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Mind, one of these papers was put into enough for them to do to answer the hand of every person who went to Two-PENNY TRASH, No. 7. Let them hear me; so that this orphan had this send me an answer to that, and that paper to read after I came away. This will be occupation for them for some paper was the thing most likely to pro- time. And by way of amusement let duce impression on his mind; and a them read the petition now signing in strange mind indeed must that have the COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, which conbeen, if this urged him to commit a cludes with praying, that "the tithes violent act of any description. Never" may again be applied, as originally was any thing so foul as this charge." intended to be; namely, to the relief All my efforts tended to put a stop to of the poor and the repair of the violence; for, what was so likely to put" churches, instead of the people being a stop to it, as for the farmers, in every" heavily taxed for these purposes." Let parish, to call all the people together, to them read such things as this; and let explain to them the causes of their in- them answer these petitioners. Howability to pay sufficient wages, to sign a ever, let them do what they like, and petition along with them, and exhort say what they like, they never can them to wait patiently till there had been change men's minds upon this most imtime to consider their petitions? And portant subject. On this point the whole this was the advice that I every-where nation, the parties interested in upholdgave. If this advice had been followed, ing tithes excepted, are of one mind; there would have been an instant and the prudent course is, to yield to stop to all the violences, and the dreadful their wish at once, and to come to a scenes which we now behold in the settlement justly and peaceably. As I West would never have been beheld at have said, over and over again, someall. Aye, aye; the calumniators know thing must give way; something, some this as well as I do! But, I have part or other of this present system, written the HISTORY OF THE PROTEST- must yield to the mighty pressure. It ANT REFORMATION! I have taught the is the circumstances, and not my writings people WHAT TITHES WERE GRANTED alone, that are at work. But men FOR: and I have written the Poor situated as the parsons now are, will not MAN'S FRIEND, maintaining the RIGHTS see the true cause; and thus it is that OF THE POOR; and I have written the danger becomes destruction. YEAR'S RESIDENCE IN AMERICA, showing how well people are off in a country

where there are no pensions, sinecures, THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S standing armies, nor tithes; and I have written 12 SERMONS, two of which treat of cruelty to the poor, and of parsons and tithes; and I have written the EMIGRANT'S GUIDE, showing how soon a miserable English pauper becomes a man of property, when he has landed in a country where there are hardly any taxes and no tithes. These are my real sins; and thumping sins they are. They are, however, past praying for. They are committed. They have produced, and are producing, their effect; and it is perfectly useless to abuse their author. If the parsons would set about answering the HISTORY OF THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION, they would act a more becoming part than they are now acting towards me. However, there is quite



received the President's Message by express. A LITTLE after twelve o'clock last night, we The person engaged to bring it to this city would have reached here at a much earlier hour but for a disappointment in his arrangements in Philadelphia. He, however, by his perseverance, has enabled us to lay it before our readers at an early hour this morning.

The National Intelligencer of Tuesday states, that a large proportion of the Members of ConGeneral Smith, of Maryland, took the chair. gress were present on Monday. In the Senate, In the House of Representatives, Mr. Speaker Stevenson was absent; but we learn from The Baltimore Patriot of Tuesday evening, that the Speaker arrived at Washington on Tuesday morning.

Both Houses met on Tuesday, when the following Message was delivered :


FELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-The pleasure I have in congratulating you on your return to your constitutional duties is much heightened by the satisfaction which the condition of our beloved country at this period justly inspires. The beneficent Author of all good has granted to us, during the present year, health, peace, aud plenty, and numerous causes for joy in the wonderful success which attends the progress of our free institutions.

With a population unparalleled in its increase, and possessing a character which combines the hardihood of enterprize with the considerateness of wisdom, we see in every section of our happy country a steady improvemeut in the means of social intercourse, and correspondent effects upon the genius and laws of our extended Republic.

