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advised his young friends to procure a yet, during the application, some large loaf; to fcoop out part of the warmth was perceptible in the subject. crumb, and fill the cavity with quick- “ The same phenomena which are filver; he then directed them to throw produced by violent electric shocks, are this quicksilver pye, upon the current, obfervable in persons who have suffered and averred, that it would be ftationary by lightning, namely, livering and at the place where the drowned was heat of the extremities, anxiety, afthmalying. They followed his advice, and tic complaints, and extreme fenfibility adually found the body.P.64. of the electric atmosphere, on the ap

proach of a thunder-storm. A man

who had received a violent shock from LIGHTNING.

an electric battery, afterwards suffered “ A MAN who stood in a kitchen, by a fimilar sensation, lost his appetite near an unfinished chimney, was.struck and sleep for a long time, and was by lightning, and confidered as dead. seized with giddiness and ftupor. From The body had no visible marks of in- experiments made with animals, elecjury, except a few red streaks on the tricity was analogically inferred to be a breift and right arm. Two minutes very powerful resuscitative, in cases of after the accident happened, he was accidents by lightning. Animals were carried into the open air. The pulfe apparentiy killed by electricity, and vas strong and irregular: the whole afterwards rettored to life, by a second body, except the face, was imıncdiate- jhock througla the head and heart.”ly covered with a layer of earth, fix P. 143. inches thick, and cold water poured upon the face. In eight minutes, he began to move his shoulders and tongue; LXXIX. Comparative Statement of the and, in twelve minutes, he was fo far

Food produced from arable and profi restored, as to be able to articulate fume incoherent words.

Land, and the Returns arising from

He was then removed from the earth-hath, put to

each; with Observations on the bed, and rubbed with vivegar. A mix

late Enclofures, and the probable ture of vinegar and water was likewise Eifects of a general set for en. poured down his throat. An hour and cioning Commons and Waftes, a half after the accident, he had entire- Heaths, &c.; together with other ly recovered the use of his senses, but Matters. Addressed to Jolin Fane, complained of exceflive thirst, and a

E1q. M. P. By the Rev. Luke painful burning sensation in his right

HESLOP, Archdeacon of Bucks, arin, and the fingers of both hands.

Author of “ Obiervations on the The following night, he could not

Aflize of Bread," &.c. 4to. Pp.18. seep, on account of intente pain : he role the next morning; but, for many

Reülds. nights afterwards, he did not enjoy a, quiet repote; and even after the ex

EXTRACTS. piration of half a year, the sensation of " IN the Report of the Committee *, pain had not entirely forsaken him.

printed the 27th April 1797, it “ In this case, the application of the is stated that for nineteen years, earth-bath is the most remarkable reme- • ending in 1765, Great Britain gained dy: it is, however, to be observed, that by its corn at the rate of 651,0col. the use of this excitement of resuscita. per annum; whereas the balance on tion, like all others, ought to be con, the importation for twenty years, tinued several hours, till signs of return- ending the 25th March 1797 (on an ing life appear. I know an instance of

of these years), is moderately a physician, who, having accidentally • stated at 600,000l. per annum, making heard of the earth-bath, applied it, but a deficiency (or lots in the bala.'ce of only for a few minutes. Though, in 'the agricultural production of the this calc, resuscitation was not effected, country at the rate of 1,251,00cl. per

* “ The friend to whom I have the honour of addreffing this, favoured me with the Report; and at thự same time mentioned that the interence drawn in favour of enclosures did not follow from the premises.”

annum :

