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De Verbo, sive Filio Dei, qui verus Of the Word, or Son of God, which homo factus est.

was made very man. FILIUS, qui est Verbum Pa- The Son, which is the Word

tris, ab æterno a Patre geni- of the FATHER, begotten from tus, verus’ et æternus Deus, ac everlasting of the FATHER, Patri consubstantialis, in utero the very and eternal God, of beatæ Virginis, ex illius sub one substance with the Fastantia naturam humanam as THER, took man's nature in the sumpsit: ita ut duæ naturæ, di- womb of the blessed Virgin, of vina et humana, integre atque her substance: so that two perfecte in unitate personæ fu-' whole and perfect natures, that erint inseparabiliter conjunctæ, is to say, the Godhead and ex quibus est unus Christus, Manhood, were joined together verus Deus et verus homo, in one Person, never to be diqui vere passus est, crucifixus, vided, whereof is one CHRIST, mortuus, et sepultus, ut Patrem very God, and very Man; who nobis reconciliaret, essetque truly suffered, was crucified, hostia, non tantum pro culpa dead, and buried, to reconcile originis, verum etiam pro om His FATHER to us, and to be a nibus actualibus hominum pec- sacrifice, not only for original catis.

guilt, but also for all actual sins

of men. I. The Phraseology of this Article. 1. As compared with its correspondent of the Articles of 1552. A. In the Latin. 1552.

1562, 1571. Title. Verbum Dei verum De Verbo, sive Filio Dei,

hominem esse factum. qui verus homo factus est. | Verus : i.e. not metaphorically, as by adoption, but properly and really.


Body of the Article. The clause inserted—ab æ

terno a Patre genitus, verus et æternus Deus, ac

Patri consubstantialis. B. In the English.

Title. That the Word, or Of the Word, or Son of Son of God, was made GOD, which was made very man.

very man.
Virgin Mary.

“Mary" omitted.
Clause inserted.

ten from everlasting of
the FATHER, the very and
eternal God, of one sub-

stance with the FATHER." into one Person.

in one Person. and to be a sacrifice for and to be a sacrifice, not all sin of man, both ori only for original guilt, ginal and actual.

but also for actual sins

of men. 2. In respect of various readings.

For actual sins of men. For all actual sins of men.-
H. Bev. Burnet, Ben. Rogers, Oxf. edit. Vin-

cent. Common Prayer-
book, Jugge and Cawood,

3. When the Latin and English are compared with each other. Latin.

Ac Patri consubstantialis. Of one substance with the

Naturam humanam. Man's nature.
Ex illius substantia. Of her substance.
Ita ut duæ naturæ, divina So that two whole and per-
et humana, integre atque fect natures, that is to say,
perfecte in unitate per the GODHEAD and Man-
sonæ fuerint insepara hood, were joined together
biliter conjunctæ.

in one Person, never to

be divided.


Culpa originis.

Original guilt.


1. The Son is the Word of the FATHER. II. The Son is begotten from everlasting of the FATHER. III. The Son is very and eternal God. IV. The Son is of one substance with the FATHER. V. The Son took man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin,

of her substance. VI. When the Son took man's nature in the womb of the blessed

Virgin, of her substance, two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the GODHEAD and Manhood, were joined

together in one Person. VII. The two natures joined together in one Person are never to

be divided. VIII. Of the two natures imseparably joined together is one CHRIST. IX. CHRIST is very God and very Man. X. CHRIST truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to

reconcile His Father to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for all actual sins of men.

Prop. I. The Son is the Word of the FATHER.

A. Reason.

As words or speech are the medium by which man

makes known what is in his mind to man, so the Mediator, who reveals the will of His Father to man, is fitly called Logos.

B. Divine Testimony.
a. Old Testament.

Ps. xxxiii. 6. “By the Word of the LORD

were the heavens made, and all the hosts of

them by the breath of His mouth.” See Prov. viii, 1, especially 22.

b. New Testament.

John i. 1. “In the beginning was the Word,

and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."

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* On the use of the term Logos by the Gnostics, and its adoption by St. John, see Dr. Burton's Bampton Lectures, and Notes.

The Son is the same Person with Him
Who is called the Word.

John i. 1. “ The Word was God.
Ib. i. 14. “ The Word was made

flesh, and dwelt (taber

nacled) among us.”
Ib. i. 15. “ John bare witness of

Ib. i. 16. “ He of whom John bare

witness was Jesus.”
Ib. ii. 36. “Jesus is the Son."
See also Col. i. 15, 18; Heb. i. 2, 6; 2 Pet.

iii. 5; 1 John i. l; Rev. xix. 13.
C. Human Testimony.
a. Jews.

In the Chaldee Targums occur passages in which

the word, :IN???, or memra of Jehovah
stands confessedly in a personal sense.' Philo
also as clearly applies the phrase in a per-
sonal sense to the Son of God. The same
statement holds good with respect to the
Apocryphal books of the Old Testament.
See Wisdom of Solomon x. 15-19; xi. 1-4;
xviii. 15. (Comp. 1 Cor. x. 4,9.) Eccles. i. 1;

vii. 22-25; viii. 1; X. 1, 15; xxiv. 3.
b. Christians.
a. Fathers.

Just. Mart. 2 Apol. c. VI. “ The Son of

God, Who alone in a proper sense is called Son, the Logos who was with Him and begotten before His works, since by Ilim in the beginning He created and arranged all things, is called CHRIST.”_

See also Dial. with Trypho, cc. lxi. lxii. Irenæus against Heretics, lib. I. c. i. $ 20.

“Know ye, who are void of understanding, that Jesus, Who suffered for

: Bertholdt Christol, Jud. Wegscheider.
# Dr. Pye Smith's Scripture Testimony to the Messiah, ii, vii. 4.

us, and Who dwelt among us, even He

Himself is the Word of God."
Origen against Celsus, B. iii. p. 135. “Let

our accusers know, that He whom we
think and believe to be from the begin-
ning God, and the Son of God, is the
very Word, the very Wisdom, and the

very Truth.”

Cyprian on the Vanity of Idols. “He is

the Power of God, His Reason, His
Wisdom, and His Glory.”—See also
Tertull. Adv. Prax. cc. v. vii. Apol.
c. xxi. Hippol. De Antichrist. c. iii.

Euseb. Evang. lib. I. c. xvi. xix.
B. Confessions.

Augsburg, Art. III. Belgic, Art. vill. X.

Basil, Art. iv. Bohemia, c. VI, Scotland,

Art. VI.
PROP. II. The Son is begotten from everlasting of the FATHER.

1. Reason.

Had the Son been begotten in time, He would have

been a creature.
2. Divine Testimony.
A. Old Testament.

Prov. vii, 22, 23. “ The LORD possessed Me

in the beginning of His way, before His works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.” See also Ps. ii. 7; cx. 3. Prov. viii. 25; xxx. 4. Isa. ix. 9; liii. 8.

2. B. New Testament,

John i. 14. And we beheld His glory, the

glory as of the only begotten of the FATHER.” See also Matt. ii. 17; viii. 29; ix. 35; xiv. 33; xvi. 13–18. John i. 14, 33; iii. 16, 18; iv. 49; v. 17, 18, 26; vii. 29; xi. 27; x. 30; xx. 31. Acts viïi 35. Rom. 1. 3, 4; vi. 32; viïi. 3, 32. Col. i. 15. Gal. iv. 4. Heb. i. 3, 6; iii. 5, 6; iv. 1.4; v. 8; vii. 28. 1 John i. 7; ii. 23; ii. 8; iv. 9, 10; v. 20.

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Mic. v.

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