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Gen. i. 1. Eloheem bara, “ GOD

(plur.) made” (sing.). Plurality of persons and unity of essence. This phrase occurs thirty times

in the first chapter of Genesis.

See also Zech. i. 3; ii. 1-3.
c. Mention is indirectly made of the Three

Persons in the GODHEAD.
Ps. xxxiii. 6. “By the Word of the

LORD were the heavens made, and all
the hosts of them by the breath of His

mouth."5 2 Sam. xxxiii. 2. “ The Spirit of the

LORD spake by me, and His Word was in my tongue. The God of Israel said,

the Rock of Israel spake to me.” Isa. xlii. 1. “Behold my servant, whom

I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon Him: He shall bring forth judgment

to the Gentiles.” Isa. xlviii. 16. “I have not spoken in

secret from the beginning: from the time that it was there am I: and now the LORD God and His Spirit have

sent Me."

See also Isa. Ixiii. 9, 10; Dan. ix. 4, 17, 19. d. Cherubic representations."

1 Sam, iv. 6-8. “And when the Philistines

heard the noise of the shout, they said,
What meaneth the noise of this
in the camp of the Hebrews ?

And they understood the ark of the LORD was come

And the Philistines were

great shout

into the camp.

5 The Personality and Divinity of the Word, Logos, Mimra da Jehovah. Kidder's Dem. Part 111. pp. 108, 109.

6 The Personality and Divinity of the Third Person, Ruach Hakkodesh. Dr. Allix's Judgment, p. 168. 7 Tertull. Adv. Prax, cxii.

These are referred to in deference to the views of the pious and learned Parkhurst, in v. 293.

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afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp And they said, Woe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore. Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilder

ness.” 1 Sam. vi. 20. “ And the men of Beth

shemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall

from us?” e. The clear testimony of the Old Testament to

the Unity of God, and its equally clear tes-
timony to the Divinity of the Father, and
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
The FATHER. Deut. vi. 4. “Hear, O

Israel, the LORD our God is one JE

The Son. Jer. xxii. 6. “ This is His

name whereby He shall be called, The

LORD our Righteousness.”
The Holy Ghost. Ezek. viii. 1, 3. “The

LORD JEHOVAH put forth the form of
a hand, and took me ;-and the SPIRIT
lifted me up.”
The legitimate conclusion is that in

the Unity of this GODHEAD there
be Three Persons, of one substance,
power, and eternity, the FATHER,

the Son, and the Holy Ghost. f. In the Old Testament the same names, attri

butes, titles, works, and honours are assigned
to the Father, the Son, and the Holy
Ghost, and yet the utmost importance is
attached to the doctrine of the Unity of God.
Ps. Ixxxiii. 18; xlv. 6; 1 Chron. xxviii. 12.

Jer. xxiii. 24. Ps. viji. 6; cxxxix. 7, 8.


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g. To these may fairly be added the testimonies

of the Apocryphal writers of the Old Testa-
ment, for they are admissible witnesses of the
religious opinions of the Jews before the
Christian æra.
Tobit viii. 6. « Thou madest man, and

gavest him Eve his wife for an helper
and a stay: of them came mankind.
Thou hast said, It is not good that
man should be alone; Let us make

unto him an aid like unto himself.”
See also Book of Wisdom, vii. 22-25,

(compare Heb. i. 3), ix. i. 17; Judith
xvi. 13, 14.

B. New Testament.
a. Direct : or those in which the THREE PERSONS

are mentioned together.
Matt. iii. 16, 17. “And JESUS, when He

was baptized, went up straightway out
of the water; and, lo, the heavens were
opened unto Him, and He saw the
Spirit of God descending like a dove,
and lighting upon Him : and lo a voice
from heaven, saying, This is my beloved

Son, in whom I am well pleased.”.
See Luke iii. 21, 22 ; John i. 32–34.
Matt. xxviii. 19. “Go ye therefore, and

teach (make disciples of) all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the
FATHER, and of the Son, and of the

1 Cor. xii. 4, 5, 6. “ Now there are di-

versities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
And there are differences of administra-

9 In the Hebrew (of Genesis i. 18) it is only “I will make.”—Dr. Allix: see his Judgment of the Jewish Church, gc. chap. VIII.

1 Pater auditur in voce, Filius manifestatur in carne, Spiritus Sanctus dignoscitur in columba.-August. In Joh. Trad. vi. 5, vol. III. part ii.

2 Athanas. Orat. cont. Arian. 11. 41, p. 508 ; Basil. De Spirit, Sanct. c. xviii. Compare 1 Cor. 14, 15. “I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius ; lest any should say that I had baptized in my OWN


tions, but the same LORD. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the

same God who worketh all in all.”3 2 Cor. xiii. 14. “The grace of the LORD

JESUS CHRIST, and the love of God, and the communion of the HOLY GHOST,

be with you all. Amen." Rev. i. 4, 5. “ Grace be unto you and

peace, from Him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven spirits which are before His throne, and from JESUS CHRIST, the faithful Witness, and the first-begotten of the dead, and the Prince of the

kings of the earth." See also Luke i. 35. John xiv, 26; xv, 26;

xvi. 13, 14. Rom. viii. 27; xi. 36. Gal. iv. 6. Ephes. ii. 18; iv. 4-6.' Tit.

iii. 4–6. 1 Pet. i. 2, 3. Jude 20. 1.5 b. Indirect.

Preliminary remark. The value of indirect

testimony is universally and practically
(1) The clear testimony of the New

Testament to the Unity of the
Mark xii. 29. “ Hear, O Israel,

the LORD our God is one

Lord.” (2) The equally clear testimony of the New Testament to the

proper divinity of The FATIIER. John vi. 44-46.

can come to Me, except the

“No man

3 Bishop Pearson On the Creed. 4 Iren. v. xviii. 2; IV. vi. 7. Hipp. cont. Noet. 14, vol. 11. p. 16. Orig. Ad Rom. lib. VII. § 13. Athan. Orat, III. xv. p. 565.

5 I do not cite 1 John v. 7. But few minds can resist the cogency of the arguments which the late Greek Professor Porson and the Bishop of Ély have adduced against its genuineness.

Father which hath sent Me draw him; and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto Me. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save He which is of GOD, He hath seen the Father.”

The Son.
1 John v. 20. “And we know

that the Son of God is come,
and hath given us an under-
standing, that we may know
Him that is true; and we
are in Him that is true, even
This (or The same) is the

true God, and eternal life.” The Holy Ghost. Acts v. 3, 4. “And Peter

said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land ? Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied

unto men, but unto God." The legitimate conclusion is that in the

L'nity of the GODHEAD there be three

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