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The scarcity of Masonic books of a cheap and convenient form, for the use of Lodges, Chapters, and individual brethren, and the growing respectability apd usefulness of our ancient Institution throughout North America, induce the publisher to believe that this appendage to his Masonic Mirror will be found a useful. acquisition to ihe craft. Its size will render it a convenient pocket companion, while it contains all the important information, relative to the first seven degrees of Masonry, found in Webb, Preston, Hulchinson, Dalcho, Phillips, Calcott, and the English and Ameri. can constitutions.
The second chart will be attended with a similar key, relative to all the degrees of knighthood, and all the ineffable and honorary degrees conferred on this side of the Atlantic, and will also exhibit the progress of Masonic history from the Christian cra to the present time.
The publisher avails himself, with pleasure, of this opportunity, of expressing his gratitude for the extensive patronage which his Mirror has already received ; and he pledges himself to his patrons, to spare no trouble or expense in the fulfilment of his former promises in relation to his second chart, which will be published as soon as the engraving and printing can be executed.
OF MASONRY IN GENERAL. " MASONRY,” says Mr. Sumner, “is MORAL LIGHT; and at whatever moment i he first gleam of goodness brightered in the heart of man, masonry was born." Thus remote and thus honourable is the origin of our noble Insti. tution. GOODNESS was her father, CHARITY her mother, aud her stu.ly is the happiness of wan. Masonry is both a SCIENCE and an ART. As a science, she studies the interest, and searches for the wants of suffering humanity. As ag art, she cultivates those interests and relieves those wants. Eren in the darkest ages of antiquity, when literature was a stranger to the world; and when virtue was rather a relic of pristine innocence, than a cultivated plant in the terrestrial garden, Masonry disclosed her radiance in the chambers of the “East," and beamed with celestial lustre on the admiring world.
As Masonry, like the rising sun, was at first seen illuminating a complete horizon, so, like him, she is still uniocrsal in the benign emanation of her genial beams Her influence is restricted by no local boundaries of climate, sect, or country. By the sacred and inviolable signs whicla distinguish the fraternity, they are every where known to their intelligent, and discerning brethren. Thus they enjoy a universal language, and thus a decided advantage is given them over every other society that has studied the happiness of man.
By this language, which constitutes a bond of inseparable union, the distant Chinese, thejwandering Arai, tha slave of European despotism, and the son of Americile liberty, all assemble on a common and conserteed ground, speaking the intelligible langaage of unity and
peace. Even amid the ravages of war the voice of Masonry is heard. Frequently, when the burst of trumpets and the shock of arms have silenced every oral language, the mystic sign has brought a redeeming spirit to the soldier's side, and the mantle of Masonry has received him in its silken folds. Yes, and that very MANTLE which can shield from the flaming sabre on the field of battle, has been employed from immemorial time to wipe the tear of suffering orphanage, and drink from the brow of care its dungeondamps. And although Masonry is frequently solicited to feed the mouth that defames her, still she enters with pleasure the house of mourning anù of sorrow, and leaves her last mite in the shed of poverty. Sometimes, indeed, she deems it her duty to deny her right hand the knowledge of what her left has done, but she asks only the reasonable privilege, of alleging in her defence, the precept and example of her Divine Master.
Here too, the bigoted sectary is taught to feel, that the Master Builder of the universe has not erected his celestial temple for any one name or nation, but that the virtuou-s and the good of every denomination, and of every country, are invited from the labours and trials of this world, to the rest and refreshments of the Paradise above.
Such, brethren, being the nature and design of our heloved Institution, constituting at once our example and our pride, we need not to be invited to study and to practise the precepts of her lips.
CHAPTER 11. On the first seven degrees, or classes of Free and
Honour and probity are recommendations to the first class ; and to the ENTERED APPRENTICE the practice of virtue is recommended, while the duties of morality are strongly enforced upon the mind. A prayer used at opening May the favour of heaven be upon this meeting! And as it is begun happily, may it be conducted with order, and closed in harmony.
For the second class, diligence, assiduity, and application are indispensable qualifications, and to the FELLOW-CRAFT an accurate elacidation of science, both in theory and practice is presented.
The third class is composed of those whom truth and fidelity have distinguished; who when assaulted by threats and violence, have evinced their integrity, by preserving inviolate the sacred mysteries of the craft. Such may be raised to the honours and privileges of a MASTER Mason.
The fourth degree is a reward of merit, and is conferred on those only who have faithfully studied the scientific branches of art. Those who are MARK MASONS, there. fore, must have exhibited proofs of their skill and evidence of their acquirements.
The fifth class, denominated PRESENT or Past MASTERS, are such as have acquired a sufficient degree of skill in the art, to become teachers, and have been elected to preside over regularly constituted bodies of Masons.
The sixth class consists of those who have discharged the duties of the chair with honour, and have been received and acknowledged as Most EXCELLENT MASTERS.
The seventh class is composed of a select few, whom years and experience have improved, and whom merit and abilities have entitled to preferment. With this latter class, or ROYAL ARCH MASONS, the ancient landmarks of the order are preserved.
CHAPTER III. OF A LODGE IN GENERAL. Our first care is directed to the external avenues of the lodge ; and the proper officers, whose province it is to dis, charge that duly, execute the trust with fidelity.
Another prayer used at opening. Most holy and glorious Lord God!“ The great Architect of the universe ; the giver of all good gifts and graces : Thou hast promised that, where two or three are gathered together in thy name, thou wilt be in the midst of themi. In thy game we assemble, most humbly beseeching thee tof bless us in all our undertakings, that we may know and serve thee aright, and that all our actions may tend to thy glory, and to our advancement in knowledge and in virtue, Amen.
Charge at opening. Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, eren Aaron's beard, that went down to the skirts of his garments. As the dew of Hermon ; as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion ; for there the Lord commanded his blessing, even life for evermore.
Prayer used at closing. May the blessing of heaven rest upon us, and all regular Masous! May brotherly love prevail, and every moral and social virtue cement us.
Charge at closing. BRETHREN- You are now about to quit this sacred retreat of friendship and virtue, to mix again with the world. Amidst its concerns and temptations, forget not the duties you have heard so frequently inculcated and forcibly recommended in the Lodge. Be, therefore, diligent, pru. dent, and temperate. And remember also that you have