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Sing. pronoun, Josh. xxiv. 19. “He (sing.) is an Holy God”(pl.). See also Jer. x. 10. Sing. adject. 2 Kings xix. 4, 16; Ps. vii. 10,

lvii. 3, lxxvii. 56. B. This plural appellative is

sometimes used with plural verbs, nouns, and adjectives. Plur. verb, Gen. xx. 13. “GOD (Eloheem) caused me to wander,” vagari me fecerunt Dii. See also Gen. xxxi. 33, xxxv. 7; 2 Sam. vii, 23. Plur. noun, Ps. lviii. 11, a God, a Judge, Eloheem Shopheteem, Dii judices. Plur, adject. Deut. v. 26, “That hath heard the voice of the living God," qui audivit vocem Deorum viventium. See also Deut. iv. 7 ; Josh. xxiv. 19; 1 Sam. iv. 8; xv. 11, 26; Dan. iv. 5, 6, 15; vii. 18, 22,

25, 27. 7. This plural appellative

oftentimes has a singular noun coupled with it. JEHOVAH (Eloheem)

than one hundred times in the Law,



(2) The usage of pronouns in the plural

number suggests a plurality of Per-
sons in the GODHEAD.
Gen. i. 26. “Let us' make man

in our image and after our like

ness. Comp. ver. 27.
Gen. iii. 22. "And the LORD GOD

said, Behold, the man is become

as one of us."
Gen. xi. 7. “Go to, let us go down,

and there confound their lan

Isa. vi. 8. “And I heard the voice

of the LORD, saying, Whom
shall I send, and who will go
for us?


(3) Certain other nouns, when used of the

Deity, are also put in the plural
Prov. ix. 10. “Holy ones”: which is

used in apposition with Jehovah

in the former half of the distich.
Prov. xxx. 3.
Hos. xii. l.

i These words were not addressed to angels, for they had no share in the work of creation. See Isa. xlii. 5; xliv. 24 ; xlv. 12. They are not to be understood as expressing the majesty of God. The Scriptures do not introduce earthly sovereigns using the plural number : Gen. xli. 41, 44 ; Ezra vi. 8. In Esther i. 15, the king clearly appeals to his councillors. Iren, adv. Heres. lib. iv. xx. 1, p. 253, lib. II. xxx. 9, lib. iv. vii. 4, lib. iv. xx. 4, lib. v. vi. 1, lib. v. xxviii. 4. Epiphan. Hæres. 23, n. 2, “This is the language of God to His Word and Only-Begotten, as all the faithful believe.” 46, n. 3, “Adam was formed by the hand of the FATHER, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Author of the Epist, of Barnabas, c. v. p. 60, vi.; of the Shepherd of Hermas, 3, 9, 14, p. 116; Just. Mart. Dial, c. Tryph. c. lxii. p. 159, B.; Tertull. Adv. Prar. c. xii.; Novat. de Trin. cxxi.; Creed drawn up by an Arian Council at Sirmium, A.D. 351; Belgic Confess. Art. ix.

$ « The expression, Let us make, manifests a plurality: the expression, as one of us, is put to signify not one, but many."-Philo-Jud. vol. 1. pp. 430, 1, ed. Mangey. The Jews of the middle ages evidently

felt the suggestive force of the words, « Let us make man.' Rabbi Samuel bar Nachman said that Moses, when in writing the Law he was come to the place where he was by divine dictation to write, Let us make man, paused, and replied to God, Lord of the world, why dost

Thou afford an occasion for error, with respect to Thy most simple unity but that the Lord answered, Moses, write thou so; and he that desires to err, let him err.” – BERESHITH Rabba, In Gen. qu. vi, ap. Man. ben Israel. Conciliatorem.

Eccles. xii. 1. «Creators.”
Ps. cxlix. 2. “Makers."
Isa. liv. 5. “Thy Creator is thy

Husband," nam Mariti tui,

Creatores tui.
Job xxxv. 10. " Where is God

(sing.) my Makers.”

