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esteem. He was assisted by her convictions half so much truth as is generally believed. In of his worth, and a sense of her own desti- many of the cases which are commonly quoted in tution and dependent situation ; for she was proof, the cat has returned to her former locality existing on the kindness of friends. In a because she can make an easier living there than word, he at length succeeded in gaining her on unknown grounds. I remember a gentleman hand, though with the solemn assurance that abusing a cat for attachment to stone and lime

rather than to flesh and blood, because, on his her heart was unalterably another's. He took her with him to Sicily, hoping fused to change hers with him, and had gone back

changing his residence, puss had practically rea change of scene might wear out a memory to haunt the purlieus of a neighboring granary. I of early woe.

She was

an animated and inquired—whether the family had regularly fed exemplary wife, and made an effort to be a her? “Oh, dear no!” was the reply ; happy one. But nothing could cure the could feed herself very well, and did so on the silent and devouring melancholy that had rats and mice and small birds about the barn." entered into her very soul. She wasted “Then, of course," I rejoined, the cat has more away in a slow but hopeless decline, and reason to love the barn than you. It gave her at length sunk into the grave-the victim food : she found none here. She might not be of a broken heart.

aware that you intended to supply her, and

animal instinct prompted her-as, if a dog lived It was on her that Tom MOORE composed

on what he could pick up, it would also prompt the following lines :

him to return to the spot where his wants had She is far from the land where her young hero been supplied.” sleeps,

The plain truth of the matter is, that wellAnd lovers around her are sighing;

treated and regularly-fed cats have no particular But coldly she turns from their gaze

and
weeps,

attachment to a place. On the contrary, they For her heart in his grave is lying.

attach themselves to the persons kind to them,

and who often notice them; so that the cry of She sings the wild songs of her dear native plains, want of personal attachment on the part of the Every note which he loved awaking

feline tribe, is very frequently mere slander of Ah ! little they think who delight in her strains, ladies and gentlemen who have neglected, perhaps

How the heart of the minstrel is breaking ! ill-treated, the creatures—and yet expect them He had lived for his love, for his country he died; to be as fond as lovers.

They were all that to life had entwined him; How true is this picture of a cat's life! Nor soon shall the tears of his country be dried,

Almost all cats are starved. We have said Nor long will his love stay behind him.

so, over and over again. A single halfOh, make her a grave where the sunbeams rest, penny-worth of meat and that bought

When they promise a glorious morrow; grudgingly) transfixed by a wooden skewer, They'll shine o'er her sleep like a smile from the is very frequently the entire quantity of food west,

given (cold water excepted !) to supply the From her own loved island of sorrow!

wants of two cats. Hence is it that cats go

so often “visiting” to a neighbor's house, THE DOMESTIC CAT.

taking away with them all they can find in

the way of "grub.” We do not blame the It has been saide that the cat, although a fond creture, cat,-surely not; but her inhuman mistress. woman will do the same thing; yet cannot we help Still the poor cat suffers. loving her Let bothe be used kindly then, and their The barbarities practised on our domestic claws will not be employed againste us. Love begetteth cats are fearfully great. Most dogs too, are love.- From "An Essaie on the Householde Cat," 1714.

kept equally short—more than half-starved. THERE ARE REGISTERED in the columns We speak feelingly on this point. The of our JOURNAL (more particularly in the howling of a neighbor's dog tells us a piteous first volume), many remarkable anecdotal tale of animal suffering. His agonies must facts connected with the Cat; and there can indeed be extreme. But then he is “only a be no doubt whatever that,' amidst many dog!”.

How the heart sickens at such doubtful qualities, she does possess many

heathenish brutality! that may be pronounced amiable.

