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FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

To the Editor of THE REGISTER.

SIR,

Paris, 18th Jan., 1831. Nothing is now talked of but the necessity of going to war for the national honour, and the hopes of the people have never been so buoyant as at this moment, since the formation of the "Republic." Until now, every thing has been retrograding and conforming into These exposures have been brought the worst possible state, in the name of forth by the Government itself, who have "order"; this watch-word of the funding- shown their courtesy to the English interest, who call themselves the indus- Government, and their unwillingness to trious and respectable part of society, offend that which is the most hateful is forced to give way to that of the na- thing existing in the eyes of the people tional honour, though it might make of these countries, namely, the English head against that of glory. And, now, aristocracy. For it does not appear after the exposures which have taken that there was any disposition to pry place of the tame sentiments of the go- into the negociations by the Congress vernment, the fear for this most essential of Brussels, until the coldness was dispoint of all has fairly roused the whole covered on the part of this Government, nation. The Press being first suppressed which it manifested towards the wishes to such an extent as it is, the Chambers of the Congress after their rejection of the are working away in weeding out liberty plan for settling SAXE-COBOURG Upon from all the institutions, with pretty them. The refusal of the second son of much of security, and would inevitably the King, which appeared to them so persevere if they were not thwarted by palpably leaguing with the English Gothe consequences of the favourite dispo- vernment, and so unreasonable, and at sition of the nation being rallied by the the same time so cowardly, appears toalarm I have mentioned. have provoked the provisional governAll last week the diplomatic confer- ment and the Congress to appeal to ences which had come to light with the people of both nations, and to rouse regard to Belgium were exciting all all their passions, by exposing, with the parties in various ways. The people felt refusal, the willingness to see them indignant in common with the people have a German Prince, to whom would of Belgium, at the answers given to M. be sent in three or four years' time, if he Rogier, the Belgian Envoy, who has behaved well, a French Princess, both been here begging for a king, no mat- Prince and Princess not old enough even ter whether young or old. And the to be married. The suggestion of the Government have been splitting with Duke de Leuchtenberg seems to have rage that the communications held been made as a hint, and the uncharitawith him should be made public, and ble sentence pronounced upon it by the that all the bartering, haggling, hesitat- King has served to thicken the mess. ing, and gossipping about the various So that some parties now urge the little Princes and Princesses to be Kings Belgians to declare the Duke de Leuchand Queens of Belgium, should be laid tenberg, if not the Duke de Reichstadt; before the people, however "sovereign" others, to declare a republic. The they may be. Not being able to pun- Buonapartists and Republicans both ish the Congress at Brussels for look-cheer them on, in order to stimulate ing into these matters, some parties this government to become independent blame the diplomatic committee for and discontented with the English, laying the documents before them; but which they know it must if Belgium the parties most interested blame the would prove independent of the French. poor Envoy for his indiscretion in writing all he knew. It has been denied'

that he confined himself to the truth ; however, this is not believed, of course ; and the people are extremely glad to find that they can debate upon the reasons of state in the selection of their kings: they like the "indiscretion" of M. Rogier, and it is by no means likely that he will be replaced by one who would prevent them froin peeping behind the curtain.

On Saturday last a debate arose upon this subject, and upon the foreign policy

of the government generally, upon the convey the necessary assurances, and to presentation of a petition from an advo- be perfectly well understood. In Paris, cate at Mons, which was for the union these precautions were said to be taken of Belgium to France. Upon this oc- against the "Carlists," the "Austrians," casion two speeches were made, by the "Jesuits," and God knows what General Lamarque and M. Maugin, besides; now, I leave you to guess which have produced a great stir, and against whom they were taken, when are admired by every-body. In these you know that the National Guard speeches the foreign minister was in-were not supplied with cartouches! I vited to deny soine of the sentiments was surprised, in walking along, to see attributed to him by M. Rogier, espe- these pitch their muskets close to the cially those which show deference to fires which they had on the places the principles of the English Govern- where they bivouacked; but I found ment; but the minister did not give the there was no danger, and that they negative in satisfactory terms. These were armed with bayonets only. opinions, you should understand, of the distrust which should be entertained towards the English, were expressly confined to the government, and not extended at all to the people.

