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Accuse him home, and home. For my poor self, / Will not proclaim against her maiden loss,
(sense, Enter Lucio.
Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous Lucio. Good even !
Might, in the times to come, have ta’en revenge, Friar, where is the provost?
By so receiving a dishonour'd life, Duke. Not within, Sir.
With ransom of such shame. 'Would yet he Lucio. (), pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine
had liv'd! heart, to see thine eyes so red: thou must be Alack, when once our grace we have forgot, patient: I am fain to dine and sup with water Nothing goes right; we would, and we would and bran; I dare not for my head fill my belly;
[Erit. one fruitful meal would set me to't: But they say the duke will be here to-morrow. By my
SCENE V.-Fields without the Town. troth, Isabel, I lov'd thy brother: if the old Enter Duke in his own habit, and Friar Peter. fantastical duke of dark corners had been at Duke. These letters at fit time deliver me. home, he had lived.
(Erit ISABELLA. Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little be- The provost knows our purpose, and our plot.
[Giving letters. holden to your reports; but the best is, he lives The matter being afoot, keep your instruction, not in them. Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so Though sometimes you do blenchø from this to
And hold you ever to our special drift; well as I do: he's a better woodman than thou
that, takest him for.
[house, Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. And tell him where I stay: give the like notice,
As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' Fare ye well. Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate;
To Valentinus, Rowland, and to Crassus, can tell thee pretty tales of the duke.
But send me Flavius first. Duke. You have told me too many of him
F. Peter. It shall be speeded well. already, Sir, if they be true; if not true, none were enough.
[Exit Friar. Lucio. I was once before him for getting a
Enter VARRIUS. wench with child. Duke. Did you such a thing?
Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made Lucio. Yes, marry, did 1: but was fain to come, we will walk : There's other of our friends
good haste: forswear it; they would else have married me Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. to the rotten medlar, Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than ho
[Exeunt. nest: Rest you well.
SCENE VI.-Street ncar the City Gate. Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's end: If bawdy talk offend you, we'll
Enter ISABELLA and MARIANA. have very little of it: Nay, friar, I am a kind Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loath; of burr, I shall stick.
(Exeunt. I would say the truth; but to accuse him so, SCENE IV.- A Room in Angelo's House.
That is your part: yet I'm advis'd to do it;
He says, to veil full|| purpose.
Mari. Be rul'd by him.
Isub. Besides, he tells me, that, if peradvenvouch'dt other.
ture Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner. He speak against me on the adverse side, His actions show much like to madness : pray I should not think it strange; for 'tis a physic, heaven, his wisdom be not tainted! And why That's bitter to sweet end. meet him at the gates, and re-deliver our au
Mari. I would, friar Peter thorities there?
Isab. O, peace; the friar is come. Escal. I guess not.
Enter Friur Peter. Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an hour before his entering, that, if any crave
F. Peter. Come, I have found you out a stand redress of injustice, they should exhibit their
[duke, petitions in the street ?
Where you may have such vantages on the Escal. He shows his reason for that: to have He shall not pass you; Twice have the truma despatch of complaints; and to deliver us
pets sounded from devices hereafter, which shall then have The generous** and gravest citizens no power to stand against us.
Have hentit the gates, and very near upon Ang. Well, I beseech you, let it be proclaim'd: The duke is ent'ring; therefore hence, away. Betimes i'the morn, I'll call you at your house:
(Exeunt. Give notice to such men of sort and suit,
ACT V. As are to meet him.
Escal. I shall, Sir: fare you well. (Exit. SCENE 1.- A public Place near the City Gate. Ang. Good night.
MARIANA, (veiled,) ISABELLA, and PETER, at This deed unshapes me quite, makes me un- a distance. Enter at opposite doors, DUKE, pregnant,
Varrius, Lords; ANGELO, ESCALUS, Lucio, Anddull to all proceedings. A deflower'd maid! Provost, Officers, and Citizens. And by an eminent body, that enforc'd The law against it!- But that her tender shame * Calls, challenges her to do it.
