« PoprzedniaDalej »
great measure, your petitioners believe, by the injurious effects of the tithe system.
"That your petitioners presume not to in struct your honourable House in the history of their country, but with due deference, beg to remind your honourable House, that the tithe-system now, is very different from what it was at its first institution in England, as
the country was, probably, at that time, thinly inhabited, uninclosed and imperfectly cultivated; and prior to the era of the Reformation, the poor, &c. were supported out of the tithes as well as the clergy: but so extremely heavy are the expenses of agriculture since that period, owing unquestionably, to the overwhelming weight of taxation which the people of this country have to bear, that on poor arable land, from which the great tithes are taken in kiud, as is the case in this parish, by a lay impropriator, the only individual benefited by its cultivation since the value of agricultural produce has been so greatly depressed, is the tithe-owner; but your petitioners trust that the dawn of that day is about to arise, when a patriotic king, and an enlightened administration, will relieve the country from this grevious impost.
"That your petitioners beg to assure your honourable House, that they are not actuated by the slightest feeling of hostility towards the clergy, but are fully persuaded that hu man ingenuity could scarcely have devised a system for the support of the ministers of the Gospel, more destructive of the peace and
pastor and his flock, than the tithe-system.
"Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray your honourable House speedily to repeal the tithe-laws, and that your honourable House, may, in its wisdom, substi ute some other support for the established clergy, more conducive to the temporal and eternal welfare of the community,
The thunder-storm being passed, the insects are again crawling forth. In an obscure place, as announced in The Star of Tuesday, One Mr. Warden Wrench informed the Drapers' Company (Right Worshipful Gentlemen!) that they were honoured with the presence of one of the Cabinet Ministers of which a Mr. Wyborn made a long speech in the ex King of France (Baron Dudon), on and the Ultras, concluding with a Jeremiad, honour and glory of King Charles the Tenth deploring "That their honest, loyal, and patriotic endeavours were not crowned with the success that they nerited." Let these rash and reckless gentlemen beware. The English people have
harmony which ought to exist between the bearance towards the ibited wonderful four
And your petitioners, as in duty bound,
will ever pray, &c."
Bourbons and Polignac; though one might be surprised at their impudence in avowing it, were it not that we are all aware, that base men, with full skins, are always impudent aud insolent, With these proceedings at the Draper's Company those at New York, relating to the same event, form a fine contrast! Here we have a fair specimen of the different light in which acts of tyranny are viewed by guzzling slayes and by sober freemen.
THE BOURBONS, AND THE DRAPERS'
of Fratice, when, after the vile attempts to enslave their own country, they flew for an asylum to ours. But they must not obtrude either themselves or their doings upon the notice of Englishmen. They must make no perilous experiments upou our patience. Their friends had better just now pocket up obliviously all their laudation of the B urbons.
The account it such a curiosity in its way,
that we lay it entire before our readers :—
DRAPERS' ANNUAL DINNER.
At the Annual Dinner of the Drapers this day, Mr. Warden Wrench informed the aspresence of one of the Cabinet Ministers of sembly that they were honoured, with the the Ex-King of France, and after eulogizing his talent and amiable manners, proposed the which was received with every testimony of health of "his Excellency Baron Dudon," satisfaction.
