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B. Sacraments' were not ordained of CHRIST to be carried about.

See Art. XXVIII. Prop. VIII.
C. Sacraments were ordained of Christ that we should duly use

them. See Props. X. and XI.

Prop. X. The Sacramentis in such only as worthily receive the same, have a wholesome effect or operation. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Prov. xxi. 27, “ The sacrifice of the

wicked is abomination.”_See also Ps. 1. 16. Isa. lviii.

3; lxvi. 3. Jer. vi. 20.
B. New Testament. Rom. xiv. 23, “ Whatsoever is not of

faith is sin.”_See also Tit. i. 15.
2. Human Testimony.
Fathers. Just. Mart. Dial. cont. Tryph. c. cxxxviii.,

“ For CHRIST, though He was the first-begotten of every creature, and was also again made the beginning of another race, who are regenerated by Him through water and faith and wood.”

Prop. XI. They that receive the Sacraments unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith. 1. Divine Testimony.

New Testament. 1 Cor. xi. 27, “ Wherefore whosoever shall

eat this bread, and drink this cup of the LORD, unworthily,
shall be guilty of the body and blood of the LORD.”—See

also 1 Cor. xi. 29, 30.
2. Human Testimony.
Confessions. 2 Helvetic, c. xiii. 1 Helvetic, Art. xxii.

Bohemia, c. xiii.

4 Processions are supposed to have been originated by Pope Agapetus I.

5 Comp. Council of Trent, sess. vii. can. vIII., “ If any one shall say, that by the sacraments themselves of the New Law, grace is not given in virtue of the administration of them, (ex opere operato, lit. of the work wrought), but that faith alone in the Divine promise suffices for obtaining grace,-let him be accursed."- See also Catech. part 11. 32.

ARTICLE XXVI.

ARTICULUS XXVI.

ARTICLE XXVI.

De vi Institutionum Divinarum, Of the Unworthiness of the Minis

quod eam non tollat malitia ters, which hinder not the effect Ministrorum.

of the Sacraments.

QUAMV

UAMVIS in Ecclesia vi- ALTHOUGH in the visible Church

sibili bonis mali semper sint the evil be ever mingled with admixti, atque interdum minis- the good, and sometime the terio verbi, et Sacramentorum evil have chief authority in the administrationi præsint, tamen Ministration of the Word and cum nonsuo,sedChristi nomine Sacraments, yet forasmuch as agant, ejusque mandato, et auc- they do not the same in their toritate ministrent, illorum mi- own name, but in Christ's, and nisterio uti licet, cum in verbo do minister by his commission DEI audiendo, tum in Sacra- and authority, we may use their mentis percipiendis. Neque Ministry, both in hearing the per illorum malitiam, effectus Word of God, and in receiving institutorumChristi tollitur,aut of the Sacraments. Neither is gratia donorum Dei minuitur, the effect of Christ's ordinance quoad eos qui fide, et rite sibi taken away by their wickedness, oblata percipiunt, quæ propter nor the grace of God's gifts diinstitutionem Christi, et pro- minished from such as by faith missionem efficacia sunt, licet and rightly do receive the Saper malos administrentur. craments ministered unto them;

Ad Ecclesiæ tamen discipli- which be effectual, because of nam pertinet, ut in malos mi- Christ's institution and pronistros inquiratur, accusentur- mise, although they be ministerque ab his, qui eorum flagitia ed by evil men.

noverint, atque tandem justo convicti judicio deponantur.

Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and finally, being found guilty by just judgment, be deposed.

The Phraseology of this Article.
1. As compared with Article XXVII. of those of 1552.
A. In the Latin.
1552

1562, 1571.
Title. Ministrorum malitia Title. De vi institutionum

non tollit efficaciam in divinarum, quod eam non

stitutionum divinarum. tollat malitia Ministrorum. Mali sint semper

Mali semper sunt. ut in eos inquiratur ut in malos ministros inqui

ratur. B. In the English.

