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reverence Spiritual freedom more than sible application of the sacred principle; Biblical injunction, or who find the but we hope none, in their zeal for warrant for perfect spiritual freedom in spiritual freedom, will forget their allethe Bible itself; and who, with what giance to a spiritual faith. Between ever difference of creed, agree in an the hard materialism and dogged scepearnest love of Truth as Truth, above ticism of the Secularist and the cheerful any merely theological dogmas. Such hopes and well-assured faith of the at least is the impression which their Christian Unitarian, sympathy is imteachings convey to a bystander." possible. Let there be no mistake on The English ministers named as de this subject. If we temporize here, our serving this intended praise are Rey. C. usefulness and influence with the ChrisClarke, Rev. S. A. Steinthal, Rev. Jas. tian world are at an end-and properly Martineau, Rev. W. H. Channing, Rev. 80. But we believe there is not much Brooke Herford. Mr. Crosskey is the danger of Unitarian ministers forgetting only minister named in Scotland ; and their duty on this point. Let Mr. MarMr. Maginnis, of Belfast, the only one tineau's eloquent protest against Secunamed in connection with Ireland. If larism at Huddersfield, and Mr. Hincks' this compliment had been won by earnest assertion of the vantage-ground struggles for religious liberty,-that of occupied by Unitarians in this conthe Secularist equally with that of the troversy, be taken as proofs that those Christian,-why is the name of Rev. amongst us who are beyond suspicion John Gordon omitted, who vindicated in their love of spiritual freedom, have at Coventry the right of the Secular no sympathy whatever with the miserchampion Holyoake to a hearing? Some able negation of Secularism. We think of the English Unitarian ministers it desirable to say thus much, because named would, we believe, decline to one or two indiscretions in word and accept any compliment based on their act committed by others may have in. supposed in difference to revealed truth. spired Mr. Holyoake and his followers We hope every Unitarian minister in with an undue idea of the extent of the Great Britain and Ireland will fearlessly ground common to them and us. vindicate religious liberty in every pos

OBITUARY.

MRS. WORTHINGTON.

many excellent qualities were acknowTo preserve some record of the virtuous ledged by all who knew her. dead seems a duty of sacred obligation Mary, widow of the late Hugo WORupon the living. Not only to think, and THINGTON, Esq., of Altrincham, was born occasionally to speak of their good qua. December 13th, 1778. She was the eldest lities, but to endeavour to give them a form surviving daughter of the Rev. Robert and embodiment which they shall last- Harrop, for forty-six years pastor of the ingly retain, appears but the discharge of Presbyterian society at Hale in Cheshire, a debt of gratitude. When death removes and of Ann, only sister of Isaac Worthinga friend from our circle, a reality has ton, Esq., of Altrincham. She was bap. passed away from our presence,-passed tized by Mr. Lord, of Knutsford, Jan. 7, to that unseen world from which there is 1779, and died at her residence in Altrinno return. A memory is all that remains. cham, Dec. 14th, 1854, the day after she To fix that permanently in the mind, and had completed her 70th year. to enshrine the image which it recalls to Mrs. Worthington was descended from us in the heart, ere yet the impressions ancestors who had been connected with from the living original have faded per- the Presbyterian interest in Cheshire and ceptibly from our recollection, is an office Lancashire for several generations, and of a nature both interesting and instruc. whose friends were numbered amongst the tive. And though such a record may be best Dissentiug families in the Northern imperfect, it can never be without a value district,--class of society, it may be to those who are most nearly and deeply safely asserted, not surpassed by any then concerned in the preservation of the me- existing, for probity, intelligence and true mory of departed friends and counexions. refinement of manners.

The object of the present notice is to Being deprived by death of the advangive a brief sketch of a lady whose worth tage of maternal care in her early years, and value were extensively felt, and whose she, in common with Mr. Harrop's other children, was entrnsted to the charge of a much good as possible; and giving the family governess; but, for some years, benefit of her experience and of her varesided under the roof of the Rev. George luable countenance and counsel to all Checkley, of Ormskirk, where she enjoyed around her, in their several relations and the benefit of superior instruction, and degrees. formed a close friendship with Mr. C's In the sketch of character which will be only daughter, which continued unabated appended to this short outline of Mrs. on either side, until the time of Mrs. Wor. Worthington's life, the attempt will be thington's death.

