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the sacrament of his body and blood, poris et sanguinis sui sacramentum, called the Lord's Supper, to be ob- Cænam Domini quam dicimus, in served in his Church, unto the end Ecclesia sua ad finem usque mundi of the world; for the perpetual celebrandum, in perpetuam memoremembrance of the sacrifice of riam sacrificii sui ipsius in morte himself in his death, the sealing all sua oblati, et ad beneficia istius ombenefits thereof unto true believers, nia vere fidelibus obsignandum ; in their spiritual nourishment and eorum item alimentum ac incremengrowth in him, their further en- tum in Christo spirituale ; quoque gagement in, and to all duties ad officia cuncta præstanda, prius which they owe unto him; and to quidem illi debita, arctiori adhuc be a bond and pledge of their nodo tenerentur ; ut vinculum denicommunion with him, and with que ac pignus foret communionis ileach other, as members of his lius quæ iis cum Christo et secum mystical body.'
ipsis mutuo, tanquam corporis ip
sius mystici membris, intercedit.' II. In this sacrament Christ is II. In hoc Sacramento non Patri not offered up to his Father, nor suo offertur Christus, sed neque inibi any real sacrifice made at all for fit reale aliquod sacrificium ad pecremission of sins of the quick or catorum remissionem vivis aut mordead, but only a commemoration tuis procurandam ; ' verum unicæ of that one offering up of himself, istius oblationis, qua Christus semet by himself, upon the cross, once for ipsum ipse in cruce, et quidem omall, and a spiritual oblation of all nino semel obtulit, commemoratio sopossible praise unto God for the lum; una cum spirituali propterea same;' so that the Popish sacrifice laudis omnimodæ Deo redditæ oblaof the mass, as they call it, is most tione.' Unde Pontificiorum istud abominably injurions to Christ's sacrificium Missæ (uti loqui amant) one only sacrifice, the alone pro- plane detestandum sit oportet, utpote pitiation for all the sins of the maxime injuriam uni illi unicoque elect.
Christi sacrificio, quod quidem unica est pro peccatis electorum universus propitiatio.
'1 Cor. xi. 23–26; X. 16, 17, 21; xii.
13. Heb. ix. 22, 25, 26, 28.
: 1 Cor. xi. 24-26; Matt. xxvi. 26, 27; [Am.
ed. Luke xxii, 19, 20). * Heb. vii. 23, 24, 27; x. 11, 12, 14, 18.
III. The Lord Jesus hath, in this III. In hoc suo instituto præcepit ordinance, appointed his ministers Dominus Jesus Ministris suis, verto declare his word of institution to bum institutionis populo declarare, the people, to pray, and bless the ele- orare, ac elementis pani scilicet ac ments of bread and wine, and there- vino benedicere, eaque hac ratione a by to set them apart from a common communi ad sacrum usum separare, to an holy use; and to take and quinetiam panem accipere et franbreak the bread, to take the cup, gere; poculum item in manus acciand (they communicating also them- pere; atque (communicantibus una selves) to give both to the commu- ipsis) utrumque communicantibus exnicants;' but to none who are not hibere,' nemini autem a congregathen present in the congregation.” tione tunc absenti.”
IV. Private masses, or receiving IV. Missæ privatæ, sive perceptio this sacrament by a priest, or any hujusce Sacramenti a solo vel Sacerother, alone;' as likewise the de dote vel alio quovis; ' prout etiam nial of the cup to the people;^ poculi a populo detensio, elementoworshiping the elements, the lifting rum adoratio, quoque adorentur elethem up, or carrying them about vatio aut circumgestatio, ut et præfor adoration, and the reserving textu religiosi usus cujuscunque asthem for any pretended religious servatio, sunt quidem omnia tum use, are all contrary to the nature hujusce Sacramenti naturæ tum of this sacrament, and to the insti- Christi institutioni plane contratution of Christ.“
ria." V. The outward elements in this V. In hoc Sacramento externa sacrament, duly set apart to the uses elementa ad usus a Christo instituordained by Christ, have such rela- tos rite separata, ita ad eum crucition to him crucified, as that truly, fixum referuntur ut rerum quas reyet sacramentally only, they are præsentat nominibus (corporis nempe sometimes called by the name of ac sanguinis Christi) vere quidem, at the things they represent, to wit, the Sacramentaliter tantum, sint nuncubody and blood of Christ;' albeit, pata,' manent siquidem adhuc quoad in substance and nature, they still substantiam et naturam vere solumremain truly, and only, bread and que panis ac vinum nihilo minus wine, as they were before.' quam antea fuerant.'
