Obrazy na stronie

keep both accounts correctly, with this stipu- into requisition. Tobacco-pouches are filled. Two lation, that, at the end of a year, I am to additional mangals of charcoal-fire and some adretain all I can save of the ten pounds, and ditional coffee-pots are prepared. Decanters are to return to you all that remains of the filled with arraki, wine, liqueurs, orange-flower twenty pounds."

and rose water; and the cut-glass saucers are “ It is agreed. I will pay quarterly, maid-servants and a boy, assisted and superin

replenished with candied preserves; whilst two beginning to night." And he took out his tended by the mistress of the house, are busy purse, and counted seven pounds ten shillings grinding coffee and decocting huge bowls of deliinto his wife's hands."

ciously-iced lemonade. And how did the bargain turn out ? Our In addition to all this, a side-table is groaning readers have, no doubt, guessed it already. under the weight of plates of sliced oranges and Jane continued, during the year, to supply picked pomegranates, with numerous other fruits, her husband with cigars, and, at the end, and a great variety of pastry. By the time all rendered in her account'; by which it ap- these arrangements are completed, the night sets peared, that Mr. Morris had smoked away in; the whole yard is illuminated; the members twenty-two pounds, while his wife had spent engaged donning their best attire, and the com

of the househoid and the servants are busily only eight pounds on gloves, handkerchiefs, and shoes-the two pounds she had saved pany of hired musicians arrive. The music strikhaving just enabled her to keep her husband's bors to make their appearance. They arrive; the

ing up is the signal for the nearest invited neighcigar.box full, without calling on him for the men clad in long, loose silken robes, the women deficiency till the year was up.

enveloped in their white izars. But these latter Mr. Morris paid the balance, with a long are speedily thrown aside at the invitation of the face, but without a word of comment. He lady of the house, who assists in helping the has ever since given, of his own accord, the guests to disrobe, and then confides their izars to ten-pound allowance to his wife.

the trusty care of the handmaiden. Now these Husbands who think their wives waste veils are all of the same make, and they have no money on gloves, SHOULD BE CAREFUL TO

initials or other distinguishing mark. Notwith

standing this, no confusion ensues on the breaking WASTE NONE ON CIGARS."

We repeat it—there is a good moral in up of a party as to identification ; every lady is this sketch from life ; and we hope each one

quick to recognise her own peculiar izar from the

mass of white sheets that are folded and piled, one of our fair readers will make ample use of it above another, upon the divan in the upstairs dresfor her own particular benefit. Men are sing-room. little better than semi-savages, and must be Soon the whole party have arrived; and the well looked after.

amusements of the evening commence with vocal

and instrumental music. After this, some of the LIFE AND BEAUTY IN DAMASCUS.

gentlemen stand up and go through the graceful attitudes of the Syrian dance. Then, some others

volunteer the sword dance, or the Bedouin dance; AN AMUSING BOOK has just been issued,

some of the married ladies then take courage; entitled “ The Turks in Europe.” It is from but it requires coaxing and threats to induce the the pen of Mr. Bayle St. John-a writer not timid damsel to display her skill

. Persuasion being much known, but an accurate observer of out of the question, some old gentleman gets up life. We have been looking carefully over and pretends that he is going to dance instead of his pages, and find two racy extracts that are her, and he goes through a few steps till he comes likely to amuse our readers ; and at this sea- close up to some girl that he has singled out from son, when“ heavy writing" is at a discount, the circle. Seizing her arm with no very gentle they will be considered quite in place. The force, he whirls her into the centre of the yard; first scene that we will direct attention to is and meanwhile, some one who has watched the

manœuvre acts the same part by some other blush

ing maiden. These are confronted face to face, Let us, says the author, introduce those who and there is now no escape; so they commence, may be strangers to their customs, into the house at first timidly and bashfully, but, getting graduwhere the farah (feast) is to be held. Women ally excited by the music, they lose all this preare busily occupied washing out and sweeping the tended bashfulness, and do their best to outshine court-yard ; the flowers and other plants are fresh each other; and truly there is rarely a more watered; the marble fountain is decorated with graceful sight than two beautiful Damascene colored lanterns and festoons of flowers ; carpets girls, elegantly dressed and bespangled with are spread, and divan cushions ranged against jewels, displaying their graceful figures to the the walls; the mistaba is tastefully lighted, and best advantage, to the slow but becoming meaa highly inflammable torch, composed of the fat sures of the dance. wood of fir, resin, and other ingredients, is planted in each of the four corners.

