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also know that they should have none of this food; and that potatoes and salt do not burn! Besides, they see and feel that the good comes, Therefore this argument is not worth a straw. and comes instantly too. They see that they do get some bread, in consequence of the destruction of part of the corn; and while they see this, which they have done is wrong. And as to one you attempt in vain to persuade them, that that effect, that of making the parsons reduce their tithes, it is hailed as a good by ninety-nine
accused me. The whole paragraph is taken from the Register of the eleventh of December, and that is the one that TREVOR barked about in the House of Commons, according to the report of the bloody Times. The part selected for prosecution is the part marked by italics, leaving out the head and tail of the paragraph. The reader will see what a base and contemptible proceed-hundredths even of men of considerable proing this is. I am not sure, by any country who does not clearly trace the reduction perty; while there is not a single man in the means, that it is the Government which to the acts of the labourers, and especially has made this attempt. I shall, how-to the fires, for it is the terror of these, ever, get it out at last, and I should not and not the bodily force, that has prevailed. be very much surprised if I were to trace To attempt to persuade either farmers or la bourers, that the tithes do not do them any it back to the very first instigator, or harm, is to combat plain common sense. propagator of the affair of GOODMAN. They must know, and they do know, that In another Register, I will publish the whatever is received by the parson just so result of my inquiries. Only think of the much taken from them, except that part which bloody TIMES putting forth a paragraph parish: and that is a mere trifle compared he may lay out for productive labour in the to cause it to be believed that it was a with what he gives to the East and West publication similar to that for which Mr. Indies, to the wine-countries, to the footmen, Carlile has been so severely punished and to other unproductive labourers. In and then some other of the base Lon- short, the tithe-owners take away from the agricultural parishes a tenth part of the don newspapers, sending it all over the gross produce, which, in this present state of country that I was actually in Newgate abuse of the institution, they apply to puralready. However, TREVOR's seat will poses not only not beneficial, but generally be taken from under him by about this mischievous to the people of those parishes. day week; for Romney is amongst the boroughs to be scratched out. This reform brings all due revenges, and gives us protection for the future. The execrable monopoly of the press, and all its unpunished and infamous slanders, will be swept away amongst other crying evils. If I were proprietor of a news paper, the proprietorship of which was worth 20,000l. last Saturday, I should now be glad to sell it for five.
There is to be a COMMON HALL on Monday, to take into consideration the propriety of passing resolutions, pledging the City the Reform that they have brought forward. to support the Ministers in carrying into effect At that Hall, please God, I will be. I should be ashamed to be a Livery man of London and to be absent on this occasion. I do hope, that has been carried in the Commons. Let the there will be a general illumination, as the Bill HELLS, in St. James's Street, be in darkness and in mourning; but let the tax-paying peu
In the meanwhile, however, the parsons are reducing their tithes with a tolerable de-ple rejoice. gree of alacrity! It seems to come from them like drops of blood from the heart; but it comes; and it must all come now; or England will never again know even the appearance of peace. "Out of evil comes good." We are not, indeed, upon that mere maxim, "to do evil that good may come from it." But without entering at present into the motives of the working people, it is unquestionable that their acts have produced good, and great good too. They have been always told, and they are told now, and by the very parson that I have quoted above, that their acts of violence, and particularly the burnings, can do them no good, but add to their wants by destroying the food that they would have to eat. Alas! they know better; they know that one thrashingmachine takes wages from ten men; and they
From the LONDON GAZETTE,
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1831.
FEB. 25.-CHEESEMAN, J., Reading, baker. HAMMAR, C., Gower-place, Euston square, merchant.
JOYCE, R., Cambridge, boot and
FEB. 23.-SMITH, G. and R. Foulerton,
BOCHSA, N. C., Regent-st., dealer in music,
fine.. Peas, White
FRY, J., Liverpool, merchant.
LEWIS, T., King's-road, Chelsea, builder.
