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Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity, the FATHER, the Son, and the HOLY GHOST.
a New Testament texts
compared: whereby it appears that the FATHER, the Son, and the HOLY GHOST, have the
same names, the same titles, the same attributes, concur in the same divine acts, and are entitled to the same divine honours; so that what is peculiar to God, is ascribed to God in three Persons : or which we believe of the glory of the FaTHER, the same we are to believe of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, without any difference or inequality.”
1 Cor. viii. 6; John xx, 28; Acts v. 34. The name of God. Mark xü. 29; Luke ü. 11; 2 Cor. iii. 17, 18. The name LORD or
JEHOVAH. 1 Cor. i. 16; 1 Cor. ii. 16; 1 Thess. iv. 3. The mind of God, the
mind of the Son, and the mind of the Holy Ghost. 1 Thess. iv. 3; Acts xxii. 14; 2 Pet. i. 21. The will of God, the will
of the Son, and the will of the Holy GHOST.
John v. 21; John v. 21; John vi. 63. Quickening of the dead. John vi. 45; Gal. i. 12; John xiv. 26; Teach. 1 John i. 3; 1 John ii. 24; 2 Cor xiii. 14. Fellowship with believers. 1 Cor. xiv. 25; 2 Cor. xiii 5; John xiv. 17. Dwell in believers. 2 Cor. vi. 16: Ephes. iii. 17; Rom. viii. 11. Phil. ii. 15; Gal. i. 12; Luke ii. 26. Revelation of the will of GOD. Heb. i. 1; 2 Cor. xiii. 3; Mark xii. 11.
Rev. ii. 18; Acts xiii. 3. Spake by the prophets. 1 Cor. vi. 14; John ii. 19; 1 Pet. üi. 18. Rurrection of Christ from the
dead. 2 Cor. iii. 5, 6; 1 Tim. i. 12; Acts xx. 28. Commission of ministers. Jude 1; Heb. ii. 11; Rom. xv. 16. Sanctification. 1 Cor. xii. 16; Col. iii. 11; 1 Cor. xii. 11. All divine operations. Heb. xiii. 21 ; Col. i. 29; 1 Cor. xii. 11. Spiritual operations. Rom. vi. 23; John X. 28; Gal. vi. 8. Bestowal of eternal life. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14 ; Tit. iii. 4-6; 1 Pet. 1, 2. Salvation. Ephes. ii. 22; Col. i. 27; 1 Cor. vi. 19. Inhabitation of believers.
B. Old and New Tes
tament texts com
pared. Isa. xl. 13; 1 Cor. ii. 8; Rom. x. 12. JEHOVAH. Matt. xv. 31; Luke i. 16, 17; 2 Sam. xxiii. 2, 3. God of Israel. Isa. vi. l; John xii. 41; Acts xxviii. 25. Lord of hosts. Exod. xx. 2; John xx. 28; Acts v. 3, 4. Jehovah. Ps. cxxxix. 7, 8; Ephes. i. 22; Ps. cxxxix. 7, 8. Omnipresence. Deut. xxx. 20; Col. iii. 4; Rom. viii. 10. Our life. Gen. xvii. 1; Rev. i. 8; Rom. xv. 19. Omnipotence. Ps. c. 3; John i. 3; Job xxxiii. 4. Creation. Jer. xxxii. 17; Heb. i. 3; Luke i. 34. Isa. xlviii. 17; John x. 3; Rom. viii. 14. Guidance of the people of God. Deut. vi. 16; 1 Cor. x. 9; Acts v. 9. Sin is a tempting of. Exod. xvii. 7; 1 Cor. x. 9; Heb. iii. 7-9. Isa. liv. 12; Luke xxi. 14 ; John iv. 26. Teaching. Isa. xlvii. 17; Gal. i. 12; 1 John ii. 20. Jer. iii. 15; Ephes. iv. 11 ; Acts xx. 28. Commission of ministers. Jer. xvi. 5; Matt. x. 5; Acts xiii. 2. Exod. xxviii. 1; Matt. xviii. 19; Acts xiii. 2, 3. Exod. xxix. 45; Ephes. iii. 17; Rom. viii. 11. Indwelling. Numb. vi. 22–27, with 2 Cor. xiii. 14. Benediction under the Law
and under the Gospel.