This is an important ceremony, at which In the smoking apartment of the mistaba, pre- different from our English ceremonies, that

we should dearly love to assist. It is so very parations are making on a grand scale. Large bags of ready-washed and prepared timbac are it would possess a delicious freshness, hung upon nails in the wall, to filter and to be fit indescribable charm. Such a contest, and for immediate use when the narghilies are called | between two such lovely performers, must



be more than commonly interesting. But knotted and interwoven with various sized golden let us proceed :

coins. Her features (excepting the eyes) are all

small, but compact. The nose is Grecian, the lips All the other young ladies now follow their cherry, and slightly pouting, the chin dimpled, example ; and as cach couple retires at the ter. the form of the face oval, and the complexion mination of their efforts to please, they are hailed clear, with a rosy tint. The bust and figure are with shouts of applause, and liberally besprinkled unexceptionable, the arms comely, the wrists and with rose and orange-flower water. The old ladies ankles well turned, and the feet and hands perfect evince their approbation by a peculiar vibrating models for a sculptor. Yet this is one out of the scream, produced by the voice passing through many nondescript beings that we encountered, the nearly-closed lips, whilst the under lip is kept with izar and veil in the street. in a continual tremulous state by the rapid appli- Her face and figure are well set off by the headcation of the back of the fore-finger to that feature. dress and Oriental costume. On the top of her

When dancing is over for the evening, games head she wears a small red cap, which is encircled of forfeit are introduced, and promote much mirth; by a handsomely-flowered handkerchief; and over especially one game called " Tuthun, Tuthun, min the latter, strings of pearls and pieces of small

Tuthun, P-a game of Turkish origin, as its name gold money are tastefully arranged in festoons. denotes, and which is played thus : every one in In the centre of her red cap is a diamond crescen the circle takes the name of a bird, a tree, or a from which hangs a long golden cord with a blue flower, whilst the king of the game goes round silk tassel, usually ornamented with pearls. Her and collects in a handkerchief some small article vest fits tight, and admirably displays the unlaced from each one present.

These he afterwards figure. shuffles together, and then drawing out one, which In summer, this vest is of blue or pink satin, he carefully conceals in his hand, he fixes upon bordered and fringed with gold lace. In winter, some one in the circle, to whom he puts the ques- cloth, edged with fur, is substituted for the satin ; tion-" Tuthun, Tuthun, min Tuthun?" or To- and over the vest is worn a short grey jacket, bacco, tobacco, whose is it?" The party fixer

? chastely embroidered with black silk braid. The upon is obliged to guess, and he names some bird vest is confined to the waist by a zunnar,

in sumor flower which he has heard some one call him- mer, of a silk Tripoli scarf, in winter by a costly self. If the guess is wrong, he has to hold out cashmere shawl; and from under this a long robe his hand and receive three stripes from a closely reaches to her ankles, and is divided into two long knotted handkerchief; and then, the party referred lappels lined with satin and fringed with costly to is next obliged to guess to whom the “ Tuthun” trimmings. This latter robe partially conceals belongs, and so on all round the circle till the right the shirwal, or full trousers, which hang loosely name has been discovered. Then the king resigns over, and are fastened round the ankles; the tasty his post and handkerchief, and is relieved in his mixture of colors, and the graceful arrangement, office by him or her that made the right guess. render the costume a perfect study. After these games, some one tells a story or recites Latterly European shoes have been much used a poem.

by the Damascene ladies; especially those gailyful. We should like right well to be one of and her walk and action are as graceful as her Really, these little games must be delight- flowered kid shoes, imported into Syria from Mar

seilles. This completes the young lady's toilet, the invited guests. We would tell them figure and face are prepossessing; but beyond the many a good story ; recite to them many a

naam (yes) and la (no) of conversation, you can pleasing poem.