made to discriminate clearly and to speak In 1804, she became connected by mar- with impartiality. But even from such a riage with Hugo Worthington, Esq., So- brief review as can here be given, it cannot licitor, Altrincham, for many years agent but appear that an individual of no ordito the Earl of Stamford and Warrington. nary stamp or worth has passed away This excellent man was the grandson of from among us. the Rev. Hugh Worthington, for fifty-six In her domestic relations, she was all years pastor of the “Grent Meeting," Lei- that the daughter, the wife or the mother cester, whose talents and virtues, religious can become. As a daughter, she, in the tone of character and high moral prin- early years of life, paid to her surviving ciple, he inherited. This union was dis parent the reverential respect and filial tinguished not only by warın affection and regard which, in later years, she claimed, mutual respect, but by that great-might and, by a just compensation of Providence, we not say, that indispensable recommen- received, from her own children. dation-similarity of religious views and As a wife, she was the soother of her feelings. This hallowed the tie that bound husband's cares, the sharer of his inmost them to each other, and, in a thousand thoughts, the friend whose counsel he ways, spread a charm and a brightness highly valued, and the ever-inspiring inover their lives as long as it seemed good fluence of whose energy and affection susin the designs of Providence to continue tained him in every moment of doubt or them to each other; and, when this happy difficulty. As a mother and the mistress of connexion was broken by the death of a family she pre-eminently shone-all that Mr. Worthington, soothed the pang of se- superior intelligence and good taste could paration, and taught them to look forward prescribe being made matter of strict and to a blessed re-union in another and a due observance among the various membetter world. Mr. Worthington died in bers of her household. Could fancy picture 1839, and his death was felt not only as a dwelling, all the arrangements of which a great loss to his family, but to the re- should be indicative of liberality without ligious society to which he belonged. ostentation, and frugality without parsi

Besides her husband, it was the will of mony,-where there should be seen whatHeaven to deprive Mrs. Worthington by ever could please by its comfort, and death of five of her children-two in the even elegance, without offending the taste days of youthful promise, and three at a by its savouring of gandy show or useless somewhat later period of life. These trials luxury,—where the tranquillizing influshe bore in such a manner as only a wo. ence of good order, combined with the man endowed with much power of moral peace arising from well-regulated affecreflection and great Christian fortitude tions, and the evident force of the ties of could have displayed. She bowed reve- domestic attachment among its inmates, rentially to the will of her Almighty Father, could not but be seen and felt, where and derived benefit to her soul from the family devotion should blend with family lessons of submission, humility and de- love, where the youthful members of the pendence, which these repeated bereave- household should feel the holy influence ments were intended to convey.

of the mutual respect and affection that Soon after the death of her husband, existed between its heads-of the benevoMrs. Worthington removed from Altrin. lence of their lives, the purity of their cham to Sale Hall, which, with the estate thoughts, and the piety of their demean. belonging to it, she purchased from John our,—such a model of judicious arrangeMoore, Esq., F.R.S., and rebuilt the house; ment, family affection and religious disbut after a residence of a few years there, cipline, surely was that which was to be she returned to Altrincham, much to the seen under the roof of Mr. and Mrs. Worjoy of those who had known her value as thington, when, years ago, their youthful a personal friend, and as a member of the family was all around them. religious denomination to which, in that But Mrs.Worthington's affections, though town, she had belonged. At Altrincham burning with their intensest glow within she continued to reside till the time of her the family circle, were by no means condeath, making it her chief object to do as fined to it. She was a warm and active

friend to those whom she justly considered interests to the utmost of her power. She to come within the sphere of such regard. was punctual in her attendance upon all To serve them and promote their interests, the ordinances of religion, making it ber no offices appeared to her generous spirit humble endeavour to “walk therein blametoo minute for her to render,—no assist less.” As soon as the chapel was built ance, if it lay within her power, too (in 1814), she, in common with the friend enlarged to afford. Her bounty to the before alluded to, originated a Sundaymore destitute and dependent classes school in connexion with it, in which she was great and constant. Being born to a never ceased to display a warm interest. station in which she was soon elevated to This brought her into a closer acquaintwealth and worldly consideration, she not ance with the character and capabilities only possessed the ability, but early learnt of numerous children of the humbler the duty and the pleasure, of relieving the classes, whose early religious education poor, aiding the deserving, educativg the she watched over, and whose success in ignorant, and, if possible, rescuing the after-life she, in several instances, matedepraved. Her motto practically, if not rially promoted ; and many are the voices professedly, was— To be niseful is to be that could now testify to the debt of obliblessed; and in many a family, and many gation which they owe, and have owed, to a cottage, which she has gladdened by her her. Nor would it become the pen that visits, was illustrated the beauty of the traces this imperfect menjorial to omit to touching expressions of Scripture, “When allude to the various instances in which, the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and by her judicious advice, her ever-ready when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me; zeal, and her active Assistance, the welfare because I delivered the poor that cried, of the religious society to which she beand the fatherless, and him that had none longed, has, over a course of many years, to help him."

