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ments, be prepared for presentation to both Houses of parliament.
"2d. That the following petition having been the agreed upon, George Gibbs, Alfred Tuckett, and Thomas Williams, are requested to give every facility for procuring signatures
to the same.
efficiency of the church that receives them. Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray your Lordships to take the tithe-system into your serious consideration, with the hope, that as the poor are now otherwise provided for, and the clergy may be so by their respective congregations, your Lordships may, in your wisdom, devise a method for its total abolition.
"3d. That Lord King be requested to present the petition to the House of Lords, and And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will Joseph Hume, Esq., to the House of Com-ever pray."
"4th. That the proceedings of this Meeting,
"To the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in parliament assembled..
with a copy of the petition, be published in Welshmen are not behind their English two of the Bristol papers, The Gloucester neighbours in sensitiveness to this biting evil. Journal and The Bath and Cheltenham Ga-The annual value of the real property of land in the county of Glamorgan, in 1815, was 334,1027. The total annual charge of Highway, County, Church, and Poor Rates, in 1827, was 49,810l.; or Three Shillings in the Ponnd, exclusive of Tithe! The hundred of Cowbridge, in that county, contains a popnlation, by the last census, of 5,894 persons. Of this gross number, 619 families were employed in agriculture; 220 in trade, manufactures, and other handicraft. Can it be a matter of surprise that The Cambrian newspaper of Newyear's day thus reports a Public Meeting in this tax and tithe-ridden hundred ?—
"The humble petition of the undersigned inhabitants of the parish of Iron-Acton, in the county of Gloucester, agreed upon at a Meeting convened by the churchwardens, and held there on the 22d December, 1830, "SHOWETH-That reason convinces your petitioners, that to give a tenth of the produce of a parish, containing, perhaps, several square miles, to one man, though he have a family, and to leave but the remaining nine- "COWBRIDGE, Dec. 24, 1830.-At a Meettenths for the support of all the rest of the [ing of the Land-owners, Farmers, and Tithepopulation, though consisting of many thou-payers of the Hundred of Cowbridge, convened sands, is to make an unfair and unreasonable by public advertisement, held at the Mason's distribution of the fruits of the earth. That Arms this day, Mr. WILLIAM SPENCER in the your petitioners find, from undoubted history, Chair, the following Petition aud Resolutions that such a distribution was not intended in were unanimously agreed to:the first institution of tithes; but on the "To the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual contrary, that they were given in this country to the clergy, in trust, for the support of the poor, and for the building and repairing places of worship, and on conditions, that they should instruct the people in the Catholic religion, perform masses, and say prayers for the souls of the donors and their ancestors, and hospitably entertain strangers and travellers; and that for the performance of these trusts and conditions, they were allowed out of the tithes a maintenance, food, and rai-suffering great distress; that your Petitioners ment, but were not allowed to marry, or to consider the enormous and unequal proportion bequeath or accumulate private property.of the wealth of the country engrossed by the Your petitioners also find, that in process of Church Establishment to be the chief cause of time another set of men gained possession of such distress; and that while this burden opthe tithes, who performed none of the trusts presses most grievously the Agriculturist, it and conditions for the performance of which also seriously affects the Manufacturing intethey were originally given, but who, on the rest;-that your Petitioners conscientiously contrary, married wives, begot children, ac- believe, that the Tithe System is as prejudicial cumulated private property, bequeathed it to to the best interest of the Church of England, whom they would, ceased to use hospitality, as a Christian Church, as to the temporal welland left the poor destitute. In consequence being of the community, as it tends to produce of this, the poor have been, since that time, dissent, and promote uncharitable and unmaintained by a tax levied for the purpose, christian feelings between the Ministers of on houses and lands, the churches repaired by Religion and the souls committed to their care. another tax, and new ones built by grants out of the taxes raised by the Government, to the great impoverishment of your petitioners and their fellow-countrymen. That experience has fully established your petitioners in the belief that tithes are injurious to agriculture, and prejudicial to the reputation, zeal, and
and Temporal in Parliament assembled, "The humble Petition of the Land-owners, Farmers, and Tithe payers of the Hundred of Cowbridge, in the County of Glamorgan, "SHOWETH-That your Petitiioners view, with deep concern, the unhappy and alarming state of the Country, and lament that, after the continuance of peace for fifteen years, instead of that prosperity which should accompany it, every interest in the community is
"That your Petitioners are utterly at a loss to comprehend why this burden should fall almost exclusively on them, when the many more wealthy interests of the country comparatively pay nothing towards the support of a Ministry for religions instruction, and from which they derive equal advantage.
