Obrazy na stronie

writings are not thought worthy of equal credit with those which preceded them, on account of there not

being that regular succession of prophets.”

The two Prologues to Ecclesiasticus.
B. Christians.
a. Fathers.

August. de Civit. Dei, xvIII. c. xxxviii.
Justin Martyr did not admit the Apocrypha as

sources of Christian doctrine. See Dial. c.
Tryph. c. xxxii., “I draw all my proofs from

your own holy and prophetic Scriptures.” Jerome. “Sicut ergo Judith, et Tobiah, et Macha

bæorum libros legit quidem Ecclesia, sed eos
inter canonicas Scripturas non recipit; sic et
hæc duo volumina (Ecclesiasticus et Liber Sapi-
entiæ) legit ad ædificationem plebis, non ad
auctoritatem Ecclesiasticorum dogmatum con-
firmandam." Præfat. in Proverb. &c. vol. ni.
p. 692, Paris, 1624. See also his Prologus

Galeatus, vol. 1. pp. 318-322.
The Apocrypha do not occur in the list of Melito

(2nd cent.) Origen, Athanasius, Hilary, Cyril of
Jerusalem, Epiphanius, Gregory Nazianzenus,

Jerome, Rufinus, and others. b. Councils.

3rd Council of Carthage (A:D. 397) commanded that

the Scriptures only should be read in the Church.

See Labb, et Coss. tom. ii. col. 1177.

Council of Laodicea, A.D. 364. Can. 60. c. Confessions.

Gallican, Art. iii. Belgic, Art. vi. 2 Helvetic, c. i.

Westminster, c. i. $ 3.

Prop. VII. AU the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and count them Canonical.

This Proposition is included in the IVth. See IV. 2. B.





De Veteri Testamento.

Of the Old Testament. TESTAMENTUM

Vetus The Old Testament is not conNovo contrarium non est, trary to the New; for both in quandoquidem tam in Veteri the Old and New Testament, quam in Novo, per CHRISTUM, everlasting life is offered to qui unicus est Mediator Dei et mankind by Christ, Who is the hominum, Deus et homo, æter- only Mediator between God na vita humano generi est pro- and man, being both God and posita. Quare male sentiunt, Wherefore they are not qui veteres tantum in promis- to be heard, which feign that siones temporarias sperasse con the old Fathers did look only fingunt. Quanquam lex a Deo for transitory promises. Aldata per Mosen (quoad cere- though the Law given from monias et ritus) Christianos non God by Moses, as touching astringat, neque civilia ejus ceremonies and rites, do not præcepta in aliqua republica bind Christian men; nor the necessario recipi debeant, nihilo- civil precepts thereof ought of minus tamen ab obedientia

ab obedientia necessity to be received in any mandatorum (quæ moralia vo- Commonwealth: yet, notwithcantur nullus

quantumvis standing, no Christian man Christianus est solutus.

whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Commandments which are called Moral.

The Phraseology of this Article.

1. As compared with Articles VI. and XIX. of 1552.


A. In the Latin. 1552.

1562, 1571. Title. Vetus Testamentum De Veteri Testamento.

non est rejiciendum.
Testamentum Vetus, qua- Testamentum Vetus Novo
si Novo contrarium sit, contrarium non est.

est repudiandum,
sed retinendum.
non sunt audiendi.

male sentiunt.
nihilominus tamen.

quare illi non sunt audi- omitted.
endi, qui sacras literas
tantum infirmis datas
esse perhibent, et Spiri-
tum perpetuo jactant, a
quo sibi quæ prædicant
suggeri asserunt, quan-
quam cum sacris literis

apertissime pugnent.
B. In the English.

1562, 1571. Title. The Old Testament is Of the Old Testament.

not to be refused. Article. The Old Testament The Old Testament is not is not to be put away, as

contrary to the New, though it were contrary to the New; but to be kept still. in the Old and New Testa- in the Old and New Testaments.

tament. XIX. As concerning the ce As touching ceremonies and

remonies and rites of the rites.


neither is it required that nor the civil precepts thereof
the civil precepts and or ought of necessity to be
ders of it should of neces received in any Christian
sity be received in any commonwealth.
yet no man (be he never so yet notwithstanding,
perfect a Christian) is ex Christian man whatsoever



empt and loose from the is free from the obedience
obedience of those com of the commandments
mandments which

which are called moral.
called moral.
Wherefore they are not to be Omitted.

hearkened unto, who af-
firm that Holy Scripture
is given only to the weak,
and do boast themselves
continually of the SPIRIT,
of Whom (they say) they
have learned such things
as they teach, although the
same be most evidently
repugnant to the Holy

2. When the Latin and English are compared with each other.


only. Quare male sentiunt

Wherefore they are not to

be heard.

Nullus quantumvis Christianus No Christian man what-




I. The Old Testament is not contrary to the New.
II. Both in the Old and New Testament everlasting life is offered to

mankind by CHRIST.
III. CHRIST is the only Mediator between God and man, being both

God and man.
IV. They are not to be heard which feign that the old Fathers did

look only for transitory promises.
V. The Law given from God by Moses, as touching Ceremonies and

Rites, doth not bind Christian men.
VI. The civil precepts of the Law, given from God by Moses, ought

not of necessity to be received in any commonwealth.
VII. No Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the

Commandments which are called moral.


Prop. I. The Old Testament is not contrary to the New.
1. The Testimony of Reason.

The Old and New Testaments proceed from the same author.
The Old and New Testaments have one and the same end.

2. Divine Testimony. A. Old Testament. Exod. xxv. 40, “ And look that thou

make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.”-See also Exod. xxvi. 30. Numb. vii. 4.

1 Chron. xxvii. 11. B, New Testament. Heb. i. 1, 2, “God, Who at sundry times

and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son.”-See also Matt. v. 17. Luke iv, 18, 19; xxiv. 44. Acts üii. 25; vii. 44. Rom. iii. 21; xv. 4. Col. ii. 17. Gal. iii. 8. Heb. viï. 5.

3. Human Testimony. A. Fathers.

Augustin, cont. Adimant. c. iïi. “That people which re

ceived the Old Testament, was holden under certain shadows and figures of things, before the coming of the LORD, according to the wonderful and most orderly division of times. Yet therein was so great preaching and foretelling of the New Testament, that in the Evangelical and Apostolic discipline (though it be noble and divine) no commandments or promises can be found, which are

wanting even in these old books." See also Ignat. Epist. ad Philadelph. c. ix. Iren. lib. iv,

c. i. $ 7. Orig. Philocal. c. vi. Tertull. adv. Marc. lib. IV.

c. xi. August. cont. Faust. lib. xv. c. i. vol. VIII. In Ioan. Tract. XXVI. ii. vol. III. part ü. Chrysost. in 1 Tim. Home VII. vol. iv. p. 277, Eic "Exovtec Tò avrò Ilvevpa, vol. v. p. 377. Ambros. in Luc. xx. vol. 1. p. 1504. In Luc. xv. vol. 1. p. 1456. Lactant. de Vera Sapient. lib. IV. c. xx. Cyril. Alexand. Glaphyr. in Gen. i. 3, init.

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B. Confessions.

Saxon, Art. III. Gallican, Art. xxii.

Wirtemburg, c. viii.

2 Helvetic, c, xii.

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