The BARON returned his thanks in the
The following article, taken from the STAR (a good honest evening paper), will make my readers stare. They will be surprised that any-body, in England, should have the audacity to applaud the deeds of Charles X., and to lament, publicly, that his designs failed of their intended effect. But, when one considers who these fellows ure; when one consi-dressed the assembly as follows:-" In rising Mr. WYBORN (who accompanied him) adders what immense amount of public property they handle, and how soon a real reform to leave them to guttle and guzzle on their own earnings, one is not at all surprised at their partiality for the
French language, which not being generally understood,
to interpret the sentiments of the eminent statesman whom you have just honoured with such cordial expressions of generous hospitacept my owu thanks for your kindness towards lity, I cannot refrain from begging you to acthat distinguished individual-with whose
of reinforcing the executive are those Ministers who experienced the irresistible pressure of the rising force in the people, which, if not counteracted and quelled, would have overawed and impelled the Monarch into measures injurious and fatal to the honour of the King, and the peace of Europe, and the prosperity of France herself. In such a predicament, the history of all civilized nations, ancient and modern (and of none more than the sus pension of the Habeas Corpus act by Mr. Pitt), has shown, and established as an axiom, that it is the first duty and the chief virtue of a Minister to preserve the State at the risk of his own responsibility for a violation of established laws. Gentlemen,-it is in vain to disguise the fact-the French people were impatient of their long repose; and I am far from treating as criminal (except in a political sense) that noble aspiration of military glory which warms the heart of every Frenchman, but which has proved so pernicious to their own permanent interests, and so fatal to the existence of so many neighbouring States. It may be said, the present tranquillity of France refutes the assertion of the necessity for the Ordinances. This is an error. present Sovereign and Ministry were not the chiefs of that party which hurled the exiled fa
confidence, intimacy, and friendship, I have been honoured for nearly twenty years, and in whose present and future welfare and happiness I feel, as it is my duty, the warmest and most affectionate interest; and nothing, I am sure, he begs me to state, has given him more heartfelt delight (while it was quite unexpected), than your friendly reception of him this evening-a reception which does honour to this society and to the British nation. Gentlemen, I know and applaud those wise rules of this corporation, which exclude all politics from these convivial meetings; but this is a peculiar example of fortune. I trust that upon a question of purely foreign politics, and the consequences of which must, however, sooner or later, and I fear speedily, come home to the business and bosom of every gentleman present, you will indulge me with your patience for a few observations upon the recent revolution in France, and the present state of the French capital. Upon that convulsion, which has occasioned the temporary retirement from his native country of the nobleman who sits beside me-of a man who, having already in tender years endured the affliction of seeing his father and grandfather perish upon the same scaffold, martyrs in the cause of loyalty to their King and the laws, is now, in his turn, himself an exile with the legiti-mily from the throne,on the contrary, they seem mate inheritors of that ancient monarchy-a to have been placed in readiness by a special man who, I will now venture to assert, and providence to arrest for a moment the danger. giving full credit to the general principles of ous career of the republican movers, and the loyalty, patriotism, and talent in that gallant criterion of the real necessity for extraordinary nation, has not, on quitting France, left behind powers to the government of Charles X. will him a truer Frenchman, a wiser or more ex- be the permanence of that King and that mipert statesman, a more sincere patriot, a better nistry. They have recently escaped from the friend of rational liberty, or a more enlight-attacks of an opposition so formidable, that, ened and amiable member of society than but for the interference of one distinguished himself, be he whom he may; and I speak character, the Orleans dynasty would have ere from an intimate knowledge of the French now ceased to reign. I do not contemplate capital for more than twenty years, up to the possibility of their protracted resistance within a very few weeks since, when I last to the national passion for military glory. In visited France. Baron Dudon has a right the mean time,, what evils have already reto the title of a true Frenchman, and a patriot; sulted from the ill-comprehended cry of li his property was confiscated by the Republic, herty over distracted Europe? Consider the and he