seldom get a word from her unless you are a very But now let us introduce our second ex- intimate friend of the family; and there

, these young tract,-the subject an enchanting one. It is ladies are as fond of a little romping or quizzing a full-length picture of a lady of Damascus, as their more accomplished and more elegant called by Mr. St. John " a very fair specimen sisters of the North. of her sex. Can our English women catch

It would be prudish, were it otherwise ; any idea worth adopting, from the subjoined and who could help romping with, and quizgraphic sketch? We think they can, if they zing such charming young ladies, - all so be so disposed. What they are so deficient

becomingly habited! It must indeed be in, are-ease, repose, elegance, and effect. delightful to be “a very intimate friend of When“ dressed,” they tell us, unmistakeably, the family." We conclude Mr. St. John had they live but to be looked at. The mind that honor. Happy traveller! altogether retires. They are " all outside." Sad, but true!

It is a mistake, adds the author, to imagine that Mr. St. John has evidently made good excluded from any friendly intercourse with the

the natives of the Turkish empire are wholly use of his eyes,-even though he may not

women of those countries,- a tale which has have lost his heart. Beginning (of course) gained credence and been perseveringly main, with her eyes, he thus writes of

tained by travellers, few of whom have ever had an opportunity of testing the truth of the report

by personal experience. Amongst the higher HER EYES are beautifully dark; her eyelashes, classes of the Greek persuasion in particular, every eyebrows, and hair, of a glossy jet black. The freedom exists in doors; young ladies not only latter, tinged with henna, hangs down her back show themselves, but, after serving the griest with and reaches nearly to the ground in a succession coffee and sweetmeats, they will seat themselves of plaits ; each terminating with black silk braid, on the edge of the divan, and soon manage to join



in the conversation. This state of freedom exists, DARK SPOTS ON THE FAIR SUN,to a greater or less degree, till the young girl is

CONVENTS, ETC. betrothed. Then it is not considered decorous that she should be present whenever her intended

Parents, brothers, sisters! All ye who take bridegroom visits the house; neither should she

A lively interest in the happiness hear his name mentioned.

of objects to your bosom near and dear, Even amongst Turks, and more especially in

(And where is he who has not some fond plant, the villages and smaller towns of Syria, the young

Some lovely flow'r, o'er which his bosom warms,

His tender thoughts expand ?) Beware, beware Mahomedan sees and converses with the future The serpent's oily tongue! The ETERNAL object of his love until she attains her eleventh

WELFARE of immortal souls respect ! or twelfth year. - She is then excluded from the society of men; but womanhood has already begun IF EVER MORTAL had reason to rejoice, to develop itself in the person of the girl of ten or

we have. A few honest remarks from our eleven years old in these climates, where they are oftentimes wives and mothers at thirteen. Hence, pen, introduced from time to time in conlove exists between the young couple before the nection with the internal machinery of condestined bridegroom urges his mother to make the vents, have, it would appear, worked wonders. requisite proposals of marriage. He loses sight They have led to inquiry, and this inquiry of his lady-love as soon as she enters upon woman has ended in satisfactory proof that we hood; though he may, by means of a third party, asserted nothing rashly. catch an occasional glimpse of her features as she It would ill become us, as a Public Jourpasses to and fro, strictly guarded by matrons and nalist, to shrink from a task of positive though old duennas. Yet, not a single word or one be- painful duty. What we have said has been witching kiss can the despairing lover liope for, forced from us. We only wish that every until she is brought home to his house, his lawful other Journal had been as fearlessly indepenconsort and partner for life! Then, and not till dent in the utterance of its sentiments. The then, commences the great seclusion of the ladies souls and bodies of our fellow-creatures are of the Turkish harem. However, in country not objects to be trifled with,—their tembride may be strictly guarded for a year or two, poral and eternal happiness are not matters this feeling eventually wears off, and the to be so lightly esteemed. To immolate one's women mix in the every day occupations of the own child, too! Forbid it, Heaven ! field or in the garden, unveiled and undistinguish- How often has our heart groaned with able from their Christian neighbors.

