Obrazy na stronie

ment?" the answer would either be in the slightest hurt or harm. The consciousness of affirmative, or there would be an immediate success thus far, the pure transparent air, the resolution formed--to go and do what ought to excitement attached to the very position in which have been done long ago. All the world, of we found ourselves, and the strange bewildering course, will go and see Mont Blanc, and novelty of the surrounding scenery, produced a - Albert Smith; the “two inseparables."

flowing exhilaration of spirits that I had

never before experienced. The feeling was But as there may, perchance, be some shared by all; and we laughed and sang, and few among our readers who are prevented made the guides contribute whatever they could the pleasure we speak of, let such hear the to the general amusement, and told them such account of what they cannot see. We will stories as would translate well in return ; until, be as concise as possible. And first for the I believe, that dinner will never be forgotten by grand start. Albert Smith loq.


A fine diversion was afforded by racing the About half-past seven we started; and as we empty bottles down the glacier. We flung them left the inn, and traversed the narrow ill-paved off from the rock as far as we were able, and then streets of Chamouni towards the bridge, I believe watched their course. Whenever they chanced we formed the largest caravan that had ever

to point neck first down the slope, they started gone off together. Each of us had four guides, off' with inconceivable velocity, leaping the making twenty in all; and the porters and crevices by their own impetus, until they were volunteers I may reckon at another score ; lost in the distance. The excitement of the besides which, there was a rabble rout of friends, guides during this amusement was very reand relations, and sweethearts, and boys, some of markable : a stand of betting men could not have wbom came

a considerable distance with us. betrayed more at the Derby. Their anxiety I had a mule waiting for me at the bridle-road when one of the bottles approached a crevice that runs through the fields towards the dirty was intense; and if the gulf was cleared they little village of Les Pélerins--for I wished to keep perfectly screamed with delight,

" Voici un bon myself as fresh as I could for the real work. I coureur ! " or, Tiens ! comme il saute bien!" do not think I gained anything by this, for the burst from them; and “ Le grand s'arrête !" brute was exceedingly troublesome to manage up Il est perdu-quel dommage !* Non-il the rude steep path and amongst the trees. I marche encore !could not have been uttered expect my active young companions had the best with more earnestness had they been watching a of it on their own good legs. Dressed, at present, herd of chamois. in light boating attire, they were types of fellows

The sun at length went down behind the in first-rate fibrous muscular condition; and their Aiguille du Goúté; and then, for two hours, a sunry good temper, never once clouded during scene of such wild and wondrous beauty-of the journey, made everything bright and cheering. such inconceivable and unearthly splendor-burst

Let us follow our leader in his description upon me, that, spell-bound, and almost trembling of the bivouac on the Grand Mulets :

with the emotion its magnificence called forth

with every sense, and feeling, and thought As soon as we had arranged our packs and absorbed by its brilliancy, I saw far more than bundles we began to change our clothes, which the realisation of the most gorgeous visions that were tolerably well wet through with trudging opium or hasheesh could evoke, accomplished. and tumbling about among the snow; and cutting At first, everything about us, above, around, a number of pegs, we strewed our garments about below-the sky, the mountain, and the lower the crannies of the rocks to dry, I put on two peaks—appeared one uniform creation of burnished shirts, two pairs of lamb’s-wool socks, a thick gold, so brightly dazzling that, now our veils were pair of Scotch plaid trousers, a "Templar removed, the eye could scarcely bear the splendor. worsted headpiece, and a common blouse; and As the twilight gradually crept over the lower my companions were attired in a similar manner. world, the glow became still more vivid ; and pre