served in the ranks of the republican state of Belgium, of Poland, of Switzerland, of - armies, and rose by his courage, merit, and Hanover, of Ireland. Gentlemen, civil libergenius, to the post of Intendant-General, or ty, like ardent spirits, becomes a blessing or Viceroy, of the northern kingdoms of Spain, a curse, according to the capacity of the posduring the campaigns of the British armies in sessor, and the measure of the dose. Taken the Peninsula. Until Napoleon abdicated, he in moderation, it enlivens and invigorates ;was faithful to him, as he has since proved beyond that exact proportion, it intoxicates, himself to the restored dynasty, to whose maddens, and destroys. Time alone can reCabinet he was called in the moment of dan solve the question, whether the French, under ger; and that after the promulgation of the Charles X., enjoyed or abused the liberty fatal Ordinances. He was therefore no party best adapted to their permanent interests. to their promulgation, but he saw and felt They have thrown off the bonds of allegiance to the approaching necessity of a more vigorous their lawful Sovereign-a revolution has been system of internal policy. The temporary accomplished,and, as every tree is best restriction on the press would, if executed, known by its fruits, the late Ministers are have spared many evils; that wise (only be- condemned to await with patience the result cause necessary) precaution was rendered of the subversion of their well-intended efforts abortive by the errors in its execution. Prince to preserve the peace of France and the world Polignac, by deciding for himself upon the by the only means which to them appeared time and mode of its enforcement, incurred and feasible. Those efforts were abortive, they has submitted to the consequences of its failure. being physically unable to carry them into Gentlemen, the fittest pledges of the necessity execution against the national will. Should
those who now possess the reins of power lington boots, and spurs. Each had a triprove strong enough to preserve inviolate coloured cockade in his hat, a badge on the the faith of treaties, and to preserve the rights collar of his coat, and a caue decorated with of neighbouring states from infraction, then ribbons in his hand. Next came a platform will they admit that they have misjudged the drawn by four bullocks dressed with ribbons; rising spirit of their gallant countrymen, that an ox-skin stuffed to imitate a living ox was they have prematurely curbed what they placed on the platform, supported by two dreaded for the sake of France, their effer- young men in white dresses on each side the vescing ardour for military conquest, and sub- ox. After these came another platform decomit in silence to the censure of the present rated with flowers and ribbous. On this plate age and posterity. But should even the pre-form was placed a white lamb skin stuf seut highly-gifted Sovereign of the people's surrounded by six children about five years choice, and his patriotic and experienced age, in white dresses. Then followed another Ministers, prove in their turn equally power-carriage with two live lambs eating grass, &c. less, as the late King and his Ministers, to Then four butchers, followed by a machine calm the popular storm; should Erance a making sausage. On the standard was painted second time, and for twenty years to come, a beef-steak, placed on a dish, with a knife carry war and devastation into the bosom of aud fork; and this motto underneath: 'To so lately peaceful, prosperous, and happy Eu- all we divide a portion.' After these came the rope, to be again driven back by the despe- tanners, leather-cutters, &c. &c. I cannot rate combination of all Europe against her; tell you half; but figure to yourself the trithen, indeed, the Baron Dudon and his col-umphs of Rome and the celebrations of Greece, leagues will not regret, but glory iur, the efforts and you may form some idea of this magni they ineffectually made to avert those ev ficent scene. Liberty and content were deand horrors from France and humanity, but picted on every countenance. All trade was they will more deeply regret, and we, gentle-stopped for the day, and all classes of people men, shall all of us have good cause to de- joined in the procession. The ministers of plore, that their honest, loyal, and patriotic different denominations, dressed in their cosendeavours were not crowned with the success sacks and gowns, followed by the military, they merited. with their cannon and ammunition waggons. In short, nothing was wanting to heighten the grandeur of the scene,cannon' firing, bands of music playing, flags flying in all directions, with all the appropriate mottoes of liberty, &c. To describe the whole is not in my power!!! Tell M. he would get plenty of tobacco and snuff here for very little. I bought 120 segars for one shilling-More in my next. Write soon.
“ Yours, &c., "WILLIAM OSBAND, "New York, late of Laugham, Rutland.”
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM NEW
HOUSE OF LORDS.
Monday, Dec. 20th, 1839.