+ Credit unquestionable. * Utterer. Start oft. • Go. + Contradicted. * Figure and rank. || Availful. '1 Advantage. ** Most noble. tt Seized.
Duke. My very worthy cousin, fairly met:- In all his dressings, characts, titles, forms, Our old and faithful friend, we are glad to see Be an arch-villain: believe it, royal prince, you.
If he be less, he's nothing; but he's more, Ang. und Escal. Happy return be to your Had I more name for badness. royal grace!
Duke. By mine honesty, Druke. Many and hearty thankings to you if she be mad, (as I believe no other,) botb.
Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense, We have made inquiry of you; and we hear Such a dependency of thing on thing, Such goodness of your justice, that our soul As e'er I heard in madness. Cannot but yield you forth to public thanks, Isab. O, gracious duke, Forerunning more requital.
Harp not on that; nor do not banish reason Ang. You make my bonds still greater. For inequality: but let your reason serve Duke. O, your desert speaks loud; and I To make the truth appear, where it seems hid; should wrong it,
And hide the false, seems true. To lock it in the wards of covert bosom, Duke. Many that are not mad, When it deserves with characters of brass Have, sure, more lack of reason.What would A forted residence, 'gainst the tooth of time,
you say? And razure of oblivion: Give me your hand, Isab. I am the sister of one Claudio, And let the subject see, to make them know Condemn'd upon the act of fornication That outward courtesies would fain proclaim To lose his head: condemn’d by Angelo: Favours that keep within.-Come, Escalus; I, in probation of a sisterhood, You must walk by us on our other hand ;- Was sent to by my brother: One Lucio And good supporters are you.
As then the messenger,
Lucio, That's I, an't like your grace;
I come to her from Claudio, and desir'd her F. Peter. Now is your time; speak loud, and To try her gracious fortune with lord Angelo, kneel before him.
For her poor brother's pardon. Isab. Justice, O royal duke! Vail* your Isab. That's he, indeed. regard
Duke. You were not bid to speak.
Nor wish'd to hold my peace.
Duke. I wish you now then; Till you have heard me in my true complaint, Pray you, take note of it; and when you have And give me justice, justice, justice, justice! A business for yourself, pray heaven, you then Duke. Relate your wrongs: In what? By Be perfect. whom? Be brief:
Lucio. I warrant your honour. Here is lord Angelo shall give you justice; Duke. The warrants for yourself; take heed Reveal yourself to him.
to it. Isab. O, worthy duke,
Isab. This gentleman told somewhat of my You bid me seek redemption of the devil:
tale. Hear me yourself; for that which I must speak Lucio. Right. Must either punish me, not being believ'd, Duke. It may be right; but you are in the Or wring redress from you: hear me, o, hear | To speak before your tiine.--Proceed. (wrong me, here.
Isab. I went Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not To this pernicious caitiff deputy. firm:
Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken. She hath been a suitor to me for her brother, Isab. Pardon it; Cut off by course of justice.
The phrase is to the matter. Isab. By course of justice!
Duke. Mended again: the matter;-Proceed. Ang. And she will speak most bitterly, and Isab. In brief,--to set the needless process by, strange.
How I persuaded, how I pray'd, and kneeld, Isab. Most strange, but yet most truly, will How he refell’dt me, and how I reply'd; I speak:
(For this was of much length,) the vile conThat Angelo's forsworn; is it not strange?
clusion That Angelo's a murderer; is't not strange? I now begin with grief and shame to utter: That Angelo is an adulterous thief,
He would not, but by gift of my chaste body An bypocrite, a virgin-violator;
To his concupiscible intemperate lust, (ment, Is it not strange, and strange?
Release my brother; and, after much debateDuke. Nay, ten times strange.
My sisterly remorset confutes mine honour, Isab. It is not truer he is Angelo,
And I did yield to him : But the next morn Than this is all as true as it is strange:
betimes, Nay, it is ten times true; for truth is truth His purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant To the end of reckoning.