Title. The wickedness of Title. Of the Unworthiness

Ministers doth not take of the Ministers, which away the effectual ope hinder not the effect of ration of God's ordi the Sacraments.

nances. but do minister by Christ's but in Christ's, and do

commission and autho minister by his commisrity.

sion and authority. God's ordinances

Christ's ordinance. of such

of evil ministers.

2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.

De vi institutionum divinarum, Of the unworthiness of

quod eam non tollat malitia Ministers, which hinder not Ministrorum

the effect of the Sacraments. præsint

have chief authority. percipiendis

in receiving. quoad eos qui

from such as rite

rightly.

Five PROPOSITIONS.
I. In the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good, and

sometime the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the

word and sacraments. II. Those evil men who minister the word and sacraments do not the

same in their own name, but in CHRIST's, and do minister by

His commission and authority. III. We may use the ministry of evil men both in hearing the word of

God and in the receiving of the sacraments. IV. The effect of Christ's ordinance is not taken away by the

wickedness (of evil men); nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith and rightly do receive the sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of CHRIST's institution and promise, although they be ministered

by evil men. V. It appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be

made of evil ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and, finally, being found

guilty by just judgment, be deposed. PROP. I. In the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good,

and sometime the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the word and sacraments. A. In the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good. 1. Divine Testimony.

New Testament. Matt. xii. 24, 25, “Another parable

put He forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way."-See also Matt. iii. 12; vii. 22, 23; xiii. 47,

48; xxii. 13. Rom. ix. 6. 2 Tim. ii. 10. 2. Human Testimony,

Confessions. 2 Helvetic, c. xvii. Scotland, Art. xxv.

Augsburg, Art. viii. Wirtemburg, Art. xxxii. Sueve

land, Art. xv.
B. In the visible Church sometime the evil have chief authority in

the ministration of the word and sacraments.
Divine Testimony.
a. Old Testament. Jer. v. 30, 31, “ A wonderful and

horrible thing is committed in the land; the pro

phets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means, and My people love to have it so."

-See also Lev. x. 1, 2. 1 Sam. i. 22; viii. 3. Jer. i. 18, 19; v. 31. Lam. iv. 13. Ezek. xx. 26.

Hos. vi. 9. Zeph. iii. 4. Mal. ii. 1, 2. b. New Testament. Matt. xxiii. 2, 3, “The Scribes

and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: all therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works.”

-See also John vi. 70. 1 Cor. üïi. 7. Phil. i. 15. PROP. II. Those evil men who minister the word and sacraments do not

the same in their oron name, but in CHRIST's, and do minister by His commission and authority. Divine Testimony. New Testament. Phil. i. 15, 18, “Some indeed preach CHRIST

even of envy and strife; and some also of good will. .... What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do

rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.”_See also 1 Cor. iii. 7. PROP. III. We may use the ministry of evil men both in hearing the word of God and in receiving of the sacraments. 1. Divine Testimony.

New Testament. Matt. xxiii. 2, 3, “ The Scribes and

the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: all therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works.”—See also Matt. vii. 22. John

iv. 2. Acts üii. 13. 1 Cor. ii. 5. Phil. i. 15-18. 2. Human Testimony.

Father. August. cont. Lit. Petil. lib. III. c. lv. Prop. IV. The effect of Christ's ordinance is not taken away by the

wickedness (of evil men), nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith and rightly do receive the sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual because of Christ's institution and promise, altho@gh they be ministered by evil men.'

1 According to the decision of the Council of Florence, A.D. 1438, and its confirmation by that of Trent, the validity of a sacrament depends upon the intention of the minister from whom it is received. Council of Trent, Sess. VII. Can, xi., “ If any one shall say, that, in the ministers, whilst they perform and communicate the Sacraments, is not required the Intention at least of doing what the Church does,-let him be accursed.”—See also Catechism, part 11. $ 23.

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