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numerals, and figures, as occasion required, to distinguish the various divisions. Headings to the various sections have also been introduced where Bunyan had not given them; and in some cases these have been likewise needful for the subdivisions: such insertions are always placed within brackets [ ]. These improvements, we trust, will greatly add to the pleasure and profit of every reader of these invaluable treatises. Our great object has been to secure accuracy of text; and to render that text more valuable to the general reader by the addition of select notes, especially to explain obsolete words, local idioms, or allusions to the customs of by-gone days. In some cases the reader's attention is directed by a short note, to the extraordinary beauties which richly abound; while important doctrines are illustrated and enforced by extracts from other parts of these Works, so as to render Bunyan his own interpreter. Every treatise has an Introduction, showing the peculiar circumstances under which it was written, its object, and the mode by which that object was sought to be attained.

In editing each of the treatises, much care was taken to extract every sentence that threw a light upon the life, times, contemporaries, and personal experience of the author, with the intention of making his Memoir as far as possible an autobiography. With respect to his solemn and most deeply-interesting spiritual life, this was the only source from whence information could be derived. When these extracts were arranged in chronological order, with the numerous references to which they led, they were carefully compared with every life which has been written of this extraordinary and popular man. Those that were written shortly after his decease contain much valuable information and interesting anecdotes, which, being confirmed by eye-witnesses, have been incorporated in the narrative Of necessity most of his modern biographers copy from those that went before. Much valuable information was obtained by visiting the scenes of his labours; and in doing this, as well as in searching registers—the church book—the materials collected by his admiring friends and followers, were opened for my inspection with as much courtesy and kindly feeling, as if the spirit of Bunyan had hovered about us—every hand was extended with cheerful alacrity and self-devotion of time, and the result is to the editor peculiarly gratifying.

The satisfaction of being able to unravel all the mystery that hung over Bunyan's release from prison, is very great. That he was solely indebted to the Quakers for it, there could be no reasonable doubt; but why that debauched monarch Charles II. took a fancy to these prim-moralists, the Quakers, was an insoluble problem, until the discovery of original letters in the archives at Devonshire House revealed the secret, and with all the bad qualities of that licentious King, proved that he possessed gratitude to the Quaker sailor who nobly saved his life. The character of Bunyan, when a young preacher, drawn by his pastor, 'holy John Gifford,' and many deeply-interesting circumstances, are published for the first time. While, connected with so eminent a disciple, much remains to be discovered, our difficulty has been to condense the Memoir into the smallest space, by referring the reader to the copies of State papers and other documents printed in the introduction to The Pilgrim'8 Progress, and other parts of the Works, and by abridging as much as possible all our extracts.

When Bunyan entered upon ministerial duties, it was with the deepest anxiety; in proclaiming the unsearchable riches of Christ, his first effort was to fix upon his hearers the all-important truth, 'Ye must be born again.' This soon led him into controversy, in which he made marvellous discoveries of the state of society in those eventful times. Strangely absurd errors were promulgated, to conquer which, all the mighty energies of Bunyan's mind, baptized into Scriptural truth, and hallowed by heavenly communion, were brought into active exercise. Limited in preaching to the few who were within the sound of his voice, and knowing that poisonous errors had extended throughout the kingdom, he sought the all-powerful aid of the press, and published several searching treatises before his imprisonment. Soon after this, he was called to suffer persecution as a Christian confessor, and then his voice was limited to the walls of his prison, excepting when, by the singular favour of his jailers, he was permitted to make stolen visits to his fellowChristians. From the den in this jail issued works which have embalmed his memory in the richest fragrance in the churches of Christ, not only in his native land, but in nearly all the kingdoms of the world. Thus was the folly of persecution demonstrated, while the mad wrath of man promoted the very object which it intended to destroy.

