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ARTICLE XII.

ARTICULUS XII.

ARTICLE XII.

De Bonis Operibus.

Of Good Works. BONA opera, quæ sunt fruc- Albeit that Good Works,

tus fidei, et justificatos se which are the fruits of Faith, quuntur quanquam peccata and follow after Justification, nostra expiare, et divini judicii cannot put away our sins, and severitatem ferre non possunt: endure the severity of God's Deo tamen grata sunt, et ac Judgment; yet are they pleascepta in Christo, atque ex vera ing and acceptable to God in et viva fide, necessario pro- Christ, and do spring out fluunt, ut plane ex illis, æque necessarily of a true and lively fides viva cognosci possit, atque Faith; insomuch that by them arbor ex fructu judicari. a lively Faith may be as evi

dently known as a tree discern

ed by the fruit. The Phraseology of this Article.' This Article does not occur among those of 1552. It was added in 1562. When the Latin and English are compared with each other. justificatos sequuntur

follow after justification. expiare

to put away. severitatem ferre

to endure the severity. Divini judicii

of God's judgment. accepta in Christo

acceptable to Godin CHRIST

insomuch that.
atque
judicari

discerned.

ut

as-as.

i Compare with this Article the decisions of the Council of Trent, Sess. vi. c. xvi., also Canons 24, 26, 32.

Six PROPOSITIONS.

1. Good works are the fruits of faith.
• II. Good works follow after justification.
III. Good works cannot put away our sins.
IV. Good works cannot endure the severity of God's judgment.

V. Good works are pleasing and acceptable to God in CHRIST.
VI. Good works do spring out necessarily of a true and lively faith,

insomuch that by them a lively faith may be as evidently known
as a tree discerned by the fruit.

say,

PROP. I. Good works are the fruits of faith.
1. Divine Testimony.
A. Old Testament. Hos. xiv. 8, “Ephraim shall

What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard him, and observed him: I am like a green fir tree. From me is thy

fruit found.”_See also Zech. xii. 10. B. New Testament. Rom. vi. 22, “But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have

your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life."-See also Matt. ïïi. 12; vii. 16, 23; xv. 13. Luke vi. 36, 44; vii. 38, 42, 43. John xiii. 35; xv. 2. Acts ii. 41, 42; vüï. 39; xv. 9; xx. 21. Rom. viii. 25; xii. 10-14; xiv. 17; xv. 13. 2 Cor. iv. 13. Gal. v. 6, 22, 23. Ephes. i. l; vi. 16. 1 Thess. i. 3; iii. 6; iv. 9. 2 Thess. i. 3. 1 Tim. i. 5, 19. Tit. iii. 8. Philemon 5, 6. Heb. vii. 18, 19; x. 22-24; xi. 8, 17, 24-26, 32-39. James ii. 17, 18, 20, 21, 26. 1 Pet. ii. 7; v. 9. 2 Pet. i. 5, 6.

1 John ii. 36; iii. 3; v. 4, 5. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clement of Rome, Epist. to the Corinthians, c. x.,

“Abraham, who was called the friend (of God,) was found faithful, inasmuch as he obeyed the commands of God.”— See also idem, c. ix. Ignat. Epist. to the Ephes. ce. ix. xiv.; Epist. ad Trall. c. xi. Clem. Alex. Strom. c. ii. p. 445, “Faith is the foundation of love, bringing forth welldoing.” Polycarp, Epist. ad Phil. c. 1. Origen in Rom. i. iv. vol. iv. p. 523. August. Præf. in Ps. cxxxix. init. vol. iv. .

Chrysost. περί πίστεως και εις τον περί Queewç vópov, vol. VI. p. 838.

B. Confessions. 1 Helvetic, Art. xiji. 2 Helvetic, c. xvi.

Basil, Art. viii. Bohemian, c. vii. Gallican, Art. xxii.
Belgic, Art. xxiv. Saxon, Art. iii. Wirtemburg, c. vii."
Sueveland, cc. iv. xv. Scotland, Art. xiv. Augsburg, Art.
xx. (1540). Westminster, c. xvi. $ 2.

us."

Prop. II. Good works follow after justification. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Isa. xxvi. 12, “LORD, Thou wilt ordain

peace for us : for Thou also hast wrought all our works in

.”_See also Isa. lvii. 15. Jer. v. 1. B. New Testament. Heb. xi. 2, “ For by it (faith) the elders

obtained a good report.”—See also Matt. v. 20. Rom. vi. 6; vii. 4; viii. 12; xiii. 10. 2 Cor. ix. 8. Ephes. ii. 10; iv. 1. Phil. i. 11. Col. iii. 12. 2 Thess. ii. 17. 1 Tim. i. 5; vi. 18. Tit. ii. 5; iii. 8, 14.

Tit. ii. 5; iii. 8, 14. Heb. x. 34. James iii. 17. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clement of Rome, cc. xxxi. xxxiv., “We are

not justified but by that faith by which Almighty God
justified all men from the beginning, to Whom be glory
for ever and ever. Amen. What, therefore, shall we do,
brethren ? Shall we cease from doing good, and desert
charity? By no means may the LORD permit this to be
done by us, but let us hasten with vehement earnestness
and forwardness of mind to perfect every good work.”—
See also Just. Mart. 1 Apol. c. xvi. p. 172, E. (Otto).
August. de Divers. Quæst. ad Simpl. lib. I. quæst. 28.