"That your petitioners are prepared to prove which gives an account of the close of to your honourable House that, in conse- the day. quence of the vast increase of capital and land engaged in tillage within the last forty The crowd then moved forward. Mr. Hunt years, the value of tithe property has increased appeared in a barouche, drawn by four handin a fourfold degreee, while the employment some greys; the postillions were in dresses of capital in agricultural pursuits was never of crimson silk, with banners preceding more precarious and unproductive to the him. Mr. Hunt and Mr. Mitchell were in farmer than at the present time. the carriage. On their arrival in Stamfordstreet, Mr. Hunt then alighted, amidst the shouts of the crowd, and took his station at the dining-room window of his house.
Mr. HUNT then again addressed the assem. bled multitude, thanking them most warmly for having accompanied him through the cities of London aud Westminster. The result of that day's procession was, that at least one fact would go forth to the worldthat though the Duke of Wellington was afraid to enter the city, he was not. Though the King and his Grace had proposed to unite with the Corporation in spending 10,000. of the poor citizens' money, in order to give them a guzzle, he (Mr. Hunt) was no party to such a proceeding, and therefore feared not to face his fellow-citizens. He was no party to a project which, with its paraphernalia and other expenses, would have cost the people 10,000l., and therefore he was free from the apprehensions that deterred the Duke of Wellington from entering the city. [At this mo ment an active pick-pocket was seized by some person in the crowd; there was a general cry of "Hold him, hold him."] "Yes," said Mr. Hunt, " hold him by all means; is one of the Government." He advised them to take care of the smaller pick-pockets, and he would undertake to manage the greater ones. The Duke, forsooth, was afraid of some disturbance if he came into the city; but occasions differed, and their effects were as different. That was the third time on which they had acceded to him the honours of a triumphal entry, and yet on no one of those occasions had any accident taken place. Mr. H. then repeated the greater portion of what he had in the early part of the day
"That a deputation do wait on the Member for the county, to request he will present and support the prayer of the petition in the House of Commons, composed of the following per-addressed to his assembled friends in Isling sons:-Mr. John Spencer, Mr. Christopher ton-green, dwelling upon the insidious cha Wilkins, Mr. Samuel Howells, Mr. W.racter of the suggestions of those corrupt Spencer, Mr. David Richards, and Mr. Richard Richards.
knaves who sought to keep him out of parliament, by saying that one man could do nothing, when so many were interested in picking pockets, and enriching themselves with the plunder of the people; but the men of Preston had determined to try that question, and see what one man could do; and were that man only backed by the voice of the people, he could assure them that the attempt would be made to break up the strongholds of corruption. He would attempt that and which had never been attempted before; if he had the support of the people, his efforts would not fall powerless upon the floor of the House of Commons-efforts which should
be directed to the repeal of laws, almost all of which were framed for the express purpose of drawing money from the poor for the advantage
"That your petitioners humbly submit to your honourable House, that they believe the only effectual way of removing this unequal and oppressive burden on the capital, the exertions, and the industry of the agriculturist, and the doing away with the many other evil effects of the tithe laws, would be to impose, instead of the present grinding, afflicting, and distressing mode, a rate, or tithetax of two shillings in the pound, on the rent paid by the farmers; which your petitioners humbly presume to suggest would be found not only a competent, but a respectable provision, for the support of the Ministers, thereby, as they firmly believe, furnishing the best way, in their opinion the only means, by which the present frightfully alarming state of society can be allayed, and the terrific consequences (not to be contemplated without horror) averted.
"Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray that your honourable House will adopt this, or such other means as your honourable House may approve of, for the relief of the country; and your petitioners will ever pray, &c.
First resolution. Proposed and carried unanimously.
"That the petition now read be presented to both Houses of Parliament.
"Second Resolution. Proposed and carried, "That the Chairman be requested to forward the petition to the House of Lords, to Lord King.
"Third resolution. Proposed and carried unanimously
"That a person be appointed to take the petition to the several parishes in the Hundred, for signatures.
"That the proceedings of this Meeting be advertised in The Cambrian newspaper. "WM. SPENCER, St Mary Church."
·Public entry into London, on Monday,
of the rich. One of his first objects would be to | Hunt, for the purpose of escorting him through the town; they advised all rational people to stay at home, and recommended all timid people not to run the risk of being crushed to death. It recommended all careful shopkeepers to close their shops to protect their property from Hunt's blackguards. It assumed that all decent people would stay at home, and no persons of sense or character would join" Hunt's blackguards." Now if they should catch the editor of The Standard, and be disposed to drag him along the kennel, they would show him some mercy for his (Mr. H.'s) sake. It would, perhaps, be said, that he was attacking the press, and that it was most imprudent in him to do so at present-he was merely stating the attacks made by the press upon him. He then went over the principal topics of which his speech at Islington was composed (for which see former part of the
move for a repeal of that villanous Corn Law, which was enacted solely for the purpose of impoverishing the poor to enrich the aristocracy. It was one of the most atrocious laws that ever was inflicted upon any people by any Government, however tyrannical; he, therefore, should at once demand their total repol; and if he found any one to second him in the House, they might rely upon his =pushing the motion to a division. [A voice in the crowd, "O'Connell will second you."] He did not expect that any Englishman would be found to support him. O'Connell, he did hope, would second him ; but he did not look for support elsewhere. He next called their attention to the conduct of the newspapers during the past week. They had been quite mute about the Preston election; not a word in them respecting the great struggle that was going on in the North, though the Pres-report), and went on to speak of the recent ton papers were publishing second and third proceedings under the Special Commissions, editions. What was the London press afraid when so many of the poor working classes of? They could not, it would seem, take a were sentenced to be hanged and transingle portion of the intelligence from any of sported. There was one gentleman, Mr. the Preston papers; they must, forsooth, Benett, of Wiltshire, one of the great intravel over to Leeds for the fat lie that Baines stigators of the Corn Laws, who had signalised published there in his lying paper. It was himself upon the occasion in question-a man called The Leeds Mercury-it would be who had screwed up the rents of his estate to equally well to call it the The Lying Mercury. the highest possible pitch of elevation, and From that source did the London journals the wages of the labourers to the lowest postake their intelligence; that was the way in sible point of depression; and that man stood which the people of England were hum- upon these trials as the committing magisbugged; that was the way in which the worthy trate-as the Foreman of the Grand Jury, proprietor of The Observer thought proper before whom the bills were preferred. He to describe public proceedings. Yes; Mr. was a witness against the prisoners, and he William Clement, as well of The Observer was a prosecutor himself in those very cases. as of The Morning Chronicle, thought (Shame!) He concluded by thanking the proper to adopt to prefer The Lying sawyers for their attendance on the occasion. Mercury of Leeds to the respectable papers of Preston, though he would not raise his voice against the expenditure of eight or ten thousand pounds of the money of the poor to be spent in the city for the purpose of giving the king and the Duke of Wellingtou a gorge. These immaculate papers said there was at least one good that would result from his election for Preston. What did they think that was? It was this-that as he was now a Member of Parliament, there would, it was to be hoped, be no more chalking of the walls. That was in one of Mr. Clement's papers; in the true spirit of trade, he wished him (Mr. Hunt) to advertise no more by means of the walls, but, instead, of paying him (Mr. C.) 307. a year for advertisements, to pay him 6OZ. "Ah! Billy Clement, you are a trader, and you want me to pay you a larger annual sum for advertisments than I do, and to leave off chalking the walls." They talked (he continued) of his chalking the walls-why Warren alked twice as much as he did. He then proceeded to censure para-shillings per week! It is impossible to conceive graphs in The Age newspaper and in The the vast depth of misery which exists. It ap. › Standard, upon the same subject, saying, peared from the statements of some of the that The Standard had expressed a hope that speakers, that many of these poor sufferers the people would not lose their time by form- had their children in bed when visited, whose ing a procession that day in honour of Mr. bed-clothes had not a vestige of either linen or
Thanks were voted to the men of Preston, and, after nine cheers for them and three for Mr. Hunt, the assemblage broke up at about a quarter to five.
