Obrazy na stronie

Human Testimony.
A. Fathers. August. ad Joan. tract. xxvi. 1, “For to believe

in Him, this is to eat the living bread; he who believes
in Him eateth; he is invisibly fattened who is invisibly
regenerated.” In Ioan. Tract. L. Serm. cxxxi. 1, tom. v.
col. 641. Basil. Hom. in Ps. xxxiii. tom. I. p. 144. See
also Orig. ad Matt. xv. vol. III. p. 492. Cyprian, de Cæn.
Domin. p. 41; ad calc. August. ad Ioan. Tract. xxv. 12;
Tract. XXX. c. i. dist. 6, et in Corp. Jur. Canon. Decret.
Gratian. Decret. tert. pars, De Consecr. dist. II. can. 47,
col. 193. Cyril. Alex. Apol. adv. Orient. Anath. XI. Def.
Cyril. tom. II. p. 193, Lut. 1638. Chrysost. in Epist. 1,
ad Corinth. Hom. xxiv. tom. x. p. 216, Par. 1718-1738.
Hieron. ad Hedib. Epist. quæst. II. tom. IV. pars 1, col. 172.
Ambros. Expos. Evang. sec. Luc. lib. x. 160, tom. I. col.
15:38. Euseb. Emiss. in Corp. Jur. Can. Lugd. 1624.
Decret. Gratian. Decr. tert. pars.

De Consecr. dist. II. can, 35, col. 1928. B. Confessions. 1 Helvetic, Art. XX. 2 Helvetic, c. xix.

Bohemia, c. vi., xiii. Belgic, Art. xxxv. Prop. VIII. The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by CHRIST'S ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, and worshipped. 1. Divine Testimony.

New Testament. 1 Cor. xi. 27, 29.

6 Council of Trent.---Sess. 13. Adoration of the Host; or, Consecrated Wafer.

Chap. 5. “ There is, therefore, no room for doubting that all the faithful in Christ may reverently exhibit to this most holy sacrament, the worship of latria, which is due to the true God, according to the ever received custom of the Catholic Church; nor is it the less to be adored because it was appointed to be taken by Christ the LORD. For we believe that same God to be present in it, of whom the eternal Father, when He was brought into the terrene world, said, 'And let all the angels of God worship Him.""* Moreover, the holy synod doth declare, that with very great religion and piety of the Church was this custom brought in, that every year, upon some peculiar holy day, this high and venerable Sacrament, should, with singular veneration and solemnity, be celebrated ; and that it should, in processions, reverently with honour and worship, be carried about through the ways and public places. Canon 6. " If any one shall say, that Christ the only-begotten Son of God, is not to be adored in the holy Sacrament of Eucharist, even with the open worship of latria, and therefore not to be venerated with any peculiar festal celebrity, nor to be solemnly carried about in processions, according to the praiseworthy and universal rites and customs of the holy Church; and that He is not to be publicly set before the people to be adored, and that His adorers are idolators, – let him be accursed."

[ocr errors]

1 1

2. Human Testimony.
A. Fathers. It was not reserved," Orig. ad Lev. Hom. v. 8,

tom. II. p. 211, “ The Lord said to them concerning
the bread, which He was giving to His disciples, Take
and eat; He did not defer it, nor command it to be
kept till to-morrow. It was not carried about. Pro-
cessions were originated by Pope Agapetus I. It was
not lifted up. It was not worshipped. Honorius III.
A.D. 1226, first sanctioned the adoration of the Host.
Urban, A.D. 1264, and Clement V., A.D. 1310, in the
Council of Vienne, established what Honorius had sanc-
tioned.”_See also second Epistle to James, (an ancient
writing erroneously ascribed to Clement of Rome),
p. 360. Cyprian de Can. Dom. p. 42. Greg. Nyss.
Orat. Funebr. vol. IIl. p. 533. Hieron. Opp. vol. xi.

p. 931. Evagr. Hist. Eccles. lib. iv, c. xxxvi.
B. Council. 1l of Toledo, A.D. 675.
C. Confession. Scotland, Art. xxi.

7 It was reserved in Tertullian's time. Tertull. Oper. Lut. 1641, ad Uxor, lib. 11. 5, p. 190, also in Cyprian's. De Laps. pp. 132, 133, Ox. 1682. The words "ex institutione Christi” contain an appeal from tradition to Scripture.




