Obrazy na stronie


be shame to them, and sorrow to himself.

But should he adopt their ideas, and make How sweet and solemn sounds the old Church them the partners of his own thoughts and

bell! We in its measured notes may often scan

hopes; should he resolve to give assistance Some passing scene of which it seems to tell -

to the ardent conceptions of youth,-he will Some tale which marks the destiny of man.

in all probability experience the rare happiness

of witnessing in his family the felicitous union Hark! how its merry, noisy, gladsome notes of rectitude, prosperity, and genius.

Are chiming forth in peals both loud and wild, The scheme of our lives is drawn by a Wakening the echoes; it to all denotes

celestial artist. It is our part to see it exeA hearty welcome to the new-born child.

cuted. A heavy responsibility attaches to Again its cheerful sound falls on the ear,

those who show neglect in this important And ushers in the happy bridal morn

matter. Tells of fond hearts (to form a tie most dear Now from all earlier ties for ever torn.)

LIFE'S PAINFUL REALITIES, Sweet sound the Church bells on the Sabbath day,

There seems a sweetness in the Sabbath air,-
Wafting their melody, it seems to say,

WE ARE TOO OFTEN DOOMED-once at “For the great Sabbath of thy soul prepare!" least in the course of our lives—to witness Forth from the old grey tower again ascends,

some painful scene, the impression caused In altered note, the slow funereal toll !-

by which never can be etfaced from the The mournful sound which tells of severed friends, memory:

We have ourself beheld scenes And of the solemn exit of a soul!

from which even now the mind recoils with J. H. horror.

Of all the recorded casualties of life, howJUDGMENT APPLIED TO EDUCATION.

ever, none surely can exceed in the intensity

of interest it excites in the perusal, the folMANY A MAN, by crossing his child's natu- lowing. It is a carefully condensed history ral disposition, has caused himself an aching of a scene which recently was witnessed at heart; besides contributing largely to his Niagara. We register it here, with a view child's unhappiness.

of showing on what a slender thread our life The first step in early education should be,

sometimes hangs :a consideration of what a pupil is really Three men recently went boating on the river. fitted for. The human head is so formed,

The boat was swept towards the “falls, that the point may not be so difficult to ascer- overturned, and two of the party were whirléd tain as some imagine. The natural inclination, into the boiling surge. too, develops itself at a tender age.

The third, a man named Avery, caught on some If we would have our children to excel, A log of wood, apparently wedged tightly between

rocks not far from the dreadful precipice of foam. we must work by rule. Excellence, as a sensible writer remarks, no matter in what of the water, was his resting-place.

the rocks, and crossed by another, still higher out

Here he department, must be the child of an ardent remained, half clinging to and half perching upon general predilection. It can never be the the log, from which he would occasionally slip offspring of qualities, however eminent, con- down and walk a little on the rocks, which were strained from their native bias. We must all only a short distance under water. admit this.

Å few feet in advance was a small fall of about It is laudable, therefore, to encourage, as

four or five feet, and here and on each side of him far as may be, the eccentricity which forms the waters rushed wildly on, at a speed of about the principal virtue of the human character. forty miles an hour. A raft was constructed, There is propriety in fanning the vital spark square form, a hogshead being placed in the centre.

formed of crossed timbers, strongly fastened in a of originality into flame; and watching and The raft was strongly secured with ropes on each guarding it, until it warms and invigorates side, and was floated down to the rocks upon which its whole neigborhood. It is judicious to Avery was stationed. As it approached the spot remove every obstruction to the well-being of where he stood, the rope got fast in the rocks; and those kindly indications of future and novel the raft became immoveable. Avery then appeared splendor, which are capable of charming, even to muster strength and courage, and descending in their infantine state.

from the log, walked over the rocks to the place It is well done of the father, when arrang- hard to disengage it from the rocks.

where the rope had caught, and labored long and ing the entrance of his children on the stage

After some time he succeeded; and then, with of life, carefully to consult their sentiments

renewed energy, inspired by the hope of rescue, as to what are the desirable situations of its he pulled manfully at the rope, until he succeeded eventful drama. Should he exert his au- in bringing the raft from the current towards his thority in direct opposition to their wishes, fearful "resting-place. Avery now got on to the the result, it may be safely predicted, will raft, making himself fast thereto by means of ropes,