We can readily believe that cats, well fed It always gives us pleasure to record any and kindly used, do form strong attachand everything that is interesting in animals; mentswe therefore make way to day for a few Cats are fond of those who are fond of them ; remarks (abridged from a charming paper on and they are as sharp, as needles in finding out “Cats," signed A. B. R.) which appeared in their real friends, and in shrinking from people a recent number of our excellent contem- "who don't like cats.” One of my pussies knows porary, the “ Illustrated London News." Is my knock at the door, especially at night, and her the writer a lady? The genial tone of the mew follows closely on the sound ; while genesubject-matter would indicate as much :

rally, a couple of other creatures of the same species

are waiting with her in the lobby, and the whole That cats love localities better than persons, is three accompany me up-stairs in procession. If an axiom in which I feel assured that there is not they happen to be out of doors at night, a single call will generally bring them scampering home; ! It is to be remarked, that they take not the and if their names prove inefficient, one enuncia- slightest notice of the daily cry of a rival praction of “ Cat’s-meat !” acts like a spell.

titioner who perambulates the street at nearly the It is curious to contrast the mild, and, if I may same time; and that on Sundays, when no pranuse the expression, the affable faces of cats which dial visit takes place, they never appear to expect are noticed-perhaps playfully talked to-with the week-day ceremony, but are perfectly aware the fierce and moody countenances of those of a double quantity of good things being stowed neglected creatures which, in London and else- , away in a certain cupboard, round which they where, grow half or wholly wilól, among gardens, cluster with arching backs and waving tails. yards, and outhouses, picking up their living as they can. The two classes seem to belong to

We conclude with a few very sensible clifferent species. The well-kept and well-treated remarks about juvenile and adult cats:house-cat seems rather civilised than tamed; the

People not unfrequently cry out that kittens neglected and too often persecuted brute outside are pretty, playful things, but that they lose the the window has relapsed into a skulking savage. gentillesse and piquant prettiness of their youth You never see the two consort together, and the when they degenerate into stupid cats! The natural playfulness of the species seems in the complaint is unreasonable enough. The infantine outcast to have almost entirely vanished. Now, Jolinny Tomkins, who kicked, and crowed, and is all this poor, ragged, beaten, pelted, and un

lisped funny imperfect words, and made big eyes sheltered pussy's fault? Far from it. It is too

at his mother, can hardly be expected to repeat often the fault of her accusers. They do not give the performance some half-century after, when he her sufficient food. She steals it, gets beaten and is Tomkins & Co.-perbaps the mayor of the driven out; and perhaps in a month or two acquires town, and a church warden of the parish to boot. that horribly stealthy crawl, and that misgiving, Why then should sedate ten-years-old puss, who hungry eye—both of which are quite unnatural, is getting rather stiff' in the joints, and likes better and speak a creature under the influence of and better the summer's bask, and the winter's constant want, and the fear of tyrant man.

warm, be expected to tumble over a ball of cotton, or to lie on his back kicking at nothing at all

, Well said, this. It nicely illustrates all like his own son and heir, whom he gravely obwe have ever advanced. Starve children, serves at these amusements, and sometimes tips and see if they will not steal to satisfy the over with his paw ? Mr.Tomkins is not blamed for appetite. Beat them, and watch the effects his matured dignity, why then should Mr. Puss ? of that beating. Should we expect more

But the fact is, that the playfulness of kittenfrom a cat than we would from a child ? dom can be partially, particularlywith healthy

Here follows a nice distinction between and good-tempered cats, kept up, by a little enthe parlor cat and the kitchen cat. It is couragement, even when they have grown into sketched by a masterly hand:

potent, grave, and reverend seigneurs ;” and

that grim old grimalkins, who have drunk their A not uncommon phrase in households is that morning's milk for a dozen of years, can be inof a “parlor cat

" kitchen cat; and 1 duced to skip and roll and tumble in the most believe it to be an undoubted fact that there are absurilly awkward mimicry of the small fry, which differences in the character of the creatures, which are still indebted for the lacteal fluid to their somehow prompt the one to seek the cheerful light mothers. and talk of a sitting-room, and the other rather to brood and nestle in the gloomier and the warmer

Just so. And is it not the same with us? regions below. The one is always seen conspi- . Why, we are as active now, and as playful cuous on the rug, or stretched upon the footstool; as ever we were; and as full of fun too the other makes casual appearances upon the provided, always, we are in the company of stairs, and flies like a spectre at the approach of those we love. anybody but the cook. The one creature seems Treat us well, good people; and we, like to bave a sort of aristocracy in its nature, and it the veteran cats, will "skip, and roll, and is all but uniformly the handsomest cat of the tumble” down any hill that the youngest of twain; the other is, most probably, a vulgar, squat you dare to descend ! plebeian, with its original shyness still strongly