The manifesto of the Emperor of Russia, so taunting, not only to the Poles, but to the principles entertained by this country, that it can hardly be associated with the recognition, and would rather show that the Autocrat had not sense

The recognition received from Russia was also dwelt upon, as a thing which to make it on the ground of danger; on the government ought to be ashamed the contrary, every thing confirms the of, because it was not received, nor supposition that there was an undersent, till after the news had reached the standing upon the affair of Polignac, autocrat of the revolution in Poland. that the termination of that was to reIt was maintained, therefore, that a gulate the conduct of the Russian base desertion of Poland was to be the government. price of this recognition, and the cause of the Poles was held up to the sympathy of this nation. Upon this subject, however, the orators did not go the length of the opinions which are generally entertained by the people, and which are, that the government have some ground for congratulating themselves on the recognition, and that it was not entirely owing to the affairs in Poland. The people ask whether, if Polignac had been executed, that recognition would have been made, revolution in Poland or no revolution; and

whether it would not have been, at all THE PRESS AND THE FIRES. events, after the news of the sentences I TAKE the following excellent article had reached St. Petersburg? But, for from that most widely spread of all the government to reap satisfaction newspapers, BELL's LIFE IN LONDON. from the recognition, they must ascribe It is clever, acute, true, and publicit to their management in the affair of spirited. GOODMAN, the poor rick-firing Polignac; and for them to receive it so orphan, in Sussex, has, it is stated, now soon after the "happy" termination of been respited during the King's pleathat affair, it must have been known at sure, So that here is a real incendiary, St. Petersburg that the affair would so who, I believe, acknowledged having terminate. And the precautions which set five fires, who is not to die, while were taken here, and which were pro-CoоKE, who knocked down Bingham bably known better at a distance than Baring, has been hanged! I am glad. on the spot, could not have failed to however, that this poor, friendless or

General Lafayette concluded the debate, by comparing Russia and Poland to England and Hanover, and supposed that English troops would never be sent to maintain that kingdom. The governments, however, are as much to be compared as the nations, for Lord Grenville formerly declared Hanover as precious, as Hampshire.

I am, Sir,

Your obedient servant,
Wм. COBBETT, Jun.

phan is to be spared, and exceedingly employed by the Press when he spoke of exglad that I have been the cause of it. citements used by wicked and designing From the moment that his ACCU-ceal it either from ourselves or others, that men. We know, and we never wish to con SATION OF ME, certified by the the Press, particularly the liberal and enREVEREND Henry John Rush, CU-lightened part of the Press, which is the RATE of Crowhurst, came forth,. Iservaut of the tone and temper of men's minds, which is on a level with the knowsaw that the poor lad was safe; for, to ledge of the day, and which moves with the believe the accusation, and still to hang progress of society, is in a state of open and the accuser, would have been horrible avowed hostility to all stationary, unimproved, indeed; so that, to hang the fire-setter, and unimprovable institutions; and we know would have been to give the lie to his that the Press is made continually to feel in its turn the anger and the vengeance of all accusation against me; and yet, how to the patrons and organs of those institutions, save him! How to spare the setter of such as Judges and hereditary legislators. five fires, while a man is hanged for We believe, therefore, that these remarks of the Judge were intended to vituperate the knocking down BINGHAM BARING! The liberal Press-to hold it up to obloquy in the REVEREND Crowhurst curate was, minds of the public-and to bring reading I dare say, very little aware of the newspapers into discredit, as a source of turdilemma that his certificate would cre- bulence and disorder. We mean, therefore, ate. But in this story every man of to say a few words in vindication of the Press from the charge of having been instrumental sense saw the ground-work for an attack in producing the late outrageous proceedings upon the freedom of the press generally; of the ignorant unreading peasantry. and this is what is ably shown in the following article:

