The Death of Argument: Fallacies in Agent Based Reasoning

Przednia okładka
Springer Science & Business Media, 9 lis 2013 - 378
The present work is a fair record of work I've done on the fallacies and related matters in the fifteen years since 1986. The book may be seen as a sequel to Fallacies: Selected papers 1972-1982, which I wrote with Douglas Walton, and which appeared in 1989 with Foris. This time I am on my own. Douglas Walton has, long since, found his own voice, as the saying has it; and so have I. Both of us greatly value the time we spent performing duets, but we also recognize the attractions of solo work. If I had to characterize the difference that has manifested itself in our later work, I would venture that Walton has strayed more, and I less, from what has come to be called the Woods-Walton Approach to the study of fallacies. Perhaps, on reflection "stray" is not the word for it, inasmuch as Walton's deviation from and my fidelity to the WWA are serious matters of methodological principle. The WWA was always conceived of as a way of handling the analysis of various kinds of fallacious argument or reasoning. It was a response to a particular challenge [Hamblin, 1970]. The challenge was that since logicians had allowed the investigation of fallacious reasoning to fall into disgraceful disarray, it was up to them to put things right. Accordingly, the WWA sought these repairs amidst the rich pluralisms of logic in the 1970s and beyond.

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Spis treści

Metatheoretical Questions
2
THE NECESSITY OF FORMALISM
25
THE INFORMAL CORE OF FORMAL LOGIC
43
Threats and Intimidation
62
APPEAL TO FORCE
74
Arguments Involving Reference to Persons
95
AD HOMINEM
111
AND SO INDEED ARE PERFECT CHEAT 125
124
How to Interpret Arguments
217
MISSING PREMISSES
239
Analogy
251
VERDI IS THE PUCCINI OF MUSIC
273
Induction
299
HASTY GENERALIZATION
311
THE PROBLEM OF ABDUCTION
335
The Way Ahead? 349
348

PragmaDialectics
149
Theorydependency
160
Theory Reductions
171
Intractable Disagreement
185
References
359
Index
373
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