Zech. xi. 5. “Shepherds."
(1) Certain passages also intimate a plu-

rality and distinction of Persons in
Gen. xviii. 1, 2. “And the LORD

(JEHOVAH) appeared unto him
in the plains of Mamre: and
he sat in the tent door in the
heat of the day; and he lift
up his eyes and looked, and,
lo, three men stood by him;
and when he saw them, he ran
to meet them from the tent
door, and bowed himself to-

ward the ground." Gen, xix. 24. “ Then the LORD

(JEHOVAH) rained upon Sodom
and upon Gomorrah brimstone
and fire from the LORD (JE-

Hovaw) out of heaven."
Exod. xvi. 28, 29. “And the

Lord said unto Moses, How
long refuse

ye to keep my commandments and my laws ? See, for that the LORD hath given you the Sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days : abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on

the seventh day.” 9 See Lightfoot, Works, vol. 1. p. 13; Just. Mart. Dial.c. Tryph. cap. cxxvi. &c.

i See Targ. of Jonathan and Jerusalem, ad 2; Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. cc. cxxvii. cxxix.


Exod. xxiv. 1. " And He said

unto Moses, Come up unto the

Levit. x. 8-11. “ And the Lord

spake unto Aaron, saying, Do
not drink wine nor strong drink,
thou, nor thy sons with thee,
when ye go into the tabernacle
of the congregation, lest ye die:
it shall be a statute for ever
throughout your generations :
and that ye may put difference
between holy and unholy, and
between unclean and clean; and
that ye may teach the children
of Israel all the statutes which
the LORD hath spoken unto

them by the hand of Moses." Ps. cx. 1. “And the LORD (JE

HOVAH) said unto my Lord,
Sit Thou at my right hand,
until I make Thine enemies

Thy footstool.”
Isa. Ixi. 1. “ The Spirit of the
Lord God is


because the LORD hath anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison

to them that are bound." Zech. ii. 8-11. " For thus saith

the LORD of hosts, After the

glory hath He sent Me." Zech. iii. 1, 2. “ And he shewed

me Joshua the high priest, standing before the angel of the LORD (JEHOVAH), and Satan

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2 See Tertull. Adv. Prar, c. xii.

standing at his right hand to resist him. And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke

thee, O Satan.” Zech. x. 12. “I will strengthen

them in the LORD.”3 Zech. xii. 10.

« And I will pour out upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace and supplications, and they shall look upon ME, whom

they have pierced.” Zech. xiii. 7. Awake, O sword,

against my Shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow (equal) saith the LORD of

b. These certain peculiarities (a) in the original

language of the Old Testament, considered
in connexion with the fact that the Unity
of God is the grand doctrine of the Old
Testament, as clearly imply a plurality of
Persons in the GODHEAD, as other passages,
namely those which follow, limit such plu-
rality to a Trinity.
a. The threefold repetition of LORD in

Numb. vi. 24-27.
B. The threefold repetition of the epithet

Holy,” Isa. vi. 3. “Holy, Holy,
Holy, is the LORD of hosts : the
whole earth is full of His glory.".

3 See Kimch. ad loc, as translated by Dr. M'Caul, the learned Professor of Hebrew, at King's College, London.

4 Rabbi Simeon, son of Johai, thus expounds, "Holy, this is the Father; Holy, this is the Son ; Holy, this is the Holy Ghost.” Jonathan, the son of Uzziel, in his Paraphrase thus renders, “Holy, Father; Holy, Son; Holy, HOLY SPIRIT." Galatine affirms that the latter of these two passages was in the ancient copies of the Targum of Jonathan, and that its erasure is the work of the Jews. According to his testimony, he saw these words in an ancient copy at that time when the Jews were expelled from Naples. See Kidder, Clarke, Pearson, on Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. ed. Thirlby,

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