Try us when

you will. present in it. Of my threo cats, two I reckon as parlor cats,

THE HOLINESS OF NIGHT. par rang; and the third has been, by kind usuge and cncouragement, coaxed into a degree of the same familiarity. Still, however, the natural It is the hour when Earth, our mother, claims timility seems unconquerable. If you make a Companionship and sisterhood with stars ; rapidl motion towards the creature, she bounds When, throwing off the trammelage of Day, away like a wild thing. Her two comrades, on She bounds into the infinite and sings the contrary, are friglitened at nothing. The With all the galaxies the ancient songs room, the occupants, the whole locale, scem their Of all the ages and of all the suns; own special sphere and natural dwelling-place; The hour when the Eternal One steps from and the only period of the day when the three ape His starry throne, and whispers in the ear pear to be merged into a common character, is as of Universal Nature, the great truths the hour for the visit of the “cat's-meat-man” ap- That have to shine upon the golden front proaches; when they are sure to be in waiting at Of the Tomorrow, to win back man's soul the door, and to set up their sweet voices as soon Unto its purest self and to its God. as they hear that of the vendor of the food.

Ah! Night is holy, like her sister Death.

and a

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BY J. S, BIGG.

INSECT STRENGTH.

intestines, two thousand one hundred and eighty

six ; which, after deducting twenty, common to THE MORE WE STUDY THE INSECT world, the the head and gullet, gives a total of four thousand more cause do we find for increased admiration. and sixty-one. We put the caterpillar of the The smaller the thing created the greater reason goat-moth, to which we have before alluded, under is there for us to love the Creator for his goodness a bell-glass, which weighed nearly half a pound, and wisdom. All who have given attention to the and of course more than ten times the weight of subject, must have felt amazed at the comparative the insect, yet it raised it up with the utmost strength of insects. Baron Haller tells us that in ease. We then placed over the glass the largest great muscular

power they appear to excel in pro- book we had at hand—“Loudon's Encyclopædia portion to their diminutiveness. Of this we have a of Gardening," consisting of about one thousand remarkable example in the common flea, which can five hundred pages of strong paper, and weighing draw seventy or eighty times its own weight. The four pounds; but this did not succeed in preventmuscular : trungth of this agile creature, enables ing the escape of the animal, which raised the it not only to resist the ordinary pressure of the glass, though loaded with the book, nearly a hunfingers in our endeavors to crush it, but to take dred times its own weight, and made good its leaps two hundred times its own length; which exit. The multiplicity of its muscles, above enuwill appear more surprising, when we consider merated, two hundred and thirty-six of which are that a man, to equal the agility of a flea, would situated in the legs alone, will enable us to underhave to leap between three and four hundred yards. stand how this extraordinary feat was performed.

The flea, however, is excelled in leaping by the Even this power of muscle, however, would doubtcuckoo-spit. frog-hopper (Tetigonia spumaria, less have been unavailing in raising the loaded Oliver), which will sometimes leap two or three glass, except in connexion with two favorable yards—that is, more than two hundred and fifty circumstances under which the experiment was times its own length; as if (to continue the com- performed, and which are necessary to be borne in parison) a man of ordinary height should vault mind to render the operation credible; first that the through the air to the distance of a quarter of a wedge-like form of the caterpillar's head, in conmile. Mouffet, in his “ Theatre of Insects," nexion with the peculiar shape of the glass, mentions that an English mechanic, named Mark, enabled it to lift it ; and second, that one side of to show his skill, constructed a chain of gold as the glass resting on the table, the insect only bore long as his finger, which, together with'a lock and half the weight of the glass and book. key, were dragged along by a flea; which could A peculiar toughness of external covering, draw a golden chariot, to which it was harnessed. sometimes supplies the place of this muscular

