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advised his young friends to procure a yet, during the application, some large loaf; to fcoop out part of the warmth was perceptible in the subject. crumb, and fill the cavity with quick- “ The fame phenomena which are filver; he then directed them to throw produced by violent electric shocks, are this quicksilver pye, upon the current, obfervable in persons who have suffered and averred, that it would be stationary by lightning, namely, shivering and at the place where the drowned was heat of the extremities, anxiety, asthmalying. They followed his advice, and tic complaints, and extreme fenfibility adually found the body.” P. 64. of the electric atmosphere, on the ap
proach of a thunder-storm.
A man who had received a violent shock from LIGHTNING.
an electric battery, afterwards suffered “ A MAN who stood in a kitchen, by a fimilar fentation, lost his appetite near an unfinished chimney, was struck and sleep for a long time, and was by lightning, and conlidered as dead. seized with giddiness and stupor. From
The body had no visible marks of in- experiments made with animals, elecjury, except a few red streaks on the tricity was analogically inferred to be a breuft and right arm. Two minutes very powerful refufcitative, in cases of after the accident happened, he was accidents by lightning. Animals were carried into the open air. The pulse apparently killed by electricity, and vas strong and irregular: the whole afterwards rettored to life, by a second body, except the face, was iminediate- ihock through the head and heart.”ly covered with a layer of earth, fix inches thick, and cold water poured upon the face. In eight minutes, he began to move his shoulders anui tongue; LXXIX. Comparative Statement of the and, in twelve minutes, he was fo far
Food produced from arable and profi restored, as to be able to articulate
Land, and the Returns arising front fome incoherent words. He was then removed from the carth-hath, put to
each; with Observations on the bed, and rubbed with vivegar. A mix
late Enclofures, and the probable ture of vinegar and water was likewile Eifects of a general de for enpoured down his throat. An hour and cioning Coinnions and aftes, a half after the accident, he had entire- Heaths, &c.; together with other ly recovered the ute of his senfes, but Matters. Addressed to Jobin Fane, complained of exceflive thirst, and a
E1q. M. P. By the Rev. Luke painful burning sensation in his right
HESLOP, Archdeacon of Bucks, arin, and the fingers of both hands.
Author of " Obiervations on the The following night, he could not
Alize of Bread,” &.c. 460. Pp. 18. fleep, on account of intenso pain: he role the next morning; but, for many
Rezields. nights afterwards, he did not enjoy a. quiet repote; and even after the ex
EXTRACTS. piration of half a year, the fentation of IN the Report of the Committee, pain had not entirely forsaken him.
printed the 27th April 1797, it “ In this case, the application of the is stated that for nineteen years, earth-bath is the most remarkable reme- ‘enuing in 1965, Great Britain gained dy: it is, however, to be observed, that by its corn at the rate of 651,0col. the use of this excitement of refufcita- per annum; whereas the balance on tion, like all others, ought to be con; "the importation for twenty years, tinued several hours, till ligns of return- ending the 25th March 1797 (on an ing life appear. I know an inttance of
zverage of these years), is moderately a physician, who, having accidentally stated at 600,cool. per annum, making heard of the earth-bath, applied it, but a deficiency (or lofs) in the balance of only for a few minutes. Though, in 'the agricultural production of the this case, resuscitation was not effected, country at the rate of 1,251,00cl. per
* " The friend to whom I have the honour of addreffing this, favoured me with the Report; and at the same time mentioned that the inference drawn in favour of enclosures did not follow from the premises."
