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SPIRITUS Sanctus, a Patre The Holy Ghost, proceeding
et Filio procedens, ejus- from the Father and the Son, dem est cum PATRE et Filio is of one substance, majesty, essentiæ, majestatis, et gloriæ, and glory with the Father verus ac æternus Deus.
and the Son, very and eternal
The Phraseology of this Article.
This Article does not occur among those of 1552.
of one substance. Two PROPOSITIONS. I. The Holy Ghost is one substance, majesty, and glory with the
FATHER and the Son, Very and Eternal God. II. The Holy Ghost proceedeth from the Father and the Son. III. The Ghost of God is holy.
Prop. I. The Holy Ghost is of one substance, majesty, and glory with
A. The Personality of the HOLY GHOST.
and the Son, that is, His proper Divinity.
A. The Personality of the Holy Ghost.
a. He is not a power of the Father.
Old Testament. Isa. xlviii. 16, “ The LORD
God, and His Spirit, hath sent Me.”
abound in hope through the power of the
Holy Ghost.” B. He is not a gift.
Old Testament. Exod. xxxi. 2, 3, “See, I
have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah : and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in know
ledge, and in all manner of workmanship." New Testament. 1 Cor. xii. 11, “All these
worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will.”
See also 1 Cor. xii. 10. y. He is not an operation or quality.
Old Testament. 2 Sam. xxiii. 2, “ The Spirit
of the LORD spake by me, and His word was
in my tongue." New Testament. Matt. xii. 31, 32, “ Wherefore
I say unto you, all manner of sin and blas_ phemy shall be forgiven unto men : but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy GHOST, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the
world to come.” ö. He is not an accident.
New Testament. Rom. viii. 26, “Likewise the
SPIRIT also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.”
ε. He is not an attribute. New Testament. Matt. xxviii. 19, “ Go ye there
fore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the FATHER, and of the Son, and
of the Holy GHOST."
17, 25; Judges vi. 34; 1 Sam. x. 6.
and the selfsame SPIRIT, dividing to every
iï. 8; Heb. ii. 4. Intellect. Old Testament. Isa. xl. 2, 3, “And the spirit
of the LORD shall rest upon Him, the spirit
See also Exod. xxxi. 3.
revealed them unto us by His Spirit: for the
things of GOD." B. His personal actions.
Acts i. 16. “Men and brethren, this scripture
must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.”—See also Luke iï. 22. John xiv. 17, 26; xv. 26, 27; xvi. 8, 13–15. Acts ix. 31; X. 19; xiii. 2. Rom. viii. 26; xv. 16. 1 Cor. iii. 16; vi. 11; xii. 3. Ephes. ii. 18. Tit. iü. 5. 1 Pet. i. 2.
y. His personal affections and faculties.
Old Testament. Isa. Ixiii. 10, “ They rebelled
and vexed His HOLY SPIRIT." See also
2 Sam. xxiii. 2. Comp. Numb. xii. 6. New Testament. Ephes. iv. 30, “Grieve not the
Holy SPIRIT of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.” See also Acts
v. 9; vii. 51; x. 20; xüi. 2. d. His personal pre-existence (Gen. i. 2) and uncre
atedness (Matt. xii. 32; Luke i. 35). See also 1 Cor. xii. 11.
€. His Person.
Old Testament. 1 Sam. xvi. 14, “ But the
Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.” See also Zech. xii. 10; xiii. 2. Comp. 1 Kings
xxii. 19-22. New Testament. John xvi. 13, őtav čaop
Ékkivog tò a vɛūpa, rendered by Dr. S. Clarke, “He, that Person, the SPIRIT of truth.” Ephes.
i. 13, 14, το πνεύματι ός έστιν αρραβών. 2. Human Testimony.
Concerning the Personality of the Holy Ghost, the
primitive Fathers are unanimous in their affirma-
me whether you assert that the Holy Ghost
the Father of all and His Christ." Ibid. c. xxxvi. p. 134. “ The Holy Ghost
answers them either from the Person of the FATHER, or from His own Person, û d'Ò TOū ιδίου (προσώπου). He has therefore an ίδιον πρόσωπον distinct from the πρόσωπον of the FATHER, as well as from that of the Kúpos tūv duvánewy.” See the whole passage.—See also Apol. 1, c. xl. p. 67. Dial. c. Tryph. c. lxxxiv. p. 181; c. lxi. p. 157; c. lxii. p. 81, where he uses ελέγχων in agreement with πνεύμα.
Tertullian. It would be tedious to accumulate
passages in which he speaks of the Holy Ghost as a distinct Divine Person,
B. The distinct Personality of the Holy Ghost.
a. His Personality distinct from that of the FATHER.
Old Testament. 77 distinguished from that
JEHOVAH whose SPIRIT He is. Isa. xlviii. 16, “Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I; and now the LORD God, and His SPIRIT, hath
sent Me.”_See also Isa. lxiii. 8–10. New Testament. John xv. 26, “But when the
Comforter is come, Whom I will send unto
7, 13, 14. Rom. viii. 26.
Old Testament. Isa. lxi. I, “ The SPIRIT
of the LORD God is upon Me (CHRIST).” New Testament. John xvi. 7, “Neverthe
less I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away : for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you ; but if I depart, I will send Him unto you."
See also John xvi. 14; xv.
and of the Son.
I send, and who will go for Us?”
therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” See also Matt. iii. 16, 17. John xvi. 14. Rom.
viï. 29. 2 Cor. xii. 14. Gal. iv. 4, 6.