"It is with pleasure I have to inform my much-esteemed friends at Langham of our safe arrival at New York. We set sail from Liverpool on the 29th of September, 1830, in the ship Eugene, of Boston, New England, and after a somewhat dangerous passage, we fanded at this port on the 4th of November, at 12 o'clock at noon. But, passing by many things, I shall now inform you a little concerning this country; and my time in it having been short, my observations on it of course must be very limited. I find that a day-labourer in New York can get more money that' a first-rate tradesman in England. We never enjoyed life so much before. I would advise the almost broken-down farmers in your coun try to come to America, where there are neither parsons, tithes, nor burdensome taxes. Here they might live like gentlemen, and enjoy liberty. We return sincere thanks to Mr. Mantle for the active part he took to have us conveyed to this country. His kindness I never shall forget. But I must now describe to you a most gratifying scene which took place on the 25th of November; it was a grand procession in honour of the late revolution in France. The procession reached more than three miles. A light carriage drawn by four horses took the lead, carrying twenty black musicians, playing most exquisitely on almost all kinds of wind instruments. Next followed the butchers, 500 in number, all mounted on gray horses, dressed in blue coats with checked sleeves up to the elbows, white
(Continued from col. 317 ).. THE objection Mr. Bryan made to a second venture of provision was sufficiently descriptive of the state of the colony. He could not af ford to supply a starving population from charity and it already was out of their power to pay for their food. Their furniture, agricultural im plements, all their preparations for comfort, are exposed to the weatlier, themselves are sheltered in huts formed of blankets, The country, for 100 miles round, is an arid sand or bare rock, no grass, no timber. Dr. Westbrook, who came from that place to this six months ago, told me he saw the grave for the first person who died there dug. It was nine feet deep, and the sand from the bottom was, when thrown up, fit for an hour-glass. The live-stock dies in general a few hours after aprons turned to one side, blue trowsers, Wel-landing, supposed to be poisoned by some
herb or shrub, to avoid which certain loss, He hoped, however, that some plan of domestic most sheep taken there to be sold, or to breed colonization would be at last adopted; but, in from, are killed in the ships, and retailed as the meantime, he wished to know from the fresh provisions. The bush does not help noble Lord at the head of the Colonial Dethem, as here; for there are no kangaroos,partment, whether it was the intention of his nor even opossums. The place must be aban Majesty's Government to abandon the settledoned; and I suppose the number of people ment on the Swan River, and whether the rewill oblige the Government to remove them to ports and representations as to the wretched a more promising part of the coast. It is, in condition of the Colony were correct? fact, a second Poyais. What notice will be taken of Captain Stirling's misrepresentations remains to be seen. He might be supposed to have but a slight knowledge of the quality of the land; but the very roadstead is altogether may safely take the allegations contained unsafe for shipping, though described by him in this petition as applying to a large as a fine harbour. Six vessels were ashore part of Ireland. And what honest man when the Britannia was there; three of them
HOUSE OF COMMONS. TITHES IN IRELAND. The reader
comforts of life, and yet they must starve, if not relieved by the Government, as their own resources are exhausted.'"
were complete wrecks. I have seen several can say that such a thing ought to be? stout anchors broken on the coral rocks be-Not one does say it ought! fore Freemantle. Mr. Bryan reports that O'GORMAN MAHON presented a petition,. there are not less than 200 females there, complaining of tithes and church-rates, from many of them used to more than the common Clondegad, in the county of Clare. The petitioners complained that they were called on to pay tithes and rates to the Protestant Church though there was. no Protestant Church in the parish, nor a Protestant Clergy. man, nor even one Protestant inhabitant. Of all this, the inhabitants being Catholics, complained, and complained justly, when the Protestants of England were also com-.. plaining of the same exactions. They were the causes here of outrage, and in Ireland they were the causes of much of the discontent which prevailed.
Sir R. INGLIS reminded the hon. Member that tithes were paid exclusively by the land, and if the Church did not receive them, a sum equal to them would go to the landlord, and' the people would not be benefited.
This was certainly a matter of deep and awful importance. Many people had embarked the whole of their property in this speculation, and great responsibility had been incurred, and great blame appeared to rest somewhere. Of course he did not mean to say that any blame attached to the present Ministers; but if this representation was at all correct, blame must attach to some of their predecessors; and, at all events, it was highly desirable that some satisfactory explanation should be given on the subject. Much had been said on the subject of emigration, which many had encouraged from a notion that this country was over-peopled. But from what he knew of some parishes in the county of Kent, they did not contain more than the usual numbers, nor a greater number than might have been employed to advantage, if the farmers had the means of employing them. But the farmers had not the means of employing them at present, and that was one great cause of the distress. If he were to judge from these instances of the state of the whole country, he would be led to conclude that there was no extraordinary superabundance of population. The expenses of these After this, Mr. Dawson began a deemigrations were enormous, and perhaps it bate upon the appointments made by would be much better to colonize at home. the new Ministry, and Sir ROBERT PEEL A noble Lord, who had presented a petition on made a longish speech in the tone of an the subject, had stated that he had observed in a day's ride to aristocrat in trouble: cautioning the town, 12,000 acres of waste land; and all this might probably be taken in Ministers against too much economy, with advantage, and afford employment to a too much reform, and so on. Then great body of the peasantry. There were came Mr. M. A. TAYLOR about the fifteen millions of acres of waste land in the
O'GORMAN MAHON, though he wished not to treat with levity what fell from the hon,. Member for Oxford, could not avoid noticing that that hon. Member seemed to think that the land produced wealth without labour, and accordingly, in his estimation, the people › and their just complaints passed for nothing. It was not the laud but the people who com plained that they had to pay tithes to a Protestant Church, though there was not a Pro-' testant in the parish.