annum: or in twenty years no less a the three firft periods, the number of • sum than 25,020,000. Also, that enclosures, on the average of ten years, the value paid to foreign countries for had never amounted to fix, except in
the laft three years, viz. 1794, 1795, that ending in 1755 ; and that in the 6 and 1796, was 7,446,0121'--And by following period, ending in 1965, they
other calculations, the real cost of increased to 31; and in the three fuc'grain, imported in the year 1796 alone, ceeding ones were still much greater. • amounted to 4,500,000l.'AlfotheCom. If, therefore, an increase of the number
mittee having received accounts from of enclosures naturally produces an in* the custom-house, stating the quantity crease of grain, this increase should of grain (of every kind) imported, it have commenced about 1765, when
appeared, that 148,000 acres of addi- their number became five times more !tional land, cultivated under thete ar- numerous than in any former pe.
ticles of produce, would have yielded riod; and it should also have been ftill the imported quantity, and conte- greater in the three following periods, quently--that if such a breadth of in which the enclosures received ftill walte land (capable of yielding these further increase. But the Report ftatea products) were in future to be added the fact to be otherwise; and that in to the culture of the kingdom, there 1765, the exportation of corn (which on would not be a similar neceility for the average of the nineteen years preimportation. Nor is that a!!; can ceding amounted to 651,cool.) iben any person doubt that double the quan- ceafed ; and from that time importation tity wanted migbt be brought into cultis commenced, and continued during all vation if the Legislature would give the following periods, and, on the fufficient encouragement, or even per average of twenty years, ending in 1797, mifion, for that purpnje???--Permission amounted to 600,000l. per annum. It here evidently implies (and in other cannot, therefore, be inferred, that by parts of the Report it is expressly increasing the number of enclosures, itated) that if the difficuliies and great the quantity of grain will therefore be expenjes with which enclosures have increated. Much less that if permif hitherto been attended, were but re- fion was given for that purpose,' the moved, or sufficiently leffened, that a increase would amount to twice the quantity of land would soon be eno present,' or late deficiency. In specuclosed, and brought into cultivation, lative reasoning, on a subject fo comwhich would be sufficient to produce plicated and extensive, the inoft discerna continued annual ircrease of grain ing may err: but here two facts ont; are equal, or even double to the past defi- ftated,--an extraordinary and rapid inciency.-But before this conclusion is crease of enclosures, and (from the time adopted, it should be compared with these enclosures would naturally proa former part of the Report (p. 7th), duce their effects) a change from exportwhere the average number of enclosure ation to importation. The exportation bills for ten years 'commencing anno also prior to these numerous enclofures •1726,' is stated as follows:
had been uninterrupted *, on an ave. • Number of bills for ten years. rage of ten years, from the earliest time
Average (1697) in which regular accounts had • Ending anno 1735
been kept; and the importation has 1745
continued also uninterrupted *, on a 1735
like average of years, to the present 1765
312 ŽI day. It may, therefore, be fairly pre1775
471 47 sumed (except some other cause can be 1785 469
affigned, and none is here suggested, 1795 371 37.' neither does any sufficient † one apo “ From hence it is evident, that in pear), that the numerous enclofures
“ See the table, extracted from ' Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting corn, flour, provisions, &c. Ordered to be printed 18th Nov. 1800."
t" A change in the kind of bread in general use,-an increase in the population of the kingdom,--in the number of horses--or any other like cause, muft evidently be gradual,--and (if they had commenced even at the same time) inadequate to produce such a sudden and great change as here represented, viz. from an exportation to the amount of 651,000l. per ansium, to an importation wnounting to 600,cool.”