* * *

which had been placed there for that purpose, and nessed a painful scene of a drowning man, those on the land commenced drawing it towards some twelve months since-Aug. 26, 1852. the shore. It had approached within thirty feet of We described it (see vol. ii., p. 173) accuone of the small islands, towards which its course was directed, when suddenly it became stationary rately, just as we saw it. in the midst of the rapids, the ropes having again

We hardly need add, that the recollection caught in the rocks. All endeavors to move it of that day (commenced in pleasure, but were found to be in vain, and much fear was en- ending in sorrow) has never been effaced tertained that the strain upon the ropes might from our mind. break them, and occasion the poor fellow's loss. We saw the affectionate mother of that

Various suggestions were now volunteered, and fine young man bid him adieu, at London several attempts were made to reach him. One Bridge, at ten o'clock. Ere mid-day, we also man went out in a boat as far as he dared to

saw the fond hopes of that dear, loving mother, venture, and asked him if he would fasten a rope withered. round his body, and trust to being drawn in by from the vessel in which we sailed ; and the

Her boy had fallen overboard that. The poor fellow, however, shook his head despondingly, as though he felt that he had not waters, closing over him, had deprived her of strength enough remaining to make himself secure

her only joy for ever! to a rope. At length a boat was got ready-a

How true it is, that in the very midst of life-boat, which had arrived from Buffalo-and life we are in death! was launched. Seeing the preparations, Avery unloosed his

WOMAN'S LOVE. fastenings, with the intention of being ready to spring into the boat. Borne on by the rushing Woman's love is like a rock, waters, and amid the breathless suspense of the

Firm it stands, though storms surround it; spectators, the boat approached the raft. A thrill Like the ivy on the rock, ran through the crowd-the boat lived in the

E'en in ruin clinging round it. angry waves-it struck the raft-a shout of joy rang forth from the shore, for it was believed that

Like the moon dispelling night,

Woman's smiles illumine sorrow; he was saved—when suddenly the hope that had been raised was again destroyed. A moment's

Like the rainbow's pledge of light, confusion followed the collision, and in the next,

Harbinger of joy tomorrow. the victim was seen in the midst of the waters, Like the swallow, when she's seen, separated from his frail support, and struggling for Pleasure's blossoms never wither; life.

Herald of a sky serene, For a minute or two the poor fellow, striking Woman brings the summer with her. out boldly, swam towards the island, and the cry echoed from shore to shore that he would yet be

Like the roses of the brake,

Precious though their bloom be faded ; saved. But soon the fact became certain that he

Like the bosom of the lake, receded from the shore-his strength was evi

By reflected darkness shaded. dently failing. Gradually he was borne back into the fiercest part of the current; slowly at first, then

Like a picture truly fine, more rapidly. Swiftly and more swiftly he ap

Half her beauty distance covers, proached the brink of the fatal precipice, the

Touches of a hand divine waters had him at last their undisputed victim, Every nearer view discovers. and madly they whirled him on to death, as though Like the stream upon the hill, enraged at his persevering efforts to escape their Unconfin'd it runs the purer ; fury.

Like the bird, a cage will kill, A sickening feeling came over the spectators, But kindness win, and love secure her. when, just on the brink of the precipice, the doomed man sprang up from the waters, clear

Like the sun dispensing light, from the surface. Raising himself upright as a

Life, and joy on all that's human,statue, his arms flung wildly aloft, and, with a

Ever fixed, and warm, and bright, piercing shriek that rang loudly above the mocking

Is THE LOVE OF FAITHFUL WOMAN.-E.HI. roar of the cataract, he fell back again into the foaming waves, and was hurled over the brow of

HOME THRUSTS. the fatal precipice. The melancholy and awful fate of poor Avery

A GENTLEMAN from Germany, writing of what will add another to the many fearful local incidents he lately saw in our fashionable churches, says, already related by the guides at the Falls, and for

"In religion, the English are decorous hypocrites." years his critical situation, his hard struggles, his He has us there! fearful death, will be the theme of many a har- The same German, speaking of English goodrowing tale. And visitors to the mighty cataract ness, says, “The extreme prudery of the women will seek the scene of the terrible catastrophe with is put out of countenance by the lowness of their a shuddering curiosity, and the timid and imagi- evening dresses." He has us there, too! Fas native will fancy, in the dusk of the evening, that est ab hoste doceri. Had the same remarks been they still hear above the waters' roar the fearful made by an Englishman, they would have savored shriek that preceded the fatal plunge.

of ill-nature. But recorded as they are by a fo

reigner, they carry weight with them. We are a Our readers will remember, that we wit- superficial people !


