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derstanding in a clearer view, and display it to the fancy with greater dignity; but either of these qualities may be sufficient to recommend it. In didactic poetry, of which the great purpose is instruction, a simile may be praised which illustrates though it does not ennoble. In heroics, that may be admitted which ennobles, though it does not illustrate. That it may be complete, it is required to exhibit, independently of its references, a pleasing image; for a simile is said to be a short episode.

Life of Pope.


Shame, above every other passion, propagates. itself.

Rambler, vol. 3, P. 309.

· It is perhaps, kindly provided by nature, that as the feathers and strength of the bird grow together, and her wings are not completed till she is able to fly; so some proportion should be observed in the human mind, between judgment and courage. The precipitation of experience is therefore restrained by shame, and we remain shackled by timidity, till we have learned to speak and act with propriety.

Ibid. p. 316.

· Shame operates most strongly in our earliest years,

. .: Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 5, p. 79.

As in life, so in study, it is dangerous to do more things than one at a time; and the mind is. not to be harrassed with unnecessary obstructions,

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in a way of which the natural and unavoidable asperity is such as too frequently produces despair.

Preface to the Preceptor, p. 65. The predominance of a favourite study, affects all subordinate operations of the intellect.

Life of Cowley.


Sobriety or temperance, is nothing but the forbearance of pleasure; and if pleasure was not followed by pain, who would forbear it?

.: Idler, vol. 2, p. 208.

SCARCITY. Value is more frequently raised by scarcity than by use. That which lay neglected when it was common, rises in estimation as its quantity becomes less. We seldom learn the true want of what we have, till it is discovered that we can have no more.

Ibid. p. 280.

SENTENCES. In all pointed sentences, some degree of ac- • curacy must be sacrificed to conciseness.

Bravery of English Common Soldiers, p. 324. i

SUCCESS AND MISCARRIAGE. Success and miscarriage have the same effects in all conditions. The prosperous are feared, hated, and flattered; and the unfortunate avoided, pitied, and despised.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 277.


SHAKSPEARE. : Of all the disputed plays of Shakspeare, except Titus Andronicus, it may be asked, if they are taken from him, to whom shall they be given? for it will be found more credible that Shakspeare might sometimes sink below his highest flights, than that any other should rise up to his lowest.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. I, p. 216.

Each change of many-coloured life he drew,
Exhausted worlds, and then imagined new :
Existence saw him spurn her bounded reign,
And panting Time toil'd after him in vain.

Prologue at the opening of Drury-lane Theatre.


Nothing gives so much offence to the lower ranks of mankind, as the sight of superfluities merely ostentatious.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 6, p. 339.

GOOD SENSE. Good sense is a sedate and quiescent quality, which manages its possessions well, but does not increase them : it collects few materials for its own operations, and preserves safety, but never gains supremacy. i

Life of Pope. · RURAL SP'orts. It is probable all the sports of the field are of Gothic original; the ancients neither hunted by the scent, nor seem much to have practised horsemanship as an exercise; and though in their works there is mention of Aucupium and Piscatio, they


seem no more to have been considered as diversions, than agriculture, or any other manual labour.

Life of Sir Thomas Browne, p. 269

SEASONS. It is observed by Milton, that he who neglects to visit the country in spring, and rejects the pleasures that are then in their first bloom and fragrance, is guilty ofsullenness against nature." If we allot different duties to different seasons, he may be charged with equal disobedience to the voice of nature, who looks on the bleak hills, and leafless woods, without seriousness and awe. · Spring is the season of gaiety, and winter of terror. In spring, the heart of tranquillity dances to the melody of the groves, and the eye of benevolence sparkles at the sight of happiness and plen-ty; in the winter, compassion melts at universal calamity, and the tear of softness starts at the wailings of hunger and the cries of creation in distress.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 149.

SUBLIMITY. Sublimity is produced by aggregation, and littleness by dispersion.-Great thoughts are always general, and consist in positions not limited by exceptions, and in descriptions not descending to minuteness.

Life of Cowley.

SCIENCE. Divide and conquer, is a principle equally just in science as in policy.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 387. Every science has its difficulties, which yèt call for solution, before we atteinpt new systems of


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knowledge; as every country has its forests and marshes, which it would be wise to cultivate and . drain, before distant colonies are projected as a necessary discharge of the exuberance of inhabitants.

Ibid. p. 292.

It is sometimes difficult to prove the principles of science, because notions cannot always be found more intelligible than those which are questioneda

Taxation no Tyranny, poz.

STATESMEN. . I know not whether statesmen and patrons do not sometimes suffer more reproaches than they deserve from their dependants, and may not rather themselves complain that they are given up a prey to pretensions without merit, and to importunity without shame. The truth is, that the inconveniences of attendance are more lamented than felt. To the greater number solicitation is its own reward: to be seen in good company, to talk of familiarities with men of power, to be able to tell the freshest news, to, gratify an inferior circle with predictions of increase or decline of favour, and to be regarded as a candidate for high offices, are compensations more than equivalent to the delay of favours, which, perhaps, he that begs theın has hardly confidence to expect.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 79. SEPARATION. There are few things, not purely evil, of which we can say, without some emotions of uneasiness; This is the last." Those who never could agree together, shed tears when mutual discontent has determined thein to final separation; of a place


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