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This wanton, profligate, and monstrous ex-un-English. Your petitioners certainly must penditure of the public mouey, has, by your allow that the boroughmongering system at hon. House, been followed up by an unjust, elections, with all its filigrant train of evils oppressive, and overwhelming system of bribery, perjury, and other accursed practices, taxation-a taxation, a parallel to which is not UN-English-that persecuting and cannot be found in any state, kingdom, or ruining whole families by the boroughempire on the face of the globe-a taxation mongering faction, because the heads of such that is rapidly impoverishing, degrading, aud¦ families have been persons of integrity, and sinking the middle and working classes of his voted from pure motives, is not UN-ENGLISH, Majesty's subjects iuto one general mass of but peculiarly English; your petitioners are misery and ruin. also aware that a lavish and excessive expenditure-that an over bearing system of taxation -that an astonishingly large national debt, &c. &c. are things which are not un- English, but PECULIARLY ENGLISH; and the sooner your honourable House makes them un-English the better.
Your Petitioners are of opinion that this hitherto wanton, profligate, and monstrous expenditure of the public money-this hitherto unjust, oppressive, and overwhelming system of taxation, are not only rapidly impoverishing, degrading and sinking the middling and working classes of his Majesty's And for the attainment of the above-mensubjects into one ganeral mass of misery and tioned objects, your petitiouers would earruin, but also producing the greatest dis-nestly pray your honourable House to take contents the most alarming fears, and such immediate steps as your honourable frightful consequences throughout the whole House may in its wisdom deem proper. community. Thousands of individuals, who And your petitioners will, as in duty bound, formerly were peaceful, happy, and loyal sub-ever pray, &c. &c. jeets, are now, through suffering innumerable. privations, and being plunged into the deepest distress, driven to deeds of desperation, so that the foundation of society is undermined, and the peace and prosperity of the kingdom endangered thereby.
PARSONS AND TITHES.
To prevent this approaching misery and ruin, to remove these discontents, alarining fears, and frightful consequences, with which the nation is threatened, to avert all these crying evils, your petitioners beg, entreat, and implore your honourable House to retrace your steps, by hopping off all unnecessary places, unmerited pensious, and disgraceful sinecures, by enforcing the most rigid economy in every branch of the expenditure; by diminishing instead of increasing the army, by reducing that enormous load of taxation; but, above all, by promoting such a radical reform in the representation of the people in your honourable House; as shall restore to them their long lost-rights, liberties, and privileges - such a Reform as shall for ever deprive all-routen boroughs from return ing Members to your honourable House; that shall give a more equitable and extensive suffrage to the productive classes of the kingdom; that shall materially shorten the duration of Parliaments, and that shall be suited to the increased knowledge and civilized age
I SHALL, next week, make a GRAND SHOW-UP of the PARSONS and the MARQUIS OF BLANDFORD, who has acknowledged that he did write a letter to a parson, telling him that it was reported that some connexion with the fires had been traced to me, and that I had absconded in consequence. I will, next week, deal with him for this, and I will show that same connexion with the parsons has been traced to him, and shall then leave the public to judge who it is that ought to abscond; that is to say, to hide, or keep out of sight. Ah! the parsons were deceived! They. were too eager in believing the lies of the Bloody Old Times, which, just then, actually snuffed my blood; literally smelled it; and had its nasty old tongue out, ready to lap it up! To amuse the parsons, and to stay their haimpatience for the Grand Showing-up, along with their co-operator, the Marquis, I here insert, 1. A Letter from a Correspondent in Wales; 2. An Account of the Proceedings of a Parson and his Wife against a Servant Girl;
in which we live. Such a Reform that shall enable every elector conscientiously to exercise his suffrage in VOTING BY BALLOT; so that good, patriotic, and intelligent men may be returned to your honourable House, the honour and welfare of the country advanced thereby, and that England may become, not in name only, but in reality, the
envy of surrounding nations, aud the admira-3. Several Petitions relative to Parsons tion of the world."
Your petitioners are aware that vote by ballot is disliked-is dreaded by the boroughmongering aristocracy and other traffickers in seats in your honourable House, because it is
and Tithes. When they have read these, they will, doubtless, sit down comfortably, and wait for the showingup of next week, which they shall have
in fine style, TREVOR and his motions were read, addressed the prisoner, a very mild,
respectable-looking young woman, and told.