3. In addition to the above proofs it is right to urge as arguments, A. The consistency of the doctrine of the Trinity with
the doctrines and precepts generally of the Christian
The grace of God the FATHER. 1 Cor. i. 30.
cation. Heb. ii. 17.
the Scriptures. Generally: with the doctrines of a Resurrection,
Eternal Life, &c. b. Precepts. Generally, Rom. xiv. 23. Particularly. Duty towards God, John iv.
22, 23. The FATHER. Mal. i. 6. Honour and
obedience. The Son. Faith in Hisatonement and merits. The Holy SPIRIT. Ephes. iv. 30. Obe
dience to His motions. Duty towards ourselves.
other, and to man.
The Father begets.
The Holy Ghost proceeds.
The FATHER is Creator.
The Holy Ghost is Sanctifier.
The FATHER sends.
The Holy Ghost proceeds.
4. Human Testimony.
Ancient heathen systems of theology,' see p. 19.
Modern heathen systems of theology.
Philo, about Names. ó Oeds tūv tprov puoéwv, diĉar
καλίας, οσιότητος, ασκήσεως.
Clement of Rome, A.D. 70, First Epistle to
the Corinthians, ch. xlvi. “ Have we not one God, and one CHRIST, and one SPIRIT
of Grace?” See cc. xxvii. xlii. Ignatius, A.D. 101, in his Epistle to the Mag
nesians, c. xiii. “Be subject to the Bishop, as the Apostles to CHRIST, and the FATHER, and the SPIRIT.”_See also c. vii.; Epist. to
the Smyrnæans, c. iii. Circular Epistle of the Church of Smyrna
concerning the martyrdom of Polycarp, A. D. 147. The last words of Polycarp, (chap. xiv.): “For this, and all things else, I praise THEE, I bless THEE, I glorify THEE, together with the eternal and hea
? The most important is the theological system of ancient Egypt. _Sir Gardiner Wilkinson has shewn it to be very probable that the ancient Egyptians derived their notions of a Trinity from early revelation, handed down through the posterity of Noah. Each city or district had its triad; and in these triads the third member proceeded from the other two, that is, from the first by the second. See his Second Series on the Ancient Egyptians, vol. 1. chap. xii. The fact of the doctrine of a Trinity, and of the Manifestation, &c. of Deity on earth, being entertained by the ancient Egyptians, Hindos, Scythians, and other nations widely apart from each other, amounts to a coninvcing demonstration of a common origin; "and most persons will admit that they appear to have been derived from immediate revelation, or from the knowledge imparted to the early inhabitants of the world, rather than from accidental speculation in distant parts of the globe,-a remark which applies equally to the creation of man, the deluge, the ark or boat, and numerous mysterious doctrines common to different people.”—Wilkinson, vol. 1. p. 200.
8 "The acute Mahometan divines attribute to the Deity a Triune manner of existence. The evidence of this extraordinary fact is given, with ample extracts and translations from the Arabic authors, whose works exist in manuscript chiefly in the Bodleian and in the libraries of Leyden and Berlin, in a late work by Dr. Tholuck, entitled • Die Speculative Trinitatslehre des Spateren Orients, Berlin, 1826.'”—Dr. Pye Smith.
venly Jesus Christ, Thy beloved Son, with Whom, to THEE and the Holy Ghost, be glory, both now and to all succeeding ages.
Amen.” Justin Martyr, A.D. 140. He is unjustly
charged with introducing the Platonic doctrine into the Christian church, But he, by anticipation, defends himself from this charge; and whilst he states that Plato was indebted to the writings of Moses for his knowledge of the creation of the world by the Logos, and of the Spirit as the Third Person, he also declares (1 st Apology for the Christians, chap. lxxviii.), “It is not we therefore who take our opinions from others, but others take theirs from us; for you may hear and learn these things from such among us as are not able to distinguish
a letter." 1 Apol. c. vi. “But Him, and the Son, Who
came from Him and taught us these things, as well as that there is a host of good angels also who minister unto Him and are like Him; and the Prophetical Spirit, we worship, &c. (Professor Blunt's Sketch
of the Church, p. 130.) Ibid. c. xiii. We worship the Creator of this universe
......... Our teacher is Jesus CHRIST, Whom we have learned to be the Son of the True God, and Whom we have in the second place. And that we with reason worship the Prophetic Spirit in the third order, I will demonstrate
hereafter.” Ibid. c. lx. “For the second place he (Plato)
gives to the Logos of God, who (he said) was impressed upon the universe; but the third to the Spirit, who is said (Gen. i. 2) to have been borne over the waters, saying, But the third about the third.”