produced this effe&; and as this is in from that which has already been endirect opposition to the conclusion closed ?--And here, perhaps, fome dif. drawn in the Report, it may be pru ference may be found.--For large tracts dent at least to pause-and contider,- of land may be of a quality inferior, on Whether a general act of encloture the average, to the lands hitherto enwould realize the present expectations closed, and leis favourable to grass. of the fanguine, and produce the effect They may in general be fituated at here ftated *, viz. that even in years greater distances from cities and popu. • of scarcity there would be a sufficient lous towns, where the produce arising . quantity of grain for the consumption from grass, as hay, butter, &c. is par
of the country, and in favourable ticularly war.ted, and which cannot be • seasons there would be a considerable brought with advantage from distant • furplus---which, exported to other places. The foil, also, of a consider. ' nations, would add to our commerce able part, may be light, and less ca! and our wealth ;'-And if, upon full pable of producing natural grass, and investigation, or upon the more certain therefore must be cultivated in a course evidence of the returns which govern- of husbandry, including artificial grasses, ment, with great wisdom, has required &c. But the crops of grain on such to be made, it should appear, that the lands would also be light, and probably produce of grain has not been increased not apswer the present expenses of till. by the numerous enclosures, but de- age. And it must also be remembered, creafed ;-it may then be prudent to that the crops of bread corn would reconfider,-Whether the land remaining turn only every fifth or fixth year, or to be enclosed is under different cir- perhaps at a diftance ftill greater.”cumstances as to situation, soil, &c. P. II.
“ A Table of the quantities of Wheat and Flour exported, or imported, beginning in
1697 (the first Year in which regular Accounts were kept in England) on an Average of ten Years (except in the three first Periods), extracted from a Table in the Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting Corn, Flour, • Provisions, &c. Ordered to be printed 18th November 1800.
“ N. B. These periods commence one year earlier (and confequently end one year earlier) than the periods of the enclosures in the • Report from the Committee
of Waste Lands,' &c.; but it seemed more expedient that this difference should remain, than the whole arrangement of the table ihould be changed.
EXTRACT FROM FRIENDSHIP.
LXXX. Poems. Translated from the
“ WHO seeks a friend, should come Guion. By the late WILLIAM
dispos'd Cowper, Esq. Anthor of " The T'exhibit in full bloom disclos’d
Taik.” To which are added, some The graces and the beauties original Poems of Mr. Cowper, That form the character he feeks, not inferted in his Works. 18no.
For 't is an union that bespeaks pp. 132. 35. Wakefield, New- Reciprocated duties. port Pagnel; Willians, Stationers' “ Mutual attention is implied, Court, London.
And equal truth on either (de,
And conftantly supported; 'Tis senseless arrogance t'accuse
Another of finister views, TRANSLATION of the devo
Our own as much distorted. tional Poems of Madame de la Mothe Guion-Original Poem - An
« But will fincerity fuffice ?
It is indeed above all price, Epistle to a Protestant Lady in France
And must be made the basis; --Friendfiip--Separate Stanzas sub
But ev'ry virtue of the soul joined to Bilis of Mortality for the Must constitute the charining whole, Years 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1792, All fhining in their places. 1793-Epitaph.
“ A fretful temper will divide
The closest knot that inay be tied, EXTRACTS.
By careless Tharp corrofion;
A temper pasionate and fierce
May suddenly your joys disperse
At one immense explosion.
" In vain the talkative unite "MY heart is easy, and my burden In lopes of permanent delight--light;
The fecret just committed, I smile, though fad, when thou art in Forgetting its important weight, my fight:
They dropthrough mere debreto prate, 'The more my woes in secret I deplore, And by themselves outwitted. I taste thy goodness, and I love, the “How bright foe'ur the prospea seems,
All thoughts of friendship are but
dreams “ There, while a folemn stillness reigns around,
If envy chance to creep in ;
An envious man, if you fucceed, Faith, love, and hope, within my soul abound;
May prove a dang 'rous foe indeed, And while the world suppose me loft
But not a friend worth keeping.
“ As envy pines at good pofiefs'd, The joys of angels, unperceiv’d, I So jealousy looks forth distress'd share.
On good that seems approaching,
And if succeís his steps aitend, 66 Thy creatures wrong thee, O thou
Discerns a rival in a friend, sov'reign Good!