Carmarthen, Jan. 31, 1831.
Your obedient Servant,
A PARSON AND A PARSON'S WIFE! (From the Bridgewater and Somersetshire Herald.)
ON Monday, the 17th instant, a man was examined before J. F. Luttrell, Esq., M. P., at Dunster, ou a charge preferred against him by the Rev. C. A. Verelst, Rector of Withycombe, of attempting to set fire to his house. From the evidence of Mrs. Verelst and servants it appeared that the man came to the house and asked alms on the morning of the preceding day, and that soon after he left some matting, which had been nailed up against the outside of the house to protect some shrubs from frost, was discovered to be on fire; that the man was instantly pursued and searched, but nothing whatever was found upon him except twopence, which had been given him by some people of the neighbourhood. It was further proved that the man was only a short time on the premises. The worthy Magistrate dismissed the charge, but committed the prisoner upon another, under the Vagrant Act, for one month to the tread
On the Friday following, a young woman, who had lived about three weeks in Mrs. Verelst's service, was brought before the same Magistrate by her master, charged with having attempted to set fire to his house on the preceding day. The worthy and excellent Magistrate, before the several depositions
Mrs. Verelst was next sworn and examined.
of her belief. "But you have already, Madam,' said the Magistrate, twice sworn positively that it was a piece of newspaper." At this period the other witnesses were ordered out of the room. Mrs. Vereist then went on to say, that the prisoner went up stairs about two o'clock, though she had no business there, and described the discovery of the smell of fire, and her going into the room where the smoke was, when she instantly directed Littey, the gardener, to the windowseat, and cried, "There is the fire, tear down the boards." On being asked what made her direct Littey to the window-seat, she replied, "I saw the smoke issuing from it." She admitted the room was full of smoke at the time. She was asked if any rooms in the house had been washed or scrubbed that day, which it was the prisoner's place to do when it was necessary; she answered positively, "No." She further said, in answer to other questions, that the prisoner had given her notice to leave her service at the end of the month, but that they had had no quarrel.
not, aud that the, tinder-box was not out of the kitchen for the day.
The Magistrate directed the room to be cleared, while he cousulted his clerk. In about five minutes the prisoner and her accusers were called in, and we were again admitted, when the worthy and excellent Magistrate, addressing the prisoner, said, "I feel great pleasure in saying that you are discharged, and that I believe you to be wholly innocent; and that when you leave this room, you will do so as free from imputation of being guilty of the charge this day brought against you, as you would have done had you walked out of it a week ago. Cause for suspicion there was, and it is my belief that there was a fire to create an alarm, or some worse purpose, and that the fire originated with some one residing in the house, but that person, I believe, was certainly not you; and I heartily wish that the real criminal may yet be discovered and punished."
It was a market-day at Dunster, and the room was filled by the yeomanry and tradespeople of the town and neighbourhood, who heartily congratulated the poor girl (a stranger in the neighbourhood, and a native of Exeter)
The next person examined was her own maid, Harriet Merry, whose evidence was almost an echo of her mistress's, except that she did not swear positively that the paper on her escape, and a subscription was inwrapped round the candle was a piece of news-stantly made for her, which did as much paper; but to the best of her belief it was, honour to the subscribers as did their symand that the prisoner had the candle in a can-pathy and anxiety during the examination. dlestick, instead of holding it in her hand without one; she also swore positively that no rooms had been washed or scrubbed on that day.
The Butler, Pincombe, was examined next: he swore that he saw a candlestick, which was produced, about the time mentioned by Mrs. Verelst, near the housemaid's closet, with a piece of candle in it about two inches long, but whether it was wrapped in paper or not he did not know. In answer to a question, he said his room had been washed out that day. On hearing this, Mrs. Verelst rose from her seat and said," she begged leave to say that she now recollected that two rooms had been washed ou the day of the supposed fire, from a remark which Mrs. Merry, her maid, had made to her when she was about to enter them, 'Don't go into them, Madam, as they are damp, and you will take cold,' and which remark that moment came to her recollection."