beeu promoted. As regards her religious life and cha Nature had endowed her with great adracter, it may be said that, without the vantages of person. Her features were slightest appearance of pretension, she was fine, her complexion brilliant; and even yet eminently exemplary. The language in age her conntenance retained much of of piety she was taught to lisp by the best the freshness and vivacity of youth. Her and most venerable of fathers; and the manners were engaging and attractive, influence of the impressions she early re- distinguished by dignity, affability, and ceived from him, was seen in her to the habitual self-possession. As regards her latest moment of life. But her piety was intellectual qualities, she was distinguishof a cheerful cast; and no superstitious ed for acuteness, vigour and decision,-a gloom was traceable in her countenance tone of character liable sometimes to imor manner. Her reverence for the Grent pulsiveness and over-cxcitnbility. But Author of all her mercies was habitual, her powers were well-balanced, and sub. but it was not mere lip reverence. It had jected to judicious regulation. She at all its silent habitation in the heart, and was times, however, exercised great indepen. not obtruded upon observers. But though dence of thought and action. Her mind restrained from often introducing religious reposed on its own strength. In whattopics into general conversation by a ever circumstances she was placed, she sense of the respect due to such sacred seldlom vacillated, or needed advice from subjects, no one could be in her company, others. Others, however, often sought even for a short time, without perceiving advice from her, and sought it not in that devotional feelings reigned within, vain; for her quick perception readily and being sensible of the impression that took up the most important bearings of on her heart was stamped the settled in any case submitted to her consideration; press of piety.

and her decision on its merits, formed In relation to the religious society with on the unerring principles of integrity, which she was connected, her value is not was generally such as to be justified by easily to be expressed. She was the more the event. Her judgment, indeed, patuimmediate representative of a family whose rally good, was confirmed by enlarged expiety had founded, and whose zeal and perience. Age, which tends to check the liberality had endowed, the chapel now livelier impulses of feeling, only increased occupied by Unitarian worshipers in Al- the strength and discriminating power of trincham; and she was the last of her this faculty; and few minds could suggest, generation. She was thus the link which or lips deliver, advice which more readily connected the religious society there as ensured acceptance at the hands of those sembling in its present with its past and who sought it, from its recognized just. earliest history; and, as became her po ness and sincerity. sition, she was ever ready to promote its There are characters that are beautiful

at all times,-in early youth, in the period fant sinking to rest on its mother's bosom, of matured vigour, and in the gentle and she was released from the bond of mortal perceptible decline of old age. In like man- infirmity, and entered on her last slumner, under all varieties of circumstances, bers. How pleasiugly does such a death

-in the days when “ the candle of the bed illustrate the beautiful lines of Mrs. Lord" sbines with its fullest rays upon Barbauldthem, when his goodness gives them the “Sweet is the scene when virtue dies, exhilaration of health, buoyancy of spirits, When sinks a righteous soul to rest ; great powers of usefulness and activity, How mildly beam the closing eyes! and every domestic blessing,--and also How gently heaves the expiring breast! in the time of temporary reverse, when

“So fades a summer cloud away; health apparently fails, and when beloved

So sinks the gale when storms are o'er; children or friends are removed by death; - but what must finally and most pow

So gently shuts the eye of day;