Bunyan's name is now as much identified with British literature as that of Milton, or of Shakespeare. Some ot his works, printed with patent ink, on vellum paper, with all the elegant illustrations and embellishments which art can devise, and in sumptuous bindings, adorn the library of our beloved Queen, and the drawing-rooms of her nobles; while millions of copies, in a cheaper form, supply every class of society, even to the humblest cottages Multitudes also, in other lands and other languages, feel the sanctifying and happy effects of reading these works, and imbibing their peaceful spirit; and we trust that to nations yet unborn these happy effects will be increasingly multiplied.

Bunyan knew nothing of the art of composing written language. He lived in the atmosphere of the Bible; and its beautiful simplicity of style, and fine old Saxonisms, with its perspicuous brevity, shine through all his writings. His simple and ardent devotion to his Master's glory, in the salvation of sinners, constrained him to write as he felt; while his fertile imagination, accurate eye, and musical ear, were natural, and very powerful aids to correct language. Still it is surprising that, without the advantages of education, he could write with such singular accuracy and power of expression.

However rich in instruction, and admirable in their tendency, Bunyan's writings were, they had to struggle with no ordinary difficulties. The doctrines of the gospel were not so popular then as in our happier age. Free and unfettered inquiries into Divine truth were not even tolerated until after the author's death. While the Act of Toleration permitted Christians to exist without persecution in this land of Bibles and of religion, it did not place them on terms of equality. Since that time the spirit of intolerance has been dying by particles, but is still strong in the human mind. These works had to struggle with those prejudices, and that enmity which at all times has opposed the progress of truth. In addition to many other general reasons that might be stated, which equally apply to the writings of all godly men, we have to add that Bunyan was a poor mechanic, a Dissenter, and of the Baptist denomination. Although he had come to so careful a decision upon this subject, that he firmly adhered through life to his opinions, yet he never obtruded upon the public his private views on non-essentials; so that in nearly all his works, water-baptism is swallowed up in his earnest desire to win souls to Christ. All his effort is, to fix attention upon that spiritual baptism which is essential to salvation, by which the soul passeth from death unto life, and from which springs good-will to man, and glory to God.

Of all the objections that have been made to Bunyan's works, the most absurd is, that he was poor and unlettered. To despise the poor is an impious reflection, upon Divine wisdom. It is true that great grace can keep the scholar humble, and bless his learning to the welfare of the church, but for the welfare of the world we want many Bunyans, and can manage with few Priestleys or Porsons.

Bunyan, although unlearned as to the arts and sciences of this world, was deeply versed in the mysteries of godliness, and the glories of the world to come. He was a most truthful, ingenious, persuasive, and invaluable writer upon the essentials of human happiness. To refuse his Scriptural instruction, because he was not versed in chemistry, mathematics, Greek, or Latin, would be to proclaim ourselves void of understanding.

We heartily pity those who, with pampered sickly appetites, feed only on vanity, which, however served up in dainty dishes, only fits the soul to become fuel for an eternal fire—an awful price to pay for such debasing gratifications. They have no part nor lot with those blessed ones who hunger and thirst after righteousness, and who buy the choicest treasures of eternity without money or price—the free gift of God, to which Bunyan's works constantly point, as the magnetic needle does to the pole. Throughout the whole of his treatises, beautiful and striking passages scintillate and sparkle like wellset diamonds; they are none borrowed, but all flow from his native genius.

Every sentiment is intimately connected with the most important truths, all pointing to one common centre, 'Christ the hope of glory'—all tending to fix the value of religion on the mind; and, aided by the Divine blessing, calculated to produce heavenly fruit to the spiritual and temporal happiness of the reader, and to the comfort of the church and of the world.