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annum: or in twenty years no less a the three firft periods, the number of • sum than 25,020,000l. --Also, that enclofures, on the average of ten years,

the value paid to foreign countries for had never amounted to fix, except in the laft three years, viz. 1794, 1995, that ending in 1755; and that in the and 1796, was 7,446,0121.'--And by following period, ending in 1765, they other calculations, the real cost of increased to 31; and in the three fucgrain, imported in the year 1796 alone, ceeding ones were still much greater. 'amounted to 4,500,000l.'AlfotheCom- If, therefore, an increase of the number

mittee having received accounts from of enclosures naturally produces an in'the custom-house, ftating the quantity crease of grain, this increase should

of grain (of every kind) imported, it have commenced about 1765, when • appeared, that 148,000 acres of addi- their number became five times more tional land, cultivated under thete ar- numerous than in any former po

ticles of produce, would have yielded riod; and it Ihould also have been ftill * the imported quantity, and confe- greater in the three following periods,

quently--that if such a breadth of in which the enclosures received fill • walte land (capable of yielding these further increase. But the Report states

products) were in future to be added the fact to be otherwise; and that in "to the culture of the kingdom, there 1765, the exportation of corn (which on • would not be a similar necellity for the average of the nineteen years pre'importation. Nor is that all; can ceding amounted to 651,000l.) then any person doubt that double the quan- ceased; and from that time importation

tity wanted might be brought into cultis commenced, and continued during all .vation if the Legislature would give the following periods, and, on the

Sufficient encouragement, or even per- average of twenty years, ending in 3797, miffion, for that purpose?"-Permission amounted to 600,000l. per annum. It here evidently implies (and in other cannot, therefore, be inferred, that by parts of the Report it is expressly increasing the number of enclofures, stated) that if the dificulties and great the quantity of grain will therefore be expenses with which enclosures have increased. Much less that if permifhitherto been attended, were but re- fon was given for that purpose,' the inoved, or fufficiently lessened, that a increase would amount to twice the quantity of land would soon be en- present,'or late deficiency. In specuclosed, and bronght into cultivation, lative reasoning, on a subject to comwhich would be sufficient to produce plicated and extensive, the most discerna continued annual ircrease of grain ing may err: but here two facts only are equal, or even double to the past defi- ftated,--an extraordinary and rapid inciency.-But before this conclufion is crease of enclosures, and (from the time adopted, it should be compared with these enclosures would naturally proa former part of the Report (p. 7th), duce their effects) a change fram exportwhere the average number of enclosure ation to importation. The exportation bills for ten years 'commencing anno also prior to these numerous enclosures 1726,' is stated as follows:

had been uninterrupted *, on an aveNumber of bills for ten years. rage of ten years, from the earlieft time

Average (1697) in which regular accounts had • Ending anno 1735


been kept; and the importation has 1745 39

continued allo uninterrupted *, on a 1735

6 like average of years, to the present 1765

31 day. It may, therefore, be fairly pre1775 471 47 sumed (except fome other cause can be 1785 469

afligned, and none is here fuggefted, 1795 371

neither does any fufficient + one ap“ From hence it is evident, that in pear), that the numerous enclofures

“ See the table, extracted from ' Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting corn, four, provisions, &c. Ordered to be printed 38th Nov, 1800."

t“A change in the kind of bread in general use,-an increase in the popula tion of the kingdom,-in the number of horses-aor any other like cause, muft evidently be gradual,--and (if they had commenced even at the same time) inadequate to produce such a sudden and great change as here represented, viz. from an exportation to the amount of 651,000l. per annum, to an importation announting to 600,cool.


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produced this effe&t; and as this is in from that which has already been endirect opposition to the conclusion closed ?-And here, perhaps, fome dif. drawn in the Report, it may be pru. ference may be found.--For large tracts dent at least to pause--and conlider, of land may be of a quality inferior, on Whether a general act of enclosure the average, to the lands hitherto enwould realize the present expectations closed, and lets favourable to grass. of the fanguine, and produce the effect They may in general be fituated at here stated *, viz. that even in years greater distances from cities and popu. • of scarcity there would be a sufficient lous towns, where the produce arifing • quantity of grain for the confumption from grass, as hay, butter, &c. is par• of the country, and in favourable ticularly war.ted, and which cannot be • seasons there would be a confiderable brought with advantage from distant

