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JOSEPH ADDISON.
Criticism

on

MILTON's
Paradise Lost.

From 'the Spectator.'
31 December, 1711—3 May, 1712.

Edited by EDWARD ARBER, F.s.a.,

Fellow of King1: College, London; Hon. Member of the Virginia Historical Society;
Examiner in English Language and Literature, Victoria University, Manchester;
Professor of English Language and Literature,
Sirjosiah Mason's College, Birmingham,

BIRMINGHAM:
1 MONTAGUE ROAD.
1 August, 1868.
No. 8.

{AU rights reserved.)

John Milton's Public Self-dedication To The Composi* Tion Of A Great English Epic.

About Feb. 1642, Milton, æt 32, in his third contribution to the Smectymnuus controversy, The Reason of Church-government urg'd against Prelatry, to show how little delight he had in that which he believed 'God by his Secretary conscience injoyned' upon him therein; he thus magnificently announces his self-dedication to the magnificent purpose of writing a great Epic in his mother tongue

I should not chuse this manner of writing wherein knowingmy self inferior to my self, led by the genial power of nature to another task, I have the use, as I may account it, but of my left hand. And though I shall be foolish in saying more to this purpose, yet since it will be such a folly as wisest men going abou t to commit, have only confest and so committed, I may trust with more reason, because with more folly to have courteous pardon. For although a Poet soaring in the high region 'of his fancies with his garland and singing robes about him might without apology speak more of himself then 1 mean to do, yet for me sitting here below in the cool element of prose, a mortal! thing among many readers of no Empyreall conceit, to venture and divulge unusual things of my seise, I shall petition to the gentler sort, it may not be envy to me. I must say therefore that after I had from my first yeeres by the ceaselesse diligence and care of my father, whom God recompence, bin exercis'd to the tongues, and some sciences, as my age would suffer, by sundry masters and teachers both at home and at the schools, it was found that whether ought was impos'd me by them that had the overlooking, or betak'n to of mine own choise in English, or other tongue, prosing and versing, but chiefly this latter, the stile by certain vital signes it had, was likely to live. But much latelier in the privat Academies of Italy, whither I was favor'd to resort, perceiving that some trifles which I had in memory, compos'd at under twenty or thereabout (for the manner is that every one must give some proof of his wit and reading there) met with acceptance above what was Iookt for, and other things which I had shifted in scarsity of books and conveniences to patch up amongst them, were receiv'd with written Encomiums, which the Italian is not forward to bestow on men of this side the Alps. I began thus farre to assent both to them and divers of my friends here at home, and not lesse to an inward prompting which now grew daily upon me, that by labour and intent study (which I take to be my portion in this life) joyn'd with the strong propensity of nature, I might perhaps leave something so written to aftertimes, as they should not willingly let it die. These thoughts at once possest me, and these other. That if / were certain to write as men buy Leases, for three lives and downward, there ought no regard be sooner had, then to Gods glory by the honour and instruction of my country. For which cause, and not only for that I knew it would be hard to arrive at the second rank among the Latines, / apply'd my seise to that resolution which Ariosto follow'd against the perswasions of Bembo, to fix all the industry and art I could unite to the adorning of my native tongue; not to make verbal curiosities the end, that were a toylsom vanity, but to be an interpreter and relater of the best and sagest things among mine own Citizens throughout this Hand in the mother dialect. That what the greatest and choycest wits of A thens, Rome, or modern Italy, and those Hebrews ot old did for their country, I in my proportion with this over and above of being a Christian, might doe for mine: not caring to be once nam'd abroad, though perhaps I could attaine to that, but content with these British Hands as my world, whose fortune hath hitherto bin, that if the Athenians, as some say, made their small deeds great and renowned by their eloquent writers, JZngland hath had her noble atchievments made small by the unskilful! handling of monks and mecbanicks. I Time servs not now, and perhaps I might seem too profuse to give any I certain account of what the mind at home in the spacious circuits of her j musing hath liberty to propose to her self, though of highest hope, and hardest attempting, whether that Epickform whereof the two poems of Homer; and 1 those other two of Virgil and Tasso are a diffuse, and the book of lob a brief I model: or whether the rules of Aristotle herein are strictly to be kept, or I nature to be follow'd, which in them that know art, and use judgement is no transgression, but an inriching of art. And lastly what King or Knight before the conquest might be chosen is whom to lay the pattern of a Chris

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