SWAIN AND Co, Tailors and Drapers, No. 93, Fleet-street; beg to inform the public that, as they manufacture the whole of
PHILLIPS, H. N., Edward-st. Regent's-park, RIGMAIDEN, H., Liverpool, wine-merchant. WRIGHT, T., Manchester and Salford, to-their Woollen goods, they make bacconist. A Saxony Cloth Coat for Ditto, Kerseymere Trowsers 1 5 6 ditto, Waistcoat Ditto, 0 12 0
2 12 6
Being, for a whole Suit, only
4 10 0
MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, FEB. 28.We have a short supply of Wheat this morning, and the quotation for this Grain may be given the same as on last Monday. We have 215 0 a largish supply of Barley, and the fine malt-Petersham Beaver Great Coats 3 0 0 Talma Cloaks of Superfine Cloth. 4 0 0 A Suit of Livery.... And every other article in the trade proportionably cheap!
ing qualities may be quoted at an improvement of Is. per quarter from the price of this day week, but in other sorts there is no varia. tion. We have a very large supply of English Oats, and this Grain may be given at 1s. per quarter cheaper than on this day week. In Rye, Beans, Peas, and other articles of Grain, we can quote no variation.
Observe that their shop is 93, Fleet-street. I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co. as very good and punctual tradesmen, whom I have long employed with great WM. COBBEtt.
76s. to 82s.
30s. to 34s.
40s. to 42s.
46s. to 49s.
Pork, Mess, new... 55s. to 57s. 6d. per barl.
Gloucester, Double.. 48s. to 56s.
42s. to 46s.
45s. to 56s.
Bacon, Middles, new, 44s. to 46s. per cwt.
Pork, India, new., 110s. Od.
3 per Cent.
Beef, for prime young Scots, fetches from 4s. 6d. to 4s. 10d. per stone, and in the Mutton trade, prime young Downs are as high as 5s. to 5s. 6d. per stone. In Veal, the price of the finest young Calves is 6s. to 6s. 4d, per stone, and dairy-fed Porkers sell at 5s. to 5s. 6d. per stone. Beasts, 2,407; Sheep, 14,860; Calves, 110; Pigs, 140.
Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues.] Wed, Thur. 78 77 77 767 762 764
VOL. 71.-No. 11.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 12TH, 1831.
[Price 1s. 2d.
to boast of by kings and governments, that the number of the people living under them increased. Nay, our own Government, only thirty years ago, stated in its public documents, that the number of the people of England had increased under it, and that this was a proof of the goodness of the Government. Nay, further, in the year 1796, Mr. PITT, the then Minister, proposed to give rewards to the labouring People in proportion to the number of children that they brought up.
Kensington, 1st March, 1831.
you, the laborious, virtuous, excellent How comes it, then, my good friends, labourers of England, that this same Government now wants to get rid of part of you? How comes it that THERE is a bill brought into Par- this same Government, which only liament by a man who is called Lord thirty years ago boasted of your increase Howick, and who is the son of Lord in numbers as a proof of its goodness, GREY, who is now the First Lord of the now regards this increase of its numbers Treasury, and the King's Prime Minis-as a great evil, and is devising means ter. The object of this bill, which is of getting you away from your native not yet become a law, and which I hope land? Before I speak to you upon the will not, is to get a part of you to go terrible dangers which will assail you away out of your country; and it is my if you consent to be sent away, let me object to make you understand all this explain to you the reason of this change matter clearly; and to show you what in the language, views, and conduct of the consequences would be to you, and the Government; let me explain to you to the wives and children of such of you why it is that it now wishes to get rid as have wives and children, if you were of you. It wants to get you away beto consent to be sent away. But first cause you make so large a demand upon of all, let us ask what reason there can the poor-rates; because you are all bebe for sending you away out of your come what they call paupers; because, native country. It is not intended ab- in that character, you take away so solutely to force you to go, as men who much from the farmers, the gentlemen are transported are forced to go; but it and others, who own and occupy the is intended to get you to give your con- land; and they think that if they can sent to be sent away; and let us then make you smaller in number, they shall ask, how it comes to pass that the have less to give you. But they do Government of the country, that the not stop to inquire what it is that has Lords and the rich men who sit in Par-made you paupers; what it is that has liament, should wish to get rid of a part brought you into this miserable and of the people. You have read in the degraded state of poverty; or, indeed, Holy Scriptures, that amongst the great-they need not inquire, for they must est blessings which God has promised know the cause very well; they must to an obedient and good people is, a know that it is the taxes and the present multiplication of their numbers, an in-application of the tithes, and not any crease of them on the face of the earth; fault of yours, not any over-increase of and, until now, it has been a great thing your numbers, that have brought you