surplus--which, exported to other places. The foil, also, of a confider. * nations, would add to our commerce able part, may be light, and less ca

and our wealth ;'-And if, upon full pable of producing natural grass, and investigation, or upon the more certain therefore must be cultivated in a course evidence of the returns which govern- of husbandry, including artificial grafies, ment, with great wisdom, has required &c. But the crops of grain on such to be made, it should appear, that the lands would also be light, and probably produce of grain has not been increased not adtwer the present expenses of tiil. by the numerous enclosures, but de- age. And it must also be remembered, creased ;-it may then be prudent to that the crops of bread corn would reconfider,-Whether the land remaining turn only every fifth or fixth year, or to be enclosed is under different cir- perhaps at a distance ftill greater.”cumstances as to situation, foil, &c. P. II.

A Table of the Quantities of heat and Flour exported, or imported, beginning in

1697 (the first Year in which regular Accounts were kept in England) on an Average of ten Years (except in the three firft Periods), extracted from a Table in the Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting Corn, Flour, • Provisions, &c.' Ordered to be printed 18th November 1800.

“ N. B. These periods commence one year earlier (and confequently end one year earlier) than the periods of the enclosures in the Report from the Committee * of Waste Lands,' &c.; but it seemed more expedient that this difference should remain, than the whole arrangement of the table should be changed.

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LXXX. Poems. Translated from the EXTRACT FROM FRIENDSHIP. French of Madame de la MOTHE

“ WHO seeks a friend, should come Guion. By the late WILLIAM

dispos'd Cowper, Esq. Author of " The T'exhibit in full bloom disclos'd Talk.” To which are added, fome The graces and the beauties original Poems of Mr. Cowper, That form the character he feeks, not inserted in his Works. 18no. For 't is an union that bespeaks pp. 132. 35. Wakefield, New- Reciprocated duties. port Pagnel; Williams, Stationers' “ Mutual attention is implied, Court, London.

And equal truth on either fde,

And conftantly supported;

'Tis fenfeless arrogance t'accuse CONTENTS. TRANSLATION of the devo- Another of finifter views,

Our own as much diftorted. tional Poems of Madame de la Mothe Guion-Original Poem - An

“ But will fincerity fuffice?

It is indeed above all price, Epistle to a Protestant Lady in France

And must be made the basis; --Friendfiip--Separate Stanzas sub- Bui ev'ry virtue of the soul joined to Bilis of Mortality for the Must constitute the charming whole, Years 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1792, All fhining in their places. 1793-Epitaph.

“ A fretful temper will divide

The closest knot that may be tied, EXTRACTS.

By careless íharp corrofion;

A temper passionate and fierce
May suddenly your joys diiperse

At one immense explofion.
Vol. 2. Cantique 89.

66 In vain the talkative unite “MY heart is easy, and my burden In lopes of permanent delight--light;

The secret juft committed, I smile, though fad, when thou art in Forgetting its important weight, my fight:

They dropthrough mere defireto prate, The more my woes in fecret I deplore, And by themselves outwitted. I taste thy goodness, and I love, the

“How bright foe'or the prospea seems,

All thoughts of friendtlip are but “ There, while a folemn stillness reigns

dreams around,

If envy chance to creep in ; Faith, love, and hope, within my soul

An envious man, if you luccted, abound;

May prove a dang'rous foe indeed, And while the world suppose me loft

But not a friend worth keeping.

“As envy pincs at good pofiefsd, The joys of angels, unperceiv'd, I So jealousy looks forth distress 'd Share.

On good that seems approaching, 66 Thy creatures wrong thee, O thou Discerns a rival in a friend,

And if success his steps attend, sov'reign Good ?