So dies a wave along the shore.” erfully test the character are the hour and

C. W. the circumstances of our final departure from this world. It is true that the emotions which accompany the later moments Oct. 16, at Chichester, aged 17 years, of life, when the vital strength is fast ebb. SARAH, eldest surviving daughter of Mr. ing away, and the last sands of existence Frederic Cooper, of that city. This are rapidly running down, ought always amiable young person, the victim of conto be contemplated with silent awe, rather sumption, had for several months been in than speculated on with niceness by by- a declining state. Throughout her illness standers. What the heart feels when its she displayed a perfect acquiescence in last pang is approaching, or what the her Heavenly Father's will; her religious utterings of the spirit may be to its al. views were strictly Unitarian, and her remighty and unseen Source, on the eve of ligious feelings uniformly influenced her its departure from the body, who can pre- conduct. She had for some time past, at cisely tell, and who can infallibly judge ? her own desire, joined in the celebration Yet from outward composure inward tran- of her Lord's death, according to what she quillity is naturally inferred ; and such considered his beneficent appointment, composure as attended Mrs. Worthington and thus early in life bade fair to be a in her last moments can rarely be expected comfort to her parents, and a consistent to be witnessed. Worldly thoughts and

supporter of what she deemed the Chrisinterests had no power to disturb the tianity of the New Testament. But He peaceful calm of that parting hour. Her with whom are the issues of life and past life had been a continual preparation death, ordered it otherwise, If, however, for death, and when the summons came, the fancy of the excellent Dr. Doddridge it found her ready. She was enabled is allowable, her parents may well avail humbly, but confidently, to look forward themselves of the consolation it imparts, to something better than this world can when lamenting their child removed : bestow, and more worthy of a Christian's

“ The saints in earlier life remov'd aspiration. As the material present grew

In sweeter accents sing, dimmer to the eye, it is reasonable to be

And bless the swiftness of their flight lieve that visions of a heavenly future be.

That bore them to their King." came more distinct to the soul. She knew in whom and in what she had believed ; From the remark of our Lord when and that faith which had cheered her called to the daughter of Jairus, “ The through life, and supported her under all maid is not dead, but sleepeth,” the Rev. its varying circumstances, proved all-suf. J. Fullagar, minister of the chapel in ficient to sustain her spirits under the Baffin's Lane, on the Sunday succeeding gradual decays of nature. Comparative the funeral, snggested some consolatory cheerfulness contigued with her to the reflections on death, as described by our last; and it was a sweet satisfaction to Lord and his apostles under the image of her relatives around her to witness the sleep, directing the views of his sorrowing holy expression of countenance and beauti- friends to a happy re-union with their laful tranquillity of manner that attended mented child, where sorrow and pain will her in the latest moments of conscious- be known no more. ness, until, with the gentleness of an in

THE

CHRISTIAN REFORMER.

No. CXXIII.]

MARCH, 1855.

[Vol. XI.

THE EARLY LIFE OF JAMES MONTGOMERY. Of the brilliant galaxy of poets whose genius lighted up the first quarter of the nineteenth century, James Montgomery was all but the last survivor. Rogers still lives; but it has not been the privilege of the last generation of our countrymen to listen to any new strain of his pure and pleasing muse. Montgomery was perhaps, as a poet, the least popular of his illustrious contemporaries. His reputation as a poet will probably be greater hereafter than it is at present; and his claims to the regard of posterity rest on other foundations than his poetical genius. Like Crabbe, Southey, Wordsworth and Rogers, he passed through a long life unstained by folly and vice, calmly and faithfully performing the duties of his station, and offering the best possible rebuke to those who would claim for themselves or others immunity from laborious and patient duty on the plea of original genius. In the earnestness of his religious character he surpassed them all, and exhibits the pleasing spectacle of a man, identified for half a oentury with the “Evangelical" religionists of England, against whom no charge of bigotry attaches, and whoin men of every denomination agree to honour as much for his sincerity and consistency as for his natural gifts.

The biography, of which the first portion t now invites criticism, is put forth as the joint work of John Holland and James Everett, names unknown to literature. The former appears to be a resident of Sheffield, of philanthropic habits, and actively interested in missions and other religious movements. Mr. Everett is the leader of one of the latest secessions from the Wes

• Memoirs of the Life and Writings of James Montgomery, including Selections from his Correspondence, Remains in Prose and Verse, and Conversations on various Subjects." By John Holland and James Everett. Vols. I. and II. Post 8vo. Longman and Co. 1854.

+ We cannot approve of the prevailing custom of publishers putting forth popular books in parts, without a distinct intimation to the public that it is an imperfect work that is advertised. Many who have purchased these two volumes would have hesitated, had they known that they involved a second, and possibly a third, similar purchase.

How noble a monument would have been raised to the fame of Montgomery, had the task of composing his biography been confided to, and cheerfully undertaken by, Mr. Samuel Bailey, one of the purest writers of English now living, and a man of most exact powers of discrimination !

VOL. XI.

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