For my poor brother's head. Duke. Away with her:-Poor soul,
Duke. This is most likely! She speaks this in the infirmity of sense. Isab. O, that it were as like, as it is true! Isab. O prince, 1 cónjure thee, as thou be- Duke. By heaven, fonde wretch, thou know'st liev'st
not what thou speak'st; There is another comfort than this world,
Or else thou art suborn'd against his honour, That thou neglect me not, with that opinion In bateful practice :/ First, his integrity That I am touch'd with madness: make not Stands without blemish :-next it imports no impossible
[ble, reason, That which but seems unlike: 'tis not impossi” That with such vehemency he should pursue But one, the wicked'st caitiff on the ground, Faults proper to himself: if be had so offended, May seem as shy, as grave, as jost, as absolute, He would have weigh'd thy brother
by himself, As Angelo; even so may Angelo,
Habits and characters of office.
And not have cut him off: Some one bath set Mari. Pardon, my lord; I will not show my you on; Until my husband bid me.
[face, Confess the truth, and say by whose advice Duke. What, are you married ? Thou cam'st here to complain.
Mari. No, my lord. Isab. And is this all ?
Duke, Are you a maid ? Then, oh, you blessed ministers above,
Mari. No, my lord. Keep me in patience; and, with ripen'd time, Duke. A widow, then ? Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up
Mari. Neither, my lord. In countenance !--Heaven shield your grace
Duke. Why, you
Are nothing then :-Neither maid, widow, nor As I, thus wrong'd, hence unbelieved go! Lucio. My lord, she may be a punk; for many Duke. I know, you'd fain be gone :-An of them are neither maid, widow, nor wife, officer!
Duke. Silence that fellow: I would, he had To prison with her:-Shall we thus permit A blasting and a scandalous breath to fall To prattle for himself. On him so near us? This needs must be a Lucio. Well, my lord. practice.
Mari. My lord, I do confess, I ne'er was -Who knew of your intent, and coming hither? married; Isab. One that I would were here, friar Lo- And, I confess, besides, I am no maid: dowick.
I have known my husband; yet my husband Duke. A ghostly father belike :- Who knows
knows not, that Lodowick ?
That ever he knew me. Lucio. My lord, I know him; 'tis a medling Lucio. He was drunk then, my lord; it can
[lord, be no better. I do not like the man: had he been lay, my Duke. For the benefit of silence, 'would thou For certain words he spake against your grace wert so too, In your retirement, I had swing'd* him soundly. Lucio. Well, my lord. Duke. Words against me? This’a good friar, Duke. This is no witness for lord Angelo. belike!
Mari. Now I come to't, my lord : And to set on this wretched woman here She, that accuses him of fornication, Againstour substitute! Let this friar be found. In self-same manner doth accuse my husband; Lucio. But yesternight, my lord, she and that And charges him, my lord, with such a time, friar
depose I had him in mine arms, I saw them at the prison : a saucy friar,
With all the effect of love. A very scurvy fellow.
Ang. Charges she more than me? F. Peter. Blessed be your royal grace!
Mari. Not that I know. I have stood by, my lord, and I have heard Duke. No? you say, your husband. Your royal ear abus'd : First, hath this woman Mari. Why, just, my lord, and that is Angelo, Most wrongfully accus'd your substitute; Who thinks, he knows, that he ne'er knew my Who is as free from touch or soil with her,
body, As she from one ungot.
But knows he thinks, that he knows Isabel’s. Duke. We did believe no less. [of? Ang. This is a strange abuse:*--Let's see Know you that friar Lodowick, that she speaks
thy face. F. Peter. I know him for a man divine and Mari. My husband bids me; now I will unNot scurvy, nor a temporary medler, (holy;
mask. As he's reported by this gentleman;
This is that face, thou cruel Angelo, And, on my trust, a man that never yet Which once thou swor'st, was worth the looking Did, as he vouches, misreport your grace.