MISERY AND THE FIRES. DERBYSHIRE.-The distress which pre. vails amongst the miners and weavers of this mountainous and cold district is almost beyond description. We were present at a numerous and respectable Meeting of the inhabitants of the village of Bradwell, held on Wednesday last, for the purpose of considering the best means of administering relief to the suffering families in the neighbourhood, especially those who are in indigent circumstances, in consequence of the very low rates of wages afforded to those employed in the above trades, who it is well known, cannot, by the most diligent exertion, earn more than from three to four
flannel about them, but was composed of wrappers and old clothes-others had not a tittle of re!-Herald, 7th Jan.
that he was mistaken for some other person, as the mills of all the Ashtons are in full employ, and at the regular prices.
FIRE OF A FARM.-On Monday night last, about half-past seven o'clock, the extensive with sincere regret that we publish the fol SUSSEX.-MORE INCENDIARISM.-It is barn, cow-hovels, outhouses, &c., forming lowing letter from Eastbourne :-" Another one range of building, in the occupation of fire has taken place in this parish. On SunMr. Mason, of Broad Holme, near Belper, on the Matlock road, Derbyshire, was discovered day evening, between nine and ten o'clock, to be on fire in several different places. The the stacks of Mr. J. Fielder, of Susans-farm, alarm soon spread, and hundreds of individuals situate close to the road leading to the searushed to the spot, anxious to arrest the pro-them, a tare and beau stack, were totally conside, were discovered to be on fire; two of gress of the devouring element, if possible; sumed, and another bean stack was much such, however, was the fury of the flames, injured. Fortunately, the great exertions that although Mr. Strutt's engine, of Belper, made by the inhabitants saved the fourth, a was actively used and supplied with water, in large barley stack. That this fire was not sddition to every other means, all efforts to accidental, but the work of a diabolical incensave the barn and out-buildings proved abortive; and it is with pain we add, that five fine diary, no one can for a moment doubt; and cows, in calves, the property of Mr. Mason, exists to justify the apprehension of any par up to the present hour, no sufficient suspicion were burnt to death, without the chance of ties. We are at a loss to conceive why Mr. rescue. A bull, fastened up in the hovel, was Fielder should have been selected as a victim. more resolute and fortunate; he tore up the Among all classes of the poor he is spoken stake to which he was affixed, and ran out, well of for his humanity. It is within our own 'bellowing most hideously, whiist the moaning knowledge that he has recently given beef, sounds which proceeded from the cows were &c., to many aged and infirm persons."truly piteous. In addition to this heavy loss, the barn contained the produce of one stack Brighton Gazette. of wheat, which was entirely consumed, together with the whole range of building. Seven or eight other stacks of wheat and oats shared a similar fate; and trifling indeed is the portion of farming stock saved. The wind fortunately blew the contrary way, or the dwelling-house must have fallen a sacrifice. A stack of oats, and two or three of hay, are all of this immense stock that may be considered saved. There is not the slightest doubt in the mind of any one, but that this diabolical act has been the work of some fiendish incendiary or incendiaries, as the buildings, as hefore stated, were on fire in several places at one and the same time.
