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To the Editor of THE REGISTER.
Archbishop himself to flee for his per sonal safety. It was soon reported that several priests had been flung into the Seine, and that the Archbishop was killed; however, I believe that the tables and chairs were the greatest sufferers. After the people had exa mined every part of the arch-episcopal palace, the National Guard arrived in numerous bodies; after which the peo ple evacuated, departing with cries to pull down the crosses from the other churches.
Paris, 15th Feb., 1831. 1. This is the time of the Carnival, a season of masquerading and buffoonery, and of irregularities permitted and encouraged in times of slavery, but very fast going out of date. Those disgusting diversions, of women, or men dressed as women, riding astride on horse-back; masks, representing the most hideous deformities and disorders, 4. This morning, there are immense and covering the affectation of the assemblages of people, and also great greatest licentiousness, have given place activity in mustering the national to the universal and serious interest guard. The drum is constantly beat which is taken by the common people ing, as during the trial of the ministers. in the affairs of church and state, the These are the first consequences of the leaders in which can no longer, in their suspicion of an open avowal of the pos policy or hypocrisy, draw off the peo-sibility of a restoration of the Bourbons. ple from criticising and condemning The fleurs-de-lis, which were carefully their manifold and magnitudinous polished up upon the chandeliers used crimes, by indulging and flattering the at the ball which took place in January rabble with complacency for brutal ex-for the benefit of the wounded of July, and at which the royal family were pre2. Yesterday, funeral service was sent, gave rise to the rumour that it was performed in the church (St. Germani intended to preserve the fleur-de-lis l'Auxerrois) for the Duke de Berri, it on the banners of the army; which, being the anniversary of his death. A however, has been contradicted. But, great number of spectators attended the numerous circumstances have created ceremony; and, before it was con- suspicions as to the march of the Gocluded, something was attempted by vernment, which prepared people to the performers of the ceremony which view with great jealousy any indication is likely to lead to consequences which of rebellion to their sovereignty, at the are the most distant from their wishes. ceremony in question. Either the bust of the Duke de Bor
deaux was crowned, or words were pronounced by one of the officiators which were understood to be a prayer for his being elevated to the throne: however, be it as it may, the whole became a scene of confusion; the altar was upset, the bust broke to pieces, and the priests escaped. The service was performed at twelve o'clock, and, by seven in the evening, the congregation, finding ready assistance without, actually pulled down the cross which, in the reign of Charles X., had been placed upon the top of the church.
5. It is remarked, that the people having thought proper, in the first place, to shut the officiating priests into the sacristy, together with two or three persons attired as national guards, deeming them to have committed an offence against the state, these persons were released by the police, who were sent for by the people, and who, in place of taking the offenders to prison, treated them with the greatest civi lity. Then the priests had to take flight, and the demolition proceeded. A great backwardness was testified, by the Na tional Guard assembled, in forcing the people from their proceedings. The church is, in fact, odious to the people, and to all who are connected with
3. From performing this exploit, the people proceeded to the Archbishop's palace, which they entered, to the number of many hundreds, causing the them.
8. The workings of the priests have certainly been curious altogether, since the revolution. On New Year's day, when persons of all denominations go to Court, no Catholic priest except the Pope's nuncio went to the Palais-Royal, Up to this time, the Archbishop had indeed not been heard of; but, the question of his salary making a part of the budget, the season for the latter seems to have drawn him out of his hole, and he has recently made several visits to the Palais-Royal, where he is not, I believe, badly received. He had
6. Numerous persons, mostly labour-people. The priests of this species of ing men, were taken, as they left the sect, cannot of course officiate in the archbishop's palace, prisoners to La churches without the authority of the Force; but I suppose it was to them a Maire of the Commune; but two commatter of indifference, though the pri- munes have chosen priests from this sons are not so conducted as to be very sect. Only yesterday, a curious letter desirable residences. Some accounts appeared in the papers, from the Minisare published of the treatment of the ter of the Interior, addressed to the persons arrested in December, which Prefect, discountenancing meetings in make one's hair stand on an end! That communes for deliberating upon these poor wretches were formerly subjected to the vilest suffering in the Bastile, where those sufferings could be kept a secret, is not surprising; but, who would imagine that there should be impudence enough in the world, for the very achievers of the revolution, for those who sacrificed most to obtain it, and have suffered most by it, to be openly kept in the prison with thieves, made to eat à la gamelle (all out of one bowl or trough) with thieves, and to be treated in every respect as thieves! Amongst the persons arrested in December, and who have never been examined for two months, and who are just caused his palace to be put in redetained without sentence, there is a pair, and re-furnished, when lo! the Monsieur AUGUSTE BELLIN, a young priestly temerity of yesterday smashed man of seventeen years of age, who all again. The Government had inhimself received a wound, his father tended to pull down the palace, rather several wounds, and whose mother had than make the repairs rendered neboth her thighs shot off while in her bed, cessary, after the holy seignieur had where she had retired in fright, and in caused the people to be fired upon in consequence of which she died next July; but he preferred to make the day. The crime of this young man is, repairs out of his own revenue. having flung a stone at a lamp, after least it is said, and he had accordingly the trials of the murderers of his mother! again taken up his residence in it. This fact alone, and the rides which the 9. It is surprising (if any-thing could heroes of July have had in the sallad- now be surprising), with the acknowbasket, and their companions with the ledged queer character of this man, that. itch, will figure curiously in history it should be said, against the priests of with the "best republic." Yet, so the new church, that they aim at being long as people choose to be duped, and allowed to marry, to dispense with conto be persuaded that there is something fession, and also to dispense with other or other in a democratic government unsuited to France, they must applaud these proceedings. If the manners of France are monarchical," as such people say, I suppose it is in La Force and in the sallad-basket.