This is the hand, which, with a vow'd contract, Lucio. My lord, most villainously ; believe it. Was fast belock'd in thine : this is the body F. Peter. Well
, he in time may come to clear That took away the match from Isabel, himself;
And did supply thee at thy garden-house, But at this instant he is sick, my lord,
In her imagin'd person. Of a strange fever: Upon his meret request, Duke. Know you this woran ? (Being come to knowledge that there was com- Lucio. Carnally, she says. plaint
Duke. Sirrah, no more. Intended 'gainst lord Angelo,) came I hither, Lucio. Enough, my lord. To speak as from his mouth, what he doth Ang. My lord, 'I must confess, I know this know
woman; Is true, and false ; and what he with his oath, And, five years since, there was some speech of And all probation, will make up full clear, Betwixt myself and her; which was broke off, Whensoever he's convented. First, for this Partly, for that her promised proportions (To justify this worthy nobleman, (woman; Came short of composition ;t but, in chief, So vulgarlys and personally accus'd,
For that her reputation was disvalued Her shall you hear disproved to her eyes, In levity: since which time of five years, Till she herself confess it.
I never spake with her, saw her, nor heard from Duke. Good friar, let's hear it,
Upon my faith and honour. [ISABELLA is carried off, guarded; and Mari. Noble prince,
MARIANA comes forward. As there comes light from heaven, and words Do you not smile at this lord Angelo ?
from breath, O heaven! the vanity of wretched fools ! - As there is sense in truth, and truth in virtue, Give us some seats. -Come, cousin Angelo;
I am affianc'd this man's wife, as strongly In this I'll be impartial; be you judge As words could make up vows:
and, my good Of your own cause.- Is this the witness, friar?
lord, First, let her show her face ; and, after speak. But Tuesday night last gone, in his garden
He knew me as a wife: As this is true Beat.
+ Simple. Convened
+ Her fortune fell short.
Let me in safety raise me from my knees; Duke. Respect to your great place! and let Or else for ever be confixed here,
the devil A marble monument!
Be sometime honour'd for his burning throne :Ang. I did but smile till now; (tice; Where is the duke ? 'tis he should hear me Now, good my lord, give me the scope of jus
speak: My patience here is touch'd : I do perceive, Escal. The duke's in us; and we will hear you These poor informal* women are no more Look, you speak justly. But instruments of some more mightier member, Duke. Boldly, at least :-But, 0, poor souls, That sets them on: Let me have way, my lord, Come you to seek the lamb here of the fox ? To find this practicet out.
Good night to your redress. Is the duke gone? Duke. Ay, with my heart; (sure.-- Then is your cause gone too. The duke's unAnd punish them unto your height of plea- Thus to retort* your manifest appeal, Tjust, Thou foolish friar; and thou pernicious woman, And put your trial in the villain's mouth, Compact with her that's gone! think'st thou, Which here you come to acuse. thy oaths,
Lucio. This is the rascal; this is he I spoke of. Though they would swear down each parti- Escul. Why, thou unreverend and unhallow'd cular saint,
friar! Were testimonies against his worth and credit, Is't not enough, thou hast suborn'd these women That's seald in approbation ?-You, lord Es- To accuse this worthy man; but, in foul mouth, calus,
And in the witness of his proper ear, Sit with my cousin ; lend him your kind pains To call him villain?
[self ; To find out this abuise, whence 'tis deriv'd.- And then to glance from him to the duke himThere is another friar that set them on; To tax him with injustice ?-Take him hence; Let him be sent for.
To the rack with him :-We'll touze you joint F. Peter. Would he were here, my lord; for by joint,
Ljust? he, indeed,
But we will know this purpose :-What? unHath set the women on to this complaint: Duke. Be not so hot; the duke Your provost knows the place where he abides, Dare no more stretch this finger of mine, than ho And he may fetch him.