We are far from wishing to shield the Press from the imputation of having carried into every corner of the country the exposures that have recently been made of the extravagance of our Government; we acknowledge the charge, that it has nourished a growing dis like to that dear law with which the public

About a fornight or three weeks ago, a lad of the name of Goodman was found guilty at the Sussex Assizes of setting fire to some stacks near Battle. After he was sentenced to death, he made a confession, though how is mocked, under the name of the Administrait was procured is not known, that he had tion of Justice, reminding us of the disapbeen instigated to the atrocious act by a lec-pointment described by Milton, when what ture of Mr. Cobbett's. He subsequently made seemed grapes turned to cinders in the a second confession, varying from the first, mouth-to sinecures, pensions to Court Ladies but still connecting the lecture with the con-aud retired Ambassadors-to that sham sysception of the crime of arson. Mr. Cobbett tem of representation which enables a few triumphantly refuted this confession, and Peers and the Government to nominate a showed that it was false and absurd; that he majority of the so called representatives of the had never recommended the people to commit people: to this, and many more similar acany such monstrous crime, nor any crime of cusations, we readily plead guilty, knowing the sort, and that the whole was a fiction got that such conduct will be reckoned to us as a up for the purpose of throwing dirt upon him, merit by our countrymen; but we deny that and through him upon the Press. That con- the Press has in any manner encouraged or fession was, in fact, eagerly laid hold of to stimulated the ignorant peasantry to burn the abuse the Press, and all the commotions in barns and stacks of their masters. We have the country were unhesitatingly attributed to never seen, in any one periodical, except in a the writings of Mr. Cobbett, and of all those few lines for which Mr. Carlile is to be pu who honestly endeavour to expose abuses. In a nished, the least mark of approbation of similar manner, and in a similar spirit, the arson. Never did we see a hint that the Recorder said to Mr. Carlile, "If men such condition of the labourer could be improved as you are not checked in time, it is utterly by destroying the food and capital of the impossible to say where the tumults, disorders, country. The Press, we admit, has, ou many and burnings will have an end." He added: occasions, shown the inconsistency of the "Lives have been sacrificed to the laws of the language held, and the cruelty of the sencountry, owing to those excitements used by tences passed hy the Recorder; but, far from wicked and designing persons to stir up the having any influence on the people in expeople to revolt and rebellion." There can be citing them to outrage against the Judge, he no doubt, from the language generally held walks the streets by night and by day unby Judges and by men in power, that all the harmed and unmolested. The Press has evils, all the riot and disturbance, which have frequently exposed the monstrous evils which lately rendered our country less conspicuous the legislature has brought on all the infor internal tranquillity than for many years dustrious classes by tampering with the curpast, are ascribed by the upper classes to the rency, altering every contract and every barinfluence of the Press; and there can be no gain in the kingdom, but its remarks never doubt that the Recorder meant the language 'induce the suffering people to lay violent handa

Can those who vituperate the Press say so mich? Has not the Legislature rung Session after Session with the complaints against the farmers for paying wages out of the poor-rates? Did not an Ex Judge, three weeks ago, condemn the farmers for this practice, in the

