 184), Against Heretics, book v. c. xxxi.

“Since our LORD was in the middle of the shadow of death, where the souls of the dead were, and then rose again with His body, and after His

resurrection was taken up into heaven.” Tertullian (A.D. 198), on the Soul, c. lv. “If CHRIST,

who is God, yet as man too was dead and buried according to the Scriptures, and also satisfied this law by going through the form of human death

amongst those who are dead in hell, &c.” Cyprian (A. D. 250), Testimony against the Jews,

book 11. c. ii. § 24. “ He was not to be overcome

by death, nor to remain in hell.” See also Just. Martyr,' Dial. c. Tryph. c. v. Novatian,

de Trinit. c. ii. Tertull. de Anim, c. lviii. Athanas.

de Incarn. Christ. lib. 1. § 13. De Trinit. Dial. iv. 87. B. Creeds.

Apostles'.

Athanasian.
C. Confessions.

2 Helvetic, c. xi. Basil, Art. ii. Augsburg, Art. iii.

Sueveland, Art. ii. § 2.

* See Bp. Horsley's Twentieth Sermon, pp. 182-192, and Bp. Pearson on the Creed, Art. V.

3 This Father, in his 1st Apol. p. 326, D, accuses the Jews of having erased from the prophecy of Isaiah a passage which is not found in any copy, either Hebrew or Greek. The purport of the passage is that the Lord God remembered the dead among the Israelites who were His, and descended to preach His salvation to them.–Bp. Kaye on Just. Mart. p. 73. Cf. Routh Reliq. Sacr. vol. 1. p. 45.

Ruffinus is the first who mentions our Lord's descent into hell, as part of a Creed in the Church of Aquileia, where the expression is ad inferna. The Nicene Creed mentions our Lord's burial, but not His descent into hell; the Athanasian Creed mentions the latter fact, but not the former; the Apostles' Creed mentions both His burial and descent into hell.

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ARTICLE IV.

ARTICULUS IV.

ARTICLE IV.

last day.

De Resurrectione CHRISTI. Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. CHRISTUS vere a mortuis Christ did truly rise again

resurrexit, suumque corpus from death, and took again His cum carne, ossibus, omnibusque body, with flesh, bones, and all ad integritatem humanæ naturæ things appertaining to the perpertinentibus, recepit: cum qui- fection of man's nature, wherebus in cælum ascendit, ibique with He ascended into heaven, residet, quoad, extremo die, ad and there sitteth, until He rejudicandos homines reversurus turn to judge all men at the sit. I. The Phraseology of this Article. 1. As compared with its correspondent of the Articles of 1552. A. In the Latin. 1552.

1562, 1571. Resurrectio CHRISTI. De Resurrectione CHRISTI. Revertatur.

Reversurus sit.
B. In the English.
The resurrection of CHRIST Of the resurrection of

CHRIST.
To judge men.

To judge all men.
2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other,
Latin.

English. a mortuis

from death. ad integritatem huma to the perfection of man's næ naturæ

nature. ad judicandos homines to judge all men. II. Various Readings.

Arise.—Jugge and Cawood, 1571. Rise.—Bennet, &c.

Four PROPOSITIONS.
I. CHRIST did truly rise again from death, and took again His body,

with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection

of man's nature. II. CHRIST did, with His body, flesh, bones, and all things apper

taining to the perfection of man's nature, ascend into heaven. III. CHRisT sitteth in heaven. IV. Christ shall return to judge all men at the last day. PROP. I. Christ did truly rise again from death, and took again

His body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of Man's nature. 1. The Testimony of Reason.

As a pledge that His atonement was satisfactory.

As the efficient cause of the resurrection of the body.

As a pattern of the resurrection of those who believe in Him. 2. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament.

Prophecies.' Ps. ii. 6, 7, “Yet have I set My king upon

My holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the
LORD hath said unto me, Thou art My Son ; this day

have I begotten Thee.”
Types. Gen. xli. 14, “ Then Pharaoh sent and called

Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved himself, and changed his raiment,

and came in unto Pharaoh." See also Jobo xix. 25. Ps. ii. 6, 7. Isa. ix. 7 ; xxvi. 19;

lii. 10. Hos. vi. 2. B. New Testament.

Matt. xxviii. 6. “He is not here, He is risen, as He

said, Come, see the place where the LORD lay.” Foretold by Himself. Matt. xx. 19. Mark ix. 9; xiv. 28.

John ii. 19; x. 17, 18.
Witnesses. Saints, Matt. xxvii. 52, 53. Angels, Luke

xxiv. 4-7, 23. Apostles, Acts i. 22; ii. 32 ; iii. 15;
iv. 33. His enemies, Matt. xxviii. 11-15. GOD, Acts

1 Under (C) will be found other remarkable prophecies and types.

* See Dr. Priestley's Notes on Scripture, vol. 11. p. 160. Peters on Job, part 11. $$ 2, 3. Michael. Epim. in Lowth, Præl. xxxII., cited by Dr. Pye Smith. Schultens on Job, v. i. p. 489, -J. J. Gurney, Biblical Notes, pp. 47.

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