Never was there a period which so imperatively called forth these works as the present day. Mighty efforts are making to exalt the Man of Sin, and again to inthral this country in the satanic yoke ot Popery, or that of its dark, Ul-shapen brother Puseyism. Bunyan's book on that awful word Antichrist, is a home-thnist at the enemy; his work on The Greatness of the Soul excites the deepest interest in its indescribable value; his Few Sighs from Hell alarm the thoughtless, and fill the believer with adoring gratitude for his escape ; his treatise upon Baptism raises us above water, to that one baptism of the Holy Ghost which alone regenerates the soul. Every treatise, while it excites solemn and earnest inquiries after salvation, clearly defines the narrow path which leads to life, abounding with antidotes against despair, and with comfort to the feeble-minded; they contain milk for babes, and meat for men in Christ In Bunyan's writings there is no sectarian bias—Christ is all in all. He addresses the hearts of the whole family of heaven —old or young, rich or poor, learned or unlettered—leading all classes to be found 'looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith.'

Every effort has been made to render this Edition useful and popular. It is true that the wealthy are not indulged with large margins and a small stream of letterpress; but they have a more ample source of gratification, in the reflection that this saving of expense brings valuable treasures within the reach of the poor, and more especially to students training for ministerial labours. Nor must we forget the many thousand pastors of churches, who, with their scanty means, will be able to avail themselves of works eminently calculated to render their labours more abundantly useful. No expense has been spared to render the pictorial illustrations worthy such an author. The portraits are from the only two originals known to have been taken from life. The painting by Sadler, and the beautiful and characteristic drawing and engraving by the celebrated R. White, in 1682, preserved in the British Museum. The woodcuts printed with the original editions of his works are faithfully copied, together with scenes and relics connected with his life. The Index is entirely new, and was the result of great labour. Our hope is that this will prove itself a Standard Edition, and be extensively used wherever the English language is known;—that, by the Divine blessing, it may aid the imperceptible progress of that leaven of the gospel which must eventually bless with a benign influence 'all kindreds, and tongues, and nations that dwell upon the earth.'

We owe an ample apology to our Subscribers for having severely taxed their patience by the delay in finishing the Third Volume. The reasons have been our great anxiety to render these important Works as complete as possible—the necessity of visiting the scenes of Bunyan's labours, to do justice to so illustrious a man in the memoir of his experience, his sufferings, his amazing usefulness—and in compiling a comprehensive Index to his Works. A more gratifying duty is to thank our friends for their zealous aid and assistance. They are far too numerous to be named—they will have the pleasure of knowing that they contributed to raise a solid tribute of esteem to our great pilgrim forefather.

GEORGE OFFOR

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

GRACE ABOUNDING TO THE CHIEF OF
SINNERS; or, A brief and faithful relation of the
exceeding mercy of God in Christ to his poor ser-
vant John Bunyan ; namely, in taking him out of
the dunghill, and converting him to the faith of his
blessed Son, Jesus Christ. Here is also particularly
thowed, what sight of, and what trouble he had for
sin; and also what various temptations he met with;
and how God hath carried him through them. Cor-
rected and much enlarged by the author, for the
l«nefit of the tempted and dejected Christian. To
which is added, Bunyan's relation of his impri-
sonment; a discourse between his wife and the
judges, touching his deliverance at the assizes; his
reflections on his imprisonment; the continuation of
his life, and manner of his death and burial; with
his tree character, by one of his personal friends;
and his dying sayings.

Ahertisement by the Editor; Preface 1

Dilitatvm to hit Church 4

L BcMTAN's ACCOUNT 07 HIMSELF PREVIOUS TO HIS

Conversion—Mean rank; taught to read and write,
which he soon forgot; taken captive by the devil at
his will; very profane; visited with fearful dreams
and sharp convictions; narrow escapes from death;
i the daughter of a pious man; reforms, and
church.—Sunday sports; conviction darts
his soul while playing at cat; gives way to
air, and plunges into sin ; reproved by a wicked
woman ; led, by the conversation of a poor professor,
to examine his Bible; becomes outwardly reformed;
leaves off bell-ringing and dancing; still ignorant of