* Matt. xxvi. 26-28, and Mark xiv. 22-24, 31 Cor. x. 6.
and Luke xxii. 19, 20, with 1 Cor. xi. 23- 4 Mark iv. 23; 1 Cor. xi. 25–29. 27.
5 Matt. xv. I. ? Acts xx. 7; 1 Cor. xi. 20.
6 Matt. xxvi. 26-28.
VI. That doctrine which main- VI. Doctrina illa quæ substantiæ tains a change of the substance of panis ac vini in substantiam corbread and wine, into the substance poris et sanguinis Christi conversiof Christ's body and blood (com-onem (transubstantiatio vulgo dicimonly called transubstantiation) by tur) sive illam per Sacerdotis conseconsecration of a priest, or by any crationem, sive quomodocunque deother way, is repugnant, not to mum fieri statuit, non scripturæ soScripture alone, but even to com- lum, verum etiam communi omnium mon-sense and reason; overthrow- sensui ac rationi adversatur, sacraeth the nature of the sacrament; menti naturam evertit, superstitionis and hath been, and is the cause of multifariæ causa extitit atque etiammanifold superstitions, yea, of gross num existit, imo vero et crassissime idolatries."
idololatriæ. VII. Worthy receivers, outward- VII. Digne communicantes, Elely partaking of the visible elements menta in hoc sacramento visibilia in this sacrament,' do then also in- dum participant,' una cum iis inwardly by faith, really and indeed, terne Christum crucifixum et benefiyet not carnally and corporally, but cia mortis ejus universa revera et respiritually, receive and feed upon aliter (modo, non carnali quidem aut Christ crucified, and all benefits of corporeo, sed spirituali) per fidem his death: the body and blood of recipiunt eisque vescuntur. Corpus Christ being then not corporally or siquidem et sanguis Christi non corcarnally in, with, or under the bread poreo aut carnali modo in, cum, vel and wine; yet as really, but spirit- sub pane ac vino; realiter tamen, ac ually, present to the faith of be- spiritualiter credentium fidei in hoc lievers in that ordinance, as the instituto, non minus quam externis elements themselves are, to their sensibus elementa ipsa, sunt præsenoutward senses.
tia. VIII. Although ignorant and VIII. Homines improbi et ignari wicked men receive the outward externa licet in hoc sacramento perelements in this sacrament, yet cipere possint elementa, rem tamen they receive not the thing signified per ea significatam non recipiunt ; thereby; but by their unworthy verum indigne illuc accedendo, rei coming thereunto are guilty of the fiunt corporis ac sanguinis Dominici
'1 Cor. xi. 26–28; Matt. xxvi. 29.
• 1 Cor. xi. 28; [Am. ed. 1 Cor. v. 7, 8]. * Acts iii. 21 with 1 Cor. xi. 24-26; Luke • 1 Cor. x. 16; [Am. ed. 1 Cor. x. 3, 4].
xxiv. 6, 39.
body and blood of the Lord, to ad sui ipsorum condemnationem. ; their own damnation. Wherefore Quapropter homines impii et ignari
all ignorant and ungodly persons, prout communioni cum Deo potiunas they are unfit to enjoy commun- dæ nullatenus sunt idonei, ita prorion with him, so are they unworthy sus indigni sunt qui accedant ad of the Lord's table, and can not, mensam Domini ; neque sine gravi without great sin against Christ, in Christum peccato, possunt (quamwhile they remain such, partake of diu tales esse non destiterint Sacra these holy mysteries,' or be admit- hæc mysteria participare ;' vel ad ted thereunto.
ea participandum admitti.'