Particularly those of Kent, Sussex,
into that state of pauperism which plate the project for sending a part of makes you so burdensome to their house you out of the country. Now, mark and land. All of you who are sixty well what I am going to say: it is the years of age can recollect that bread taxes and the misapplication of the and meat, and not wretched potatoes, tithes, that have produced this terrible were the food of the labouring people; change. Fifty years ago; nay, only you can recollect that every industrious, forty years ago, the whole of the taxes labouring man brewed his own beer, for a year, amounted to fifteen millions and drank it by his own fire-side; you of pounds. They now amount to upcan recollect that, at every wedding wards of sixty millions of pounds. These and every christening, such labouring taxes take away so much from the man had a barrel of ale in the house owners and occupiers of land and provided for the occasion; you can houses, and from all persons carrying recollect when the young people were on trade, manufactures, or commerce, able to provide money before they were that they have not enough left to pay married, to purchase decent furniture the working people a sufficiency of for a house, and had no need to go to wages. Then again, when a working the parish to furnish them with a mise- man gets his wages, he has to pay, on 1 rable nest to creep into; you can recol- his beer, his hops, his malt, his soap, lect when a bastard child was a rarity his candles, his tobacco, his tea, his in a village, and when husbands and sugar, on the calico that he wears in his wives came together without the dis- shirt, and that his wife wears in her grace of being forced together by parish gown, twice as much, on an average, officers and the magistrates; you can as he would have to pay for them if it recollect when every sober and indus- were not for these taxes. For instance, trious labourer, that was a married the sugar which costs seven-pence à man, had his Sunday-coat, and took his pound, he would have for three-pence; wife and children to church all in de- the tea which costs him five shillings a cent apparel; you can recollect when pound, he would have for eighteenthe young men did not shirk about on pence, if not for a shilling. This is the a Sunday in ragged smock-frocks, with cause of the great change in the cirunshaven faces, with a shirt not washed cumstances of the labouring people of for a month, and with their toes peep- England, and the country people have ing out of their shoes, and when a young been further greatly injured by that man was pointed at if he had not, on a misapplication of the tithes of which I Sunday, a decent coat upon his back, a shall speak more by-and-by, and which good hat on his head, a clean shirt, with is one of the crying sins of this nation. silk handkerchief round his neck, leather Now, the working people, being thus breeches without a spot, whole worsted borne down by the taxes and misapplistockings tied under the knee with a cation of the tithes; being, in the first red garter, a pair of handsome Sunday place, deprived of the wages which shoes, which it was deemed almost a they would receive if it were not for disgrace not to have fastened on his the taxes laid upon their employers; feet by silver buckles. There were and having, in the next place, to give always some exceptions to this; some one half of the wages which they get lazy, some drunken, some improvident to the tax-gatherer, in one shape or anyoung men; but I appeal to all those other; being thus borne down, I say, of you who are sixty years of age, by the taxes and the tithes, they are whether this be not a true description reduced to this choices to lie down of the state of the labourers of England and die with starvation, or to obtain, when you were boys. something out of the poor-rates. By degrees, they have been stripped of the nice little furniture of their houses; by degrees, they have been brought
Well, then, my friends, why is it not 80 now? What has been the cause of the horrible change? We must ascer
tain this cause first; and then contem- down to have their bodies covered with
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire land, in Parliament assembled.