on Sir Robert Peel. That ignorant author of untold mischief to the people is as secure in the midst of them as the Editor of Bell's Life, who is only known by contributing to their weekly amusement. For months did the Duke of Wellington stand in the way of Reform-for months was his conduct House of Lords? Did not the Duke of Welcondemned by the Press; but never waslington, in the teeth of all the Press conan insult offered to him till he had repeatedly demn the use of machinery last session outraged the people by denying their great of Parliament ? All these things happensuffering, and at length crushing, by a too ed the sentiments of our Ministers and lawnotorious declaration, their hopes that he makers were wafted to every corner of the would at length relent and listen to their country, and now we have the peasantry breakprayers. Repeatedly of late has the Press ing the machinery of the farmers and setting exposed the profligacy of Court Ladies-the fire to the property of those who pay wages mothers and daughters of Nobility living on out of Poor Rates. One man, who was partipensions wrung from the marrow of the cularly obnoxious on account of his petty oppeople. Even this day our paper contains an pression, was shot at. Is not this connection example of Crown jewels abstracted, and of more intimate than that between the obsera father giving his daughter's brilliants to his vations of the Press concerning Parliamentary mistress; enough, in all conscience, to rouse Reform and the acts of the peasantry? Again, the indignation of a long-suffering people; last session of Parliament, Mr. Littleton, and but we have never heard that an attempt has several other Members of Parliament, drew been made to give any of these profligate a frightful picture of the exactions of certain courtezans a good ducking under the pump. master manufacturers. He conjured up all Of late too, the liberal Press has been un- the horrors practised in all Staffordshire; and sparing in holding up to public opprobrium his speech, faithfully reported, is said to have the pluralities of the Bishops, their enormous been widely circulated in the manufacturing wealth, extorted from the people under false districts. This session he has renewed the pretences, and their gross neglect of duties, same species of warfare, and his tirades have for performing which they claim our been spread far and wide in the manufacturreverence and our tribute. We remembering districts. There, too, we have the men that one of these Bishops, a man in the full quarrelling with their masters, and there we enjoyment of all the good things of life, find the hand of an assassin taking the life of about six months ago, denounced all the a master. Let our legislators and judges say amusements, and even the healthful recrea- that their abundant vituperation of oppressive tions of the people. For this he was most masters is perfectly innocent of the murder of meritedly, but unmercifully censured by the Mr. Ashton; we can confidently exonerate Press. If the Press wished to excite the the Press from having, in any manner, expeople to violence, it might probably have cited the people to commit that atrocious induced them to make a Dutch roast of the crime. We will say further, that the lawBishop, or dress him in his own fat; but he maker and the judge know no other means of yet lives, as sleek and comfortable as if he obtaining their ends than violence and terror, had never censured taking the air on Sunday, and we would fain learn from Mr. Recorder and never written a pamphlet abusing all Knowlys, or that wise man Mr. Trevor, other Sunday amusements but listening to whether the peasantry have acted on their the preacher. In fact, the Press is a gene- principles, and imitated their examples, or rous opponent. It seems its enemies of their have been led by the Press, which uses only danger. It makes all its attacks in front. soft words, and appeals only to reason? We It never stabs its opponent in secret. It is deplore, as much as the Recorder or Lord opposed to violence of all kinds, under what- Wynford, the present state of the country; ever pretext it may be used. Its arms are but we affirm, let who will be the author of exclusively those of reason, and it leaves it, that the Press has been in no wise instruforce to the judge, to the executioner, and to mental in bringing it about. We trust manthe war office. The only example we know, kind, therefore, will not be scared by the in which the popular opinions espoused by censure of judges or the vituperation of the Press have been connected with outrage, parsons from the confidence which they now was the late attack on the Duke of Newcastle, repose in their daily and weekly instructions, at Newark. But, if there ever was a case in and which we honestly believe they well dewhich a long-suffering and ill-treated race of serve. men, described as the property of this weakminded Duke, could find an apology for indignation, it was this. They, however, revenged private injuries, not public wrongs. We affirm, then, and we appeal to our readers for the correctness of our assertion, that the Press has never recommended violence or defended outrage, and that the opinions it has of late most warmly advocated have not in any manner been connected with violence.—

From the LONDON GAZETTE,
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1831.

INSOLVENT.

JAN. 13.-VOULES, J., New Windsor, cornmerchant.

BANKRUPTCIES SUPERSEDED. HARROLD, E., Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, cotton-spinner.