There was now great activity in the camp. sently, as the blue mists rose in the valleys, the Some of the guides ranged the wine bottles side tops of the higher mountains looked like islands by side in the snow; others unpacked the re- rising from a filmy ocean--an archipelago of freshment knapsacks; others, again, made a rude gold. By degrees this metallic lustre was softened fireplace, and filled a stew-pan with snow to melt. into tints,-first orange, and then bright, transAll this time it was so hot, and the sun was so parent crimson, along the horizon, rising through bright, that I began to think the guide who told the different hues with prismatic regularity, until, De Saussure he should take a parasol up with immediately above us, the sky was a deep pure him, did not deserve to have been laughed at. blue, merging towards the east into glowing As soon as our wild bivouac assumed a little violet. The snow took its color from these appearance of order, two of the guides were sent changes; and every portion on which the light up the glacier to go a great way ahead, and then fell was soon tinged with pale carmine, of a return and report upon the state of the snow on the shade similar to that which snow at times plateaux. When they had started, we perched assumes, from some imperfectly explained cause, ourselves about on the comparatively level spaces at high elevations—such, indeed, as I had seen, of the rock, and with knife and fingers began our in early summer, upon the Furka and Faulhorn. dinner. We kept high festival that afternoon on These beautiful hues grew brighter as the twithe Grand Mulets.

light below increased in depth ; and it now came One stage of our journey—and that one by no marching up the valley of the glaciers, until it means the easiest—had been achieved without the reached our resting-place. Higher and higher still it drove the lovely glory of the sun-light bravely on, like fine fellows as they were, getting before it, until at last the vast Dome de Gouté ahead even of some of the guides; but I was perand the summit itself stood out, icelike and grim, fectly done up. Honest Tiarraz had no sinecure in the cold evening air, although the horizon still to pull me after him; for I was stumbling about, gleamed with a belt of rosy light. Although this as though com tely intoxicated. I could not superb spectacle had faded away, the scene was keep my eyes open, and planted my feet anywhere still even more than striking. The fire which the but in the right place. I know I was exceedingly guides had made, and which was now burning cross. I have even a recollection of having scolded and crackling on a ledge of rock a little below us, my "team,” because they did not go quicker; and threw its flickering light, with admirable effect, I was excessively indignant when one of them upon our band. The men had collected round dared to call my attention to Monte Rosa. the blaze, and were making some chocolate, as At last, one or two went in front, and thus somethey sang patois ballads and choruses ; they were what quickened our progress. Gradually our speed all evidently as completely at home as they would increased, until I was scrambling almost on my have been in their châlets.

hands and knees; and then, as I found myself on We had arranged ourselves as conveniently as a level, it suddenly stopped. I looked round, and we could, so as not to inconvenience one another, saw there was nothing higher. The batons were and had still nothing more than an ordinary wrap- stuck in the snow, and the guides were grouped per over us ; there had been no attempt to build about; some lying down, and others standing in the tent with batons and canvass, as I had read in little parties. I was on the top of Mont Blanc ! some of the Mont Blanc narratives--the starry The ardent wish of years was gratified; but I was Heaven was our only roofing. Mr. Floyd and Mr. so completely exhausted, that, without looking Philips were already fast asleep. Mr. West was round me, I fell down upon the snow, and was still awake, and I was too excited even to close asleep in an instant. I never knew the charm my eyes in the attempt to get a little repose. We before of that mysterious and brief repose

which talked for awhile, and then he also was silent. ancient people term "forty winks." Six or seven The stars had come out, and, looking over the minutes of dead slumber, was enough to restore plateau, I soon saw the moonlight lying cold and the balance of my ideas; and when Tiarraz awoke silvery on the summit, stealing slowly down the me, I was once more perfectly myself. very track by which the sunset glories had passed And now I entered into the full delight that upward and away. But it came so tardily, that the consciousness of our success brought with it. I knew it would be hours before we derived any It was a little time before I could look at anything actual benefit from the light.

steadily. I wanted the whole panorama condensed One after another the guides fell asleep, until into one point; for, gazing at Geneva and the only three or four remained round the embers of Jura, I thought of the plains of Lombardy behind the fire, thoughtfully smoking their pipes. And me; and turning round towards them, my eye then silence, impressive beyond expression, reigned immediately wandered away to the Oberland, with over our isolated world. Often and often, from its hundred peaks, glittering in the bright morning Chamouni, I had looked up at evening towards sun. the darkening position of the Grand Mulets, and thought, almost with shuddering, how awful it set before them, will rest satisfied without

Who, after reading all that we have here must be for men to pass the night in such a remote, eternal, and frozen wilderness. And now seeing it realised ? Not one person, we I was lying there—in the very heart of its ice hope, who is possessed of a spare shilling: bound and appalling solitude. In such close com

Success to Albert Smith !

say we.