KENT.-Between twelve and one o'clock yesterday morning, the town of Greenwich and neighbourhood was thrown into alarm, in consequence of the Theatre, which is situate in London-street, having taken fire in the centre of the building, and the flames spreading with much fury. The policeman who discovered the fire instantly gave the alarm. The engine from Greenwich Hospital, and also the parish one, were shortly on the spot; but no water could be obtained for nearly an hour. A large party of marines from the dockyard at Deptford, upon the fire-bell tolling, hastened to the scene, and exerted themselves in assisting the police in keeping order, and rescuing a great number of horses, and removing many coaches and other property on the extensive premises of Messrs. Wheatley's adjoining, as also the property of the surrounding inhabitants. The flames shortly extended throughout the whole of the theatre, and enguphed the scenery, dresses, and every other description of property, in one common ruin. A plentiful supply of water having been obtained and several engines from town arriving, the adjoining premises were preserved from destruction, but the theatre was totally destroyed. There had been a performance ia the evening, and the house closed at a quarter to eleven. It has been ascertained that the fire originated in the ladies' dressing rooms, under the stage, but from what cause is not known. Mr. Savile Faucit, the lessee, is insured in the Phoenix for 6007.; and it will be remembered that the Ramsgate Theatre, of which he was also the proprietor, was destroyed by fire about
LANCASHIRE.-On Monday night last, as Mr. Thomas Ashton, son of Mr. Samuel Ashton, of Gee-cross, near Ashton-under-Lynewhere the recent alarming turn-out of the cotton-spinners has taken place, was returning to the Apethorpe factory, he was shot at by some base assassin, and killed on the spot. The deadly weapon was loaded with slugsone of which, it appears, pierced his heart, and the other went through the back boue. He was just returning from taking his tea, to the factory, and had to pass through a dark narrow lane, where the dreadful crime was committed. The report brought several people to the spot, and the unfortunate young man was conveyed back to his own house a corpse in ten minutes after he had left it. The seusations of the family, which is very numerous hereabouts, may be better felt than described. They are the largest spinners in this part of the country, and bear an excellent and honourable character. The deceased was only twenty-three years since. two years of age, and was beloved by all the working classes. No cause can possibly be assigned for this iphumau transaction, unless
On the morning of the fire Mr. Wheatley, jun., who is one of the Overseers of the Poor, attended a meeting at the church, when be
received a letter, bearing the Greenwich post | before any assistance could be procured, was mark, and addressed as follows :levelled with the ground.
"Mr. Wheatley, coach-master, Greenwich,
Another fire took place on Wednesday night, about one mile nearer to Salisbury, the back part of the Black Dog public-house having been set on fire by some incendiary; a rick which belonged to the landlord was also consumed.-Morn. Chon. 8th Jan.
LINCOLNSHIRE.-LOUTH, JAN. 5.-A fire took place on the premises of Mr. Samuel Bowling, of Louth Grange, yesterday morning, at four o'clock, which, but for the timely assis
Overseer. January 10, 1830. . and thomas Wheatley, "I will inform you that three men is coming from Barkshire to destroy all your machines and stables. i am your well wisher : here is three of their names-William Jones, George Millwood, and John Strong; but I shall not tell my name, but I would have you be upon the Look Out. I am a native of Green-tance of the fire-engines, would in all probawich myself: if you don't employ me again ibility have destroyed the whole of the corn will set a light to all the straw that is in your ricks and building; however, by the prompt Big Loft. There is one thing you cannot assistance which was rendered, the fire was swear to the Writing. there is one thing subdued with the loss of a large rick of straw more, I myself will Poison all your horses for and about half of a hay-rick. The Magistrates you. I will have my revenge on you, if I sat at Bowling House yesterday until twelve don't may I be dd (Here there is a draw- at night, and committed the waggoner for furing of a knife aud a heart; the point of the ther examination. There appears strong reaformer has pierced the latter.). You shall son to fear that he is the incendiary. have that in you afore long, you rouge you shall, I will send you two more letters after this, then I will execute."