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jecting paddle-boxes. Each of these drove

up from before its broad front a little wave, As when the rose we cherish'd

continually prolonging itself, which presently Lies wither'd on the plain,

curled over outwardly with a glassy edge, and Her leaves, tho' pale and perish'd, broke. Sweet odor still retain;

It was from this curling and breaking edge As when a song is ended,

-here and there, not in every part, that there Its music haunts the ear;

gleamed up a blueish light of the most vivid As when the Sun's descended,

lustre; so intense that I could almost read Light lingers o'er his bier;

the small print of a book that I held up over So Woman's brow, when faded,

the gangway. The luminous animals eviStill shines on Memory's stream:

dently ran in shoals, unequally distributed; The smile that Time has shaded,

for sometimes many rods would be passed, Gilds Fancy's darken'd dream.

in which none or scarcely any light was

evolved, then it would appear and continue for Ambition's footsteps falter,

perhaps an equal space. The waves formed And Passion's waves expire;

by the summits of the swells behind the ship Time strews the world's dark altar

continued to break, and were visible for a With ashes of Desire.

long way behind, as a succession of luminous But Woman's smile for ever

spots. Occasionally, one would appear in Returns upon our dream:

the distant darkness, after the intermediate Once felt, the soul can never

one had ceased; bearing no small resemForget Love's morning beam!

blance, as some one on board observed, to a ship showing a light by way of signal.

While on this subject, I will mention the ILLUMINATION OF THE SEA. charming spectacle presented by some of the

Sertularian zoophytes, in the dark. Other YOU GAVE US, MR. EDITOR, some very naturalists, as Professor Forbes, Mr. Hassal, interesting particulars last month (page 27), and Mr. Landsborough, have observed it beabout the various colors imparted at certain fore me; and it was the admiration expressed times to the waters of the great deep.

by them at the sight, that set me upon Connected with the same subject, I observe witnessing it for myself. I had a frond of some additional remarks recorded by Mr. Laminaria digitata, on whose smooth surface Gosse, in his “ Rambles of a Naturalist.” I a populous colony of that delicate zoophyte have copied them, and beg to crave a corner Laomedea geniculata had established itself. for their insertion in OUR JOURNAL:- I had put the frond into a vessel of water as

I was coming down lately, says Mr. Gosse, it came out of the sea, and the polypes were by the steamer from Bristol tollfracombe in now in the highest health and vigor in a lovely summer weather. Night fell on us large vase in my study. After nightfall I when approaching Lynmouth; and from went into the room, in the dark; and taking thence to Ilfracombe, the sea, unruffled by a a slender stick, struck the frond and waved it breeze, presented a phenomenon (of no rare to and fro. Instantly one and another of the occurrence indeed to those who are much polypes lighted up, lamp after lamp rapidly on the water, but) of unusual splendor and seemed to catch the tame, until in a second beauty. It was the phosphorescence of the or two every stalk bore several tiny but luminous animalcules; and though I have brilliant stars; while from the regular manner seen the same appearance in greater profusion in which the stalks were disposed along the and magnificence in other seas, I think I lines of the creeping stem, as before described, never saw it with more delight or admiration the spectacle bore a resemblance sufficiently than here.

striking to the illumination of a city; or Sparkles of brilliance were seen thickly rather to the gas-jets of some figure of a studding the smooth surface, when intently crown or V.R., adorning the house of a loyal looked at, though a careless' observer would citizen on a gala-night; the more because of have overlooked them; and as the vessel's the momentary extinction and re-lighting of bows ploughed up the water, and threw off the flames here and there, and the manner in the liquid furrow on each side, brighter which the successive ignition appeared to run specks were left adhering to the dark planks, rapidly from part to part. as the water fell off, and shone brilliantly It has been a question whether the lumiuntil the next plunge washed them away. nosity of these polypez is a vital function, or The foaming wash of the furrow itself was only the result of death and decomposition. turbid with milky light, in which glowed I agree with Mr. Hassal in thinking it attenspangles of intense brightness. But the most dant, if not dependent, upon vitality. The beautiful effect of the whole, by far, and what colony of Laomedea, in the preceding experiwas novel to me, was produced by the pro- ment, was still attached to its sea-weed; and this had not been washed up on the beach, there to meet the immediate wants of its but was growing in its native tide-pool when inhabitants. At one time it was raisedup I plucked it. It had never been out of water from the sea, in the form of an invisible gas, a single minute, and the polypes were in high and in an insensible manner-at another health and activity both before and after the time descending showers, to water the observation of their luminosity,

fields which are prepared for it by the sweat The above graphic sketch harmonises of the brow. nicely with the paper you have before In the ocean, it assisted in supplying the inserted. I have myself witnessed the ocean wants of the million of millions of its inhabiin a state of luminosity, and therefore take tants ;-on the land, it must have assisted in pleasure in seeing the causes of it popularly quenching the parching thirst of unnumbered explained.

