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B. New Testament. Rom. iii. 24, “ Being justified freely
by His grace through the redemption that is in CHRIST
1 John üïi. 5.
See also John iv. 34; xv. 10. Heb. vii. 26-28. Obedience unto death, Phil. ii. 8.–See also Rom.
iii. 22; iv. 23–25; v. 18, 19; viii. 3, 4; X. 4. 1 Cor. i. 30. 2 Cor. v. 19-21. Gal. iii. 21, 22; iv. 4, 5. Ephes. 1, 7. Phil. iii. 21. Col. ii. 10.
3. Human Testimony.
having seen ye believe, but believing ye rejoice with
August. ad. Ps. lxx. ii. 5, vol. iv.
Bohemian, c. vi. Gallican, Arts. xii. xiii. Belgic,
Prop. II. We are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our LORD and Saviour Jesus Christ, by Faith." 1. The Testimony of Reason.
To affirm that Christ's merits are not sufficient, is to make
Him only in part our Saviour.
a perfect righteousness, which alone God accepts as a
3 It is not meant that faith, by itself, or of itself, doth justify us; for faith is but only as an instrument, whereby we apprehend Christ, Who is the LORD our Righteousness.
2. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Gen. xv. 6, “And he (Abraham) be
lieved in the LORD; and He counted it to him for righteousness.” Hab. ii. 4, “The just shall live by his faith.”-See also Isa. xxviii. 16. Jer. xxiii. 6; xxxii. 16. Joel ü. 32.
B. New Testament. Rom. ii. 21, “ Therefore we conclude
that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law."—See also Mark xvi. 16. John i. 12, 13; iii. 18, 36; v. 24; vi. 40, 47; vii. 38; xi. 25, 26; xx. 29.
Acts x. 43; xiii. 39; xvi. 31; xxvi. 18. Rom. i. 16; iii. 4-6, 22-26, 30; iv. 2, 3, 6, 9, 11, 13, 16, 20-24; v. 1, 2; viii. 15; ix. 30–33; X. 4, 9, 11. 1 Cor. i. 30, 31. Gal. ii. 16; iii. 8, 9, 11, 22, 26; v. 5, 6. Ephes. i. 6; ii. 8, 9; iii. 12. Phil. iji. 8, 9. Col. i. 20. Heb. vi. 18; x. 35, 38, 39; xi. 6, 7. 1 Pet. i. 5, 9. 2 Pet. i. l; ii. 6. 1 John v. 1, 4, 5. Rev. xix. 8.
3. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Clement of Rome, Epist. to the Cor. c. xxxii.,
“And we therefore, being called by His will in CHRIST JESUS, are not justified by ourselves, nor by our own wisdom, or prudence, or piety, or works which we have done in holiness of heart, but by that faith, by which the Almighty God justified all from the beginning."See also Just. Mart. Dial. c. Tryph. cc. xxxiii. and cii. Epist. ad Diogn. Iren. adv. Hæret. lib. IV. cc. xiii. lxvii. Cyprian Test. ad Qurin. lib. III. c. xliii.; Ep. lxiii. Origen in Rom. iii. vol. iv. p. 516, 517. August. in Ps. xxxi. Basil, Hom. xxii.; De Humil, vol. 1. p. 473. Id. in Ps. cxiv. vol. 1. p. 267. Chrysost. in Gal. c. iii. vol. III. p. 738, in 2 Cor. v. Hieron. vol. xi. in Rom. iv. Id. in Gal. iii. Ambros. vol. 11. App. p. 48, in Rom. iii. and iv. Greg. Nyss. Orat. ii., in Cant. August. Enchirid. ad Laurent. c. xli. Hilar. in Matt. ix.
B. Confessions. 2 Helvetic, cc. xv. xvi. Basil, Art. viii.
Bohemian, cc. vi. vii. Gallican, Arts. x. xii. Belgic,
Art. xxii. Augsburg, Arts. iv. (1531) xx. (1540).
Prop. III. We are not accounted righteous before God for our own
Because we are not under the covenant of works.
original and actual sin.
that I should repay him ? whatsoever is under the whole heaven is Mine."-See also Job ix. 2, 3, 20; xxii. 2, 3; xxv. 4; xxxv. 7. Ps. cxxx. 3; cxliii. 2. Isa. xliii. 26.
B. New Testament. Gal. iii. 11,
“ But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, the just shall live by faith.”—See also John xvii. 2. Acts ii. 30, 44 ; iii. 25; viii. 15, 36; xiii. 32, 39 ; xvi. 31; xxii. 16. Rom. ii. 20; iv. 2-5; vi. 23; viii. 3; ix. 31, 32; x. 3, 4; xi. 6. Gal. ii. 16; ii. 16; v. 4. Ephes. ii. 8, 9; iii. 4, 5. Phil. iii. 6-9. 1 Tim. ji. 4-6. 2 Tim. i. 1. Tit. iii. 5, 7. Heb. xi. 17. 1 John v. ll. Rev. ii. 10.
• It is by faith only in Christ that we are accounted righteous before God. This is St. Paul's doctrine, Rom. iii. 28.-It is by works only that such faith can be declared and proved. This is the doctrine of St. James, Epist. ii. 24. Good works are assured arguments, signs, and witnesses of that faith which lieth hid in the heart. Faith is not merely a belief in the history, but it is also a sure confidence in the promise of mercy made to us in Christ our Mediator. St. Paul treats of justification in foro DEI; St. James of it in foro hominis. While both Apostles illustrate their doctrine from the history of Abraham, they select those events in the Patriarch's experience which agree with their seemingly opposite, but really consistent statements.-Comp. Rom. iv. 9-23, with Gen. xv.; and James ii, 21-24, with Gen. xxii.
See Bp. Coverdale's Old Faith, pref. p. 6. "This is the faith of CHRIST, which all the Scripture speaketh of. This is the faith that St. Paul preacheth to justify in the sight of God; as St. James teacheth, that works justify in the sight of men, and that it is but a dead faith which hath no works."
3. Human Testimony.
by the blood of CHRIST would grow to be vile (vi-
of him that worketh. B. Councils. Milevia in Africa, A.D. 402. C. Confessions. Augsburg, Arts. iv. vi. (1531), xx. (1540).
1 Helvetic, Arts. iv. xiii. xvi. 2 Helvetic, cc. xv. xvi. Basil, Art. vii. Bohemian, cc. iv. vi. Gallican, Arts. xiii. xxii. Belgic, Art. xxiv. Wirtemburg, c. vi. Sueveland, c. ii. Westminster, c. xi. 1.
PROP. IV. That we are justified by Faith only, is a most wholesome
Doctrine, and very full of comfort, as more largely is expressed in the
tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines;
my feet like hinds' feet, and He will make me to walk upon mine high places." See also Ps. lxxi. 16;
Ixxxix. 16. Isa. xlv. 24; lxi. 10.
by faith, we have peace with God through our LORD
Gal. iv. 17. 2. Human Testimony. A. Fathers. Basil, Hom. xxü. De Humil. “He that
rejoiceth, let him rejoice in the LORD; saying, that
5 See Syllog. Confess. p. 182, Oxon, 1827.
CHRIST is made unto us of God, wisdom and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption, as it is written, He that rejoiceth, let him rejoice in the LORD. Foi this is perfect and sound rejoicing in God, when a man is not puffed up by reason of his own righteousness, and
that he is justified by faith alone in CHRIST.” B. Confessions. 2 Helvetic, c. xvi. Bohemian, c. vi. Gal
lican, Art. xiii. Belgic, Art. xxii. Augsburg, Arts. iv. v. xx.