Obrazy na stronie

the Revolution of Berne.--III. found guilty of Jacobinism---Parallel French Mode of operating the Swiss between Royal Terror at Naples

, and Revolution-Fate of the Abbot of Jacobine Terror in France-Mistakes Engelberg. ---IV. Donieftic Misfor- of the Neapolitan Patriots--Generous tune.--V. Observations on the State Conduct of the British Commodore, of the French Republic-Fate of the Admiral Trowbridge.--XVII. Inprivileged Orders. - VI. Continuance genious Mode of discovering rebelliof the same Subject-Priests-Negro ous Subjects—Banishment of a third Slavery—Peasants.-VII. Strictures Part of the Persons who had capituof M. Mallet du Pan-History of the lated, and Confiscation of their ProDestruction of Helvetic Liberty.--- perty--Conditions of this Clemency VIII. Continuance of the same Sub. --Execution of Admiral Carracioli ject.--IX. National Institute. --X. -Execution at Naples of the remainRevolution of the zoth of Prairial.- ing two thirds of the Persons who XI. Jacobins and the Coalition.-- had capitulated-Eleonora Fonseca XII. History of the Revolution and Names of a few of the Nobles who Counter-revolution of Naples were Objects of Royal Mercy-Hostile Dispositions of the Court of Names of a few of the Nobles and Naples to the French Republic- Other Patriots who were put to Death English Squadron before Naples--- Domenico Cerilli. --XVIII. Warlike Preparations of the Court of French Monuinents.-XIX. SuwarNaples.--XIII. The Subject con- row's Escape across the Mountains of tinuad--Invasion of the Roman Re. Glarus--The French Army in Pale public by the Neapolitan Army-De- ftine-History of Perourou, or the feat of the King of Naples--Flight of Bellows-Inender, written by himself. the Court to Sicily-French in Poffel: --XX. Country Amusements-Mofion of Naples-Neapolitan Republic. dern Vandalism--A Character. -XIV. Subject continued— Political XXI. Conscientious Scruples of a Reflections of a Neapolitan Republi- Catholic Priest-Classic Cookery.-can-Seeds of Counter-revolution-- XXII. Return of Bonaparte. Retreat of the French from NaplesNaples invested by Counter-revolutionists and coalesced Forces.--XV. LETTER XXIII. Revolution of Subject continued --Naples in the the 19th of Brumaire. XXIV. SubHands of the Insurgents---Heroic ject continued.-XXV. Conftitution. Conduct of the Garrison of Aviglia- —XXVI. On the State of Women 'no-Cruelties of the Royalists on en- in the French Republic.--XXVII. tering Naples---Capitulation of the Observations on the judicial Organi. Fort of Caftel a Mare to the British zation of the Republic.--XXVIII. Forces---Capitulation of the Forts of On the State of Religion in the French Qastel Nuovo and Caftel del' Ovo to Republic.- -XXIX. Subject conthe united Forces of Russia, the Ot- tinued.-XXX. Subject continued. toman Porte, England, and the King --XXXI. Opening of the Campaign of Naples.--XV1. Execution of the in Germany-Moreau-Reflections Capitulation on both sides-Arrival on War. ---XXXII. Departure of of Lord Nelson, Sir Willian and Bonaparte from Paris-Confcripts-Lady Hamilton, in the Bay of Naples Italian Poets.-XXXIII. Bonaparte -. Infraction of the Capitulation--Re. in Italy:-XXXIV. Battle of Marenview on board the Admiral's Ship of go.-*XXV. Egyptian Monuments the Patriots who had capitulated---XXXVI. Bonaparte's Return fron Arrival of the King from Sicily, in Italy;--XXXVII. On Atheism ir the Bay of Naples --Royal Dilpoli. the French Republic.XXXVIII tions towards rebellious Subjects--- Death of Madame Helvetius.Installation of St. Anthony, Patron XXXIX. Obfervations or M. D'lver of Naples, in Place of St. Jamuarius, 'nois's Book “ On the Caufes of the





Usurpation, and which are to bring the taste and knowledge of the distriabout the Fall of Bonaparte.”—-XL. butor. In á vaft fepulchral apartment, The Subject continued.--XLI. Pro- the architecture of the age to which frest of Peace.-XLII. On national the sculpture belongs, and the vault of Fries--Observations on ihe State of while a gloomy light penetrates through

which is Tretted and fown with stars, Literature in the Republic.