forms and ceremonies. These, I believe, are recommendations with them in the eyes of the people; as, indeed, the cau tion of the Minister of the Interior sufficiently shows. The people regard them as honest men, who are ready to 7. I have before mentioned to you, practise all they preach; and they are the new French Church, which is es- no longer disposed to place faith in pretablishing principally under the direc- tenders to extraordinary piety, who are tion of the Abbé Chattel, and which nothing more than actors or jugglers, appears to be much approved of by the making a mockery of the saints.
10. I have just understood, that work-specting the events at Paris, what the progress men are now employed in taking down is of the movement which has manifested it the crosses from the tops of the self, and by what dangers France is in reality churches. These crosses were placed there by the arrogance of the late priestly king, and I suppose are now removed to save the churches themselves. As one of the Scotch reformers, I believe, said, "Tak awa the nest an the crows will flee awa;" and the French would be very likely to take the most effectual measures to get rid of their
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
WM. COBBETT, Junr.
P. S. There is an "intense" avidity for news and newspapers now. I am told it resembles the anxiety and curiosity which prevailed a few days before the revolution. Not that I think there will be another revolution here, for I think the Government have too much sense.
Paris, 17th Feb.
"Order of the day addressed to the Troops of
(From the Moniteur of Thursday)
to the troops which had defiled before him:
"THE crisis is at hand-we can now say so. But for the National Guard the Republic would have been proclaimed yesterday in Paris; and what a Republic, great God!such an one as would have commenced in the France, always devoted to my country, it is "My dear Comrades,-Always faithful to devastation of the churches, the tearing down for her-it is alone for her interest-that I' of the cross, and violence against the clergy. have accepted the Throne, to which I have We must say, however, the Republican move-been called by the voice of the people. I ment has gained ground in these latter days; for they have delivered up to it the insignia of religion, and the emblems of royalty. our readers that the National Guard has been deeply afflicted by the character of these recent days, and by the sacrifices made to disorder.
"The following letter was sent yesterday by the Minister of the Interior to the Etat Major of the National Guard:
shall guard loyally this honourable trust, to defend it against all our enemies, whoever they may be; to maintain our institutions, our laws, our liberties; to sustain the nationality which my French heart has suffered so much to behold so frequently forgotten in who they may be who should dare to insult these late years. I shall defend it, no matter our glorious national colours, by attempting whether obscure attempts be made in the to oppose to them openly the white flag, or dark to rehoist it, such as that which has now excited the just indignation of the public.
"Intelligence, entitled to credit, and which reaches me from hour to hour, apprises me that a certain number of young men intend this morning to attempt to collect the "Those who have made themselves liable multitude of the Fauxbourgs, and to assemble to punishment are delivered over to the hands in arms at the garden of the Luxemburg to of justice, and they will be punished in purendeavour to proclaim a Republic. (Signed) suance of the rigour of the laws; but when "MONTALIVET. that indignation ceases, the manifestation of "The Etat Major, in transmitting an off-which was by disorders and shameful devastacial copy of the letter, adds, "The chiefs de tions, of which yesterday has given such a sad legion, in communicating this letter to the spectacle to France and to Europe, do not forofficers of battalions and companies, invite get that neither liberty nor government is them to take the necessary measures to pre- possible where public order is not constantly · vent the disorders, giving them, at the same maintained. time, full power to execute it.'