The apparent exceptions to the harmony of the prospect are to be referred rather to inevitable diversities in the various interests which enter into the composition of so extensive a whole, than to any want of attachment to the Union-interests, whose collision serves only, in the end, to foster the spirit of conciliation and patriotism, so essential to the preservation of that union, which, I most devoutly hope, is destined to prove imperishable.

standing the strong assurances which the man whom we so sincerely love and justly admire has given to the world of the high character of the present King of the French, and which, if sustained to the end, will secure to him the proud appellation of the Patriot King, it is not in his success, but in that of the great principle which has borne him to the throne-the paramount authority of the public will-that the American people rejoice.

I am happy to inform you, that the anticipa tions which were indulged at the date of my last communication on the subject of our foreign affairs, have been fully realised in seve ral important particulars.

All arrangement has been effected with Great Britain, in relation to the trade between the United States and her West India and North American Colonies, which has settled a question that has for years afforded matter for contention and almost uninterupted discussion, and has been the subject of no less than six negociations, in a manner which promises results highly favourable to the parties.

The abstract right of Great Britain to monopolise the trade with her Colonies, or to exclude us from a participation therein, has never been denied by the United States. But we have contended, and with reason, that if at any time Great Britain may desire the productions of this country, as necessary to her Colonies, they must be received upon principles of just reciprocity; and further, that it is making an invidious and unfriendly distinction to open her colonial ports to the vessels of other nations and close them against those of the United States.

In the midst of these blessings, we have recently witnessed changes in the condition of other nations, which may in their consequences call for the utmost vigilance, wisdom, and unanimity in our Councils, and the exercise of all the moderation and patriotism of our people. The important modifications of their Goverument, effected with so much courage and wisdom by the people of France, afford a happy presage of their future course, and have naturally elicited from the kindred feelings of this nation that spontaneous and universal burst of applause in which you have participated. In congratulating you, my fellow-citizens, upon an event so auspicious to the dearest interests of mankind, I do no more than respond to the voice of my country, without transgressing, in the slightest degree, that salutary maxim of the illustrious Washington, her productions, as well as our vessels, were which enjoins an abstinence from all inter-excluded, with occasional relaxations, by ference with the internal affairs of other which, in seasons of distress, the former were nations. From a people exercising, in the admitted in British bottoms. most unlimited degree, the right of self-government, and enjoying, as derived from this proud characteristic, under the favour of Heaven, much of the happiness with which they are blessed; a people who can point in triumph to their free institutions, and challenge comparison with the fruits they bear, as well as with the moderation, intelligence, and energy, with which they are administered; from such a people, the deepest sympathy was to be expected in a struggle for the sacred principles of liberty, conducted in a spirit every way worthy of the cause, and crowned by an heroic moderation which has disarmed revolution of its terrors. Notwith

Antecedently to 1794, a portion of our productions was admitted into the Colonial islands of Great Britain by particular concessions, limited to the term of one year, but renewed from year to year. In the transportation of these productions, however, our vessels were not allowed to engage; This being a privilege reserved to British shipping, by which alone our produce could be taken to the islands, and theirs brought to us in return. From Newfoundland and her continental possessions, all

By the Treaty of 1794, she offered to concede to us, for a limited time, the right of carrying to her West India possessions, in our vessels not exceeding seventy tons burden, and upon the same terms with British vessels, any productions of the United States which British vessels might import therefrom. But this privilege was coupled with conditions which are supposed to have led to its rejection by the Senate; that is, that American vessels should land their return cargoes in the United States only; and, moreover, that they should, during the continuance of the privilege, be precluded from carrying molasses, sugar, coffee, cocoa, or cotton,

either from those islands or from the United | nations that have so many motives, not only
States, to any other part of the world. Great to cherish feelings of mutual friendship, but
Britain readily consented to expunge this arti- to maintain such relations as will stimulate
cle from the treaty; and subsequent attempts their respective citizens and subjects to ef-
to arrange the terms of the trade, either by forts on direct, open, and honourable com-
treaty, stipulation, or concerted legislation, petition only, and preserve them from the in-
having failed, it has been successively sus-fluence of seductive and vitiating circum-
pended and allowed, according to the varying
legislation of the parties.


