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Sing. pronoun, Josh. xxiv. 19. “He (sing.) is an Holy God”(pl.). See also Jer. x. 10. Sing. adject. 2 Kings xix. 4, 16; Ps. vii. 10,
lvii. 3, lxxvii. 56. B. This plural appellative is
sometimes used with plural verbs, nouns, and adjectives. Plur. verb, Gen. xx. 13. “GOD (Eloheem) caused me to wander,” vagari me fecerunt Dii. See also Gen. xxxi. 33, xxxv. 7; 2 Sam. vii, 23. Plur. noun, Ps. lviii. 11, a God, a Judge, Eloheem Shopheteem, Dii judices. Plur, adject. Deut. v. 26, “That hath heard the voice of the living God," qui audivit vocem Deorum viventium. See also Deut. iv. 7 ; Josh. xxiv. 19; 1 Sam. iv. 8; xv. 11, 26; Dan. iv. 5, 6, 15; vii. 18, 22,
25, 27. 7. This plural appellative
oftentimes has a singular noun coupled with it. JEHOVAH (Eloheem)
than one hundred times in the Law,
(2) The usage of pronouns in the plural
number suggests a plurality of Per-
in our image and after our like
ness. Comp. ver. 27.
said, Behold, the man is become
as one of us."
and there confound their lan
of the LORD, saying, Whom
(3) Certain other nouns, when used of the
Deity, are also put in the plural
used in apposition with Jehovah
in the former half of the distich.
i These words were not addressed to angels, for they had no share in the work of creation. See Isa. xlii. 5; xliv. 24 ; xlv. 12. They are not to be understood as expressing the majesty of God. The Scriptures do not introduce earthly sovereigns using the plural number : Gen. xli. 41, 44 ; Ezra vi. 8. In Esther i. 15, the king clearly appeals to his councillors. Iren, adv. Heres. lib. iv. xx. 1, p. 253, lib. II. xxx. 9, lib. iv. vii. 4, lib. iv. xx. 4, lib. v. vi. 1, lib. v. xxviii. 4. Epiphan. Hæres. 23, n. 2, “This is the language of God to His Word and Only-Begotten, as all the faithful believe.” 46, n. 3, “Adam was formed by the hand of the FATHER, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Author of the Epist, of Barnabas, c. v. p. 60, vi.; of the Shepherd of Hermas, 3, 9, 14, p. 116; Just. Mart. Dial, c. Tryph. c. lxii. p. 159, B.; Tertull. Adv. Prar. c. xii.; Novat. de Trin. cxxi.; Creed drawn up by an Arian Council at Sirmium, A.D. 351; Belgic Confess. Art. ix.
$ « The expression, Let us make, manifests a plurality: the expression, as one of us, is put to signify not one, but many."-Philo-Jud. vol. 1. pp. 430, 1, ed. Mangey. The Jews of the middle ages evidently
felt the suggestive force of the words, « Let us make man.' Rabbi Samuel bar Nachman said that Moses, when in writing the Law he was come to the place where he was by divine dictation to write, Let us make man, paused, and replied to God, Lord of the world, why dost
Thou afford an occasion for error, with respect to Thy most simple unity but that the Lord answered, Moses, write thou so; and he that desires to err, let him err.” – BERESHITH Rabba, In Gen. qu. vi, ap. Man. ben Israel. Conciliatorem.
Eccles. xii. 1. «Creators.”
Husband," nam Mariti tui,
(sing.) my Makers.”
Zech. xi. 5. “Shepherds."
rality and distinction of Persons in
(JEHOVAH) appeared unto him
ward the ground." Gen, xix. 24. “ Then the LORD
(JEHOVAH) rained upon Sodom
Hovaw) out of heaven."
Lord said unto Moses, How
ye to keep my commandments and my laws ? See, for that the LORD hath given you the Sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days : abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on
the seventh day.” 9 See Lightfoot, Works, vol. 1. p. 13; Just. Mart. Dial.c. Tryph. cap. cxxvi. &c.
i See Targ. of Jonathan and Jerusalem, ad 2; Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. cc. cxxvii. cxxix.
Exod. xxiv. 1. " And He said
unto Moses, Come up unto the
spake unto Aaron, saying, Do
them by the hand of Moses." Ps. cx. 1. “And the LORD (JE
HOVAH) said unto my Lord,
because the LORD hath anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison
to them that are bound." Zech. ii. 8-11. " For thus saith
the LORD of hosts, After the
glory hath He sent Me." Zech. iii. 1, 2. “ And he shewed
me Joshua the high priest, standing before the angel of the LORD (JEHOVAH), and Satan
2 See Tertull. Adv. Prar, c. xii.
standing at his right hand to resist him. And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke
thee, O Satan.” Zech. x. 12. “I will strengthen
them in the LORD.”3 Zech. xii. 10.
« And I will pour out upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace and supplications, and they shall look upon ME, whom
they have pierced.” Zech. xiii. 7. “Awake, O sword,
against my Shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow (equal) saith the LORD of
language of the Old Testament, considered
Numb. vi. 24-27.
“Holy,” Isa. vi. 3. “Holy, Holy,
3 See Kimch. ad loc, as translated by Dr. M'Caul, the learned Professor of Hebrew, at King's College, London.
4 Rabbi Simeon, son of Johai, thus expounds, "Holy, this is the Father; Holy, this is the Son ; Holy, this is the Holy Ghost.” Jonathan, the son of Uzziel, in his Paraphrase thus renders, “Holy, Father; Holy, Son; Holy, HOLY SPIRIT." Galatine affirms that the latter of these two passages was in the ancient copies of the Targum of Jonathan, and that its erasure is the work of the Jews. According to his testimony, he saw these words in an ancient copy at that time when the Jews were expelled from Naples. See Kidder, Clarke, Pearson, on Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. ed. Thirlby,