millions, the lives of whom have long since W. E. passed their scene of action here. So adapted

is the means to the great end ! THOUGHTS ON A FEW DROPS OF WATER.

Who dares deny that this shows the design

of a great, intelligent First Cause ? THE RELATION THAT WATER HAS to all bodies endowed with life, in whatever shape THE MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON. they may appear to us, is very considerable, and embraces an extensive science.

IT IS AN ASCERTAINED FACT that there Water being the vehicle by means of which are three classes of lunar mountains. The first nourishment is conveyed into plants, and the consists of isolated, separate, distinct mounmeans through which nutriment becomes a tains of a very curious character. The dispart of the animal tissue, it follows that this tinguishing characteristic of these mountains element is of the highest importance, both in is this: they start up from a plain quite the animal and vegetable kingdoms. suddenly.

It is impossible to determine with any degree On the earth it is well known that mounof precision, the relative quantity of water and tains generally go in ranges or groups ; but we solid substances in animals and vegetables. find these isolated lunar mountains standing Some distinguished experimenters believe that up entirely apart, never having been connected there are at least 6-7 water in animals, and a with any range. The one named Pico, is 9,000 more considerable portion in vegetables than feet high. This mountain has the form of an would at first be imagined. The vegetableand immense sugar-loaf; and if our readers can animal economy are continually changing. imagine a fairly-proportioned sugar-loaf, Consequently, this great menstruum is neces- 9,000 feet in height, and themselves situated sary to carry on the work of building up and above it so as to be able to look down upon tearing down, for subserving a purpose then its apex, they will have an approximate idea becoming unfit for use. In the form of per of the appearance of Pico. spiration, some plants—for instance, the cab- There are many other mountains of a bage, transmit daily a quantity of water, nearly similar description scattered over the moon's equal to half their weight : this takes place surface; and these mountains not only stand from the under side of the leaves; and man per- apart from each other, but what is still more spires, on an average, at least 28 pints per day. remarkable, the plains on which they stand Hence renovation with this fluid is so neces- are but slightly disturbed. How singular, sary, and extreme thirst so painful.

then, the influence that shot the mountain up We cannot but be struck with the sublime 9,000 feet, and yet scarcely disturbed the character of this extensive and beautiful circle plain in the immediate neighborhood! The of action, to which, in part, the specimen second class of lunar elevations consists of before us is subject; and by which such a va- mountain ranges. Now this is the principal riety of important purposes are accomplished. feature of the mountains on earth. They are The vast range it embraces is wonderful. Once, rarely found associated in any other manner this little example may have been floating than in vast ranges. This phenomenon is high in the aërial regions, presenting all the also found in the moon, but there it is the beauties of a crystalline state, or in infinitely exception; only two principal ranges are small particles, collected in large heaps, found, and these appear to have been origincalled clouds—at another time, penetrating ally one range. One is called the Appennines. the bowels of the earth, collecting the many It is so well seen, that just as the line of minerals, with which it is impregnated, in the light is passing through the moon, you will fountain. At one time it was mingling with think it is, generally speaking, a crack in the waters of the great deep, and occasion- its surface; but a telescope of ordinary ally, wafted by winds and currents out into power will at once manifest it to be a range fathomless regions—at another, bursting out of mountains. from some of the springs or fountains which The lunar Appennines may be compared are found in every section of the globe, placed with the loftiest ranges of mountains upon


the case.

it may

earth. It is 18,000 feet high, and there is their choice of any species of tree. I could not another range still higher, rising 25,000 feet be sure of how many birds there were, but I beabove its base. In this feature, then, the lieve there would not be fewer than eighty to moon corresponds with the earth, but with ninety--forty or forty-five pairs; but from the this difference-what is the rule on the earth screaming way they fly about when one intrudes is the exception on the moon.