Gothic windows, repose the monuAPPENDIX.

ments of the first race of kings from

Clovis to Charles Martel. On the No. I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Jus- left of this conqueror are ranged his tificatory Pieces respecting the Coun- defcendants, down to Hugh Capet. ter - revolution of Naples.--VII. The administrator has given this diviAnalysis of the Constitution.- VIII. fon to the generic title of the thirOde on the Deliverance of Italy.

teenth century, becaute the list terminates with that age, though the vault

contains the statues of personages livEXTRACTS.

ing in the beginning of the sixth cenFRENCH MONUMENTS


“ Time has committed considerable AUGUSTINS.

ravages on the most of these figures, but

not so great as to conceal the ruder “ THE monastery where the monu. hand of the workman, and the degraments collected from the ecclefiastical dation into which the arts had fallen domains, under the constituent and during the Cimmerian night of the legislative assemblies, were deposited, middle ages. The monuments of the became the afylum of those more cele- thirteenth century betray the timidity brated pieces which Jacobinical fury, of the artist, the servile copyist of the during the reign of terror, had devoted manner and dress of the times; but to deltruction, as emblems of feuda- their statues, at least, have shape and lity, and conspiracies in favour of roy- figure. We find the monument of alty. In the autumn of 1795, this de- Philip the Bold, and his wife Isabella pôt was, by a decree, erected into the of Arragon; a well-executed ftatue of museum of French monuments, under Lewis the Ninth, in ftone, and another two points of view; that of history in in marble of his brother Charles, placed general, and of the history of the art on the throne of Sicily by Pope Cleas far as it relates to France. The ment the Fourth. It was the opprefcare of this museum has been confided fion of this despot which drove his to the antiquarian Lenoir, and he has subjects into revolt, and which proshown no less knowledge in the ar- duced that dreadful massacre of the rangement of the monuments, than French, on the Easter of 1282, so well zeal in their preservation. They are known by the name of the Sicilian vefclafTed according to the respective ages pers; thé horrible burst of the heart in which they were executed, each in swelling under oppression, although different apartments; and the antiqua-, our modern fanatics in philosophy igrian may spend his claffic hours in norantly place it to the account of fumeditating on Celtic altars erected un- perstition, and talk to us of Sicilian der the reign of Tiberius, to Jupiter, vespers, when they would load it with by the trading navigators of Paris, and its most heavy accusation. to Volcanos, and Erus, the Gallic god « The fourteenth century presents of war; or in poring over the statues us with the figures of Philip the Beauof Clovis, Pepin the Short, Charles tiful, Lewis the Mutinous, and Philip the Bald, and Ermentrude his wife; the Tall; of the Duke d'Alençon, or rambling with the conncisseur down killed at the battle of Crefy, and of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fuc- John the Good, made prisoner at the ceeding centuries, until he paufes at battle of Poistiers, and who died at Lonthe statue of Voltaire by Pigalli, and don. The celebrated Constable, whose of Helvetius, Rousseau, Raynal, and statue has borne away the prize of the illustrious of our own times. sculpture in the national exhibition of

“ The order, the art, and a kind of the present year, Bernard du Guesclin, melancholy enchantment which reign and his faithful companion in arms, through this mufeum, do honour to the brave Sancerre, lic fide by side. VOL. V.--No. XLIII.



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

More honoured still stands the marble tholomew, and whose monument makes.
ftatue of Charles, justly Idirnamed the part of this century.
Wise; during whole reign the arts and “ The injuries done to the monu-
fciences were greatly cultivated. It ment of Francis the First are perfectly
was a favourite maxim with tliis prince, repaired. Catharine de Medicis, and
that arts and science could never be Diana of Poictiers, celebrated the one
fufficiently honoured, and that the for her political crimes, and the other for
prosperity of a state dipended chiefly her beauty and her galiantries, repose
on the encouragement they received. in the chapel of the Valois. The statue
Charles the Wise laid the foundation of of the latter, in the attitude of fuppli-
the present national library. The first cation for her frailties, had not the
stock consisted of twenty volumes, power of exciting commiferation in
which were placed in one of the towers the hearts of her Jacobin judges. The
of the Louvre, called the tower of the terrorists of Anet, which inherited from
library. The collection was certainly her beneficence, for there she dwelt in
not considerable, but every thing must regal fplendour, lifted against their
have a beginning, and books at that benefactress the destroying axe. The
period were scarce.

ftatue of Henry the Fourth, in this The fifteenth century presents but clars, is the truest retemblance of that few specimens of progress in the art of prince extant; a fact which has been fculpture, and fewer ftill of subjects verified by the administrator, when in whose remembrance was worth the the violation of the royal dead at St. preferving:

Denis, in 1793, the body of this prince “ The fixteenth century opens with was found entire, with the lineaments the father of modern history, Philip de of the face unaltered, and perfectly Commines, the cenotaph of whose correlponding with those of the statue. monument is of fingular beauty. The “ Among the monuments of the fearts at this period began to throw alide venteenth century we dwell with fentheir rude drefs, and alline the tone tinents of veneration on the statues of and manner of a more advanced age. the philofophic historian De Thou; The statues of Lewis the Twelfth, the Descartes, whose sublime errors discoWell-beloved, and Anne of Bretagne, vered to Newton the fablimer mechaare frightful representations of death, nism of the universe; Turenne, repof-boldly and finely executed. This due ing in the arms of immortality, and perb monument had suffered most whose remains, rescued from the barfrom the reign of terror. The tyelve baric proscription against the dead, apostles, which ornamented the ar- were conctiled for a while as a subject cades, and the cardinal virtues, which of natural history among the skeletons group around the bate of the monu- of monkies; Lebrun, the Apelles of ment, had lost fome their arms, the French school ; Pousin, furnamed others their hands and nofes, and fume the Painter of philosophers and poets ; the savages had wantonly corelemned Leiucur, the French Raphael; Corto what they called the guillotine. neilie, La Fontaine, Racine, with others Such of the scattered members as have of inferior note, such as ministers and been found are resured, and new ones kings, Mazarin, Richlieu, and Lewis are made to supply the place of thote the Fourteenth. which were irretrievably loit.

“ The eighteenth century presents “ The fepulchral chapel of Francis LIS with the illustrious of our own the Firî had also patied under the re- times; the monuments and bufts of forming touch of the Jacobins. The Montesquieu, Fontenelle, Hclvetius, ftatues of this prince, of Cirudle of Winckieman, Voltaire, Buffon, Rous. France, his queen, larger than real life, feau, Diderot, Gluck, and Bailly, exeare sublime in their execution, and cuted by Pigalli, and artists now living, discover profound knowledge of anato- together with the bufts of Crebiilon, my in the artist, whose name remains Maupertuis, and the minister Fleury, unknown. The roof of the chapel is whote dear delight was peace; the cumposed by Gougecn, and it is pro- labours of Lemoine, Bouchardier, and bable that the itatues were forined by Couston. the hand of this French Phidias, who “ These forin a part of the multitude was killed in the inatłacre of St. Bar- of pieces which compose this vast inuI


[ocr errors]

seum, the most distinguished of which breadth of the coffin, separated their are claffed according to their ages in cif-' bones and ashes within. He also inferent apartments, the light into which fcribed their names on two Nips of penetrates through windows-form- thick parchment, wrapped up in teveed of painted glass, after the deligns ral covers, which he depofited in the of Raphael, Primatier, Albert Durer, coffin, so that if, in the lapte of ages, Coufin, &c. which are also chronolo- the coffin was opened, it might be gically arranged from the origin of the known to whom these bones belonged. art, each century of glass enlightening This monument is now placed in the the same age of sculpture. Although internal garden of the convent, which the museum is already extensive, much the administrator has converted into a remains to be added; many valuable kind of Elyfium, containing as many specimens of the arts being yet scatter- lugubrious objects as could well be ed throughout the departments. At arranged in to varrow a compars. Pines, Bourg en Breffe are many curious cyprelles, poplars, and weeping wil. tombs of the House of Savoy; at Join- lows wave over, or hang mournfully ville those of the Guises ; in Brittany around the tombs and statues rising those of the Dukes of Bretagne; at from the greentward ; while bufts, inMoulins that of Montmorency; and scriptions, and cinerary urns, gloomily in the south-eastern departments, mo- adorn the columns and surrounding arnuments of the Dukes of Burgundy. cades, where it may be said, Various circumstances have hitherto Black Melancholy fits, and round her prevented the translation of those va

throws fuable objects; but measures are taken • A deathlikę filence and a dread reto reunite them in Paris, and complete pose'.Vol. i. p. 226. this interesting colleétion.

" A spacious monastery is the building best appropriated for the receptacle BONAPARTE’S PASSAGE OF THE ALPS, of these memorials. The gloom is “ BONAPARTE is now at Milan, congenial with our feelings, when we at the head of an hundred thousand contemplate the mortality of ages; men. The cavalty of the French arıny and corresponds with those sentiments of referve, mounted on asses, and the of awe and veneration with which we. old men and children who compose it, view the relics of the illustrious dead. shouldering their wooden muskets, Among these cherished memorials is the were pleasant ftories enough to amuse tomb of Eloisa, on which is engraved the vacant hours of the Austrian folher name, and that of Abelard. The diers; and after the blunder of the abbey of the Paraclete, situated about court of Vienna, in miftaking the de!'re four miles from Noguit, a town on of peace, on the part of the republic, the Seine, was the depository of the for the total incapacity of continuing remains of those illustrious and unfortu- the war, let the army of Melas be fornate lovers. Their bones had been plac given for their belief in the histories of ced separately under tomb-stones, by the the long-eared cavalry and the woodfide of each other, during two hundred en-gunned infantry of Dijon. years, in a cave so damp that their « That Melas should also place some bodies were quite consumed, but the confidence in the fidelity of his trusty bones remained in good preservation. allies, the snows of St. Bernard, is naMadame de Ronci, who was abbefs of tural enough; the snows did all the the Paraclete, about twenty years since, service that could be expected from caused them to be removed from their snows; but he should have remember. humid dwelling; and the vicar of the ed that he and the mountain had to little village of Quinfy was charged contend with an adversary who never with this pious ceremony. The abbess paused at any danger, or yielded to prepared a leaden coffin, about four any obstacle. feet long and one wide, for the recep- “ It must indeed be admitted, that tion of their relics.