Dare rack his own; his subject am I not, Duke. Go, do it instantly - [Exit Provost. Nor here provincial :t My business in this state And you, my noble and well-warranted cousin, Made me a looker-on here in Vienna, Whom it concerns to hear this matter forth, Where I have seen corruption boil and bubble, Do with your injuries as seems you best, Till it o'er-run the stew: laws, for all faults; In any chastisement: I for a while
But faults so countenanc'd, and the strong Will leave you; but stir not you, till you have
statutes Determined upon these slanderers. (well Stand like the forfeits in a barber's shop, Escal. My lord,
we'll do it thoroughly.-(Exit As much in mock as mark. DCKE.) Signior Lucio, did not you say, you Escal. Slander to the state! Away with him knew that friar Lodowick to be a dishonest to prison. person?
Ang. What can you vouch against him, sigLacio. Cucullus non facit monachum: honest
nior Lucio ? in pothing, but in his clothes ; and one that Is this the man that you did tell us of ? hath spoke most villainous speeches of theduke. Lucio. "Tis he, my lord. Come hither, good
Escal. We shall entreat you to abide here man bald-pate : Do you know me? till he come, and enforce them against him: we Duke. I remember you, Sir, by the sound of shall find this friar a notable fellow.
your voice : I met you at the prison, in the abLucio. As any in Vienna, on my word. sence of the duke. Escul. Call that same Isabel here once again; Lucio. O, did you so? And do you remember [To an Attendant.] I would speak with her: what you said of the duke? Pray you, my lord, give me leave to question ; Duke. Most notedly, Sir. you shall see how I'il handle her.
Lucio. Do you so, Sir ? And was the duke a Lucio. Not better than he, by her own report. Llesh-monger, a fool, and a coward, as you then Escal. Say you ?
reported him to be ? Lacio. Marry, Sir, I think, if you handled her Duke. You must, Sir, change persons with privately, she would sooner confess; perchance, me, ere you make that my report: you, indeed, publicly she'll be ashamed.
spoke so of him; and much more, much worse
Lucio. O thou damnable fellow ! Did not I Re-enter Officers, with Isabella, the Duke, in pluck thee by the nose, for thy speeches? the Friar's habit, and Provost.
Duke. I protest, I love the duke, as I love myEscal. I will go darkly to work with her. self.
Lucio. That's the way; for women are light Ang. Hark! how the villain would close now, at midnight.
after his treasonable abuses. Escul. Come on, mistress : [ To ISABELLA.] Escal. Such a fellow is not to be talk'd withhere's a gentlewoman denies all that you have al :-Away with him to prison :- Where is the said.
provost ?-Away with him to prison; lay bolts Lacio. My lord, here comes the rascal I spoke enough upon him: let him speak no more :of; here with the provost.
Away with those giglotsa too, and with the Escal. In very good time : speak not you to other confederate companion. him, till we call upon you.
[The Provost lays hands on the Duke.] Lucio. Mum.
Duke. Stay, Sir; stay a while. Escul. Come, Sir: Did you set these women Ang. What! resists he? Help him, Lucio. on to slander lord Angelo? they have confess’d Lucio. Come, Sir; come, Sir; come, Sir; you did.
foh, Sir: Why, you bald-pated, lying rascal ! Duke. "Tis false.
you must be hooded, must you? Show your Escal. How! know you where you are ? knave's visage, with a pox to you! show your Crazy. + Conspiracy. To the end.
+ Accountable, Wantons.
* Refor back.
sheep-biting face, and be hang’d an hour! Thereon dependent, for your brother's life,) Willt not off ?
The very mercy of the law cries out [Pulls off the Friar's hood, and discovers Most audible, even from his proper tongue, the Duke.
An Angelo for Claudio, death for death. Duke. Thou art the first knave, that e’er made Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers a duke.
sure. First, Provost, let
me bail these gentle three :- Like doth quit like, and Measure still for MeaSneak not away, Sir; (To Lucio.) for the friar Then, Angelo, thy fault's thus manifested;
Which though thou would'st deny, denies thee Must have a word anon :-lay hold on him.
vantage: Lucio. This may prove worse than hanging: We do condemn thee to the very block Duke. What you have spoke, I pardon ; sit Where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like you down. [to Escalus. Away with him.
