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therefore was consecrated by our ancient brethren as a day of rest, wherein to contemplate the works, and adore the goodness of the great Creator.
THE GLOBES. These are two artificial, spherical bodies; the one designed to represent the convex surface of the earth; the other the concaye surface of the visible heavens: the former is called the terrestrial--the latter the celestial sphere, The five orders in architecture are here explained.
THE TUSCAN ORDER.. This was invented in Tuscany, and is the most simple and solid of the five. Its column is seven diameters in heigh!--and its capital, base and entablature have but few mouldings.
THE DORIC ORDER, This bears a mean proportion between the more solid and delicate orders. Its column is nine diameters high, its capital is adorned with volutes, its cornice has dentals.
THE TONIC Bears a kind of mean proportion between the more gor lid and delicate orders. Its column is nine diameters high its capital is adorned with volutes, and it cornice has der. tals.
CORINTHIAN ORDER. This is the richest of the five orders, and is deemed a masterpiece of art. Its column is ten diameters high, and its capital is adorned with two rows of leaves, its frieze with curious devices, and its cornice with dentals and modillions.
COMPOSITE ORDER. · This is a selection from the other orders, and was con. trived by the Romans. It is ton diameters in height, and
the capital is ornamented with the leaves of the Corinthian, while the column is voluted like the lonic.
FIVE HUMAN SENSES.
HEARING. By this sense we distinguish sounds, and are capable of enjoying all the agreeable charms of music. The wise and beneficent Author of Nature intended by the formation of this sense, that we should be social creatures, and receive the greatest and most important part of our knowledge from the information of others..
SBEING. Of all the faculties sight is the poblest. By this sense we find our way in the pathless ocean; traverse this globe of earth, measure the planetary orbs, and make new and interesting discoveries in all the regions of visible creation. It also discloses the tempers and dispositions of our fellow. men.
FEELING. This sense enables us to distinguish the different qualities of bodies, such as heat and cold; hardness and softness; roughness and smoothness; figure, solidity, motion and extension.
The three senses above mentioned are deemed peculiarly.essential among masons.
SMELLING. The various odours and perfumes of Nature are brought to our knowledge by this faculty ; and are made to contribute to our happiness.
TASTING Our taste enables us to make a proper choice in the ser lection of our animal nourishment; and is not among the
least those numerous blessings which are bestowel on us by a kind Creator.
· LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES. GRAMMAR teaches us to speak and write with propriety. it is an art, convenient and ornamental even in common life, but is indispensable to the scholar or the gentleman.
RHETORIC teaches us to pronounce with elegance and force what grammar has composed with perspicuity and correctness.
Logic teaches us to guide our reason discretionally in tae general acquisition of knowledge, and directs our inquiries after truth.
. ARITHMETIC is the art of determining the properties and powers of numbers; and operates by letters, tables, figures or instruments.
GEOMETRY treats of the properties of magnitude, in which length, breadth, and thickness, are considered; proceeding from a point to a line, from a line to a superficies, and from a superficies to a solid.
Music teaches the formation of agreeable sounds by suit. able mixtures of concordant and discordant notes skilfully arranged to produce melody and harmony.
ASTRONOMY is that sublime science by which we are taught to read the wisdom, strength, and beauty, of the works of the Almighty in the celestial sphere.
CHARGE AT PASSING A BROTHER. BROTHER,
Being advanced to the second degree of masonry, we con. gratulate you on your preferment. The internal, and not the external qualifications of a man, are what masonry re. gards. As you increase in knowledge, you will improve in social intercourse.
It is unnecessary to recapitulate the duties which, as a Mason, you are bound to discharge ; or enlarge on the
bocessity of a strict adherence to them, as your own experieute must have established their value.
Our laws and regulations you are strenuously to support, and be always ready to assist in seeing them duly executed. You are not to palliate, or aggravate, the offences of your hrethren ; but in the decision of every trespass against our rules, you are to judge with cándour, admonish with friendship, and reprehend with justice.
The study of the liberal arts, that valuable branch of education, which tends so effectúally to polish and adorn the mind, is earnestly recommended to your consideration ; especially the science of geometry, which is established as the basis of our art. Geometry,or masonry, originally synonymous terms, being of a divine and moral nature, is enriched with the most useful knowledge ; while it proves the wonderful properties of nature, it demonstrates the more important truths of morality.
Your past behaviour and regular deportment have mer. ited the honour which we have now conferred; and in your new character it is expected that you will conform to the principles of the order, by steadily persevering in the practice of every commendable virtue.
Such is the nature of your engagements as a fellow.craft, and to these duties you are bound by the most sacred ties,
WHEN Sol with grave motion, had plunged in the ocean,
And twilight hung over the borders of day,
Stole softly the senses of mortals away :
With night's ample canopy widely unfurl'd;
Bade twilight in silence retire from the world.
I saw in each feature a beautiful creature,
Replete with celestial, transporting glee;
Some beautiful angel of humanity.
His state was elective, and noble his mind,
The precepts of nature, by wisdom enjoined.
His soul like an ocean of pleasing devotion,
His tongue like an organ of music and mirth;
His science like treasures bid deep in the earth,
And with my own heart-strings I bound him with care ; Ņor could I unloose him, for his soft bosum
I saw the best image that mortal can wear.
thought he said to me, in vain you pursue me,
While on the swift pinions of science I soar; But if you will basten, become a Freemason,
Then you may go with me, and never before.
The keeping a secret in union so long ;
No bond of sweet friendship so lasting and strong.
For kingdoms have quarrels, for conquests and laurels,
And churches, though Christian, do wrangle and jar; There're no such invasions among the Freemasons,
No ruptures or rumour of internal war.