such an expedition, in presence of fo “ The remains of Abelard were formidable an enemy, could have been placed at one end, and thote of Eloisa undertaken only by Bonaparte. It is at the other. A sheet of lead, on which scarcely possible, even for those who the vicar engraved their names, and have scaled these ramparts of the anwhich occupied both the height and cient world at peaceful leisure, and at


[ocr errors]

E 2

favourable seasons, to form any ade. cut a passage in the adjacent mountain quate idea of the difficulty of trani. of Albardi was the work of three days : porting an army with trains of artillery along that dangerous precipice, where along paths where the wary traveller, none but goats had hitherto climbed, at this season of danger, hesitates the cavalry, hanging themselves to the where he fall point with security his points of rocks, to save themíclves from next footsteps, while he looks around falling, dragged their horses. From to see if no traitorous avalanche be on the summit of this mountain they prethe watch.

tended to discover the rock which " Few of the army, composed in Hannibal had pierced upwards of two great purt of conscripts, foresaw the thousand years ago, and boast that, two difficulties they had to encounter; and thousand years hence, their passage as it is scarcely necesiary for French will be no leis celebrated. men to be soldiers, to feel the force of “ Occupied by the fiege of Genoa, Metastalio's observation,

and in pushing the French back to • Non é fapienza

their frontiers, it appears that the Au. • Ma follia di mortali

ftrian general had little time to reflect • L'arte crudel di prelaçarsi i mali;' French were near the gates of Turin,

on the doctrine of possibles. The they began this ascent with alacrity, and had filed off to Milan, before any encouraged by the presence and ex- ferious opposition was made to their ample of the Consul.

progress; and from private letters “ You will have seen accounts in the which I have see!), pofterior to that papers of the mode of dragging their event, the parape into the Cisalpine artillery up the frow's in the excayated was so little interrupted, that scattered trunks of trees; of the table spread troops found no difficulty in rejoining with provisions for the exhausted fol- the army, often carrying prisoners diers on the summit, at the distribution along with them. of which the pious cenobites presided, "We can scarcely form a just efti. who inhabit thefe eternal regions of mate of the degree of welcome which winter, and whole lives are spent in a conquering army receives, fince fear the feverest acts of beneficence and often wears the resemblance of friendaufefulness. In a letter written by a fhip. It appears, however, that the field officer, this last circumstance is Piedmontese have been unequivocal in particularly mentioned. The impress their demonstrations of hatred against fion made on the mind of this officer the Austrian regime. A young officer by the meekness and admirable patience of my acquaintance, with twenty-four of those meritorious fathers, leads him soldiers, made one hundred and fifty to the following apostrophe Sublime Austrian prisoners in their route to join . religion! the practice of which forms the army; that is, carried one hundred

heroes, as its abuses create monsters: and fifty Austrian soldiers with them . of what a weight of crime are those to the adjacent town. The French • guilty who pervert thy essence !'-A took up their lodgings in a convent of fingularly pious conclusion for the etat- nuns. The Austrian commander of major of a French atheistical arıy. the adjacent post, apprized of the cap

The descent from this lufiy point ture, and of the insufficient force of of the globe is more dangerous than

the French, fent part of a regiment of the preceding part of the journey. A cavalry to rescue the prisoners, and few horfes, unaccustomed to roads of take the captors. The prisoners were such fingular construction, fell down retaken; but the French were not to the precipices; and the length of the be found. The Jacobin nuns had conway was sometimes abridged by the cealed the republicans in their cells, impatient soldiers, and their General where the Austrians, respecting an afya in Chicf, who found a speedier way to lum so sacred, did not presume to the bottom than the usual path, by glid. penetrate." Vol. ii. p. 142. ing along the inows.

" The army had gained the valley of Aosta, when the frowning impregnable

EGYPTIAN MONUMENTS. poft of Bard fhut up the way. To “ NOTWITHSTANDING the va. have taken the fortress would have riety of great and fingular events in the caused a lots of inestimable time. To modern world, which powerfully rivet


« PoprzedniaDalej »