anguish, to read (blazoned forth in our public These “occasional glimpses” are barba- newspapers,) an announcement of some disrities. The author does not tell us whether tinguished young lady of fortune being about any of the matrons and old duennas are

to pass through the fire to Moloch!"-or, to poisoned, or otherwise disposed of. We speak in the refined language of modern imagine, however, that they must myste- times, to “take the veil!" Tickets, too, to riously disappear in very large numbers; nor

see this great insult to the Almighty, have ought the inquiry pursued to be too particu- been advertised for disposal! Nobody, larly rigid, - under the circumstances.”

surely, will ask us to recall the remark we So much for the beauty and the festivities have so often uttered as to the world being of Damascus.

mad. Men and women, with hearts and souls, to gaze on a sinful offering like this-and with such complacency too!

Is it not HEADS MAY DIFFER-HEARTS AGREE. monstrous ? Fathers !-blush. Mothers !

weep tears of blood. Tho' in matters of faith we can't always agree, What puzzles us so very much is,—that

And kneel at one altar together,
Yet in friendship and love we united may be,

people of good education and general comOr our faith else is not worth a feather.

mon sense, should form such a contemptible, Like the bee, whose philosophy, truthful indeed,

such an insulting idea of the Supreme Being, Invites it each blossom to rifle,

whose love for His creatures is so infinite. Let us glean what is noble and good from each They profess to adopt the "Sacred Volume" creed,

as their book of faith; and yet act in open Nor with conscience and honesty trifle.

defiance of every holy, innocent principle it

enjoins. Fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers, How much better and wiser the world might friends! be timely warned, and let no more become,

such hideous sacrifices call down the ven. Would partisans cease their contention, Would the censor but pause, and the bigot be and blood. Do not destroy them here and

geance of Heaven. Cherish your own flesh dumb, Nor strengthen the weeds of dissension;

hereafter. But love one another, as brothers and men,

This earth was made for our use and In works of pure charity labor,

happiness, and for the Creator's glory. Be true to the faith of their sires, and again Everything is lawful, lawfully used ; and all Respect the same right in their neighbor. that is required from us in return is a tribute

G. L. B. of gratitude, adoration, and praise. On this



point all our honest and best men are agreed. FLOWERS, AND A LOVE FOR NATURE; Depend upon this,--he excels most who is most useful in his day and generation.

SCIENCE MADE EASY. Cloistered virtues smell rank.

Ere we terminate these few remarks, let IT IS us mention the pleasing fact of the withdrawal to comment on the power of kindness in of one of our former subscribers, a Roman winning young people to the pursuit of useful Catholic. His letter, dated from Buckland, knowledge. We have said, and we glory in near Faringdon, expresses wrathful indig- repeating it, that gentleness and goodness nation at us for our having dared to expose will accomplish almost everything. Only get the abuses of convents.* This is well ; coming possession of a child's heart, and reason kindly from such a quarter-at once the handsomest with it, and it is at once in your keeping. compliment that could have been paid us, These remarks are introductory to a little and strongly corroborative of the power episode which appears in our excellent conTRUTH possesses when properly handled. temporary, the "Gardeners' Journal," and OUR JOURNAL never can hope,-neither which we make no apology for transferring, does it aim, to flourish in such an impure (in a carefully abridged form,) to our own atmosphere. If it should die, let it die with columns.

There is a

great fact” interthe praise of all honest men upon it ;-it woven in this little narrative of events, which were a noble death !

cannot fail to be recognised by our readers, It has done much good; it rejoices in the and we feel sure of their appreciating the hope of yet adding largely to the sphere of its motive by which we are actuated in bringing usefulness.

it under their eye.