The following are the prominent points which have, in late years, separated the two Governments. Besides a restriction, whereby all importations into her Colonies in American vessels are confined to our own products carried hence a restriction to which it does not appear that we have ever objected—a leading object on the part of Great Britain has been to prevent us from becoming the carriers of British West India commodities to any other country than our own. On the part of the United States, it has been contended: 1st That the subject should be regulated by treaty stipulations, in preference to separate legislation; 2d. That our productions, when imported into the colonies in question, should not be subject to higher duties than the productions of the mother country, or of her other colonial possessious; and, 3d, That our vessels should be allowed to participate in the circuitous trade between the United States and different parts of the British dominions.

When your preliminary interposition was asked at the close of the last Session, a copy of the instructions under which Mr. M'Lane has acted, together with the communicatious which had at that time passed between him and the British Government, was laid before you. Although there has not been any-thing in the acts of the two Governments which requires secrecy, it was thought most proper, in the then state of the negociation, to make that communication a confidential one. So soon, however, as the evidence of execution on the part of great Britain is received, the whole matter shall be laid before you, when it will be seen that the apprehension which ap. pears to have suggested one of the provisions of the Act passed at your last Session, that the restoration of the trade in question might be connected with other subjects, and was sought to be obtained at the sacrifice of the public interest in other particulars, was wholly unfounded; and that the chauge which has taken place in the views of the British GovernThe first point, after having been for a long ment has been induced by considerations as time strenuously insisted upon by Great Bri-honourable to both parties, as, I trust, the tain, was given up by the Act of Parliament result will prove beneficial. of July, 1825; all vessels suffered to trade This desirable result was, it will be seen, with the colonies being permitted to clear greatly promoted by the liberal and confiding from thence with any articles which British provisious of the Act of Congress of the last vessels might export, and to proceed to any Session, by which our ports were, upon the part of the world, Great Britain and her de-acceptation and annunciation by the Presi pendencies álone excepted. On our part, dent of the required assurance on the part of each of the above points had, in succession, Great Britain, forthwith opened to her vessels, been explicitly abandoned, in negociations before the arrangements could be carried into preceding that of which the result is now effect on her part; pursuing, in this act of announced. prospective legislation, a similar course to that adopted by Great Britain, in abolishing, by her Act of Parliament, in 1825, a restriction then existing, and permitting our vessels to clear from the colonies, on their return voyages, for any foreign country whatever, before British vessels had been relieved from the restriction imposed by our law, of returning, directly from the United States to the colonies-a restriction which she required and expected that we should abolish. Upon each occasiou a limited and temporary advantage has been given to the opposite party, but an. advantage of no importauce in comparison with the restoration of the mutual confidence and good feeling, and the ultimate establishment of the trade upon fair principles.

This arrangement secures to the United States every advantage asked by them, and which the state of the negociation allowed us to insist upon. The trade will be placed upon a footing decidedly more favourable to this country than any on which it ever stood; and our commerce and navigation will enjoy, in the colonial ports of Great Britain, every privilege allowed by other nations.

That the prosperity of the country, so far as it depends on this trade, will be greatly promoted by the new arrangement, there can be no doubt. Independently of the more obvious advantages of an open and direct intercourse, its establishment will be attended with other consequences of a higher value. That which has been carried on since the mutual interdict, under all the expense and inconvenience unavoidably incident to it, would have been insupportably onerous, had it not been, in a great degree, lightened by concerted evasions in the mode of making the transhipments at of a sincere desire to cultivate the best relawhat are called the neutral ports. These in- tions with the United States. To reciprocate directions are inconsistent with the dignity of this disposition to the fullest extent of my

It gives me unfeigned pleasure to assure you that this negociation has been, throughout, characterised by the most frank and friendly spirit on the part of Great Britain, and concluded in a manner strongly indicative

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ability, is a duty which I shall deem it a privilege to discharge.

Although the result is itself the best commentary on the services rendered to his country by our Minister at the Court of St. James, it would be doing violence to my feelings were I to dismiss the subject without expressing the very high sense I entertain of the talent and exertions which have been displayed by him on the occasion.

