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B. In the English.

Title. No man is without Of CHRIST alone without sin.

sin but CHRIST alone made once for ever

once made. the rest, yea, although all we the rest, although baptized.

we be baptized. we offend

offend. 2. When the Latin and English are compared together. prorsus immunis

clearly void.

He came to be the lamb. immolationem

sacrifice. regenerati (Art. IX.) born again. nos ipsos seducimus

we deceive ourselves.

venit ut agnus

Four PROPOSITIONS. 1. CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in all

things, sin only except, from which He was clearly void, both

in His flesh and in His spirit. II. CHRIST came to be the lamb without spot, Who, by sacrifice of

Himself once made, should take away the sins of the world. III. Sin (as St. John saith) was not in CHRIST. IV. All we the rest, although baptized and born again in CHRIST, yet

offend in many things, and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

PROP. I. CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in

all things, sin only except, from which He was clearly void, both in His flesh and in His spirit. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Isa. liii. 9, “ And He made His grave

with the wicked, and with the rich in His death; because He had done no violence, neither was any deceit

in His mouth." B. New Testament. John xiv, 30, “Hereafter I will not

talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in Me.”-In His conception, Matt, i. 20. In His birth, Luke i. 36. In His flesh, Luke xxii. 42. In His spirit, 1 Tim. iii. 16; Heb. vii. 26-28; 1 Pet. ii. 22. In bearing such infirmities as

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are without sin, viz. Hunger, Matt. xxi. 28; Thirst,
John xix. 28; Weariness, John iv. 6; Anger, Mark
iï. 5; Sorrow, Matt. xxvi. 38; Fear, Heb. v. 7.
-See also Matt. xxvii. 24. John viii. 46; xx. 4, 6.
Acts iii. 14, 22. Rom. v. 6. Heb. ii. 17; iv. 15, 26, 27.

Phil. ii. 7, 8. 1 John üïi. 5.
2. Human Testimony.
A. Fathers. Clem. Alex. Pæd. lib. 1. c. ii., “But CHRIST

alone was altogether free from sin; for on this account
He alone is judge, because He alone is without sin.”
See also Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. c. ex. avapaptytos.
Idem. cc. xvii. xxxv. cii. Tertull. adv. Marc. lib. II.
c. xxiü.

De Orat. c. vii. De Anim. c. xli. De Carn.
CHRIST. c. xvi. De Præscript. Hæret. c. iii. Iren.

adv. Hær. lib. v. c. xiv.
B. Confessions. 1 Helvetic, Art. xi. 2 Helvetic, c. xi.

Bohemian, c. iv. Gallican, Art. xiv. Belgic, Art.
xviii.

Prop. II. He (CHRIST) came to be the Lamb without spot, Who, by

sacrifice of Himself once made, should take away the sins of the
world.
1. Divine Testimony.
A. Old Testament. The Paschal Lamb, Exod. xii. 46,

“In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry
forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither
shall ye break a bone thereof." Or the lamb of the
morning and evening sacrifice, Numb. xxviii. 3. -
See also Exod. xii. 5, 11-17. Lev. i. 4; iii. 2; iv. 4.

Numb. ix. 12. Isa. liii. 7.
B. New Testament. John xix. 36.

a Lamb,
John i. 29. 1 Pet. i. 19, “ But with the precious blood
of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without
spot.” Who should take away the sins of the world,
1 John iii. 5. By the sacrifice of Himself, John i. 29.
Heb. xiii. 12, " Wherefore Jesus also, that he might
sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without
the gate.”—See also 1 Cor. v. 7. 2 Cor. v. 21. Ephes.
i. 7. Col. i. 14. 1 Pet. ii. 24. Rev. v. 9.

He was

2. Human Testimony.

Fathers. Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. c. cxi., “For CHRIST

was the Passover Who was afterwards offered."-See also Aug. de Peccat. merit. et remiss. lib. II. 34, vol. x.

Prop. III. Sin (as Saint John saith) was not in Him (CHRIST). 1. The Testimony of Reason.

It was requisite that He who came to take away our sins,

should Himself be free from it in flesh and spirit. 2. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Isa. liii. 9, “He had done no violence,

neither was any deceit found in His mouth.” B. New Testament. 1 John iii. 5, “And ye know that He

was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin." Sinless conception, Matt. i. 20.

Sinless birth, Luke i. 26. Sinless though tempted, Heb. iv. 15, 26, 27. Sinless in conduct, 1 Pet. ii. 22; Matt. xxvii. 3, 4, 19, 24. Sinless in His mind, 2 Cor. v. 21. Sinless in His inward man, 1 John iii. 5. Satan had nothing in Him, John xiv. 30.-See also Matt. iii. 17; xxvii. 24. Mark i. 24. John vii. 46; viï. 29; xx. 4, 6. Acts ïi. 27; ii. 14. 2 Cor. v. 21. Heb. iv. 15; vii. 26, 28; ix. 14, 28.

