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See cc. v.
Philo" frequently alludes to “The Word of God"
the second GoD, δεύτερος θεός.
Author of the Epistle commonly ascribed
to Barnabas (A.D. 72) speaks of JESUS
Corinthians, c. ii. “Ye were humble-
civ. with Ps. ii. 7.
“ The Shepherd of Hermas” (A.D. 100)
pp. 115, 116.
of our Lord, even God, and must all stand
before the judgment-seat of CHRIST." quainted with the promise of the true Saviour, had anticipated that event, recording it as though it had actually happened, and introducing that mystery into their religious system? See Sir G. Wilkinson's Ancient Egypt, vol. i. cc. xii. xiii., especially pp. 317. Primitive tradition is also clearly discernible in the mystical sacrifice of the Phænicians as recorded by Sanchoniatho. See Euseb. Precep. Evang. lib. 1. c. x. and lib. 1v. c. xvi., and J. Bryant's Observations, &c. pp. 286-292,
8 See Dr. Pye Smith's Scripture Testimony to the Messiah, p. 579.
Ignatius (A.D. 101), in his Epistle to the
Smyrnæans, c. i. p. 34. “I glorify JESUS CHRIST, Who is God, our LORD, Who is indeed of the family of David according to the flesh; the Son of God, truly begotten of a virgin." He frequently calls Jesus emphatically God; confesses Him to be the Son of God, who was with the FATHER as His Eternal Word, mpòaiwvwv, and proceeded from Him, according to the will of the eternally active God. See Epist. ad Ephes. cc. vii. xviii. Rom.
c. ii. Magnes. c. vi. Smyrn, c. i. Justin Martyr (A. D. 150), Dial. c. Tryph. c. xxxvi.
“ You must permit me to rehearse such prophecies as I please, to demonstrate that Christ is called God, and LORD of hosts, and mystically Jacob by the Holy Ghost.” He attributes to Jesus the name and dignity of God. Dial. c. Tryph. cc. v. lvi. lviii. cxiii. cxxvii. &c. 1st Apol.
c. Lxiïi. &c. Tatian (A.D. 165), Orat. cont. Græc. c.
xxi. “For we are not fools, nor do we announce idle tales that GOD was
made in the form of man.” Melito (A. D. 175), Routh, Rel. Sacr.
vol. 1. p. 112. “We are worshippers of CHRIST, verily God, the Word,
before the worlds." Irenæus (A.D. 185), lib. II. c. xiii. $ 8.
“In what will the Word of God, nay rather God Himself, since He is the Word, differ from the Word of men, if He have the same order and pro
gress of generation." Clement of Alexandria (A.D. 194), Quis dives salvetur, c. vi.
“Our LORD, a
He is God, foreknew both what questions He should be asked, and what
answers any one would give Him.” Tertullian (A.D. 200), Adv. Jud. c. vii.
“ CHRIST is to all a king, to all a
Judge, to all God and LORD.” Hippolytus (A.D. 220), cont. Plat. vol. i.
“ For all, both righteous and unrighteous, shall be brought before
GOD the Word.”
vol. iv. p. 87. “GOD, Who is above
all created things, became man.” Cyprian (A. D. 250), De Idol. Van. p. 228.
“ Christ is the power of God, His reason, His wisdom, and His glory." Epist. VII. p. 15. “We have an Advocate and Intercessor for our sins,
JESUS CHRIST our LORD and God.” Novatian (A.D. 257), De Trinit. c. ix.
“ CHRIST JESUS the LORD our God." Dionys. Alexandr. (A. D. 260), Adv. Paul.
Samos. p. 207. “ But Isaiah before
Child, who was God, the mighty God.”
284. « These divine won-
He (CHRIST) was God.”
was CHRIST, a man filled with the
contained in man."
“What! some one raging, angry, and thoroughly excited will say, Is that CHRIST GOD? We reply, God,
and God in the highest sense." Peter of Alexandria (1. D. 306), Routh,
Relig. Sacr. vol. III. p. 341. “Offer
ing to Him most appropriate and suitable gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh, as to a king, and God,
and man." Lactantius (A.D. 310), Epit. c. xliii. “He
was with us on earth, when He put on flesh, and nevertheless He was God in man, and man in God: but that He was both, was declared before
by the prophets." b. Councils.
Antioch, A.D. 269, excommunicated Paul
genists and Nestorians.
1 Antiochene, A.D. 269.
Athanasian, 5th century.
1 Helvetic, Art. xi. 2 Helvetic, c. xi.
On the nature of Christ the first four general Councils decreed : Nice, 1. alnows, that He was truly God, against Arius. Constantinople, 2. Telews, that He was perfect man, against Apollinarius. Ephesus, 3. dòiaipetws, “not dividing the substance," against Nestorius. Chalcedon, 4. šovy XUTW, confounding the persons," against Eutyches. These heresies are respectively condemned in the Athanasian Creed. * Perfect God and perfect man, of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting," against Arius and Apollinarius. “Although He be God and Man, yet He is not two, but one Christ," against Nestorius. “One, not by conversion of the GUDHEAD into flesh,' against Eutyches.
“ The Athanasian Creed glances at one heresy or another in almost every paragraph.”—Professor J. J. Blunt.
Bohemian, c. iv. 6. Augsburg, Art. vi.
The Son is of one substance with the FATHER.
It has been proved that the Son is very and eternal
God. He is, therefore, of one substance with
be more Gods than one.
Zech. xiii. 7. “Awake, O sword, against My
shepherd, and against the man that is My
John xiv. 9. “Have I been so long time with
thee, and yet hast thou not known Me,
Shew us the FATHER?”
Heb. i. 3.
Too Hoỡ, John v. 18, Rom. viii. 32.
Tertullian, Adv. Prax. c. iv. « The Son is of
the substance of the FATHER.”
Iren. Adv. Hæres. lib. II. C. xvii.;