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Matice often bears down truth.

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 222.

Truth, like beauty, varies its fashions, and is best recommended by different dresses, to different ininds.

Idler, vol. 2, p..186.

There is no crime more infamous than the violation of truth: it is apparent, that men can be sociable beings no longer than they can believe each other. When speech is employed only as the vehicle of falsehood, every man must disunite himself from others, inhabit his own cave, and seek prey only for himself.

Ibid, vol. 1, p. 108.

Truth is the basis of all excellence.

Life of Cowley.

Truth is always truth, and reason is always Teason; they have an intrinsic and unalterable value, and constitute that intellectual gold which defies destruction; but gold may be so concealed in baser matter, that only a chemist can recover it; sense may be so hidden in unrefined and plebeian words, that none but philosophers can distinguish it; and both may be so buried in impurities, as not to pay the cost of their extraction.

in Ibid.

.. To doubt whether a man of éminence has told

the truth about his own birth, is in appearance, 'to be very deficient in candour; yet nobody can live long without knowing, that falsehoods of convenience or vanity, falsehoods from which po eyil immediately visible ensues, except the


general degradation of human testimony, are very lightly uttered, and, once uttered, are sullenJy supported. Boileau, who désired to be thought å rigorous and steady moralist, having told a petty lie to Lewis XIV.. continued it afterwards by falfe dates; thinking himself obliged, in honour (says his admirer) to maintain what, when he said it, was well received.

Life of Congreve.

- It were doubtless to be wished, that truth and Teason were universally prevalent; that every thing were esteemed according to its real value, and that men would secure themselves from being disappointed in their endeavours after happiness, by placing it only in virtue, which is always to be obtained. But, if adventitious and foreign pleasures must be pursued, it would be, perhaps, of some benefit, since that pursuit must frequently be fruitless, if it could be taught, that folly might be an antidote to folly, and one fala lacy be obviated by another.

Life of Savage.

Wbere truth is sufficient to fill the mind, fiction is worse than useless; the counterfeit des bases the genuine.

Life of Gray.

To the position of Tully, “ that if virtue could -be seen, she must be loved," may be added, that if truth could be heard, she must be obeyed.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 194

Truth finds an easy entrance into the mind, when she is intio luced by desire, and attended by pleasure. Bit when she intrudes uncalled, R 5


and brings only fear and sorrow in her train, the passes of the intellect are barred against her by prejudice and passion; if she sometimes forces her way by the batteries of argument, she seldom long keeps possession of her conquests, but is ejected by some favoured enemy, or at best obtains only a nominal sovereignty, without influence, and without authority.

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 29. There are many truths which every human being acknowledges and forgets.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 6a Truth, when it is reduced to practice, easily becomes subject to caprice and imagination, and many particular acts will be wrong, though their general principle be 'right. a.

' Ibid. p. 291. . ........ . 1,6 ?? : The most useful truths are always universal, and unconnected with accidents and customs.

. . Ibid. vol. 2, p. 76.

Between falselrood and useless truth there islittle difference. As gold which he cannot spend, will make no man rich, so know ledge which he cannot apply, will make no man wise. .

Ibid. p. 179.

He that contradicts acknowledged truth, will always have an audience; he that vilifies established authority, will always find abettors.

Falkland INands, p. 54. There are truths, which, as they are always necessary, do not grow stale by repetition. Review of the Origin of Evil, p: 17.


Truth is best supported by virtue.

Introduction to the Proceedings of the Committee. . . for Clothing French Prisoners, p. 160..


It is a common plea of wickedness to call temptation destiny.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 19.D: 55.

THOUGHTS. It is the odd fate of some thoughts, to be the worse for being true. .

Life of Cowley. Levity of thought naturally produces famili. arity of language, and the familiar part of language continues long the same; the dialogue of comedy, when it is transcribed from popular manners, and real life, is read from age to age: with equal, pleasure. The artifices of inversion, by which the established order of words is changed, or of innovation, by which new words or new meanings of words, are introduced, is practised, not by those who talk to be understood, but by those who write to be admired.


Though we have many examples of people existing without thought, it is certainly a state not much to be desired. He that lives in torpid. insensibility, wants, nothing of a carcase but putrefaction. It is the part of every inhabitant: of the earth, to partake the pains and pleasures of his fellow beings; and, as in a road through:

a country desert and uniform, the traveller lan · guishes for waqt of amusement, so the passage of: R6

life: life will be tedious and irksome to him who does mot beguile it by diversified ideas.

Idler, vol. I, p. 136.

TREATIES.. In forming stipulations, the commissaries are often ignorant, arrd often negłigent. They are sometimes weary with debate, and contract a tedious discussion into general terms, or refer it to a former treaty which was never understood. The weaker part is always afraid of requiring explanations, and the stronger always has an interest in leaving the questian undecided. Thus with it happen, without great caution on either side, that after long treaties, solemnly ratified, the rights that had been disputed, are still equal ly open to controversy. “

. ? Obfervations on the State of Affairs, 1756, p. 21.

THEORY. It is true, that of far the greater part of things, We must content ourselves with such knowledge as description' may exhibit, or analogy supply; but it is true, likewise, that those ideas are always incomplete, and that, at least till we have compared them with realities, we do not know them to be just. As we see more, we become possessed of more certainties, and consequently gain more principles of reasoning, and found a wider basis of analogy.

Western Ilands, p. 85.

THINGS. Things may be not only too little, but too much known, to be happily illustated. To explain, requires the use of terms less abstruse than that which is to be explained, and such terms


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