The expressions of feeling during the time of Mrs. Verelst being examined were so strong that Mr. Luttrell was obliged to restrain them, and to declare," that, however unwilling to do so, he should order the room to be cleared if they were continued." At one time during her examination, Mrs. Verelst was so annoyed by the questions put to her, that she declared she would answer no more. Her husband and Mr. Luttrell, however, told her she must do so.
At a numerous and respectable meeting of owners and occupiers of land in the parish of Barnwell, in the county of Somerset, tonvened by the vestry, pursuant to public notice, and held at the Ship Inn, the 14th of January, 1831, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of petitioning Parliament to repeal or alter the tithe-laws,
Mr. BISDEE, churchwarden, in the chair; The following resolutions were unanimously agreed to:
Moved by Mr. Ford, seconded by Joseph
George Littey, the gardener, then swore that he was alarmed at the cry of "fire"! that he entered the house, ran up stairs, went with his master into the room, which was full of smoke, and began to examine the cracks of the floor, when he was directed to the win-Hewlett,dow-seat by his mistress, who said, "Look in the window-seat, look in the window-seat;" which he did, and, found the piece of paper and skipping-rope partly burnt; there was no fire there then, and those things were cold.
That tithes were originally granted to maintain the edifice of the church, to support, the poor, to maintain the bishops and parochial clergy, and it was far from the granter's intentions, that tithes should be applied in the manner they are at the present day; which produces the effect of paralyzing in
The kitchen-maid was examined next, and in answer to questions put to her, said, that when the prisoner went up stairs she was industry in its efforts to increase the produce the kitchen, and if she had had a lighted of the earth, by taxing it in proportion to the candle she must have seen it, which she did exertions made for its productiveness.
Moved by Mr. Francis Keene, seconded by Mr. William Sheppard,
That the present rigorous exaction of tithes upon the diminished means of the farmers is peculiarly hard in this parish, which, in addition to the heavy poor-rates and other paro-evil chial taxes, are a grievous burden; and do bring the church of England into disrespect. Moved by Mr. Young, seconded by Mr. Salisbury,
That it is expedient to use all just and lawful means to obtain a great and effectual alteration in the tithe system; and, to effect this purpose, that petitions be presented to both Houses of Parliament.
That for a period of more than sixty years, your petitioners have had no resident rector, nor have seen one since 1810, but to hold his audit, three or four days in, the year. Your petitioners respectfully urge, that this crying of non-residence arises from the system of pluralities, and not from the unhealthiness of the parish, or the want of a suitable resi◄ dence.
Your petitioners humbly submit, that if ever a government had a right to enact for the clergy a tenth of the produce of the land, produced by a tenth of the capital employed in cattle, compost, fallows, weeding, tillage, taxes, rates, and seed, together with the tenth of the husbandman's toil and the entire benefit of every tenth labourer; the same power as created so odious an impost and prolific source of feuds and contentions, has a right to abolish it; and that all clerical claims of invested rights have been fully compensated by lack of service and partaking of the toil of the cultivator and the improvements of proprietors, without contributing towards them; and your petitioners humbly and respectfully insist, that if invested rights do exist, they belong to the government for the good and benefit of the people at large.
That your petitioners feel most anxious to press upon the consideration of your honourable House, the unanimity of this parish. That every occupier paying tithe, most earnestly pray your honourable House to abolish
short of one not re-newable; to do away with the tithe-laws; to agree to no commutation all unnecessary officers, such as deans, prebends, and archdeacons. And that your honourable House do take into your own hands. the whole of the church property of whatsoever tenor it may be.-That the bishops be equalized and paid as the judges; that pluralities be abolished, by compelling residence, with a stipend equal to its local respectability. And your petitioners will ever pray.
ISLE OF ELY.
At a vestry meeting held at the church at Newton, on Thursday se'nnight, the following petition to both Houses of Parliament was unanimously adopted,
To the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in Parliament assembled The humble petition of the undersigned, being chiefly owners and occupiers of land, in the parish of Newton, in the Isle of Ely, and county of Cambridge; SHEWETH,
That your petitioners regret exceedingly
Whereupon the following petition to the two Houses of parliament was moved by Wil
the agitated and distressed state of the kingliam Cornock, Esq., of Goldwick, seconded by dom, and humbly submit that the greatest John Cox Hickes, Esq., and carried unanimcause of such, in agricultural districts, is the ously, viz:working of the present Tithe Laws.