He munion with nature in her grandest aspect, with has made loads of money, and he deserves it. no trace of the actual living world beyond the He once “cut us up" in print, and made fun mere speck that our little party formed, the mind of us for being such a devoted "lover of was carried far away from its ordinary train of nature," or what he called “ nonsense.”. We thought-a solemn emotion of mingled awe and glory in taking our revenge in a different delight, and yet self-perception of abject nothing.

strain. ness, alone rose above every other feeling. A

All " lovers of nature can afford to be vast untrodden region of cold, and silence, and death, stretched out far and away from us on every

good-tempered. No ill-feeling can side ; but above, Heaven, with its countless watch- linger in their breast. Let us therefore ful eyes, was over all !

“cry quits,"good Mr. Albert Smith. A long Having got thus far, it would be sad and merry reign to you and your clever Book? indeed to leave our travellers in the lurch. Let us drag on, then, with them, till they M'Intosh's BOOK OF THE GARDEN. Part reach the summit :

XIII.-Blackwood and Sons. For upwards of half an hour we kept on IN OUR

NUMBERS slowly mounting this iceberg, until we reached directed special attention to this excellent the foot of the last ascent-the calotte, as it is

work, so rich in horticultural information, called—the "cap" of Mont Blanc. The danger was now over, but not the labor, for this dome of and so ably illustrated. It proceeds well. ice was difficult to mount. The axe was again in

In the number before us, are some remark. requisition ; and everybody was so " blown" (in ably interesting observations connected with common parlance) that we had to stop every three the hybridising of plants. They are from or four minutes. My young companions kept the well-known pen of Mr. Isaac Anderson,



we have

the first authority living on that particular most cases safe from their contact. It will be some subject.

days-probably a week or more, if the weather be Feeling assured that our readers will not sunny-ere the stigma is in a fit condition for derive great pleasure from the perusal, we fertilisation. This is indicated in many families, subjoin part of the article to which we have

such as Ericacea, Rosaceae, Serophularineæ, alluded:

Aurantiacex, &c., by a viscous exudation in the

sutures (where these exist) of the stigia, but geneTo those who would attempt the hybridising rally covering the entire surface of that organ.

In or cross breeding of plants, I will now offer this condition the stigma may remain many days, some suggestions for their guidance. It is an during which fertilisation may be performed; and essential element to success that the operator be this period will be longer or shorter as the weather possessed of indomitable patience, watchfulness, is sunny, or damp, or overcast. In certain families, and perseverance. Having determined on the such as the Malvaceæ, Geraniaceæ, &c., where subjects on which he is to operate, if the plants the stigma divides itself into feathery parts, and are in the open ground, he will have them put into where the viscous process is either absent or inappots, and removed under glass, so as to escape preciable by the eye, the separation of these parts, the accidents of variable temperature-of wind, the bursting of the pollen the maturity of the rain, and dust, and above all, of insects.

stigma, and all which a little experience will A greenhouse fully exposed to the sun is best detect, indicate the proper time for the operationadapted for the purpose, at least as regards hardy sunny or cloudy weather always affecting the duraand proper greenhouse plants. Having got them tion of the period during which it may lie successhoused, secure a corner where they are least fully performed. likely to be visited by bees or other insects. The As to the proper time and season best adapted plants which are to yield the pollen, and the for such experiments, a treatise might be written; plants which are to bear the seed, should be both but here a few remarks must suffice. As for the kept in the same temperature ; but where this season of the year, from early spring to midsummer cannot be managed, pollen from an outside plant, I would account the best period; but, as I have in genial summer weather, may be used, provided just observed, I regard all cold, damp, cloudy, and it can be got; for th're is a class of insects which ungenial weather as unfavorable. On the other live exclusively on pollen, and devour it so fast hand, when the weather is genial not so much from after the pollen vessels open, that, unless the sun heat as at times occurs from the atmosphere plant is under a hand-glass (which I would recom- being moderately charged with electricity, when mend), it is scarcely possible to get any pollen for there is an elasticity, so to speak, in the balmy air, the required purpose.