on their domains, it is no easy matter to count them. Though the nests are more numerous than

the birds I have stated, there might be, as I have NOTES ON THE HERON.

no doubt there were, some of them old and un

tenanted. The nests I observed are all placed, if THERE ARE SOME particularly interesting not on the very summit of the trees, at least as papers in No. 30 of our good old friend " The high as may be, and on the extremity of the Naturalist." Among them, we observe one their nests, for did branches intervene, they would

branches--no doubt that they may get easily into from S. Hannaford, Jun., Esq., who left us, have difficulty in so doing; it is a most ludicrous to our great regret, last year, to proceed to sight to see their long legs twirling about like as Australia. *

many churn-staves before descending into their The communication we allude to is entitled “Notes on the Indigenous Plants of Mel- Before the Herons got established in their posbourne;” and it will be perused with delight sessions, they and the Rooks had a severe, or by all who feel interested in that now im- rather a series of severe battles; but Mr. Heron portant country.

came off victorious, and now woe to the poor Rook The article we select is slightly abridged who ventures on the island! I have heard it from “ Notes on the Heron,” by W. G. stated that the legs of the Herons might be seen Johnstone, Esq. We quite agree in opinion

out of the nest behind, while sitting ; this is not with him, in considering a heronry an inter; of the Rook's, in many cases no larger; the eggs,

The nest is formed very much like that esting sight. His ramble is introduced thus :

generally three in number, are of a beautiful green

color, varying somewhat in shape, but about the It was a delightful morning, the 4th of April, size of the domestic fowl's; some of them are ovate, when we awoke, our thoughts intent on the pila pointed at the lower end, others are pointed at grimage about to be performed, to see for the first both ends. I noticed many of the male birds with time not only a Heronry, but one situated in that splendid crests, others of them very small; small lake where steam, as applied to propelling be that some never have that appendage so full vessels, was first tried, and that successfully. The as others, or that the latter are younger birds, for place in itself is surpassing lovely, embosomed at least two years are required to perfect the amongst slightly undulating green hills, with those Heron's plumage. of a sterner cast in the back ground, clothed to Altogether a Heronry is a most interesting their summits with the Tasselled Larch (Larix), sight, no less from its novelty than a romantic and our hardy native Pine (Pinus Sylvestris) ; | beauty peculiarly its own. We wonder much to and extending again beyond these may be seen hear of parties having such in their possession, the heath-clad mountains, where, in the words of destroying them. The birds do no injury, their

food consisting of eels, frogs, and the like; indeed " The martyrs lie; they only establish themselves in the vicinity of Where Cameron's sword and his bible are seen, waters where such are to be found, and are more Engraved on the stone where the heather grows benefit than otherwise. Rookeries are allowed green.”

and cherished-aye, noisy Rooks—and why not Indeed all around is sacred ground the lake the gentle Heron-a more interesting bird we before us, Burns' (our national poet) Farm at Ellis- have not on our island ; one, too, associated with land immediately behind us, Queensberry looking by gone days, when the cry used to be at dawn down upon us, surrounded on all sides by moun

of daytains till the chain is completed by the dark

“Waken Lords and ladies gay,

&c." browed Criffel, which guards the entrance to the Not as nowSolway. But to the matter in hand; as I have before

Up in the mornings no for me." stated, the Heronry is situated on a small island It may be well also to state that several pairs in the lake. I was very particular in my exami. of Herons have this year, for the first time, built nation of it. The Heronry consists of forty-nine their nests in a wood at a short distance from the nests in all, of which two nests are on birch trees, lake, not certainly for want of room on the island; three on silver firs, four on ash, four on oak, four " but every man to his humor," as Shakspeare on larch, seven on spruce, and twenty-five on elm; says: thus showing they are not at all particular as to

Having said so much regarding the Heronry, we must take notice of four other friends claiming

our attention. Two by their restless activity, the * We may note here, that Part 20 of“ Morris' Water-hen, and the Coot; two by their subdued Natural History of the Nests and Eggs of British quiet beauty, the Wild Duck, and the lovely little Birds," and also Part 39 of the “ History of Bri- Teal. The two former breed on and around the tish Birds,” by the same author, are just published. lake; the two latter disappear about this time, reThey are, as usual, highly interesting, and the turning again generally in the course of a few engravings nicely colored.-ED. K. J.

months with a goodly addition to their numbers.

the poet,

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