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which encompassed the high priest round, signified the ocean." Each of the sardonyxes declares to us the sun and the moon those I mean that were in the nature of buttons on the high priest's shoulders. And for the twelve > stones, whether we understand by them the months, or whether we understand the like number of the signs of that circle which the Greeks call the zodiac, we shall not be mistaken in their meaning. And for the mitre, which was of a blue colour, it seems to me to mean heaven; for how otherwise could the name of God be in scribed upon it? That it was also illusi rated with a crown, and that of gold also, is because of that splendour with which God is pleased." --Josephus Antiq. Jud. ch. 7.

The following passage of Scripture is read al opening. ," Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves* from every brother that walkeih disorderls, and not after the tradition which ye received of us. For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us, for we behaved not ourselves Jisorderly among you. Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought, but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you. Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us. For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that. · if any would not work, weither should he eat: For we x? hear that there are some which walk among you disor. derly, working not at all but are busybodies. Now them that are such, we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ ihat with quietness they work, and eat their own bread. But ye, brethren, be not weary in well do." ; ing. And if any man obey not our word, by this epistle, note that man and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed. Yet count him not as an eneiny, but admonish him as a brother. Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace always by all means. The Lord be." with you all. The salutation of Paul, with mine own hand,



· which is the token in every epistle : so I write."-- Thes. iii. 6–17.

Observations on the Seventh Degree. The lectuie of his degree is divided into two sections, and should be well understood by every royal arch Ma son ; upon an accurate acquaintance with itwill depend his usefulness at our assemblies; and without it, he will be unqualified to perform the duties of the various stations in which his services may be required by the chapter.

The first Seclion. The first section opens to our view a large field for contemplation and study. It furnishes us with many interesting particulars relative to the state of the fraternity, during and since the reign of king Solomon ; and illustrates the causes and consequences of some very important events which occurred during his reign.

This section explains the mode of government in this class of Masons : it designates the appellation, number, and situation of the several officers; and points out the purposes and duties of their respective stations.

The second Section. This section contains much valuable historical information, and proves, beyond the power of contradiction, and in the most striking colours, that prosperity and happiness are ever the ultimate consequences of virtue and justice, while disgrace and ruin invariably follow the practice of vice and immorality.

A proper arrangement of the following charges, &c. is essentially necessary to be observed in every chapter;

and their application should be familiar to every royal . arch mason.

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Prayer rehearsed during the Ceremony of Exaltation lo the

* Degree of Royal Arch Mason. « Supreme Architect of Universal nature, who by thine Almighty word, didst speak into being the stupendous Arch of heaven, and for the instruction and pleasure of thy rational creatures, didst adorn it with greater and sesser lights; thereby magnifying thy power, and endearing thy goodness, unto the sons of men ; we humbly adore and worship thine unspeakable perfection. We bless thee, that when man had fallen from his innocence and his happiness, thou didst still leave unto him the powers of reasoning, and. capacity of improvement and of pleasure. We thank thee that amidst the pains and calamities of our present state, so many means of refreshment and satisfaction are reserved unto us, while travelling the rugged path of life. Especially would we at this time render thee our thanksgiving and praise for the institution, as memhers of which we are at this time assembled, and for all the pleasures we have de. rived from it. We thank thee that the few here assembled before theo, have been favoured with new inducemens, and laid under new and stronger obligations, to virtue and holiness. May these obligations, o blessed Father, have their full effect upon us. Teach us, we pray thee, the true rev. erence of thy great, mighty, and terrible name. Inspire us with a firm and unshaken resolution in our virtuous pursuits. Give us grace diligently to search thy word in the book of nature, wherein the duties of our high vocation are inculcated with divine authority. May the solemnity of the ceremonies of our institution be duly inapressed on our minds, and have a lasting and happy effect upon our lives, O thou, who didst aforetime appear unto thy servant Moses in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush, epkindle, ve beseech thee, in each of our hearts, a flame of devotion to thee, of love to each other, and of charity to all mankind. May all thy miracles and mighty works fill us with the dread, and thy goodness impress us with the love, of thy Imoly name.

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May holiness to the Lord be engraven on all our thoughts, words, and actions. May the incense of piety ascend continually unto thee from the altar of our hearts, and burn, day and night, as a sacrifice of sweet smelling savour, well pleasing unto thee. And since sin hath destroyed within us the first temple of purity and innocence, may thy heavenly grace guide and assist us in rebuilding a second temple of reformation, and may the glory of this latter house be greater than the glory of the former.Amen."

" Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian ; and he led ihe flock to the back side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned. And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses ! And he said, Here am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither : put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, The God of Abraliam, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.-Ex. iii. 1-6.

And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear,

Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep and do them. The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeh. The Lord made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day. The Lord talked with you face to face in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, (I stood between the Lord and you at that time, to show you the word of the Lord ; for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount,) saying,

"I am the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. Thou shalt have none other Gods before me. Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth : Thou shalt pot bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them : for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain : for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Keep the sabbath-day to sanctify it as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work : But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God : in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy inaidservant, nor thine ox, por thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, por thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy man-servant and thy maid-servant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence, through a mighty hand, and by a stretched-out arm, therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath-cay.

* Honour thy father and thy mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. Veither shalt thou steal. Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbeur. Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his man-servant, or his maid-servant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's. These words the Lord spake unto all your assembly in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick dark

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