De Fide et Operibus, c. iv.
B. Confessions. Augsburg, Art. iv. 2 Helvetic, c. xvi.

Gallican, Art. xxii. Saxon, Art. vi. Scotland, Art. xii.
Belgic, Art. xxiv. Sueveland, c. iv. Westminster, c. xvi.
$ 2.

Prop. III. Good works cannot put away our sins. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Job xxxv. 5-7, Look unto the heavens,

and see; and behold the clouds, which are higher than thou. If thou sinnest, what doest thou against Him ?

1 Comp. Rhemes on Rom. viii. 18.

or if thy transgressions be multiplied, what doest thou unto Him? If thou be righteous, what givest thou Him ? or what receiveth He of thine hand ? ”-See also Job iv. 17-21; xv. 14, 15. Ps. cxxx. 3; cxlii. 2. Micah

vi. 6, 7. B. New Testament. 1 John i. 7, “But if we walk in the

light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of JESUS CHRIST His Son cleanseth us from all sin.”—See also 1 Cor. iv. 7, 10. Titus üi. 5.

1 John ii. 10; iv. 7. 2. Human Testimony.

Confessions. Basil, Art. viii. Gallican, Art. xxii. Belgic,

Art. xxiv. Wirtemburg, c. vii. Westminster, c. xvi. 9 5. PROP. IV. Good works cannot endure the severity of God's judgment. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Ps. cxxx. 3, If thou, LORD, shouldest

mark iniquities, O LORD, who shall stand ?"-See also

Ps. cxliii. 2. Isa. xxxviii. 13; lxiv. 6. Dan. ix. 18.
B. New Testament. Phil. iii. 7, 8, “But what things were

gain to me, those I counted loss for CHRIST. Yea doubt-
less, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of
the knowledge of Christ Jesus my LORD: for whom
I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them
but dung, that I may win Christ.”—See also Luke

xvii. 10. Rom, iii. 20; iv. 15; vii. 14. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. August. Confess. lib. IX. c. xiii., “Woe to the

life of man, be it never so commendable, if thou examine it, setting mercy aside."-See also August. in Manual.

c. xxii. Super. Ezek. lib. 1. Hom. vii. in fine. B. Confessions. 2 Helvetic, cc. xii. xvi. Saxon, Art. iii.

Wirtemburg, cc. v. xiv. Augsburg, Art. vi. xx. Westminster, c. xvi. $ 5.

Prop. V. Good works are pleasing and acceptable to God in CHRIST. 1. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. 1 Chron. xxix. 17, “I know also, my

God, that Thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in

uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart
I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I
seen with joy Thy people, which are present here to offer
willingly unto thee.”—See also Gen. iv. 7. Prov. xi. 20.

Jer. xxxi. 16.
B. New Testament. 1 Tim. ii. 1-3, “I exhort therefore, that,

first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving
of thanks, be made for all men; for kings, and for all
that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and
peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. For this is
good and acceptable in the sight of God our SAVIOUR.”.
See also Matt. v. 12, 16, 22, 28; vii. 21; x. 32, 42;
xi. 29; xxv. 34–40. Mark x. 29, 30. Luke i. 75;
xiv. 13, 14. John xv. 12. Acts x. 2, 35; xxiv. 16.
Rom. ii. 10; vi. 4, 22; viïi. 1, 29; xii. 1; xiv. 17, 18.
1 Cor. vi. 20; xv. 58. 2 Cor. i. 12; viii. 21; ix. 7.
Gal. v. 6; vi. 9. Ephes. i. 4, 6; ii. 10; v. 2, 8, 9, 20.
Phil. i. 11; ii. 4; iv. 8. Col. i. 9, 10; iii. 17, 24.
1 Thess. ii. 4; iv. 7. 1 Tim. iv. 8. 2 Tim. ii. 19.
Titus ii. 11, 14; iii. 8. Heh. x. 24; xiii. 15, 16, 20,

21. James ii. 14, 26. 1 Pet. i. 15; ii. 5, 20, 21, 24.

2 Pet. i. 5, 11. 1 John ii. 6; iii. 3, 22. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clement of Rome, Epist. ad Cor. c. vii.,

“Let us consider what is good, and acceptable, and well
pleasing in the sight of Him Who made us." Just. Mart.
Dial. c. Tryph., “ They that do such things as are univer-
sally, naturally, and eternally good, are well pleasing unto
God.”—See also Clem. Rom. Epist. ad Cor. c. xxxiii.
Iren. adv. Hæres. lib. III. c. iv. 2. Theophil. Ant. ad

Autol. lib. 11. fin. Hilar. enar, in Ps. cxxxiii. 5.
B. Confessions. Augsburg, Art. vi. 2 Helvetic, c. xvi.

Basil, Art. viii. Bohemian, c. vii. Belgic, Art. xxiv.
Gallican, Art. vii. Saxon, Arts. iii. v. vi. viii. Wirtem-
burg, c. vii. Sueveland, c. iv. Westminster, c. xvi. $ 6.

Prop. VI. Good works do spring out necessarily of a true and lively faith; insomuch that by them a lively faith may be as evidently known as a tree discerned by the fruit.

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