Of Church Censures.
De Censuris Ecclesiasticis. I. The Lord Jesus, as king and I. Dominus Jesus quatenus Rex head of his Churc!, hath therein et caput Ecclesiæ suæ constituit in appointed a government in the ea regimen, quod in officiariorum hand of Church officers, distinct Ecclesiasticorum manu foret, disfrom the civil magistrate.' tinctum a civili Magistratu.”
II. To these officers the keys of II. Officiariis hisce claves regni the kingdom of heaven are com- cælorum sunt commissæ, quarum virmitted, by virtue whereof they have tute obtinent potestatem peccata vel power respectively to retain and retinendi vel remittendi pro varia remit sins, to shut that kingdom peccantium conditione; impenitenagainst the impenitent, both by the tibus quidem regnum illud tam per Word and censures; and to open it verbum quam per censuras occluunto penitent sinners, by the minis- dendi, peccatoribus vero pænitentibus try of the gospel, and by absolution tam evangelii ministerio quam absofrom censures, as occasion shall re- lutione a censuris idem aperiendi, quire.
prout occasio postulaverit.'
11 Cor. xi. 27-29; 2 Cor. vi. 14-16; [Am.
ed. 1 Cor. x. 21].
Matt. vii. 6.
Acts xx. 17, 28; Heb. xiii, 7, 17, 24; 1
ed. Psa. ii. 6-9; John xviii. 36).
23; 2 Cor. ii. 6-8.
III. Church censures are neces
III. Omnino necessario sunt censary for the reclaiming and gain- suræ Ecclesiasticæ, lucrandis fratriing of offending brethren; for de- bus delinquentibus eisque in viam terring of others from the like of- reducendis, reliquis autem a similifenses; for purging out of that bus delictis deterrendis, fermento illi leaven which might infect the malo, ne totam massam inficiat, exwhole lump; for vindicating the purgando; ad honorem Christi et honor of Christ, and the holy pro- Sanctam Evangelii professionem fession of the gospel; and for pre- vindicandum, ut prævertatur deniventing the wrath of God, which que ira Dei, quce merito in Ecclesiam might justly fall upon the Church, accendi posset, si ipsius fædus, huif they should suffer his covenant, jusque sigilla ab insigniter ac pertiand the seals thereof, to be pro- naciter delinquentibus impune profaned by notorious and obstinate fanari pateretur." offenders. (IV. For the better attaining of IV. Quo melius autem hosce fines these ends, the officers of the Church consequantur, procedere debent Ecare to proceed by admonition, susclesiæ officiarü, admonendo, a Sacrapension from the Sacrament of the mento conæ Dominicæ ad tempus Lord's Supper for a season, and by aliquod suspendendo, excommuniexcommunication from the Church, cando denique ab Ecclesia, pro raaccording to the nature of the crime tione criminis, atque persona delinand demerit of the person.'
De Synodis et Conciliis. I. For the better government and I. Quo melius gubernari, ac ultefurther edification of the Church, rius ædificari possit Ecclesia, conthere ought to be such assemblies ventus ejusmodi fieri debent, quales as are commonly called synods or vulgo Synodi et Concilia nuncucouncils.
Of Synods and Councils.
*[Am. ed. omits the.]
* 1 Thess. v. 12; 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14, 15; 1 Cor. ? 1 Cor. chap. v. ; 1 Tim. v. 20; Matt. vii. 6; v. 4, 5, 13; Matt. xviii. 17; Tit. iii. 10.
1 Tim. i. 20; 1 Cor. xi. 27 to the end, * Acts xv. 2, 4, 6. with Jude 23.