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ARTICLE XXXIII.

ARTICULUS XXXIII.

ARTICLE XXXIII.

De Excommunicatis vitandis.

Of Excommunicate Persons, how

they are to be avoided.

QUI per publicam Ecclesiæ That person which by open

denunciationem rite ab uni- denunciation of the Church is tate Ecclesiæ præcisus est, et rightly cut off from the unity excommunicatus, is ab universa of the Church, and excommufidelium multitudine (donec per nicated, ought to be taken of pænitentiam publice reconci- the whole multitude of the liatus fuerit arbitrio Judicis faithful, as

faithful, as an Heathen and competentis) habendus est tan- Publican, until he be openly quam Ethnicus et publicanus. reconciled by penance, and

received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereto.

The Phraseology of this Article.
1. As compared with Article XXXII. of those of 1552.
A. In the Latin.
1552.

1562, 1571.
Title. Excommunicati vi- Title. De Excommunicatis
tandi sunt

vitandis.

B. In the English.

Title. Excommunicate per- Title. Of excommunicate sons are to be avoided

persons how they are to

be avoided. excommunicate

excommunicated.

2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.
De Excommunicatis vitandis Of excommunicate persons,

how they are to be avoided.
rite

rightly. pænitentiam

penance. competentis

that hath authority thereto.

PROP. That Person, which by open denunciation of the Church is

rightly cut off from the unity of the Church and excommunicated,
ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an heathen
and publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received
into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereto.
1. Divine Testimony.

New Testament. 1 Cor. v. 3–5, “ For I verily, as absent in

body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though
I were present, concerning Him that hath so done this deed,
in the name of our LORD JESUS CHRIST, when ye are ga-
thered together, and My spirit, with the power of our LORD
JESUS CHRIST, to deliver such an one unto Satan, for the
destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the
day of the LORD JEsus.”—See also Matt. xvi. ll, 17.
Rom. xvi. 17. 1 Cor. v. 11-13; xvi. 22. 2 Cor. ï. 6, 8,
10, 11. 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14. 1 Tim. i. 20. Tit. Üï. 10, 11.

2 John 10.
2. Human Testimony.
A. Fathers. Tertull. Apol. c. xxxix., “In these assemblies

we exhort, reprove, and pass the divine censure of excom-
munication : for the judgments in this place are delivered
with all solemnity, and after the maturest deliberation
imaginable, as being delivered by men who know that
they are pronouncing God's sentence, and act with the
same caution as if God stood visibly among them; and
the sentences here pronounced are looked upon as an
anticipation of the judgment to come, since any one who

1 Excommunicatio major,--suspension from the title and the privileges of Church membership. Greg. Neocæs. Epist. can. XI. p. 41, Par. 1621 ; Sozom. Hist. Eccles, lib. vii, c. xvi.

Excommunicatio minor,-suspension from the sacrament of the LORD's Supper.

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offends is thereby banished from all communion of prayer, and from our public assemblies, and from all religious intercourse."-See also Ignat. Epist. ad Smym. c. iv. Cyprian ad Pompon. et De Orat.

Dominic. p. 192, Epist. LV. B. Councils. Antioch, vol. 1. p. 593. 3 Carthage, can. LXXIII.

1 Toledi, Hard. vol. 1. p. 991. Nice, can. V. C. Confessions. 2 Helvetic, c. xiv. Bohemia, c. v. Augs

burg, Arts. xi. xvi. Westminster, c. xxix. S$ 2, 3, 4.

ARTICLE XXXIV.

ARTICULUS XXXIV.

ARTICLE XXXIV.

De Traditionibus' Ecclesiasticis. Of the Traditions of the Church. TRADITIONES atque cære It is not necessary that Tra

monias easdem, non omnino ditions and Ceremonies be in necessarium est esse ubique, all places one, or utterly like; aut prorsus consimiles. Nam et for at all times they have been variæ semper fuerunt, et mutari divers, and may be changed possunt pro Regionum, tempo- according to the diversity of rum, et morum diversitate, countries, times, and men's modo nihil contra verbum Dei manners, so that nothing be instituatur,

ordained against God's Word. Traditiones, et cæremonias Whosoever through his private Ecclesiasticas quæ cum verbo judgment, willingly and purDei non pugnant, et sunt auc- posely doth openly break the toritate publica institutæ, atque traditions and ceremonies of probatæ, quisquis privato con- the Church, which be not resilio volens, et data opera, pub- pugnant to the Word of God, lice violaverit, is, ut qui peccat and be ordained and approved in publicum ordinem Ecclesiæ, by common authority, ought to quique lædit auctoritatem Ma- be rebuked openly, (that others gistratus, et qui infirmorum may fear to do the like,) as he fratrum conscientias vulnerat, that offendeth against the compublice, ut cæteri timeant, ar mon order of the Church, and guendus est.

hurteth the authority of the Quæ libet Ecclesia particu- Magistrate, and woundeth the laris, sive Nationalis, auctori- consciences of the weak bretatem habet instituendi, mu thren. tandi aut abrogandi cæremonias Every particular and national

I See Bellarm. De Verbo Dei, lib. iv, c. ii.

aut ritus Ecclesiasticos, humana Church hath authority to ortantum auctoritate institutos, dain, change, and abolish ceremodo omnia ad ædificationem monies or rites of the Church fiant.

ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done

to edifying. The Phraseology of this Article. 1. When compared with Article XXXIII. of those of 1552. A. In the Latin. 1552.

1562, 1571. Title. Traditiones Ecclesi- Title. De Traditionibus Ecasticæ

clesiasticis. pro regionum, et morum pro regionum, temporum' et

morum. Dei verbum

verbum Dei. absent

Quæ' libet Ecclesia particu

laris, sive Nationalis, auctoritatem habet, instituendi, mutandi, aut abrogandi cæremonias, aut ritus Ecclesiasticos, humana tantum auctoritate institutos, modo omnia ad ædifica

tionem fiant.
B. In the English.

Title. Traditions of the Of the traditions of the
Church

Church.
countries and men's manners countries, times, and men's

manners.
that other may fear

that others may fear.
Every particular or national

Church hath authority to
ordain, change, and a-
bolish ceremonies or rites
of the Church ordained
only by man's authority,
so that all things be done
to edifying.

? Inserted by Archbishop Parker, 1562.

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