I sincerely regret to inform you that our Minister lately commissioned to that Court, on whose distinguished talents and great experience in public affairs I place great reliance, has been compelled, by extreme indisposition, to exercise a privilege, which, in consideration of the extent to which his constitution has been impaired in the public service, was com mitted to his discretion, of leaving temporarily his post for the advantage of a more genial climate.

If, as it is to be hoped, the improvement of his health will be such as to justify him in

The injury to the commerce of the United States resulting from the exclusion of our vessels from the Black Sea, and the previous footing of mere sufferance upon which even the limited trade enjoyed by us with Turkey has hitherto been placed, have, for a long time, been a source of much solicitude to this Government, and several endeavours have been made to obtain a better state of things. Sensible of the importance of the object, I felt it my duty to leave no proper means unemployed to acquire for our flag the same privileges that are enjoyed by the principal Pow-doing so, he will repair to St. Petersburgh, and ers of Europe. Commissioners were, con. resume the discharge of his official duties. sequently, appointed to open a negociation I have received the most satisfactory assurwith the Sublime Porte. Not long after the ance, that in the mean time, the public interMember of the Commission, who went directly ests in that quarter will be preserved from from the United States, had sailed, the ac- prejudice, by the intercourse which he will count of the treaty of Adrianople, by which continue, through the Secretary of Legation, one of the objects in view was supposed to be with the Russian Cabinet. secured, reached this country. The Black Sea was understood to be opened to us. Under the supposition that this was the case, the additional facilities to be derived from the establishment of commercial regulations with the Porte were deemed of sufficient importance to require a prosecution of the negociation as originally contemplated. It was, therefore, persevered in, and resulted in a treaty which will forthwith be laid before the Senate.

You are apprised, although the fact has not yet been officially announced to the House of Representatives, that a treaty was, in the month of March last, concluded between the United States and Denmark, by which 650,000 dollars are secured to our citizens as an indemnity for spoliations upon their commerce in the years 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811. This treaty was sanctioned by the Senate at the close of its last session, and it now becomes the duty of Congress to pass the necessary laws for the organization of the Board of Commissioners to distribute the indemnity amongst the claimants. It is an agreeable circumstance in this adjustment, that its terms are in conformity with the previously áscertained views of the claimants themselves; thus removing all pretence for a future agitation of the subject in any form.

Of the points not yet adjusted, the most prominent are our claims upon France for

By its provisions a free passage is secured, without limitation of time, to the vessels of the United States to and from the Black Sea, including the navigation thereof; and our trade with Turkey is placed on the footing of the most favoured nations.-The latter is an arrangement wholly independent of the treaty of Adrianople; and the former derives much value not only from the increased security which, under any circumstances, it would give to the right in question, but from the fact, ascertained in the course of the ue-spoliations upon our commerce; similar claims gociation, that, by the construction put upon upon Spain, together with embarrassments in that Treaty by Turkey, the article relating to the commercial intercourse between the two the passage of the Bosphorus is confined to countries, which ought to be removed; the nations having Treaties with the Porte. The conclusion of the Treaty of Commerce and most friendly feelings appear to be entertained Navigation with Mexico, which has been so by the Sultan, and an enlightened disposition long in suspense, as well as the final settleis evinced by him to foster the intercourse be- ment of limits between ourselves and that tween the two countries by the most liberal Republic; and finally, the arbitrament of the arrangements. This disposition it will be our question between the United States and Great duty and interest to cherish. Britain in regard to the North eastern boun√ dary.

