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holy reverence and confidence, as children to a Father, able and. ready to help us : and that we should pray with and for others.
0. 1. What doth the word Father import in this preface ?
A. It imports the Spirit of adoption to be the principle of all acceptable prayers; Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
0. 2. What is the first benefit, or help we have in prayer, from the Spirit of adoption ?
A. He excites our spirits to seek God in prayer ; Psal. xxvii. 8. When thou saidft, Seek ye my face ; my beart faid unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek. Q. 3. What is the second assistance he gives us in prayer
? A. He indises and suggests suitable and acceptable matter to us in prayer; Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should
for as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us, c.
Q. 4. What is the third benefit we have by him in prayer?
A. He fills our souls with spiritual and holy affections in prayer, and helps us to act his graces in our duties ; Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities : for wę know not what we should pray for as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us, with groanings which cannot be uttered.
Q. 5. What else doth this word Father import?
A. It imports that holy confidence which believers may, and ought to draw near to God withal, as children to a Father ; Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness and access, with confidence, by the faith of him.
Q. 6. Doth it only fignify our relation and confidence ?
A. No, it also signifies the reverential fear of God, which ought at all times to be ou our hearts, especially in prayer ; Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth his father, and a fervant his master : If then I be a father, where is mine honour ? and if I be a mafter, where is my fear?
Q. 7. What is further imported in this word Father ?
A. It imports God's willingness and readiness to grant the best mercies to his people that seek them duly at his hand ; Matth. vii. 11. If ye then being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children ; how much more Mall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?
Q. 8. Why is he here called our Father ?
secretly by and for ourselves, but also with and for others; Eph. vi. 18. Praying always, with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance, and fupplication for all faints.
Q. 9. Why is God said here to be in heaven?
A. It is to note his sovereign power and dominion over all, as a ground-work of faith in prayer.
Q. 10. What else doth it import?
A. The great distance between God and us, which should fill our hearts with an holy awe of him ; Eccles. v. 2.---God is in heaven, and thou upon earth : therefore let thy words be few.
Q. 11. What is the first inference from hence?
A. It shews us, what a fad case all those are in, that have no special interest in God as a Father.
Q. 12. What is the second inference from hence?
A. It shews us what a glorious privilege the Lord Jesus Christ hath purchased for, and settled on his people ; Heb. iv. 15, 16. For we have not an high-priest, which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain
and find grace to help in time of need.
A. That feeing believers have a Father in heaven, they should never fear wants while they live, nor be afraid to die, fince death brings them to heaven, their Father's house.
Of fanétifying God's Name. Quest. 101. Hat do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition, which is, [Hallowed be thy name,] we pray, that God would enable us, and others, to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known; and that he would dispose all things to his own glory.
Q: 1. Is there any word full enough, perfectly to express what God is?
A. No, his name is secret ; Judges xiii. 18. And the angel of the Lord said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, feeing it is secret ? A name which none can tell ; Prov. XXX. 4.- What is his name, and what is his Son's name, if thou canst tell ? A name above every name; Phil. ii. 9. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name. But the name by which he more especially manifefts himself, is the name 1 AM;
mercy, and find
Exod. iii. 14. And God said unto Nioses, I AM THAT I
Q. 2. What doth the name of God, I AM, signify to us?
A. It signifies to us, first, The reality of his being, in opposition to idols, which are but imaginary and fantastic things; 1 Cor. viii. 4.- We know that an idol is nothing in the world, &c. God is not only the most perfect being, but the root of all other beings.
Q. 3. What else doth this name I AM import?
A. It imports both the perfection and eternity of God's being. I AM implies, he hath not that now, which he had not formerly; and that he shall not afterwards have, what he hath not now: and that there is neither beginning, end, or succesfion with God, whose name is I AM.
Q. 4. But what are we here to understand by the nameof God?
A. All those things are here intended, by which he manifests himself to the creature; as his word, works, and ordinances, but especially his glorious attributes ; Exod. xxxiv.
6.'The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.
Q. 5. What is it to hallow, or sanctify his name?
A. Not to infuse any holinefs into him, which he had not before ; fo he fanctifies us; but to manifest and acknowledge the holiness of God ; Isa. xxix. 23. But when he seeth his children, the work of my hands in the midst of him, they shall fanctify my name, and fanctify the holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.