1 Pet. i. 19; ii. 24. Rev. ii. 7. 3. Human Testimony.

Fathers. Jerome, Dial. 2, “To have all things, and to be

wanting in nothing, is peculiar to the virtue of Him, who did no sin, neither was any guile found in His mouth."See also August. ad Bonifac. lib. 1. c. xii. 2; c. vi. Cont. Julian, lib. III. C. vi.

PROP. IV. AU we the rest, although baptized and born again in

CHRIST, yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.'

1 Compare with this Article, and the Scripture proofs upon which it is founded, the doctrine of the followers of Wesley: The fact is not so generally known as it ought to be, that Wesley provided his communion with a new set of Articles, reducing those of the Church of England to twenty-five, and rejecting among others the XVth. The doctrine of perfection was the cause of his rejecting this Article, and the following is a specimen of his opinions in his own language: “They (namely the perfect) are freed from evil thoughts, so that they cannot enter into them, no not for an instant. Aforetime when

v. 12.

1. The Testimony of Reason.

This doctrine follows upon those of Original sin and Free

will, as set forth in Articles IX., X.
2. Divine Testimony.
A. Old Testament. Prov. xx. 9, “Who can say, I have
made

my
heart clean, I am pure

from
my

sin?”_See also 1 Kings vii. 46. 2 Chron. vi. 36. Job ix. 2 ; xxv. 4.

Ps. xiv. 1-3; cxliii. 2. Eccles. vii. 20.
B. New Testament. 1 John i. 8, “If we say that we have

no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not
in us.”—The regenerate are not without original sin,
Rom. v. 12. The regenerate are not without actual
sin, Rom. iii. 23. 1 John ii. 1.-See also Matt. vi, 12;
xx, 28.

Luke i. 6; ii. 49; xi. 1. Rom. üi. 9;

1 Cor. xi. 1. Gal. iii. 22; v. 17. 1 Tim. i. 15. James üïi. 2. 3. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clem. Alex. I. c. ult. p. 307, “For the

Word alone is without sin: for to sin is inherent and common to all.–See also Tertull. de Pudicit. c. xix. Greg. Nazianz. Hom. in Jul. 4, vol. i. p. 128. Ambros. in Ps. cxviii. vol. i. p. 1254. Hilar. in Ps. lviii. 4, p. 129. Greg. Nyss. in Ecclesiast. vol. i. p. 444. Cyril Alex. de recta fide ad Theodos. vol. v. par. ii. p. 18. August. de nat. et grat. vol. x. 15; de peccat. mer, et remiss. vol. x. lib. II. 34. De Spirit. et grat. c. xxxvi. Ad Hieron. Epist. xxix. De perfect. justit.

ad Eutrop.
B. Councils. Council of Carthage, A.D. 416. Apud August.

Epist. 90.
C. Confessions. Augsburg, Art. xx. Saxon, Arts. ïi. viii.

Bohemian, c. vii. Scotland, Art. xv.

an evil thought came in, they looked up, and it vanished away: but now it does not come in ; there being no room for this in a soul which is full of God. They are freed from wanderings in prayer: they have an unction from the Holy One, which abideth in them, and teacheth them every hour what they shall do and what they shall speak."--Pref. to vol. ii. of Wesley's Hymns. Mr. Wesley's Articles comprehend the IXth of the Church of England, but with alterations.

The Council of Basil declared that the Virgin Mary, nunquam actualiter subjacuisse originali peccato, sed immunem semper fuisse ab omni originali et actuali culpa.-See on Art. IX. Prop. iv.

ARTICLE XVI.

ARTICULUS XVI.

ARTICLE XVI.

De Peccato post Baptismum.

Of Sin after Baptism. NON

ON omne peccatum mortale Not every deadly sin willingly

post Baptismum voluntarie committed after Baptism is sin perpetratum, est peccatum in against the Holy Ghost, and Spiritum Sanctum, et irremis- unpardonable. Wherefore, the sibile. Proinde lapsis a Bap- grant of repentance is not to tismo in peccata, locus pæni- be denied to such as fall into tentiæ non est negandus. Post sin after Baptism. After we acceptum Spiritum Sanctum have received the Holy GHOST possumus a gratia data recedere, we may depart from grace atque peccare, denuoque per given, and fall into sin, and gratiam Dei resurgere ac resi. by the grace of God we may piscere ; ideoque illi damnandi arise again and amend our sunt, qui se quamdiu hic vivant, lives. And therefore they are amplius non posse peccare affir to be condemned which say, mant, aut vere resipiscentibus they can no more sin as long veniæ locum denegant.

as they live here, or deny the
place of forgiveness to such as

truly repent.
The Phraseology of this Article.
1. As compared with Article XV. of those of 1552.
A. In the Latin.
1552.

1562, 1571.
Title. De Peccato in Spiri- De Peccato post Baptis-

tum Sanctum
poenitentiæ locum

veniæ locum.

mum.

1

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