And hates him for encroaching. Thou art not lov’d, because not understood;
« Hence authors of illustrious name, This grieves me most, that vain pur- Unless belied by common fame, fuits beguile
Are fadly prone to quartel, Ungrateful men, regardless of thy smile. To deem the wit a friend displays
A tax upon their own just praise, “ Frail beauty, and false honour, are
And pluck each others laurel. ador'd; While Thee they scorn, and trifle with
“ A man renown'd for rapartee thy word;
Will feldom scruple to make free Pass, unconcern'd, a Saviour's sorrows With Friendship’s fineft fecling, by;
Will thrust a dagger at your breast, And hunt their ruin, with a zeal to die.” And say he wounded you in jest, P. 27.
By way of balm for healing.
“Whoever keeps an open ear
“ Courtier and patriot cannot mix For tattlers, will be sure to hear Their heterogeneous politics, The trumpet of contention ;
Without an effervescence Aspertion is the babler's trade, Like that of falt: with lemon-juice, To listen is to lend him aid,
Which does not yet like that produce And rush into discussion.
A friendly coalefcence. “ A friendship that in frequent fits
“ Religion should extinguish strife, Of controverfia: rage emits
And make a calm of human life; The sparks of difputation,
But riends that chance to differ Like hand in hand insurance plates,
On points which God has left at large, Most unavoidably creates
How tiercely will they meet and charge, The thought of contlagration.
No combatants are fitter ! "Some fickle creatures boast a soul
“ To prove at last my main intent,
Needs no expense of argument, True as a needle to the pole;
No cutting and contrivingTheir humour yet so various, They manifest their whole life through T'adopt the chemist's golden dream,
Seeking a real friend, we feem The needle's deviation too,
With ftill less hope of thriving, Their love is so precarious.
6 Sometimes the fault is all our own, “ The great and small but rarely meet Some blemish in due time made known' On terms of amity complete;
By trespass or omiflion; Plebeians must surrender,
Sornetimes occasion brings to light And yield so much to nobler folk, Our friend's defect, long hid from fight, It is combining fire with smoke,
And even from suspicion. Obfcurity with fplendour.
“ Then judge yourself, and prove your "Some are so placid and serene (As Irish bogs are always green), As circumfpectly as you can;
They sleep secure from waking; And having made election, And are indeed a bog that bears Beware no ncgligence of yours, Your unparticipated cares
Such as a friend but ill endures, Unmov'd and without quaking. Enfeeble his affection.” P. 106.
NEW PUBLICATIONS. The Case of the Parmers; with a De
dication to the Board of AgriculAGRICULTURE--ARTS AND SCIENCES ture; and an Address to all prefent
and future Writers on Agriculture. A COMPARATIVE Statement of the By a HERTFORDSHIRE FARMER. Food produced from arable and
Budcock. grafs Lands, and the Returns arising The third Part of Observations and from each; with Obfervations on the Advices for the Improvement of the late Enclosures, and the probable Manufacture of Muscovado Sugar Effect of a general AA for enclosing and Rum. To which is added, a Commons or Wartes, Heaths, &c.: Defcription for a new Kiln for drytogether withother Matters. Addres- ing Coifec, interspersed with occaed to John Fane, Esq. M.P. By the fional Observations on this Business. Rev.LUKEVIESLOP, Author of “Ob- By BRYAN HIGGINS, M. D. 8vo. fervationsonthe Aflize of Bread,"&c.
4to. 28. (See p. 453.) Reynolds. Synoptic Tables of Chemistry, intended Analytical Hints, relative to the Pro- to ferve as a Summary of the Lec
cets of Ackernian, Suardy, and Co.'s tures delivered on that Science in Manufactories for water-proof Cloths the public Schoois at Paris. By A. and Wearing-apparel, at Belgrave P. FOURCROY, Member of the NaPlace, Chelsea, and at Meflrs. Dou- tional Institute of France, and Proglass and Co.'s Manufactory, Cupei's, feflor of Chemistry at the Muteum Bridge, Lambeth. IS. Hursi. of Natural History, &c. Translated VOL. V.No. L.