Bingley tells us, that Mr. Boverich, a watchmaker power in caterpillars. A singular instance occurs in the Strand, exhibited, some years ago, a little in the history of a common downy two-winged fly, ivory chaise with four wheels

, and all its proper with grey shoulders and a brown abdomen apparatus, and the figure of a man sitting on the (Eristalis tenax, Fabr.) The grub, which is ratbox, all of which were drawn by a single flea. tailed, lives in muddy pools, with the water of The same mechanic afterwards constructed a lan- which it has sometimes been taken up by paperdau, which opened and shut by springs, with the makers, and, though subjected to the inmense figures of six horses harnessed to it, and of a coach pressure of their machinery, it has survived it in man on the box, a dog between his legs, four per- a miraculous manner. Since this grub is rather sons inside, two footmen behind it, and a postillion soft, it must be the tough texture of skin which riding one of the fore horses, which were all easily preserves it, as in the similar instance of the dragged along by a single flea.

caterpillar of the privet hawk-moth (Sphinx Goldsmith remarks upon these displays of puli- Liguistri),which Bonnet squeezed under water till cian strength, that the feats of Sampson would it was as flat and as empty as the finger of a not, to a community of fleas, appear to be at all glove, yet within an hour it became as plump and miraculous. Latreille tells us a no less marvellous lively as if nothing had happened. story of another flea, which dragged a silver can- A record of these curious facts will go far, let us non twenty-four times its own weight, mounted on hope, towards creating a love for the study of whcels, and did not manifest any alarm when this entomology. The world is full of wonders if we was charged with gunpowder and fired off. Pro- would but search them out; and how pure is the fessor Bradley, of Cambridge, also mentions a pleasure afforded by such a search ! remarkable instance of insect strength in a stagbeetle (Lucanus cervus), which he saw carrying BASHFULNESS, MODESTY, AND PRUDERY. a wand a foot and a half long, and half an inch thick, and even flying with it to the distance of WOMEN who are the least bashful are, oftentimes, several yards.

the most modest; and we are never more deceived We may understand the proximate cause of the than then we would infer any laxity of principle strength of insects, when we look at the prodigious from that freedom of demeanor which often arises number of their muscles—the Aeshy belts or from a total ignorance of vice. ribands by whose means all animal motions are PRUDERY on the contrary, is often assumed performed. The number of these instruments of rather to keep off the suspicion of criminality, than motion in the human body, is reckoned to be about criminality itself. It is resorted to, to defend five hundred and twenty-nine; but in the cater the fair wearer,— not from the whispers of our pillar of the goat moth, Lyonnet counted more sex, but of her own. Yet is it a cumbersome than seven times as many ; in the head, two bun- panoply, and a heavy armour. A prudish woman, dred and twenty-eight; in the body, one thousand young or old, must ever live detested. Any thing six huvdred and forty-seven; and around the that is unnatural, becomes abhorrent.

SUMMER ENJOYMENTS.

was on a visit in the neighborhood. Her DOINGS AT TRENTHAM PARK. observations were therefore leisurely made

in a carriage drive. Her description of the THERE IS NO MISTAKE NOW, about out-of- holiday dresses, the motley costumes, and the door amusements. All who have a shilling to happy faces of their wearers ; their dances, spend have run away to spend it. And why and their various rustic sports,-has delighted not? Health is alone thus obtainable in the us exceedingly. Her graphic delineation, summer months.

too, of the natural beauties of the spot There has just been a grand gathering of where these festivities were celebrated, is visitors at Trentham Park* where, by the quite charming: kind permission of his Grace the Duke of How refreshing it is for us poor editors, Sutherland, all comers may freely enjoy during the season of drought, to meet with themselves on the greensward. We have re- a heart like this,-so alive to the beauties of ceived from our amiable Correspondent, “ A Nature's pencil ; so able to enter into and Clergyman's Wife," before introduced to enjoy the harmless frolics and pleasures of our readers (see p. 265. vol III.), some very the rustic peasantry! interesting particulars of the doings on the We regret that our limited space forbids grand occasion; and we quite enter with her us to print our Correspondent's letter in full, into the harmless pleasures of the happy but we have endeavored to give the spirit visitors. It must indeed have been a grati- of it. May these little festivities be regufying sight, to witness so many thousand larly kept up! say we. They are wholesome joyous

faces assembled together, making holi- both for mind and body. day. The presence of her Grace, the Duchess of Sutherland, too (who was present in the af ernoon), must have added greatly to the