LEESON, W., jun., Nottingham, hosier.
TAYLOR, J., Carlisle, wine-merchant.
BANKRUPTS.

CHANDLER, T., Bow-lane, Cheapside, car-
penter.

CHAPMAN, J., Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire, ironmonger.

EARLE, G. and C., Great St. Thomas Apostle, wine-merchants.

SMITHFIELD-Jan. 17.

There is to-day a pretty full market, with a tolerable briskness in the trade. Prime Scots obtain our top currency and good Beef generally finds purchasers at 3s. 10d. to 4s. 2d.; but for ordinary meat there is not so ready a demand. Mr. Mellish attended on Friday, to the no small gratification of the sellers of Lincolns. The price of Mutton is about the same as this day se'nnight; but handsome big sheep, in consequence of their scarcity, make nearly as much as the light weights. The best Downs are quoted at 4s. 6d. There is a further advance in choice Veal. The supply will be sold out. Beasts 2,607, Calves 100, High-Sheep 23,040, Pigs 160.

SIMKIN, G. R., Red Cross-street, and

bury, grocer.

THURSDAY, Jan. 20.-The spirit of the late

SMITH, G., jun., North Shields, master Thursday's cattle market, which was declared mariner.

by its clerk to have become defunct on this day se'nnight, made its appearance in Smithfield this morning, in the shape of about 60 Beasts, 200 Sheep, 20 calves, and a few Pigs, most of which had disappeared by about 11 o'clock. That which the City Senate are said

BANKRUPTS.

BEDWELL, J., London-road, Surrey, bed to have re-decreed as the legitimate market, will be held to-morrow.

and bedstead-maker.

ELLIOTT, J., Holloway, carpenter.
EVENNETT, R., South-bank, St. John's-
wood, Regent's-park, dealer in hats.
FIELD, W., Brighton, carpenter.
HARRIS, W., Bristol, silk-mercer.
HARNETT, E., Wapping-wall, coal- merchant.
LEE, T., Liverpool, cotton-dealer.
MILLS, W., Nelson-street, Greenwich linen-
draper.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1831.
INSOLVENT.

JAN. 18.-BLAKE, T., Brighthelmstone, builder.

BEYNON, J., Scarborough, draper.
BUCKLAND, J. and J., High-street, Dept-
ford, and Deptford-green, linen-drapers.
CHERRY, J., Coventry, painter.
CLEAVER, H., Market Lavington, Wiltshire,

linen-draper.

DOUBLEDAY, W., Manchester, tea-dealer.
HILL, G. J., Camberwell, oil and colourman.
MARSHALL, E., Liverpool, grocer.
MAY, J. and P. Brodie, Fenchurch-street,

tavern-keepers.

Peas barely maintain last week's prices. For other articles we beg to refer to the aunexed currency.

grocer.

SHEARS, A., Friday-street, Cheapside, silk-
warehouseman.

SKIPP, M., Commercial-road, iron-merchant.
SKINNER, G., Avely, Essex, grocer.
SMITH, W., Brick-lane, Spitalfields, baker.
WILD, J., and G. Shaw, Oldham, Lancashire,

cotton-spinners.
WILLIAMS, J. E., Norwich, grocer.

LONDON MARKETS.

Mark-Lane, CORN-EXCHANGE, JAN. 17.— We had not a very large supply of English Wheat at market this morning, consequently a few early sales were made in fine quality at an advance of full 1s. per quarter in the prices since this day se'unight; the middling and inferior sorts were also taken off upon rather better terms; but the sales were by no means brisk, and Flour remains at last week's price. Fine Malting Barley was taken off very freely to-day at an advance of 3s. per quarter, and scarcely any was left unsold. Beans of both sorts, and Grey Peas, are likewise about 1s. per quarter dearer, and Oats nearly as much, although not much briskness in sale. White

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4,240

695

2,170

420

185

2,500

THE FUNDS.

Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur |82|82| 82 | 82§ | 82§ | 823°

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