and all nature seems joyous and instinct with To secure against chances of this nature, a life—this, of all others, is the season which the sprig, with opening bloom may be taken and hybridist should improve, and above all if he kept in a phial an] water inside, where it will attempt muling. get sufficient sun to ripen the pollen. But here, The hybridist should be provided with a too, insects must be watched, and destroyed if pocket lens, a pair of wire pincers, and varions they intrude. An insect like, but smaller than, colored silk threads. With the lens he will the common hive bee, which flits about by fits observe the maturity of the pollen and the condiand starts, on expanded wings, after the manner tion of the stigma, whether the former has of the dragon-fly, is the greatest pest, and seems attained its powdery, and the latter (if such is to feed exclusively on pollen. The hive bee, the its nature) its viscous condition. If he find both humble bee, and wasp give the next greatest the pollen and the stigma in a fit state, he will, annoyance. All these may be excluded by netting, with the pincers, apply an anther with ripened fixed over apertures from open sashes or the like. pollen, and by the gentlest touch distribute it

Too much care cannot be bestowed on exclud- very thinly over the summit of the stigma. The ing these intruders, whose single touch, in many operation performed, he will mark it by tying cases, might neutralise the intended result; for the round the flower stalk a bit of that particular slightest application of pollen native to the parent colored silk thread which he wishes to indicate plant is said by physiologists to supersede all foreign the particular plant which bore the pollen ; and agency, unless, perhaps, in the crossing of mere at the same time tie a bit of the same silk varieties; and the truth of this observation con round the stem of the latter, which will serve till sists with my own experience. Without due pre- recorded in a note-book, which should be kept caution now, the labor, anxiety, and watchfulness by everyone trying experiments on a large of years may issue in vexation and disappointment. scale. As a further precaution still, and to prevent self- It is quite unnecessary to offer any directions fertilisation, divest the blooms to be operated on as to the results to be effected. If it is desired not only of their anthers but also of their corollas. to reproduce the larger, finer formed, or higher Remove, also, all contiguous blooms upon the colored bloom of a plant having a tall, straggling, plant, lest the syringe, incautiously directed, or or too robust a growth, or having too large or too some sudden draft of air, convey the native pollen, coarse foliage in a plant without these drawbacks, and anticipate the intended operation.

I need not suggest to select, in another species of The corolla appears to be the means by which in the same family a plant of an opposite character sects are attracted ; and though when it is removed and properties-say of dwarf compact growth, the honey on which they feed is still present, they handsome foliage, and free flowering habit; and seem puzzled. or indifferent about collecting it; or if such can be obtained, work with it, making the if haply they should alight on the dismantled flower latter the seed bearer. Or, if it be desiralle to (which I never have detected), the stigma is in impart the fragrance of a less handsome kind to another more handsome, I would make the cross produce between two members of allied but upon the latter. I cannot speak with certainty distinct genera-such, for example, as in the fron my own experiments how far perfume may Rrianthus, which I have found to be unproducbe so communicated; but I have some things far tive. whether employed as the male or female advanced to maturity to test it; and I entertain parent. As above conjectured, its parents were the hope that fragrance may not only be so im- far too remote in nature's own arrangement. The parted, but even'heightened, varied, and improved. hybridist has a field before him ever suggestive of Or if it be desired to transfer all, or any new modes of acting. He may try, as I have valuable property or quality, from a tender exotic done, what may be effected under various tinted species to a native or hardy kind, work upon the class. My persuasion is, that I effected from a latter; for so far as constitution gues, I agree pale yellow a pure white-groundled Calccolaria, with those who hold that the female overrules in by placing the plants under blue shaded glass, by this particular. I would offer this caution to which the sun's rays were much subdued. He those who wish to preserve the purity of certain may also apply chemical solutions to plants with flowers for exhibition, especially those having ripening seeds. white grounds, not to cross such with high Nature, in producing, as it sometimes does, colored sorts.