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. effect of the tableau. We learn that, from eight in the morning creatures have been, and are just now, committing

Summer Gnats.— These very troublesome little until five in the afternoon, visitors poured in sad havoc on the human countenance. We both in a continuous stream; and at that hour the hear them buzz, and feel them bite, whilst slumcrowd in the park could not have numbered bering on the bed of wakefulness.” In such a many less than forty thousand. Some of the case, my dear Mr. Editor, that which you so much young men engaged in cricket, prison bars, hate will be found very useful,—I mean the smoke and other athletic games; but the majority of tobacco, in its least objectionable form of a cigar. preferred amusements in which the fair sex Indeed, if coarse brown paper be lighted and the could participate ; and many were the parties smoke allowed to enter the room for a minute or engaged heart and soul in the stirring polka, two, the end will be answered. The goats will and other favorite dances. Pic-nic parties become stupid, and will remain on the walls, “in luxuriated beneath the shade of the noble will then be open, and they can take their departure.

amazement lost," until the morning. The window trees skirting the park. Those who pre- --Puss. ferred pairing off" — not exactly as do mem- [Thanks. Smoke, we know is a good remedy bers of the legislature,- wandered along the for this seasonable, or, rather, un-seasonable annoy. numerous glades opening out in different ance. We have, more than once, been sadly put directions; whilst the more youthful engaged out of late by these back-biting little rascals, who in various innocent recreations.

are so fond of cheek, and who feast so unmercifully It is often remarked that “ it always rains on our tenderest points. They will face you, do on the Trentham day," but this year was a what you may to prevent it. Indeed we regard delightful exception to the watery rule them as a perfect eye-sore. Try the smoke, good Warm genial sunshine, and a balmy air, largely will soon find your apartment “all serene.']

people, but use cedar chips instead of pigtail. You promoted the enjoyment of the day.

When evening approached, the company Poisonous Fish. Much curious and useful began to move off. At nine o'clock the park information is often lost to the world, from the was deserted, and every road leading there want of knowledge of what to observe in men who from thronged with joyous parties returning bave the opportunity of correctly ascertaining the homewards.

facts and conditions of many, as yet, unexplained Our fair Correspondent, we should observe, phenomena which fall under their notice. The

alleged and generally received facts of the

poisonous nature of various fishes, in given locaIt was the grand week for the Stoke Wakes sities at certain seasons, whilst they are perfectly and the North Staffordshire Races, when it is innocuous and suitable for food when caught in usual for every class to congregate from all parts other places—is one of those mysterious things of the country for many miles around. High and which can only be explained or disproved by one low, rich and poor, people of all ages and of both who possesses both the opportunity and the sexes-the gentler largely predominating--meet ability to observe correctly. On this subject Mr. in armies, on one common ground, in pursuit of Schomburgh remarks, in some observaiions on ono coinmon object-enjoyment.

Anegada, one of the Virgin Islands, that whilst

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it is well-known that the yellow-billed sprat, the means, successfully copied some valuable old en-
bottle-nosed cavalla, rock-fish, and at times the gravings, without their being in the least degree
king-fish, are sometimes poisonous, and causo distorted.-H.
immediate death-yet that the sea surrounding
Anegada abounds in perfectly wholesome fish of Hymn of the City :-
these kinds; and that whilst frequent cases of
poisoning by fish occur in the neighboring

Not in the solitude
islands, not a single instance has ever been Alone, may inan commune with Heaven, or see
known in Anegada, where the, in other places,

Only in savage wood
poisonous kinds are eaten with impunity. Mr. And sunny vale the present Deity:
W. Hamilton confirms this account of the poison- Or only hear his voice
ous nature of some of these fishes when taken Where the winds whisper and the waves rejoice.
off various of the West-India Islands ; stating
that the yellow-billed sprat at St. Kitts and Thy steps, Almighty !-here, amidst the crowd

Even here do I behold
Nevis, for eleven months in the year, is a most
deadly poison ; whilst in the twelfth, he thinks

Through the great City rolled,
in April

, it is perfectly wholesome. So fatal is With everlasting murmur, deep and loud-
it, that a negro girl has been known to expire 'Mongst the proud piles, the work of human kind.