[haste;We'll borrow place of him :-Sir, by your leave: Mari. O, my most gracious lord,
(To Angelo. I hope you will not mock me with a husband ! Hast thou or word, or wit, or impudence, Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a That yet can do thee office?* If thou hast,
husband : Rely upon it till my tale be heard,
Consenting to the safeguard of your honour, And hold no longer out.
I thought your marriage fit; else imputation, Ang. O my dread lord,
For that he knew you might reproach your life, I should be guiltier than my guiltiness, And choke your good to come: for his possesTo think I can be undiscernible,
Although by confiscation they are ours, [sions, When I perceive, your grace, liké power divine, We do instate and widow you withal, Hath look'd upon my passes :f Then, good To buy you a better husband. prince,
Mari. O, my dear lord, No longer session hold upon my shame, I crave no other, nor no better man. But let my trial be mine own confession; Duke. Never crave him; we are definitive. Immediate sentence then, and sequent; death, Muri. Gentle, my liege, [Kneeling Is all the grace I beg.
Duke. You do but lose your labour; Duke. Come hither, Mariana :
Away with him to death. Now, Sir, to you. Say, wast thou e'er contracted to this woman?
[TO LUCIO. Ang. I was, my lord.
Mari. O, my good lord !--Sweet Isabel, take Duke. Go take her hence, and marry her in
my part: stantly
Lend me your knees, and all my life to come Do you the office, friar; which consummate, I'll lend you, all my life to do you service. Return him here again:Go with him, Provost. Duke. Against all senset you do importune (Exeunt ANGELO, MARIANA, Peter,
her: and PROVOST.
Should she kneel down, in mercy of this fact, Escal. My lord, I am more amaz’d at his dis- Her brother's ghost
his paved bed would break, Than at the strangeness of it. (honour, And take her hence in horror. Duke. Come hither, Isabel :
Mari. Isabel, Your friar is now your prince: As I was then Sweet Isabel, do yet but kneel by me; Advertising, 9 and holy to your business, Hold up your hands, say nothing, I'll speak all. Not changing heart with habit, I am still They say, best men are moulded out of faults; Attorney'd at your service.
And, for the most, become much more the Isab. O, give me pardon,
better That I, your vassal, have employ'd and pain’a For being a little bad: so may my husband. Your unknown sovereignty.
0, Isabel! will you not lend a knee? Duke. You are pardon'd, Isabel :
Duke. He dies for Claudio's death. And now, dear maid, be you as free to us. Isab. Most bounteous Sir, [Kneeling Your brother's death, Iknow, sits at your
heart; Look, if it please you, on this man condemn'd, And you may marvel, why I obscur'd myself, As if my brother liv'd': I partly think, Labouring to save his life; and would not A due sincerity governd his deeds, rather
Till he did look on me; since it is so,
That perish'd by the way: thoughts are no subThat life is better life, past fearing death, Intents but merely thoughts.
Ljects; Than that which lives to fear: make it your
Mari. Merely, my
lord. So happy is your brother.
[comfort, Duke. Your suit's unprofitable; stand up, I
say.-Re-enter ANGELO, MARIANA, PETER, and I have bethought me of another fault:Provost.
Provost, how came it, Claudio was beheaded
At an unusual hour? Isab. I do, my lord.
Prov. It was commanded so. Duke. For this new-married man, approach- Duke. Had you a special warrant for the deed?
ing here, Whose sali imagination yet hath wrong'd
Proo. No, my good lord; it was by private Your well-defended honour, you must pardon
message: For Mariana's sake: but as he adjudg'd your Give up your keys.
Duke. For which I do discharge you of your
[office: (Being criminal, in double violation (brother, Prov. Pardon me, noble lord: Of sacred chastity, and of promise-breach, I thought it was a fault, but knew it not; • Service, + Devices. Following. Attentive. Angelo's own longue.
+ Reason and affection