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is Christ. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into
To repent, Acts ii. 38. To believe, Acts viii. 37.
signed and sealed.
New Testament. Acts ii. 38, “ Then Peter said unto
them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you,
2. Human Testimony.
lib. I. 38, vol. x., “ That in the laver of baptism,
1 Apol. c. Ixvi. Theoph. ad Autolyc. lib. 11. p. 109.
Baptismo apud Gelas. Eyzian. lib. 111. c. xxxi.
C. [By Baptism,] the promises of our adoption to be the sons of
God, by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed.
sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be
idols, will I cleanse you."
viii. 14.16. 1 Cor. xii. 13. Gal. iii. 26, 27; iv. 5.
2. Human Testimony.
Fathers. Tertull. de Anim. c. i. “Baptism is the sign
or seal of our faith.”
New Testament. 1 Pet. iii. 21, “ The like figure
whereunto even baptism doth also even now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh but the answer of a good conscience toward God), by the resurrection of Jesus CHRIST.”—See also
Acts ii. 41, 42. Gal. iii. 27. b. Human Testimony.
Fathers. Just. Martyr, Apol 1. 61, “And we in the
water are made partakers of the forgiveness of our sins before committed.” Apol. i. 8. Nicene Creed
as enlarged by the Constantinopolitan Council.
New Testament. Luke xi. 13, “ If ye then being
evil know how to give good gifts unto your children; how much more shall your heavenly FATHER give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him.”—See also Matt. vii. 7; xi. 24. Luke xviii. 1. John xiv. 13; xv. 7; xvi. 23, 24.
6. 1 John iii. 22; v. 14, 15.
a. Father. Tertull. de Baptism. c. v.
Holy Symbols. 2 Helvetic, c. xx. Westminster,
Sueveland, c. xvii. PROP. IV. The Baptism of Young Children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of CHRIST. 1. The Testimony of Reason.
Whatever good is certain and undeniable, that it is the duty
of parents to provide for their children, even though they be unable to will for themselves.
Jam. i. 5,
2. Divine Testimony.
From the typical relation of Circumcision to Baptism,' Gen.
xvii. 10, 12; Rom. ii. 28, 39; iv. 9; Col. ii. 11,' Baptism is called “the Circumcision of CHRIST." From the promises of God, Gen. xvii. 7; Gal. iil. 1-9. Infants capable of entering into covenant with God, Gen. xvii, 10, 12, 13; Lev. xii. 3; Deut. xxix. 10. Because young children are capable of regeneration, Jer. i. 5. Because regeneration, of which Baptism is a sign, is necessary for them, John iii. 5. Except one (11) be born, &c. Because of God's good will to them, Matt. xviii. 14. Because they have a right to it, Acts ii. 39. Because they are written in the covenant, Acts üi. 25. Because Jesus calls them, Luke xviii. 16. Because JESUS commands them to be brought to Him, Matt. xix. 14. Because they are part of CHRIST's Church, Ephes. v. 26. Because CHRIST died for infants as well as for persons of riper years, 1 Tim. ii. 6. Because CHRIST's command is unexceptional, Matt. xxviii. 17, force of painTEVETE, “ make disciples of,” see Matt. xiii. 52; xxvü. 57; Act. D.D. Apost. xiv. 20. Because of the holiness of baptized children, 1 Cor. vii. 14.' Because they are reckoned among believers, Matt. xviii. 2-6. Because of the baptism of numbers from which children are not said to have been excluded, Acts ïi. 41; viï. 12, 16. Because of the practice of the Apostles in baptizing households,'Lydia, Acts xvi. 16; Jailor of Philippi, Acts xvi. 33; Crispus, Acts xviii. 8; Stephanas, 1 Cor. i. 16; Cornelius, Acts x. 48.