This morning, also, a fire of much greater magnitude has taken place on the premises of Mr. Upton, of Raithly; it is not yet subdued. Two of the Louth engines are there, and from the opportunity I have had for investigation, I am of opinion his own servants are implicated. Both the above farms were insured in the county within these few weeks.
This epistle excites much conversation, and a meeting is to take place on the subject. BURWARDSLEY.-Another incendiary fire broke out in this neighbourhood on Tuesday night, which destroyed the barn and hay-stack of a farmer named William Gresty. From all the circumstances, there can be no doubt but that it was the act of an incendiary. There is now little doubt entertained but that the destruction of Lewisham church was the work of incendiarism. From what has transpired on investigation, it would seem that the perpetrator had effected his purpose by apply ing the destructive means at three different parts of the church-Kentish Gazette. ESSEX.-Sunday morning, about two o'clock, a fire, supposed to be the work of an incendiary, broke out in the farm of Mr. J. Raynam, of the Moated-house, Basselden, which destroyed stock and property to the value of nearly 2,000l. The equitable fireengine, from Billericay, succeeded in saving five stacks of hay, and three of corn. The la-six o'clock on Saturday morning, a fire was bourers from the adjoining farms were all on discovered in the tithe-stack-yard of the Rev. the spot, and rendered every assistance in Henry Uthoff, attached to the Huntingfield their power towards checking the pr gress of Rectory, and which is about half a mile from the flames. They afterwards ate the pigs, Heavingham Hall, the seat of Lord Huntingwhich were made into excellent crackling, field. The fire was discovered by one of Mr, with the owner's permission.-Another fire, Uthoff's men, as he was going out to his work. destructive of agricultural produce, has taken He instantly alarmed his master and the place at Ulceby, near Alford, on a farm in the family, as well as several cottagers in the occupation of Mr. James Atkinson. We un- neighbourhood, who promptly afforded all derstand that a straw-stack was set on fire, possible assistance to extinguish the flames by and that it and two stacks of oats, containing means of pails of water, wet blankets, &c., eighty quarters, were consumed. The fire but more particularly to preserve the adjoining occurred on Wednesday night last, and was stacks, which chiefly consisted of tithe hay. doubtless the work of an incendiary. By half-past seven o'clock, Lord Huntingfield, WILTSHIRE.-On Tuesday night a barn the Rev. Anthony Collet, and other influential filled with fire-wood, belonging to Ed-characters, attended by the Heavingham Hall monstone, Esq., a Magistrate of the county, engine, were upon the premises. By this who has taken a very active part in the appre- timely arrival of such prompt aid as the enhension of the rioters, situated about two miles gine afforded, and by the exemplary and asand a half from Devizes, was set fire to, and, tonishing efforts made by all present, I am
SUFFOLK.-HUNTINGFIELD, Jan. 9.(Extract from a private letter.)-Soon after
HORBLING, LINCOLNSHIRE, Jan. 3.-We had a large bean-stack fired yesterday evening, and at Neethope, about two miles off, on Friday night last, there were a straw and a haystack both consumed.
On Monday a large stack of beans, belonging to Mr. Westmoreland, of Billingboro', in the parish of Sempringham, was set fire to, and consumed before any assistance could ar-, rive. Thursday evening, the 30th ult. about six o'clock, some person set fire to a stack of straw belonging to Mr. Briggs, surgeon, of Heckington; it was soon consumed, but not being near any other stack, no futher damage was done.-Stamford Mercury.