II. His Conversion And Painful Exercises Of Mind,

rnXYlGCS TO BIS JOINING TUB ClIURCII OF CHRIST AT

Bedford—Conviction fixed upon his spirit, by listen-
ing to the conversation of some poor women; forsakes
an evil companion; puzzled by the Banters; the
Bible becomes precious; vision of Church fellowship;
solemn doubts lest the day of grace was past;
searches the Scriptures; loves those that bear the
image of Christ; is introduced to Mr. Clifford, a
Christian minister; still in great fear; greatly
relieved by a sermon on Christ his people's love;
is severely tempted and tried 10

III. Attends The Ministry or Ms. Gifford, And BE-
COMES INTENSELY EARNEST TO UNDERSTAND THE DOC-
TRINES Of The cosr-LL—Is comforted by Luther on
Galatians; tempted to sell Christ; is in fearful
despair lest he had sinned against the Holy Ghost;
reads the account of Francis Spira, and is in a fear-
ful state of misery; at length finds refuge in prayer
and in the righteousness of Christ 20

IV. Account Of His Joining The Church At Bedford
—Doubts and fears, but eventual happiness in par-
taking of the Lord's Supper; still beset with tempta-
tions; becomes exceedingly happy 89

V. Ila Call To The Ministry, And The Manner And
success Of his Preaching—At first with great fear
and trembling ; his ministry attractive and blessed;
preached what he had felt and tasted ; during the
Commonwealth he is not molested; on restoration
of Charles II., he is imprisoned for preaching tho
gwpel; content to be in jail, or even to be hanged, if
TOL. I.

FAU*

Binncrs might by that be converted ; avoided contro-
versy; is grossly slandered, and considers it part of
his Christian character to be reproached, vilified,
and reviled falsely 40

VI. A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE Authob's IMPRISONMENT

Apprehended when about to preach at Samsel;
Indicted, and sentenced to transportation for life, for
nonconformity; detained in prison; severely exercised
by the parting with his wife and children, like the
pulling the flesh from his bones ; threatened with an
ignominious death; has strong consolation; conclu-
sion 47

Relation Of His Imprisonment, And Efforts Of His
Wife To Obtain His Release—Offered liberty if he
would leave off preaching; dialogue with Dr. Lin-
dale and the Justices; examination by the Justices,
and by Mr. Cobb, the clerk of the peace; interview
with his wife and Judge Hale ; mercifully dealt with
by the jailer £0

Some carriages of the adversaries of God's truth with
me at the next assizes, which was on the nineteenth
of the first month, 1U62 63

Continuation Of Bunyan's Life, beginning where he
left off, and concluding with the time and manner of
his death and burial; with his true character 63

Buntak's Dtino Satikos—Of sin; of affliction ; repent-
ance and coming to Christ; of prayer; Lord's day
and daily duties; love of the world; of suffering;
death and judgment; tho joys of heaven and tor-
ments of hell ea

BUNYAN'S PRISON MEDITATIONS; Directed
to the heart of suffering saints and reigning sinners... *03

THE JERUSALEM SINNER SAVED ; or Good
News for the Vilest of Men, being an Help for
despairing souls : showing that Jesus Christ would
have mercy in the first place offered to the biggest
sinners. To which is added, An answer to those
grand objections that lie in tho way of them that
would believe. For the comfort of those that fear
they have sinned against the Holy Ghost.

Editorial Preface 07

Bunyan's Preface to the Reader C3

Bunyan's Own Analysis on Contents Of mis Book,

TnE Text Opened—The badness of Jerusalem unpar-
alleled, they were the biggest sinners 69

Doctrine—Jesus Christ would have mercy offered, in
the first place, to the biggest sinners.

The doctrine proved by many Scripture instances
—The amazing grace of God; the apostles keep to
their commission, and offer mercy, in the first place,

to the biggest sinners 71

The Reasons Of The Point.First. Because the
biggest sinners havo most need of mercy; this is
illustrated.—Second. Because this redounds most to
the spreading of the fame of Christ; proved and
amplified.—Third. Because by thus doing, others are
the more encouraged to come to Christ for mercy,
with some particular instances of this.—Fourth. Be-
cause this is the way to weaken the kingdom of
6

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