• Circumcision was the initiatory sacrament of Judaism. The following is the prayer used by fathers at the Circumcision of their sons : “Blessed be Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe! Who hast sanctified us with Thy Commandments, and commanded us to initiate him (the child) into the covenant of Abraham our father."-See Buxtorf. Synag. Jud. c. iv. p. 99.
3 Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. c. xliii, maintains the analogy between Baptism and Circumcision.
· 1 Cor. vii. 14, quoted as referring to the baptism of young children by August. de Serm. Dom. lib. 1. c. xxvii. de lib. Arbitr. lib. 111. c. xxiii.; de Perseverant. c. xii.; de Baptism. cont. Donat. lib. iv. c. xv.; Tertull. de Anim. cc. xxxix. xl.; Hieron. Epist. ad Let. Ep. 7.
5 Sense of oikos 1 Tim. v. 14, family-children. Exod. i. 21.
3. Human Testimony.
well children as their parents, Maimonides, Isuri Bia,
custom is alluded to John iü. 10. B. Fathers. Orig.' ad Luc. Hom. xiv. vol. III. p. 948,
"Young children are baptized into the remission of ! sins.” Comment. ad Rom. lib. V., « The Church re
ceived the custom of baptizing infants from the Apostles.” Ad Lev. Hom. viii. 3, vol. 11., “ Baptism is given to infants by the usage of the Church.”—See also Hom. IX. ad Josuam. Tertull. de Baptism, c. xviii. Cyprian, Epist. lib. II. Epist. lxiv. De Laps. circa medium, quoted also by August. Epist. xxiii. ad Bonifac. Iren.“ lib. II. c. xxii. § 4, p. 147, ed. Bened. and c. xxxix. August. cont. Jul. Pelag. lib. I. cc. iii. and x. De peccat. merit. et remiss. vol. x. lib. 1. 40. De Baptism. cont. Donat. lib. iv. c. xxij. Clem. Alex. Pædag. lib. III. c. i. p. 289. Apostol. Const. lib. vi. c. xv. p. 314, vol. 1. Just. Mart. Apol. 1. c. xv. Greg. Magn. Epist. lib. xii. Epist. 31. De Peccat. Orig. cc. xvii. xviii. De Gen. ad Lit. lib. x. c. xxiii. Optat. Milevit. (A.D. 360) cont. Donat. lib. v. prope finem. Greg. Nazianz. Orat. in laudem Basil. Orat. 20, comp. Orat. in Sanct. Baptism. prope ab initio. Basil. Exhort. ad Baptism, see. Theodor. llist. Eccles. lib. IV. c. xxvi. Ambros. in Luc. 1. lib. I. De Abraham. lib. II. c. xi. Chrysost. Hom. Xl. in Gen. tom. I. in Act. D. D. Apost.
6 “The baptising of Infants was a thing as well known in the Church of the Jews, as ever it has been in the Christian Church."-Dr. Lightfoot, Hor. Hebr. on Matt, iii. 6.
? Jerome's testimony that Origen held the baptism of Infants, Wall, c. xix. § 26. The value of his testimony as born of Christian parents, Euseb. Eccles. Hist. lib. vi. c. xix.; Ruff. lib. vi. c. xiv.
8 The value of his testimony may be estimated from what he reports of himself in his epistle to Florinus ; 'see Euseb. Hist. Eccles. lib. v. c. xix.
Hom. XXIII. Hieron. Epist. ad Let. Epist. VII.
Can. 2. See Hard. vol. 1. p. 1217. Council at Gerundia,
Scotland, Art. xxij. Bohemia, c. xii. Gallican, Art.
Westminster, c. xxviii. § 4, 6.
xviii.; Augustine here cites Pelagius as declaring that
9 The letter of Cyprian is undoubtedly genuine. See August. Epist. 28, ad Hieron. cont. Duas Epist. Pelag. lib. iv. c. vüi.; De peccat. merit. et remiss. lib. . c v. Serm. xiv.; de Verb. Apost. Hieron. Dial. cont. Pelag. lib. in.