Let us call the sketch

we allude to * Let us tell this very enlightened Roman

THE VILLAGE FLOWER-SHOW. Catholic a little secret. We sent his letter, under cover, to a friend of ours, who is a true philan- In a quiet corner of rural England dwells a thropist. In the reply he sent us, was enclosed the pastor of the Established Church--an eminent following :—"The object of the miserable man

teacher of botany, whose educational views, sprung who wrote that epistle shall be defeated. Tell from a mathematical university, have bent with the Editor of Kidd's Journal, with my best peculiar grace to the influence of his professional compliments, that I will be a subscriber, in his pursuits. For him, the lilies of the field are mistead, from the present time. I forward 20s. on

nistering elements of thought and feeling; serving account. May the righteous cause prosper!” to rear up the minds of his flock in notions of We learn from our friend, that we are indebted comeliness and order; and to draw lessons from to a very high-minded, charitable lady for this plants and other natural objects, is with him a little service. We record it to her honor.- Ep. treasured step towards the development of an K. J.

observant and godly intellect. Let us see how far his village flower-show, held a few days since,

confirms the spirit of his teaching. WHAT I LOVE.

The ruling principle of the “H- Laborers' and Mechanics' Horticultural Society," is, that

every member should feel his independence as I play not with the thunders, a contributing subscriber. They are of the And the grim lightnings are no friends of mine; very poorest class. Few, very few, alas! of the And the profound unmeasured amplitudes parents are able to read or write. The subIn which all times and changes hang like stars, scription is sixpence per annum, and out of this And the deep questionings which move thy breast, small fund two annual shows-one of flowers Move me but little; though I know they are. and one of vegetables are held with great I never shook a paw with the dread Sphynx, rejoicing in the grounds of the Rectory. Prizes, And all her riddles are to me as dreams.

varying from 2s. 6d. to a pinch of white snuff, i.e., I love the lowly and the beautiful--

peppermint lozenges, are offered by the rector, The apple, sun-brown'd on the garden wall; gentry, and farmers, to the most successful cultiThe peach just rounding into ripeness, with vators, and the award of the judges is looked Its first young blush just spreading o'er its cheek; forward to, each year, with as much competing The breath of flowers and hum of honey-bees, excitement as the gold and silver Banksian and The wavy odor of bean-fields, and songs

Knightian medals of the metropolis. Of merry harvest-home; the music which

There is, however, one important advantage A tiny streamlet makes unto the trees

which this Society has over those of London. It That stand in condescending stateliness

gives prizes for wild-flowers. As the seasong Along its mossy banks, like grim old grey-beards come round, the children of H— go into the Listening with all becoming gravity

fields to gather wild-flowers, and a faithful record To the sweet talk and fragmentary thought is kept and printed, of the parish Flora. Hard Of prattling infancy; the amber blush


monocotyledonous" and And hues of glory which the evening spreads, "inflorescence" are familiar to them as Ere she has closed the flowery volume up, household words. They are engrafted on the The record of the day; and the dark zone memory by their continual practical illustration. Of Night, with all its cabalistic pomp.

The spelling-book gives them names equally hard


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and important, such as ple-ni-po-ten-ti-a-ry and appeared at the door (looking a little quaint in ag-grand-ize-ment; but as these things are unfa- bis straw hat, with a rough hoe for a walkingmiliar, and have no practical illustration among stick), the pinafored botanists, who seemed to them, they are forgotten almost as soon as learned. congregate hy instinct, stood up to receive him. Of wild-flowers, a prize of 1s. and four of 6d. are At one end of the room was a cupboard, containoffered for the five best posegays, not exceeding ing the parish herbarium. It consisted of dried 18in. by 12in., prepared by children between eight specimens of the flora of H—, neatly arranged and fourteen years of age, and a prize of ls. and and named, and outside on a board hung the two of 6d. for similar nosegays from children printed catalogue of reference. Opposite to it under eight years of age ; and three prizes of 2s. was a large A,B,C table, and some views of the 6d., 2s., and 1s. 6d., are offered, respectively, to Crystal Palace. At the other end of the room the children of the parish school, who shall answer was the vivarium, or collection of living specimens. best some questions about the local wild-Howers. Each plant was contained in a separate phial of