whole country, and the taking them in might Court of Chancery, and upon this no be formed into a source of employment which one can help observing, that, if anywould make every peasant in the country thing be intended, it is as much talked happy. But no administration had taken this about and as much delayed, as little matter in hand, and the people of this country settled, as any of the Chancery suits that were left to purchase articles from foreigners
which might be very well produced at home. have been held up to us as the reason
for some great change which is, to all who have a passion for new-fangled appearance, as far off as ever.
Tuesday, Dec. 21.
Lord WYNFORD brought in a bill for making life interests in real property subject to the payment of debts. Nobody can doubt the justice of this. It would defeat the roguery of the roguish part of the aristocracy.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
THE MIDDLESEX PETITION. Mr. HUME presented this petition, which was agreed to at a county meeting held at Hackney, and in which retrenchment, reform, economy, and the vote by ballot, were prayed for. It also recommended to the House a reformation of the poor laws, and an alteration in the tithe collection; 66 but," said Mr Hume, "at "the same time that it prayed the House હું to look into these things, it expressed "its opinion that it was hopeless to ex66 pect any amendment till there was a "reform in Parliament, such as should
things, but by the middle classes of men, by trades-people of all descriptions, who feel now that they have been ruined, because they could not give honest votes without danger of ruin for honest voting, and who wish for the ballot in order that they may not be compelled to vote for fellows who eat taxes. Do you know how many officers of the army we have now in pay, WILSON? Why 16,000 (sixteen thousand). Sixteen thousand officers, mind; OFFICERS. Not men, but OFFICERS! What, would there be sixteen thousand officers, if there were voting by ballot ? No! not sixteen hours after the assembling of a house so elected. This is your " monarchy," WILSON; and a goodly monarchy it is-for you. You have felt it, and, God knows, the people have too! To be sure you wish to live under such a monarchy; who can doubt you!
give a voice to every one who paid "rates and taxes in the country; nor "did the Meeting believe that even this "mode would prove effectual unless the "vote by ballot was added to it. With respect to the retrenchment that was prayed, he had long thought that "without that taking place on a most "extensive scale, it would be impos"sible for the country to retrieve itself "from the difficulties of its present situ"ation. He had seen and heard of nothing that had tended to change "his opinion on this point. He was "likewise bound to state before he sat "down, that the Meeting had been "unanimously of opinion, that it was impolitic in the highest degree to add "to the present military force of the country; and that the alteration of "the Corn Laws and the reduction of "the expenditure would have been "much more effective in checking the "discontent of the people."
Shortly after Mr. HUME came Sir ROBERT WILSON, upon the ballot. He has been answered all over the country in all manner of ways; but, not by doctrinaires, WILSON; not by a class
Sir R. WILSON agreed with the petition as far as reform and economy was concerned, but he disagreed with the petition on the subject of ballot. He had before referred to America, and some other states where the
ballot was in existence, and had shown that it had not answered expectations there. He had since received a letter from a person of the highest respectability, who had been informed by a merchant of America, "That America had experienced the greatest evils from the election by ballot; there was a general impression in that country that it would be found necessary to abolish it altogether, and he expected that a measure would soon where a convention had met to consider what be proposed to effect it." In Virginia, lately, changes it was necessary to make in the existing institutions, including the legislature, it was proposed to adopt the ballot, but that proposition was completely rejected. It was requisite that the representative should know the opinions of those who delegated their power to him, he should know all their opinions, and he could not do this if they voted by ballot. He should know the feelings of the different parties among the electors. He further objected to the ballot that it did not necessarily preserve secresy. He knew that the question was gaining in favour with the people, owing to the example of France; but it ought to be recollected, that in France there were only 80,000 voters, and in France it was of great use in protecting the voters against the power of the government. But, bers wish to have it here? Would the hon. as the ballot existed in France, would memMember for Middlesex have the House of