De manducatione Corporis Christi, Of the wicked which do not eat the et impios illud non manducare. Body of Christ in the use of the

Lords Supper. IMPII, et fide viva destituti, The wicked, and such as be

licet carnaliter, et visibiliter void of a lively faith, although (ut Augustinus loquitur) Cor- they do carnally and visibly poris et Sanguinis Christi Sa- press with their teeth (as Saint cramentum, dentibus premant, Augustine saith) the Sacrament nullo tamen modo Christi par- of the Body and Blood of ticipes efficiuntur. Sed potius Christ, yet in no wise are tantæ rei Sacramentum, seu they partakers of CHRIST: but symbolum, ad judicium sibi rather, to their condemnation, manducant, et bibunt.

do eat and drink the sign or

Sacrament of so great a thing. The Phraseology of this Article.

1. This Article was not among those of 1552.
2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.

De manducatione Corporis of the wicked which eat not

CHRISTI, et impios illud non the Body of Christ in the manducare.

use of the LORD's Supper.

1 “ We have now for more than two hundred years been proving the doctrine of our XXIXth Article by a spurious quotation from Augustine.”—Porson's Letters to Travis, p. 229.

“ Instead of spurious I ought rather to have said interpolated. The words licet carnaliter et visibiliter corporis et sanguinis Christi sacramentum dentibus premant, are rejected by all the MSS. (about twenty) that have been collated by the Louvain and the Paris editors.”—Augustine, Tract, in Ioan. XXVI. near the end. Idem ibid. Pref. p. xxxii.

ad judicium sibi

to their condemnation.

PROP. The wicked, and such as be void af a lively faith, although they

do carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the sacrament of the body and blood of CHRIST: yet in no wise are they partakers of CHRIST, but rather to their condemnation do eat and drink the sign or sacrament of so great a thing. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Habak. ii. 4, “Behold, His soul which

is lifted up is not upright in Him; but the just shall live

by His faith.” B. New Testament. 1 John i. 6, 7, “ If we say that we

have fellowship with Him and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: but if we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of JESUS CHRIST His Son cleanseth us from all sin.”_See also John vi. 35. 1 Cor. xi. 27-31.

1 John xiii. 27. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Cyprian de Cæn. Domin. p. 41, “ Though the

Sacraments permit themselves to be taken and touched by the unworthy, yet they cannot be partakers of the Spirit, whose unfaithfulness or unworthiness contradicts so great holiness.”_See also Serm. de Lapsis, p. 131. August. in Ioan. Tract. 26, 18, tom. III. par. 11. Basil

de Bapt. vol. 1. lib. II. quest. 3. B. Confessions. 2 Helvetic, c. xii. Belgic, Art. xxxv. West.

minster, c. xxix. $ 8.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]


De utraque specie.

Of both kinds.
CALIX Domini laicis non The cup of the Lord is not to

est denegandus,' utraque be denied to the lay people, enim pars Dominici Sacra- for both the parts of the LORD's menti, ex Christi institutione Sacrament, by Christ's ordiet præcepto, omnibus Christi- nance and commandment, ought anis æquo administrari to be ministered to all Chrisdebet.

tian men alike. The Phraseology of this Article.

1. This Article was not among those of 1552.
2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.
De utraque specie

of both kinds.
utraque pars

ex æquo


1. The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay people.
II. Both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and

commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.

both parts.

i The denial of the cup to the laity was first sanctioned by the Council of Constance, A.D. 14 i 4, and afterwards by the Council of Trent in the following Canons determined in the 21st Session :-“ Canon 1. If any one shall say that, according to the command of God, or of necessity for salvation, all and each of the faithful in Christ ought to receive both elements of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist, – let him be accursed. Canon 2. If any one shall say that the holy Catholic Church was not induced by just reasons and arguments to give communion in the one element only of the bread to the laity, and also to the clergy not celebrating, or that she crred in that point, -- let him be accursed."-See also Trent Catechism, part 11. § 70, " By the law of the Church it is forbidden that any one, without authority of the Church, (except consecrating ministers), should take the sacred Eucharist in both kinds.''

? It was introduced by Archbishop Parker, 1562.

« PoprzedniaDalej »