And hates him for encroaching. Thou art not lov’d, because not understood;

“ Hence authors of illustrious name, This grieves me most, that vain pur. Unless belied by common fame, fuits beguile

Are fadly prone to quartel, Ungrateful men, regardless of thy smile. To deem the wit a friend displays

A tax upon their own just praise, « Frail beauty, and false honour, are

And pluck each others laurel. ador'd; While Thee they scorn, and trifle with

“ A man renown'd for rapartee thy word;

Will feldom scruple to make free Pass, unconcern'd, a Saviour's sorrows With Friendship’s fine it feeling, by;

Will thrust a dagger at your breaft, And hunt their ruin, with a zeal to die.” And say he wounded you in jest,

By way of balm for healing.



in care,

* Whoever

P. 27.

“Whoever keeps an open ear

“ Courtier and patriot cannot mix For tattlers, will be sure to hear Their heterogeneous politics, The trumpet of contention;

Without an effervescence Aspersion is the babler's trade, Like that of falt. with lemon-juice, To listen is to lend him aid,

Which does not yet like that produce And ruih into discussion.

A friendly coalescence. “ A friendship that in frequent fits

“ Religion should extinguish strife, Of controverfia rage emits

And make a calm of human life; The sparks of difputation,

But riends that chanc to differ Like hand in hand insurance plates,

On points which God has left at large, Most uravoidably creates

How tiercely will they meet and charge, The thought of contlagration.

No combatants are stiifer! “ Some fickle creatures boalt a soul

“ To prove at last my main intent, True is a needle to the pole;

Needs no expense of argument,

* No cutting and contrivingTheir humour yet so various, They manifeit their whole life through T' adopt the chemist's golden dream,

Secling a real friend, we feem The needle's deviation too,

With still less hope of thriving, Their love is fo precarious.

6 Sometimes the fault is all our own, “ The great and small but rarely meet Some blemish in due time made known' On terms of amity complete;

By trespass or omiflion; Plebeians must surrender,

Sonetimes occasion brings to light And yield so much to nobler folk, Our friend's defeat, long hid from fight, It is combining fire with Imoke,

And even from fuípicion. Obfcurity with fplendour.

“ Then judge yourself, and prove your “ Some are so placid and serene (As Irish bogs are always green), As circumfpectly as you can;

They sleep secure from waking; And having made election, And are indeed a bog that bears Beware no ncgligence of yours, Your unparticipated cares

Such as a friend but ill endures, Unmov'd and without quaking. Enfeeble his affection.” P. 106.



NEW PUBLICATIONS. The Case of the Farmers; with a De.

dication to the Board of AgriculAGRICULTURE--ARTS AND SCIENCES ture; and an Address to all prefent ART MILITARY.

and future Writers on Agriculture. ACOMPARATIVE Statement of the By a HERTFORDSHIRE FARMER.

Food produced from arable and 8vo. IS. Budcock. grass Lands, and the Returns arising The third Part of Observations and from each; with Observations on the Advices for the Improvement of the late Enclosures, and the probable Manufacture of Muscovado Sugar . Effect of a general Act for enclosing and Rum. To which is added, a Commons or Wattes, Heaths, &c.: Defcription for a new Kiln for drytogether with other Matters. Addrefr- ing Coifec, interspersed with occaed to John Fane, Etq. M.P. By the fional Observations on this Business. Rev.LUKE HESLOP, Author of "Ob- By BRYAN HIGGINS, M. D. 8vo. fervationsonthe Allize of Bread,"&c.

98. Codell. 4to. 28. (See p. 453.) Reynolds. Synoptic Tables of Chemistry, intended Analytical Hints, relative to the Pro- to ferve as a Summary of the Lec

ceis of Ackernian, Suardy, and Co.'s tures delivered on that Science in Manufactories for water-proof Cloths the public Schoois at Paris. By A. and Wearing-apparel, at Belgrave P. FOURCROY, Member of the NaPlace, Chelsea, and at Mesirs. Dou- tional Institute of France, and Proglats and Co.'s Manufactory, Cuper's, fellor of Chemistry at the Museum Bridge, Lambeth. IS. Hursto of Natural History, &c. Translated VOL. V..No. L.


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