Choking the ways that wind
whilst eating it! This quality must render it a
questionable luxury, even in the wholesome

Thy golden sunshine comes
season. Again, all the fish taken on the north- From the round Heaven, and on their dwelling
west of St. Kitt's, and between it and St. Eus-

lies, tatia, is said to be poisonous; although fish of the

And lights their inner homesvery same kind, found on the other coasts of the For them thou fill'st with air the unbounded island, is harmless. Mr. W. Hamilton properly

skies, directs attention to the noxious effects of fish in

And givest them the stores a certain stage of decomposition; but fairly re. Of ocean, and the harvests of its shores. marks that the facts respecting the periodicity of the poisonous nature of some fishes are left un- Thy spirit is around, touched by this. Again, what is the truth re- Quickening the restless mass that sweeps along; specting the alleged poisonous properties acquired And this eternal soundby fish, &c., when exposed to the moon's rays Voices and footfalls of the numberless throngin tropical seas, yet which will remain perfectly Like the resounding sea, wholesome if sheltered from these rays ? Facts, Or like the rainy tempest-speaks of Thee. not notions, on these points, would be very welcome to the scientific world, if the residents in And when the hours of rest those islands, or frequenters of those scas, would Come, like a calm upon the mid-sea brine, direct their attention to them, and communicate Hushing its billowy breastthe results of their investigations.-E. J.

The quiet of that moment, too, is thine;

It breathes of Him who keeps
Engravings Copied by means of Iodine.-M. The vast and helpless City while it sleeps.
Nicpce de St. Victor investigated some few years

BRYANT.
since, the action of various vapors on the surfaces
of drawings and engravings; and then noticed that

Plants in Bed-Rooms.-A silly paragraph has the vapor of iodine adhered to the black parts of been going the rounds of the daily papers, to the an engraving, in preference to the clear white effect that plants, or flowers in led-rooms, are not spaces, in such a manner, that the impression injurious ! It is well to correct this silly statemight be transferred to paper imbued, or to glass ment.

Let any one try the experiment for one covered with a solution of starch ; but that these single night. Flowers not only part with carbonic copies were fugitive. From recent experiments, acid at night, but they give forth a very powerhe finds that these copies may be rendered per- ful odor, which has a violert effect on the nervous manent by dipping the design, thus transferred to system of very many persons. The air of a bed. the starched glass or paper, into a solution of nitrate chamber is sufficiently vitiated by its human of silver; when it disappears. It is then to be ex- occupants. There needs not the presence of other posed to the light for a few seconds, whereby the vitiating objects !-Amicus. jodide of silver, formed by the action of the silver [Your observations are perfectly just. It is to solution on the iodine-starch compound, is rapidly be regretted, that the public papers should fill colored, owing to its superior sensitiveness to the up their columns with such nonsense as they do.] action of light, in comparison to the nitrate; an] when the glass or paper, after this exposure, is Reproduction of the Toad and Frog, without plunged into a solution of gallic acid the design is the intermediate stage of Tadpole.-- The following developed, after which it must be washed with brief remarks on the Toad (Bufo vulgaris) and the hyposulphite of soda like other photographs, to Frog (Rana temporaria), may perhaps be received render it unalterable. Another process is described with some degree of interest, as they are, I believe, by M. Bayard, who exposes the engraving to the contrary to the generally-received notion of the iodine vapor, then places it in contact with a plate procreation of these reptiles. Ray, and most of glass covered with sensitive albumen, which naturalists, consider toads and frogs as oviparous yields a negative, and from this plate he procures animals ; it is apparent that they aró vivi. positive impressions by the ordinary methods parous as well. Or if they do not bring forth their adopted by photographers; he by having, those young alive, they have the power of reproduction

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