plants with blooms of colors opposite to those of I once spoiled a pure white bloomed Calceolaria | the parent, must be governed by some law. Why for exhibition, by crossing it with a crimson sort ; | may not this law be found out? For example, all the blooms on those branches where the under what influence was the first white Fuchsia, operation had been performed, being stained red, the F. Venus Victrix, produced the purest yet of and not the few flowers merely on which the all the race, and the source from which all the cross was effected. In this note, already too whites have been derived ? long, I cannot further illustrate my remarks, by

We shall not attempt to offer any apology recorded experiments in the various tribes upon which I have tried my band; but I cannot leave for the length of this article. It demands, the subject without inculcating, in the strongest

from its importance, all the space it occumanner, the observance of the rules I have laid pies. down to prevent vexatious disappointments. If any doubts arise about the cross being genuine A CYCLOPÆDIA OF POETICAL QUOTATIONS. or effectually secured, let not the seeds be sown. Edited by H. G. ADAMS. 12mo. Groom. Three, four, five, and even six years, must often- bridge and Sons. times elapse with trees and shrubby things, ere the result can be judged of; and if eventually it

This little volume may be regarded as a prove a failure, or even doubtful, it is worse than valuable addition to our existing works of labor lost, inasmuch as it may mislead. If there poetical entertainment and instructive knowis no great departure from the female parent, the ledge. In alphabetical arrangement we have issue is to be mistrusted. It is singular, if well choice passages, on a multitude of subjects, accomplished, how much of both parents is blended selected from the poets of every age and Gentlemen eminent as physiologists have read dictionary, aptly constructed for ready and

country; the whole presenting a poetical nature's laws in these matters a little differently

constant reference. from what my own humble experience has taught

The taste of the selector is unquestionably me, and assigned to the progeny the constitution and general aspect of the one parent ; while they good; and we envy bim much the sweetgave the inflorescence and fruit to the other. I smelling groves of poesy through which he have crossed and inverted the cross, and can

must have wandered, whilst culling so many venture to give no evidence on the point, except, and such elegant blossoms. Turn where you perhaps, as to constitution, to which the seed- will, each page is set with a profusion of bearer, I think, contributes most.

A well-literary gems. managed hybrid should and will blend both We are glad to hear that the success of parents into a distinct intermediate, insomuch this work has been great; and that, in con as to produce often what might pass for a new species. If the leaning be to one more than Poetical Quotations is about to be published in

sequence, a similar Cyclopædia of Sacred another, it is probably to the female, though this 12 monthly Parts. We have seen the first will not always be the case. Again, it is asserted that a proper hybrid--i.e.

, one species which is part; and it gives excellent promise for the crossed with another species, which is separate

future. and distinct from it-will produce no fertile seeds. This does not accord with my observations. My

"USE IS SECOND NATURE." hybrid, Veronica Balfouriana (an intermediate between V. saxatilis and V. fruticulosa), seeds, I How often do we see the truth of this wellwould say, more abundantly than either parent; known adage confirmed in practices and habits and the progeny from its self-sown seeds I find to that are evil! Why should it extend so far only? be of various shades of blue, violet, and red, rising Surely this is wrong. in my garden-some having actually larger, finer, We cannot help enforcing upon the minds of and higher-colored blooms than the parent all our readers—a most choice company trulybearing the seed; and I am familiar with the that a habit of DOING soon becomes same result in other things.

natural "--and what pleasure it does bring with Yet I am far from asserting fertility in the it! Try it.

in the progeny.






I sigh for the land where the orange tree flingeth Fashior's the word which knaves and fools do use, Its prodigal bloom on the myrtle below; Their FILTHINESS and folly to excuse.