"Let us put an end to these agitations-let "This letter of M. de Montalivet will make us deprive our enemies of every pretext under appear, better than all that could be said re|which they dare to screen themselves, in order
that they may achieve their objects, to the detriment of France and of our national cause. "It is for the National Guard to second me in this patriotic undertaking-it is to it that I entirely confide myself.'
(From the Constitutionnel of Thursday.) "A considerable crowd went yesterday to Conflans, where the Archbishop of Paris re. sides, but he was absent. Thanks to the assistance of the National Guard of Charenton and the National Guard of Berey, the project of burning the house, which appeared to have been formed, was not executed, but his furniture and pictures were destroyed. The plate and linen were saved by the efforts of M. Michel, jun.
"Towards 7 o'clock crowds formed before the church Sainte Marguerite, and the mob loudly demanded that it should be pulled down, and that a stone, which had at its angles fleursde-lis, should be broken to pieces. M. Jacque min, Commissary of Police of the faubourg St. Antoine, gave orders to this effect, and the cross and the stone soon disappeared. A few minutes afterwards, information came, that the Seminary of Picpus had been attacked, and delivered up to pillage; the same commissary of police went there immediately with a large detachment of the National Guard, and succeeded in clearing it of the mob, and in conducting to the Prefecture several individuals, upon whom were found stolen articles. "Yesterday at one o'clock, by order of the authorities, scaffolding was put over the beautiful arch of the Carousel: and workmen with
hatchets destroyed the bas-relief of the Trocadero, and the emblems of the victories of the Duke d'Angouleme. General Pajol, accompanied by his staff, was present.
(From the Journal des Debats of Thursday.) "One of the Colonels of the National Guard arrested and conducted by himself, to the Prefecture of Police, seven individuals, who had assisted yesterday in disarming the two posts of the National Guard.
"It appears certain, that while the National Guard of Berey, and of the environs, was entering Paris 'to aid in the maintenance of order and tranquillity, a considerable crowd of persons proceeded to the country house of the Archbishop of Paris, at Conflans, and entirely plundered it.
(From the Courier Francais of Thursday.) "L'Opinion gives the following news, which may afford an idea of the state of feeling at Bordeaux :
66 6 Active searches were made yesterday. We are assured that several individuals have been arrested belonging to the working classes. Warrants have been issued against persons who are known. Two young men yesterday incited to revolt the workmen engaged at the Jardin Publique, by reproaching them with working at twenty sous per day. They have been arrested, and conducted to prison by the Cannoniers of the National Guard. The son of
a sworn Magistrate presented himself the other day in a shop, having in his hat a white cockade. Why do you carry a white cockade?" said some one to him. I have that which will protect it,' replied the other, and he drew a poignard from his pocket.
The Carlists in our city have adopted several rallying sigus.
"The Chamber of Peers met yesterday in Bureaux. It was thought that there would have been a public sitting, but none took place. It is thought that the assemblage which had been formed in the garden of the Luxembourg, and which was almost immediately dispersed by the National Guard, was the cause of the adjournment of the Chamber.
"Yesterday, at seven o'clock, several individuals were arrested, upon whom arms were found. It was said they were the same persons who had attempted to disarm the posts of the National Guard of Petit Pont, and the Place St. André des Arts. The guard who seized upon their persons was commanded by M. Schonen, chief of the legion.
"M. l'Abbe Borequeau de Villevray, one of the Envoys from the Belgian Congress, was insulted yesterday in the Rue du Bac, whilst going forth from the hotel of the deputation. But as soon as the people recognised his character by the cockade, and the national colours of Belgium, he was treated with respect and regard, which proved the regret experienced at such a mistake.
(From the National of Thursday.) "The Chamber of Deputies continues to be surrounded by numerous detachments of troops. The precincts to the Palais Bourbon were guarded to-day in a manner to make the passage of carriages, and even of pedestrians, difficult. We are ignorant, up to the Present moment, how far these precautions of the curious. are necessary for dispersing the assemblage
"In all cases these military demonstrations must appear a little surprising, when it is recollected that they are destined to protect a power which calls itself popular, an assembly which pretends to represent the country, a railleries of the press, and to the jokes of listrange power, which puts an end to the thography; a strange power, to which the students send back their eulogiums, and whose dignity cannot come to the assistance of the bayonets.
sion, and some Members having demanded liberty. The Government ought to have fore that the articles which had been changed should be printed,
M. de CAUMARTIN moved an amendment, which excited some discussion, but which was eventually rejected.
"Various other articles were then put to the vote. Upon one of them,
seen these events. With a King so beloved, and so devoted to our institutions, with a National Guard so full of zeal, with an army animated with the best sentiments, why does not all go well?
