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AN

ESSAY

CONCERNING

HUMAN UNDERSTANDING, ,

WRITTEN

BY JOHN LOCKE, GENT.

TO WHICH ARE NOW FIRST ADDED,

1. AN ANALYSIS OF MR. LOCKE'S DOCTRINE OF IDEAS, ON A LARGE SHEET,
II. A DEFENCE OF MR. LOCKE'S OPINION CONCERNING PERSONAL IDENTITY,

WITH AN APPENDIX.
III. A TREATISE ON THE CONDUCT OF THE UNDERSTANDING.
IV. SOME THOUGHTS CONCERNING READING AND STUDY FOR A GENTLEMAN.

V. ELEMENTS OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.

VI, A NEW METHOD OF A COMMON PLACE-BOOK.

EXTRACTED FROM THE AUTHOR's WORKS.

A NEW EDITION.

IN "THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, CHEAPSIDE : R. GRIFFIN AND CO.

GLASGOW ; AND J. CUMMING, DUBLIN.

1828.

LONDON: PRINTED BY THOMAS DAVISON, WHITEFRIARS.

32. We know nothing beyond our simple ideas.
33-35. Idea of God.
36. No ideas in our complex one of spirits, but those got from

sensation or reflection.
37. Recapitulation.

2. Creation, generation, making alteration.

3, 4. Relations of time.

5. Relations of place and extension.

6. Absolute terms often stand for relations.

CHAPTER XXVII.

OF IDENTITY AND DIVERSITY.

SECT.

1. Wherein identity consists.

2. Identity of substances.

Identity of modes

OF OTHER RELATIONS.

SECT.

1. Proportional

2. Natural

3. Instituted.

4. Moral.

5. Moral good and evil.

6. Moral rules.

7. Laws.

8. Divine law, the measure of sin and duty.

9. Civil law, the measure of crimes and innocence.
10, 11. Philosophical law, the measure of virtue and vice.

12. Its enforcements, commendation, and discredit.

13. These three laws the rules of moral good and evil.
14, 15. Morality is the relation of actions to these rules.

16. The denominations of actions often mislead us.
17. Relations innumerable.
18. All relations terminate in simple ideas.
19. We have ordinarily as clear (or clearer) notions of the

relation, as of its foundation.
20. The notion of the relation is the same, whether the rule,

any action is compared to be true or false.

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