CHURCHILL. Where the moonlight is warm, and the gondolier

singeth, And clear waters take up the strain as they go. hard work to perform.

MY DEAR SIR,-You and I have lots of

All up-hill, eh?

Never mind. Oh! fond is the longing, and rapt is the vision

We are a mighty host in That stirs up my soul over Italy's tales ;

ourselves. We will hold the glass up-until But the present was bright as the far-off Elysian, people do look in it. When I roved in the sun-flood through Derby- A new game is “up." Now strenuous shire Dales.

efforts are being put forth, to convert men

who already closely resemble monkeys, into There was joy for my eye, there was balm for my the actual monkey itself.* Some wiseacre, breathing;

an outcast we imagine from female society, Green branches above me—blue streams at my has discovered that the filthy appendage side :

of hair, in the form of lots of beard and The hand of Creation seemed proudly bequeathing moustache (a foreign fashion “ of course"), The beauty reserved for a festival tide.

is not only ornamental to a man's face, but I was bound, like a child, by some magical story; abridged extract is going the rounds of the

a preservative of health! The subjoined Forgetting the “South” and “ Ionian Vales; And felt that dear England had temples of glory, ! papers; and it is treated, not as a joke, but Where any might worship, in Derbyshire Dales. as a fact. Listen, loveliest of your sex,

what is preparing for you to be " fond of." Sweet pass of the “Dove" 'mid rock, river, and Where will you ever find room to impress dingle,

the “tribute of affection,” if this Esau-rian How great is thy charm for the wanderer's project be carried out? Why, it will take a breast!

little month to discover the smallest spot With thy moss-girdled towers and foam-jewelled shingle,

on the human frontispiece that is clear of

weeds ! Thy mountains of might and thy valleys of rest.

A fine flowing beard, bushy whiskers, and a I gazed on thy wonders—lone, silent, adoring,

well-trained moustache protect the opening of the I bent at the altar whose "fire never pales :"

mouth, and filter the air. They also act as a The Great Father was with me—Devotion was respirator, and prevent the inhalation into pouring

the lungs of air that is too frosty. In the Its holiest praises in Derbyshire Dales.

of blacksmiths who wear beards and Wild glen of dark “Taddington"-rich in thy colored by the iron dust caught on its

moustaches, the hair about the mouth is dis


into robing

the mouth and lungs. Travellers often wait until Of forest-green cloak, with grey lacing bedight; their moustaches have grown, before they brave How I lingered to watch the red Western rays the sandy air of deserts. probing

Men who retain the hair about the mouth, are Thy leaf-mantled bosom with lances of light!

less liable to decay or achings of the teeth. Both

dust and smoke get into the lungs, and only in a And "Monsal," thou mine of Arcadian treasure,

small degree is it possible for them to be decomNeed we seek for “Greek Islands” and spice- posed and removed by processes of life. The air

laden gales, While a Tempe like thee of enchantment and pleasure

* When in London, I occasionally meet a most May be found in our own native Derbyshire singular specimen of the genus homo, who cultiDales?

vates the moustache and whiskers. He moves in

high society; is only recently out of his teens, There is much in my past bearing way-marks of and exhales the odor of a civet cat. When he flowers,

salutes any of his family or relatives, be The purest and rarest in odor and bloom ; approaches their face on tip-toe, and deposits There are beings and breathings, and places and the "salute" with a degree of careful foresight hours,

perfectly astounding. If but one single hair Still trailing in roses o'er Memory's tomb. were deranged by the operation, he would be

cross all that day. When he is “prepared", for And when I shall count o'er the bliss that's de- going out to dinner, catch him saluting" if parted,

His face is then sacred-unapproachAnd Old Age be telling its garrulous tales, able. A curious specimen of humanity is this Those days will be first when the kind and true- budding youth-well educated indeed, and of a hearted

good family, but so steeped in vanity, and so WERE NURSING MY

IN DERBYSHIRE shackled by fashion's trammels, that one must DALES.

pity him.-W.


you can!


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