That the contents of this parish is under 2,800 acres, and the rectory glebe 372 acres rents for 6001. per annum, which, with the tithes of 7001., realises 1,3001. per annum, being an advance of 5001. per annum since 1810.
At a Meeting held this 20th day of January, 1831, pursuant to public notice, at the Vestry of the parish Church of Berkeley, to take into consideration the necessity of a petition to parliament on the subject of the tithes ;; Mr. Edward Andrews, one of the churchwardens, in the chair;
It was unanimously resolved,
That the present feeling and state of the parish require a statement by petition.
"To the hon. the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in parliament assembled;
"The humble petition of the undersigned parishioners of the parish of Berkeley, in the county of Gloucester,
"That they have in common with all classes connected with them, felt the burdens attached to the land of late years grow more and more oppressive; but of all grievances most intolerable to be borne, that of the tithe system is the worst.
"That your petitioners undoubtedly consider the poor's-rates as a very important part of their burdens; but at the same time cannot help reflecting, that when the tithes were first instituted, they were intended not only to support. the poor, but to repair churches, both of which are now paid by your petitioners in addition to the tithe, of which they now complain.
That the mode of paying the clergy by a forced collection of a tenth or other portion of the produce of the land, is one most destructive to all religion and even to morality, inasmuch as it tends to litigation and dispute, thereby preventing that cordial friendship which ought to subsist between the clergyman and those under his care, and creating, in its place, hostility and bitter feeling, contrary to the dictates of the established Christian religion; and, in uneducated minds, producing even a contempt for the doctrines taught by the clergy.
"That your petitioners have a full proof thereof in their own parish, in a continued system of law-suits, begun and carried on by their vicar, during a period of twenty-one years down to the present time, and not even yet terminated; nor do your petitioners expect. them to end so long as the present system of tithe remains.
all classes of persons and property receiving spiritual assistance.
And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c."
That Sir Berkeley William Guise, one of the county Members, be requested to present the same to the House of Commous; and that the petition to the House of Lords be forward ed to Colonel Berkeley, with a respectful request that he will select some Peer to present
Resolved also, that a subscription be iminediately entered into to defray the expenses of advertisements, &c.
That these resolutions, with a copy of the petition, be published in the Gloucester Journal aud Bristol Mirror.
That the petitions lie for signatures at the Offices of Messsrs. Croome and Smith, Attorneys, Berkeley, till Thursday next.
That the thanks of this Meeting be given to William Cornock, Esq., for the trouble he has taken with the petition.
EDWARD ANDREWS, Chairman. The Chairman having left the Chair, thanks were voted to him for his kindness in taking the same.
"That seventy-five persons in this parish have, at this present time, suits pending against them, at the instigation of the vicar;" and were your petitioners to take into consideration the vexation, annoyance, and expense thereby created, they are quite certain that equal to one-fifth part of the produce of the land is thus swept away and taken from them.
At a numerous and highly-respectable Meeting of the owners and occupiers of land, and other inhabitants of the parish of Old Sodbury, in the county of Gloucester, held on the 19th instant; M. Datfield, seur. in the chair:
A petition to both Houses of parliament, of which the following is a copy, was most cordially and unanimously agreed to; and that the right hon. Lord King be requested to present and support the same in the House of Lords, and Sir B. W. Guise, M. P. for the county, in the House of Commons; and the thanks of the Meeting were given to the Chairman, for his able conduct on the occasion.
To the honourable the Commous of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in parliament assembled; "The humble petition of the undersigned
loyal owners and occupiers of land, and other inhabitauts of the parish of Old Sodbury, in the county of Gloucester, "SHEWETH, "That your petitioners beg leave to approach your honourable House, ou the vital and important subject of the tithe system. Year after year have your petitioners patiently waited in expectation of better times, but in vain! and as long as a shade of hope remained, they forbore trespassing on the valuable time of your honourable House; but they now witness the distressed situation of numerous industrious renting farmers, and anticipating what their own may be, are exciied by an earnest desire to use their humble efforts in averting the dreaded crisis. from themselves and others, who have not as yet sunk under the accumulation of difficulties they have long had to eudure, produced in a