Q. 6. Why hallowed or fanctified, rather than glorified ? Why that word, rather than this?
A. Because his holiness is the beauty and luftre of his other attributes. His greatness appears in his holiness; Isa. xii. 6.Great is the holy One of Israel in the midst of thee. So doth his power ; Luke i. 49. For he that is mighty hath done to me great things, and holy is his name. And therefore his holiness is that attribute, which angels single out especially to celebrate ; Isa. vi. 3. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, hoiy is the Lord of hosts, &c. And so do men allo, as it is the cause why they should glorify him ; Exod. xv.
Who is like thee, glorious in holiness, &c.
A. The meaning is, that God would so dispose and order all things in the world, as may beft promote and advance the glory of his name ; on which account we may pray for the
defeat of God's enemies; Psalm lxxxiii. 16, 17, 18. Fill their faces with shame, that they may seek thy name, O Lord. Let them be confounded and troubled for ever ; yea, let them be put to shame, and perifh ; that men may know that thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art the most High over all the earth. And the deliverance of his church and people ; Psalm lxxix. 9. Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name; and deliver us, and purge away our fins for thy name's fake.
Q. 8. What is the second thing we are to intend in it?
A. That God would fit us for, and use us in the most ferviceable capacity for the glorifying of his name; Psalm lxvii. 1, 2, 3. God be merciful unto us, and bless us, and cause his face to shine upon us : That thy way may be known upon earth, thy faving health among all nations. Let the people praise thee, O God, let all the people praise thee.
Q. 9. What is the third thing intended in this petition ?
A. That God may not only glorify his own name, and use us to glorify it, but that it should be our endeavour and joy to have it glorified by others all the world over ; Psalm cxlv. 4, 5,6. One generation shall praise thy works to another, and fhall declare thy mighty acts. I will speak of the glorious honour of thy majesty, and of thy wondrous works. And men shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts; and I will declare thy greatness.
l. 10. Why must our hearts be so intently set upon the - sanctification of God's name? A. Because this is the ultimate end of our own, and
every other being ; Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things; to whom be glory for ever, Amen. And the particular end of God in our effectual calling ; 1 Pet. ii. 9. But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people, that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.
Q. 11. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That the dishonour of God's name must needs be a cute ting affliction to a gracious foul; Pfalm xlii. 10. As with a sword in my bones my enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God?
Q. 12. What is the second inference from hence ?
A. That it is a dreadful infatuation, and spiritual judgment upon those men that think they glorify God in doing hose things which his soul hateth; Ila. Ixvi. 5. Hear the word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his word : Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's fake, faid, Let the Lord be glorified : But he shall appear to your joy, and they fhall be ashamed. And John xvi. 2. They shall put you out of the synagogues : Yeas the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you, will think that he doth God service.
Q. 13. What is the third inference from hence ?
A. That it should be indifferent to a Christian what condition God puts him into, fo that he may but be useful to fanctify and exalt the name of God therein ; Phil. i. 20.-As always, fo now also Chrift shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life or by death.
Q. 14. What is the last inference hence ? A. That it is an high and dreadful provocation of God to prophane and abuse his worship, whereon his name is called, and wherein it is to be fanctified ; Lev. X. 1, 2, 3. And Nadab and Abihu, the fons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered ftrange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not. And there went out fire from the Lord, and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. Then Mofes faid uns to Aaron; this it that the Lord (pake, saying, I will be fanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people will I be glorified.
of God's Kingdom. Hat do we pray for in the second petition
A. In the second petition, which is, [Thy kingdom come,] we pray that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed, and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it, and that the kingdoni of glory may be haftened,
8. 1. What is the first thing signified by the kingdom of God here? A. The gospel is here intended by the kingdom of God, Matth. xiii. 47.- Again; the kingdom of heaven is like un to a net that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind.
Q. 2. What is the thing signified by the coming of this kingdom of God?
A. It signifies the removal of all impediments, that hinder its propagation in the world; 2 Theff. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray for us; that the word of the Lord may have free course, and be glorified, even as it is with you. VOL. VIII.
Quet. 162. WHAT