The day arrives, and the village botanists are water, and two or three hundred or more, all fully sauntering up the long walk with the produce of labelled, were arranged along the wall in wooden their rambles. Presently they are buzzing under shelves drilled for their reception. a group of horse-chestnut trees, making up their

Tlie prizes awarded to the most successful field nosegays-eighteen inches by twelve-and anon

botanists were now brought out for distribution. they show them in the exhibition-booth, in the They were of three classes—botanical boxes, quaintest possible stands — from a ginger-beer pocket lenses, and cases of forceps. The little bottle to a cocked-hat-Damon of the time of villagers received their philosophical instruments Watteau, with his arms a-kimbo, looking as proud with a shrewd appreciation of the use of them, of his load as a Linnean herbalist. Opposite to and brought them to bear on a dissection of the them are arranged the fuchsias, geraniums, roses, products of the day with the dexterity of a pinks, stocks, pansies, annuals and perennials, Hooker or a Lindley. The forceps was lifted to nosegays, and device nosegays; and at the end separate the sepals and petals ; the lens to examine the rustics are peeping with astonishment into a

the number of pistils and stamens; and class, polyorama and a stereoscope.

order, and genus were determined by the comThe giving of each prize is accompanied with peting botanists in a moment. “They beat my praises and criticism, according as either is needed. Cambridge boys," said the Professor ; The fuchsias are pronounced to be excellent; the trouble ourselves here about the Artificial system pinks not so good. "You must improve their of botany: we jump smack to the Natural.” cultivation," said the Professor, by the next

One little girl had detected a species of recd show. In having such jagged edges they look too much like cloves. They look as if they had been grass new to her. It was new, as occurring in

this locality, to the Professor. It was new even jumping through the brambles and had torn their to his own private herbarium, and rare in all petticoats.” The failing characteristic was under England. The girls were now examined as to stood in a moment. The wild-flower gatherers the general characters of plants. A specimen was now stand round to receive their prizes, and to be held up and systematically pulled to pieces, and asked questions. It was announced that one little the questions put were promptly answered in the girl had added twelve new species to the flora of course of the dissection. All we can ourselves

during the past year; twelve, not brought remember is a lifting of the forceps, a quizzing hap-hazard, with a heap of others, but detected through lenses, a general consultation and whisperseparately in the field, as not being in the printed ing, and the simultaneous echo now and then of catalogue, and not hitherto known to the Univer- such words as 'tetradynamous,''hypogynous,' sity Professor of Botany as being inhabitants of polypetalous,' syngenesious,' and the like ; his parish. Plants from the west of England, not learned out of a printed formula, which had proved before seen by the little botanists, were then shown much easier to them than the multiplication table. to them, and the class, family, and genus were told without hesitation; and when asked to what remarked the Professor, with a smile.

They beat my Cambridge boys hollow," again plant known to them they were related, the allied

In conclusion, all kneeled down on the clean local species was named, though differing, in brick floor, to repeat a short prayer to the gracious general aspect. The plant was determined alone Giver of plants, that open out spring lessons for by i18 scientific character. The prizes were awarded; and it did one's impressed with the importance of nature-teaching,

intelligent minds; and we went out thoroughly heart good to see the little bob-curtsey and

even in this sequestered pastoral spot. We would intelligent simper that accompanied it. A pre- have given the world at that moment for some sent of botanical boxes was promised to be claim to a share in the blessing that followed the given on the morrow. The banquet of tea and cake for three hundred horticulturists who had reverend Professor home to the Rectory. taken penny tickets, and a hymn of loyalty and This is philosophy worth talking about. grateful interchange of huzzas between master It is, indeed, living for a good purpose. If and servants, concluded the proceedings. The the same principle of action were carried out parting adieu is still tinkling gently in our

in a multitude of other matters, how much But a yet more interesting sight awaited us.

happier should we be as a nation! On the morrow we visited the parish dame-school.

The feelings of that Reverend Professor we The forms were crowded with children, the girls can readily enter into. Oh, that we could neat and intelligent, and the boys somewhat number many more such professors” in this quaintly clad, and drowsy. As the Professor giddy world of ours !


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