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The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for

The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.” Jer. xxiii. 5, 6, “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD,

that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is His name whereby He shall be called, THE LORD OUR

RIGHTEOUSNESS.” Micah v. 2, “But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall He come forth unto Me that is to be ruler in Israel ; Whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” See also Gen. xxviii. 12. Ps. viii. 5; xl. 6. Isa. vii.

14; xi. 1-4, 10; xl. 3–7; xlv. 1-3. Jer. xxxi. 22.
Micah v. 2, wherein CHRIST's human nativity is carefully

distinguished from His eternal generation.
B. New Testament.
a. Direct.

Matt. i. 23,4 “Behold, a virgin shall be with child,

and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call
His name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is,

God with us.”
Acts xx. 28. “Take heed therefore unto yourselves,

and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost
hath made you overseers, to feed the church of GOD,

which Ile hath purchased with His own blood.” 1 Tim. iii. 16, “ Without controversy great is the

mystery of godliness : God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory."

* On the genuineness of Matt. i. ii. see Bishop Marsh's Lectures on Biblical Criticism, p. 166.

5 See Pearson on the Creed. Davidson's Lectures.

See also John i. 14, 15, 30; ii. 13, 31; vi. 38, 41, 51;

viii. 23, 42. Rom. i. 3; ix. 5. 1 Cor. xv. 47–49.

Gal. iv. 4. Heb. ii. 17. Rev. i. 5, 6, 17, 18. b. Indirect. a. (1) CHRIST is God, Rom. ix. 5. Christ is man,

Rom. v. 15.
(2) CHRIST is God, Acts xx. 28. Christ is man,

John i. 14.
Therefore, as He is God and man, and yet is

not two, so He is one CHRIST.
B. (1) CHRIST's understanding divine, John xxi. 17.

Christ's understanding human, Mark xiii.

32. Luke ü. 52. (2) CHRIST's divine will, John v. 21. CHRIST's

human will, Luke xxii. 42. (3) CHRIst equal to the Father, Phil. ii. 6. CHRIST

inferior to the FATHER, John xiv. 28. (4) CHRisT is David's LORD, Ps. cx. 1. Christ is

David's Son, Matt. xxii. 43–45. 3. Human Testimony. A. Primitive Traditions of a Divine Redeemer to be born of

a Virgin.

Buddha. India.
Fohi or Xaca. China and Thibet.

Astræa. Greeks and Romans.
B. Christians.
a. Fathers.
a. Ante-Nicene.

Ignatius (A.D. 101) to Polycarp, c. iii. “ Expect

Him Who is before all time, eternal, invisible, yet visible for our sakes; not capable of being touched, impassible, and yet for our sakes

passible.” Origen (A.D. 230), Against Celsus, book vi,

p. 308. “It is not to be wondered at, that the soul of Jesus is said to be united to so great Son of God, no more to be separated

from Him." Tertullian, Adv. Prax. c. xxx. De Carn. Christ.


cc. y.

B. Nicene and Post-Nicene.

August. Dial. de Trin. v. 24, vol. II. p. 536.

Contra Serm. Arrian. c. viii. In Ioan. Tract. lxxviii. 3. Chrysost. vol. vii. p. 503. Theodoret, Dial. 2. c. v. vol. IV. p. 56. Epiphan. in Anchorat. xliv. Fulgent. ad Thrasimund. lib. 1. c. ii.; lib. III. c. ii. Athan. de Trin. Dial. v. (18). Iren. lib. II. c. xv. p. 211. Chrysost. in 1 ad Tim. Hom. VII. (IV. 276, 38; 277, 1). August. de Ovibus, c. xii. Serm. xlvii. 20. See also Bev. p. 120,

121. b. Councils.

Chalcedon, A. D. 451.

6 Toledo, c. i., A, D. 633.
c. Creeds.


d. Confessions.

1 Helvetic, Art. xi. 2 Helvetic, c. xi. Basil, Art. iv.

Bohemian, Art. vi. Gallican, Arts. xiv. xv.
Augsburg, Art. iii. Wirtemberg, c. ï. Sueve-
land, Art. i. Belgic, Art. xxvi. Scotland,
Art. vi.

