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B. In the English.
Title. No man is without Of CHRIST alone without sin.
sin but CHRIST alone made once for ever
once made. the rest, yea, although all we the rest, although baptized.
we be baptized. we offend
offend. 2. When the Latin and English are compared together. prorsus immunis
He came to be the lamb. immolationem
sacrifice. regenerati (Art. IX.) born again. nos ipsos seducimus
we deceive ourselves.
venit ut agnus
Four PROPOSITIONS. 1. CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in all
things, sin only except, from which He was clearly void, both
in His flesh and in His spirit. II. CHRIST came to be the lamb without spot, Who, by sacrifice of
Himself once made, should take away the sins of the world. III. Sin (as St. John saith) was not in CHRIST. IV. All we the rest, although baptized and born again in CHRIST, yet
offend in many things, and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
PROP. I. CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in
all things, sin only except, from which He was clearly void, both in His flesh and in His spirit. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Isa. liii. 9, “ And He made His grave
with the wicked, and with the rich in His death; because He had done no violence, neither was any deceit
in His mouth." B. New Testament. John xiv, 30, “Hereafter I will not
talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in Me.”-In His conception, Matt, i. 20. In His birth, Luke i. 36. In His flesh, Luke xxii. 42. In His spirit, 1 Tim. iii. 16; Heb. vii. 26-28; 1 Pet. ii. 22. In bearing such infirmities as
are without sin, viz. Hunger, Matt. xxi. 28; Thirst,
Phil. ii. 7, 8. 1 John üïi. 5.
alone was altogether free from sin; for on this account
De Orat. c. vii. De Anim. c. xli. De Carn.
adv. Hær. lib. v. c. xiv.
Bohemian, c. iv. Gallican, Art. xiv. Belgic, Art.
Prop. II. He (CHRIST) came to be the Lamb without spot, Who, by
sacrifice of Himself once made, should take away the sins of the
“In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry
Numb. ix. 12. Isa. liii. 7.
2. Human Testimony.
Fathers. Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. c. cxi., “For CHRIST
was the Passover Who was afterwards offered."-See also Aug. de Peccat. merit. et remiss. lib. II. 34, vol. x.
Prop. III. Sin (as Saint John saith) was not in Him (CHRIST). 1. The Testimony of Reason.
It was requisite that He who came to take away our sins,
should Himself be free from it in flesh and spirit. 2. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Isa. liii. 9, “He had done no violence,
neither was any deceit found in His mouth.” B. New Testament. 1 John iii. 5, “And ye know that He
was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin." Sinless conception, Matt. i. 20.
Sinless birth, Luke i. 26. Sinless though tempted, Heb. iv. 15, 26, 27. Sinless in conduct, 1 Pet. ii. 22; Matt. xxvii. 3, 4, 19, 24. Sinless in His mind, 2 Cor. v. 21. Sinless in His inward man, 1 John iii. 5. Satan had nothing in Him, John xiv. 30.-See also Matt. iii. 17; xxvii. 24. Mark i. 24. John vii. 46; viï. 29; xx. 4, 6. Acts ïi. 27; ii. 14. 2 Cor. v. 21. Heb. iv. 15; vii. 26, 28; ix. 14, 28.
1 Pet. i. 19; ii. 24. Rev. ii. 7. 3. Human Testimony.
Fathers. Jerome, Dial. 2, “To have all things, and to be
wanting in nothing, is peculiar to the virtue of Him, who did no sin, neither was any guile found in His mouth."See also August. ad Bonifac. lib. 1. c. xii. 2; c. vi. Cont. Julian, lib. III. C. vi.
PROP. IV. AU we the rest, although baptized and born again in
CHRIST, yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.'
1 Compare with this Article, and the Scripture proofs upon which it is founded, the doctrine of the followers of Wesley: The fact is not so generally known as it ought to be, that Wesley provided his communion with a new set of Articles, reducing those of the Church of England to twenty-five, and rejecting among others the XVth. The doctrine of perfection was the cause of his rejecting this Article, and the following is a specimen of his opinions in his own language: “They (namely the perfect) are freed from evil thoughts, so that they cannot enter into them, no not for an instant. Aforetime when
1. The Testimony of Reason.
This doctrine follows upon those of Original sin and Free
will, as set forth in Articles IX., X.
sin?”_See also 1 Kings vii. 46. 2 Chron. vi. 36. Job ix. 2 ; xxv. 4.
Ps. xiv. 1-3; cxliii. 2. Eccles. vii. 20.
no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not
Luke i. 6; ii. 49; xi. 1. Rom. üi. 9;
1 Cor. xi. 1. Gal. iii. 22; v. 17. 1 Tim. i. 15. James üïi. 2. 3. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clem. Alex. I. c. ult. p. 307, “For the
Word alone is without sin: for to sin is inherent and common to all.–See also Tertull. de Pudicit. c. xix. Greg. Nazianz. Hom. in Jul. 4, vol. i. p. 128. Ambros. in Ps. cxviii. vol. i. p. 1254. Hilar. in Ps. lviii. 4, p. 129. Greg. Nyss. in Ecclesiast. vol. i. p. 444. Cyril Alex. de recta fide ad Theodos. vol. v. par. ii. p. 18. August. de nat. et grat. vol. x. 15; de peccat. mer, et remiss. vol. x. lib. II. 34. De Spirit. et grat. c. xxxvi. Ad Hieron. Epist. xxix. De perfect. justit.
Bohemian, c. vii. Scotland, Art. xv.
an evil thought came in, they looked up, and it vanished away: but now it does not come in ; there being no room for this in a soul which is full of God. They are freed from wanderings in prayer: they have an unction from the Holy One, which abideth in them, and teacheth them every hour what they shall do and what they shall speak."--Pref. to vol. ii. of Wesley's Hymns. Mr. Wesley's Articles comprehend the IXth of the Church of England, but with alterations.
The Council of Basil declared that the Virgin Mary, nunquam actualiter subjacuisse originali peccato, sed immunem semper fuisse ab omni originali et actuali culpa.-See on Art. IX. Prop. iv.
De Peccato post Baptismum.
Of Sin after Baptism. NON
ON omne peccatum mortale Not every deadly sin willingly
post Baptismum voluntarie committed after Baptism is sin perpetratum, est peccatum in against the Holy Ghost, and Spiritum Sanctum, et irremis- unpardonable. Wherefore, the sibile. Proinde lapsis a Bap- grant of repentance is not to tismo in peccata, locus pæni- be denied to such as fall into tentiæ non est negandus. Post sin after Baptism. After we acceptum Spiritum Sanctum have received the Holy GHOST possumus a gratia data recedere, we may depart from grace atque peccare, denuoque per given, and fall into sin, and gratiam Dei resurgere ac resi. by the grace of God we may piscere ; ideoque illi damnandi arise again and amend our sunt, qui se quamdiu hic vivant, lives. And therefore they are amplius non posse peccare affir to be condemned which say, mant, aut vere resipiscentibus they can no more sin as long veniæ locum denegant.
as they live here, or deny the