Our relations with Russia are the most stable character. Respect for that empire, and confidence in its friendship towards the United States, have been so long entertained pn our part, and so carefully cherished by the

The negociation with France has been conducted by our Minister with zeal and ability, and in all respects to my entire satisfaction. Although the prospect of a favourable termin

resent Emperor and his illustrious prede-ation was occasionally dimmed by counter

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pretensions to which the United States could it became my painful duty to advert to on a not assent, he yet had strong hopes of being former occasion, have been, I believe, entirely able to arrive at a satisfactory settlement removed; and the Government of Mexico has with the late Government. The negociation beeu made to understand the real character has been renewed by the present authorities; of the wishes and views of this in regard to and, sensible of the general and lively confi- this country. The consequence is, the esdence of our citizeus in the justice and mag-tablishment of friendship and mutual connanimity of regenerated France, I regret fidence. Such are the assurances which I the more not to have it in my power yet to have received, and I see no cause to doubt announce the result so confidently anticipated. their sincerity. No ground, however, inconsistent with this expectation, has been taken; and I do not allow myself to doubt that justice will soon be done to us. The amount of the claims, the length of time they have remained unsatisfied, and their incontrovertible justice, make an earnest prosecution of them by this Government an urgent duty. The illegality of the seizures and confiscations out of which they have arisen is not disputed; and whatever distinctions may have been heretofore set up with regard to the liability of the existing Government, it is quite clear that such consi-jurisdiction.-The co-operation of the reprederations cannot now be interposed. sentative of Mexico to this Government was asked on the occasion, and was readily affordInstructions and advice have been given to the Governor of Arkansas, and the officers in command in the adjoining Mexican state, by which it is hoped the quiet of that frontier will be preserved, until a final settlement of the dividing line shall have removed all ground of controversy.

The commercial intercourse between the two countries is susceptible of highly advan-ed. tageous improvements; but the sense of this injury has had, and must continue to have, a very unfavourable influence upon them. From its satisfactory adjustment, not only a firm and cordial friendship, but a progressive development of their relations, may be expect ed. It is, therefore, my earnest hope, that this old and vexatious subject of difference may be speedily removed.

I feel that my confidence in our appeal to the motives which should govern a just and magnanimous nation is alike warranted by the character of the French people, and by the high voucher we possess for the enlarged views and pure integrity of the Monarch who now presides over her councils; and nothing shall be wanting on my part to meet any manifestation of the spirit we anticipate in one of corresponding frankness and liberality.cently committed on our commerce by the The subjects of difference with Spain have national vessels of Portugal. They have been been brought to the view of that Government, made the subject of immediate remonstrance by our Minister there, with much force and and reclamation. I am not yet possessed of propriety; and the strongest assurances have sufficient information to express a definitive been received of their early and favourable opinion of their character, but expect soon to consideration. receive it. No proper means shall be omitted to obtain for our citizens all the redress to which they may appear to be entitled.

Several alleged depredations have been re

the In

It gives me pleasure to announce to Con gress, that the benevolent policy of the Government, steadily pursued for nearly thirty years, in relation to the removal dians beyond the white settlement,is approaching to a happy consummation. Two import ant tribes have accepted the provisions made for their removal at the last Session of Congress; and it is believed that their example will induce the remaining tribes also to seek the same obvious advantages.

The cousequences of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to indivi dual States, and to the ludians themselves. The pecuniary advantages which it promises

The steps which remained to place the matter in controversy between Great Britain and the United States fairly before the ar. bitrator, have all been taken in the same liberal and friendly spirit which characterised those before announced. Recent events have doubtless served to delay the decision, but our Minister at the Court of the distinguished arbitrator has been assured that it will be made within the time contemplated by the


I am particularly gratified in being able to state that a decidedly favourable, aud, as I hope, lasting change, has been effected in our relations with the neighbouring republic of Mexico. The unfortunate and unfounded suspicions in regard to cur disposition, which

I had reason to expect the conclusion of a commercial treaty with Mexico, in season for communication on the present occasion. Cir. cumstances which are not explained, but which, I am persuaded, are not the result of an indisposition on her part to enter into it, have produced the delay.

There was reason to fear, in the course of the last summer, that the harmony of our re lations might be disturbed by the acts of certain claimants, under Mexican grants, of territory which has hitherto been under our

The exchange of ratifications of the treaty concluded last year with Austria has not yet taken place. The delay has been occasioned by the non-arrival of the ratification of that Government within the time prescribed by the treaty. Renewed authority has been asked for by the representative of Austria; and in the meantime the rapidly-increasing trade and navigation between the two countries have been placed upon the most liberal footing of our navigation acts.

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