PROP. VII. The Two Natures, the GODHEAD and the Manhood, joined together in One Person are never to be divided. 1. The Testimony of Reason.

Our salvation and our resurrection depend upon the union

of the two natures.
2. Divine Testimony.

New Testament.
Heb, vii. 24, 25. “But this man, because He continueth ever,

hath an unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore He is able
also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by

Him, seeing He ever liveth to make intercession for them." See also Johu viii. 35; xii. 34. Phil. iii. 21. 1 Thess.

iv. 17. Heb. vi. 20; vii. 23, 28. Rev. v. 13.

3. Human Testimony.


Gallican, Art. xv. Belgic, Art. xix. Augsburg, Art. iii. PROP. VIII. Of the Two Natures inseparably joined together is One CHRIST.

This Proposition is included in the sixth.
Explanation of the name CHRIST, i.e. The Anointed One.

Meaning of the Name. John i. 41.
Type, David. 1 Sam. xvi. 13. 2 Sam. ii. 45. Ps. ii. 2.
JESUS was anointed.
1. As Prophet. Isa. lxi. 1, “The Spirit of the LORD

God is upon Me; because the LORD hath anointed
Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He
hath sent Me to bind up the brokenhearted, to
proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening
of the prison to them that are bound.”—See also

Isa. xlviii. 11. Luke üi. 23. Acts iii. 22. 2. As Priest. Heb. iii. 1, 2, “Wherefore He is able

also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing He ever liveth to make inter

cession for them.”—See also Heb. v. 4, 5. 3. As King. Ps. xlv. 7, “Thou lovest righteousness,

and hatest wickedness: therefore GOD, thy GOD, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above

Thy fellows.

Confession. Augsburg, Art. iii. PROP. IX. CHRIST is very GoD and very man.

This Proposition is included in the third and fifth. PROP. X. CHRIST truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to

reconcile His FATHER to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original, but also for all actual sins of men. A. CHRIST truly suffered. 1. The Testimony of Reason.

Because satisfaction to God for man's sin could only

be made by suffering. A free pardon without an atonement would have been

inconsistent with the majesty of God's Law. The sufferings of CHRIST prove the guilt of sin and

the Divine hatred of it, as well evince God's grace and mercy towards sinners.

His last cry.

2. Divine Testimony.
a. Old Testament.

Isa. liii. 4, “Surely He hath borne our griefs and

carried our sorrows." b. New Testament.

As testified of by Himself. Matt. xvi. 21. Mark

ix. 12. Luke xviii. 31. As testified of by others. Acts ii. 23; ü. 18;

iv. 28; xvii. 3; xxvi. 22, 23. Rom. iii. 21.

1 Pet. i. 2.
His sweat. Luke xxii. 44.

Matt. xxvii. 46.
Luke xxiv. 25, 26, “O fools, and slow of heart

to believe all that the prophets have written!
Ought not Christ to have suffered these things,

and to enter into His glory?” c. Old and New Testament.

Prophecies. Gen. iii. 15. Ps. xxii. 1, 2, 6, 7,

11-21; xli. 9. Dan. ix. 26.

History. Matt. xxvi. Mark xiv.
3. Human Testimony.
a. Fathers.

Clement of Rome (A.D. 70), Epistle to the Corinthians,

“ CHRIst our LORD, by the will of Gov, gave His blood for us, and His flesh for our flesh, and His

soul for our souls.”
Ignatius to Polycarp (A.D. 101). “All these things

He suffered for us, that we might be saved."
Ibid. “He underwent all sorts of sufferings for our

Justin Martyr, 1 Apol. c. xxxviii. “He bore to be set

at nought, and to suffer for those who believe in Him." See also Ignat. Epist. ad Smyrn. p. 110. Cyprian de

Pass. Dom. p. 49.
b. Confessions.

Augsburg, Art. ïïi.
B. CHRIST was crucified.
1. The Testimony of Reason.
That He might become a curse for us.

Deut. xxi. 13. Gal. ii. 13.

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