"Why does the distress of the industrious and commercial classes increase? Because of "M. BENJAMIN DELESSERT rose to move the weakness of the Government, because the an amendment. The hon. Deputy, after tak-authorities have shown too much indulgence ing a general review of the municipal law, towards the partizans of another political expressed his regret that Paris had been order, who advocate the Republic, because exempted from the operation of the law, for they do not know the inconveniences of it. Let the capital, more than the provinces, required the Ministry act with vigour against these two a municipal administration which was equally parties, who understand each other too well, firm and moderate, and which was able to and who join in their efforts to overthrow order guarantee the security of the citizens. On aud the present state of things. Let them act seeing the events which have afflicted the against the Carlist party, by placing an incapital,' continued the hon. Deputy, can we surmountable barrier between France and the help lamenting the blindness of the Ministry, deposed family, by taking from that family all which could not foresee what it was so easy to hope of returning to France, by ordering it prevent? How can we imagine that the Au- immediately to sell its estates. thorities which were able to prevent the funeral service at St. Roche, could not do as much at St. Germain l'Auxerrois, as they were informed of it beforeband? Why did they allow this service, which had not taken place for several years, in so ill-chosen a spot, and before the tombs of the victims of July? The conquering people were roused to insurrection on thinking of this outrage. Why did not the Ministry calculate upon the consequences of this pretended religions scene, which occasioned the events that have afflicted the
friends of order. "
It was impossible, in spite of the efforts of the National Guard, to prevent the disasters which have taken place; disasters, which, in France and in foreign countries, will give a false idea of the Parisian population. Paris, like the whole of France, detests hypocrisy and fanaticism, and all superstitious practices; but it respects religion and its ministers, when they are worthy of respect.. If it has overstepped the bounds of resentment, it is because it was stirred up by the enemies of our institutions, who made it believe that there was no longer any police; because the sign revered for so many ages had been attacked with impunity. These men wished to attack the national representatives. How many times has not the Chamber of Deputies been menaced, and the Chamber has to lament that it is too often forced to deliberate whilst surrounded with military. (Marks of adhesion.) One of our colleagues, distinguished hy his hatred to anarchy and hypocrisy, and who at every period has given to liberty the support of his talents, has seen his house invaded by a furious mob, and only owed his safety to the National Guard, which has every-where re-established tranquillity. (True, true, from the left.)
"How have the leaders of these miscreants continued to escape from all the researches made after them? Have not the leaders of the National Guard a right to complain that several persons who had been arrested for insulting that guard, were immediately set at
"Let them act with vigour against all the fomenters of troubles. Let them not suffer those who have been arrested to languish in prison, but let them be promptly either discharged or condemned, and let care be taken that the guilty do not escape.
"If these measures be adopted, tranquillity and confidence will be restored, and we may enjoy the advantages of the Revolution of July. There is still time; but if there is delay, disorder will spread every-where. When the churches have been pillaged, they will go to the chateau, to the palaces, and to the houses. Civil war will then be lighted up in the departments; and Freuchmen will no longer know how to act. I hope that the Ministry will profit by the advice of a friend of the public prosperity, who has no object but the hap.' piness of his country. (Applause.)
"The President observed that the honourable Deputy had strayed from the question.
"M. DE MONTALIVET then rose and said, Some questions have been addressed to the Ministers, and grave charges, I must so call them, have been brought against them. Their general principles have been attacked, and specific facts mentioned. If principles only were in question, we might have made an explanation immediately. But facts have been advanced. Commerce, it is said, has not been protected'; there has been a violation of domicile, and arrests have taken place. To explain these circumstances documents are necessary, and in order to give our words the force which they ought to have, we must call those docu-, ments to our aid. We beg the Chamber to allow us till to-morrow.' (Yes, yes.)
M. BAUDE attempted to speak, but was iu terrupted by cries of To-morrow, to-morrow, and the Chamber decided that the explanations should take place on the morrow,
"Great tumuft arose in the assembly. Many of the Deputies left their places, and formed groups before the tribune and the Ministerial benches.
M. Barthe appeared much agitated, and