miserable rags; by degrees, they have To the Honourable the Commons of the been reduced to the necessity of living upon miserable potatoes, instead of having their bellies filled with bread and with meat, as their forefathers had; by degrees, they have been brought down to this low and wretched state; that, according to the reports laid before Parliament, the honest labouring man is allowed less to live on than is allowed to a felon in the jails; but stilling people out of the country, upon the ground, that, owing to their excessive numbers, they cause a charge upon the laud so great as to threaten to swallow up the whole of the rents. believe, that, out of about eleven thousand That your petitioners have heard, and they
there is a proposition before your honourable That your petitioners have perceived that House, for mortgaging the poor-rates, and for imposing taxes, in order to raise money for the purpose of sending a part of the work
they must live, or else there would be nobody to do the work and without their work, the land is worth nothing. Scheme after scheme has been tried to parishes in England and Wales, there are one make them live upon less and less; till thousand and four, the population of which is, at last, the bow has been strained so on an average, under a hundred souls to a tightly, that there was danger of its parish; and that they know, that you have, in the evidence given before your committees, breaking. It never seems to have OC- the statements of experienced farmers, that curred to those who have had the mak-there are not too many work-people to
cultivate the land properly, but that the taxes take from the farmer the means of giving the work-people wages sufficient for their proper maintenance; and that from this cause the land is not cultivated so well as it used to be, and does not yield so much as it used to yield, while the labourers are compelled to resort to parish relief.
That, deducting the amount of the countyrates, militia-charges, higliway-rates, church rates, and the law expenses, the poor-rates, that is to say, the money actually paid in the way of relief to the poor, does not, especially if we deduct the salaries paid to hired overseers, amount to six millions of pounds in the year; while the other taxes, imposed by the Parliament and collected by the Government, amount to about sixty millions a year; and that, therefore, your petitioners cannot but think it strange, that your honourable House should be alarmed at the prospect of seeing the rents absorbed by these six millions, while you appear to be under no apprehension at all of those rents being absorbed by the sixty millions, especially as they cannot for the life of them imagine how it is that your honourable House can fail to perceive, that it is the burden of the sixty millions, which is the real and evident cause of the necessity of raising the six millions; daylight not being more evident than the fact, that it is the enormous taxes which disable the farmer and trader and manufacturer to pay sufficient wages to his work-people.
ing of the laws, that it would be better to take off the taxes, and to make a new application of the tithes. This never seems to have come into their heads. They have seen the poor increase, in proportion as the taxes increased; and yet they never seem to have thought, that, to reduce the taxes, was the natural and effectual way of putting a stop to the increasing poverty. On the contrary, they have gone on increasing the taxes; they have gone on increasing the num ber of the soldiers and sailors, though in time of profound peace; of the placemen, the pensioners, the sinecure people; the half-pay people; they have increased these to numbers prodigious; they seem to grudge them nothing, while the amount of the poor-rates arm them beyond all description. Last spring, my labourers at Barn-Elm, in Surrey, having heard of this project for sending a part of the working people out of the country, presented an humble petition to the two Houses of Parliament upon the subject, a copy of which petition I here insert, begging you to read it with the greatest attention. It was presented to the House of Commons by Mr. PALLMER, the member for the county of Sussex: that which was their case is the case of you all therefore, read this petition with attention.
The petition of the undersigned Labourers, at Barn-Elin Farm, in the parish of Barnes, in the county of Surrey, Most humbly showeth,
That your petitioners have been told, that of late years, one million and six hundred thousand pounds, or thereabouts, have been voted by your honourable House, out of the taxes, for the relief of the poor clergy of the church of England; and that they have just seen millions upon millions voted by you for the support of half-pay people and their widows and children; that they have been told, that