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Repentance is the change of the heart, fronr that of an evil to a good disposition ; it is that disposition of mind by which “ the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness, and doeth that which is lawful and right;" and when this change is made, the repentance is complete.
Convict's Address, p. 14 & 15. Repentance, however difficult to be practised is, if it be explained without superstition, easily understood. “Repentance is the relinquishment of any practice, from the conviction that it has of fended God. Sorrow, and fear, and anxiety, are properly not parts, but adjuncts of repentance; yet they are too closely connected with it, to be t'asily separated; for they not only mark its sine cerity, but promote its efficacy.
No man commits any act of negligence or obstinacy, by which his safety or happiness in this world is endangered, without feeling the pungency of remorse. He who is fully convinced that he suffers by his own failure, can never forbear to trace back his miscarriage to its first cause, to image to himself a contrary behaviour, and to forin involuntary resolutions against the like fault, even when he knows that he shall never again have the power of committing it. Danger, considered as imminent, naturally, produces such trepidations of impatience, as leave all human means of safety behind him : be that has once caught an alarm of terror, is every moment seized with useless anxieties, adding one security to another, trembling with sudden doubts, and distracted by the perpetual occurrence of new expedients. If, therefore, he whose crimes have deprived him of the favour of God,
can reflect upon his conduct without disturbance, or can at will banish the reflection ; if he who considers himself as suspended over the abyss of eternal perdition only by the thread of life, which must soon part by its own weakness, and which the wing of every minute may divide, can cast his eyes round him without shuddering with horror, or panting with security; what can he judge of himself, but that he is not yet awakened to sufficient conviction, since every loss is more lamented than the loss of the divine
favour, and every danger more dreaded than the - danger of final condemnation ?
Rambler, vol. 3, p. 28 & 29. The completion and sum of repentance is a change of life. That sorrow wbich dictates no caution, that fear which does not quicken our escape, that austerity which fails to rectify our affections, are vain and unavailing. But sorrow and terror must naturally precede reformation ; for wbat other cause can produce it? He, therefore, that feels himself alarıncd by his conscience, anxious for the attainment of a better state, and afflicted by the memory, of his past faults, "may.justly conclude, that the great work of repentance is begun, and hope, by retirement and prayer, the natural and religious ineans of strengthening his conviction, to impress upon his mind such a sense of the divine presence, as inay overpower the blandishments of secular delights, and enable him to advance from one degree of holiness to another, till death shall set him free from doubt and contest, misery and . temptation.
What better can we do than prostrate fall
Thumbly our faults, and pardon beg, with tears
Ibid. p. 30.
REVENGE. Forbearance of revenge, when revenge is within reach, is scarcely ever to be found among Princes.
Memoirs of the King of Prussia.
RESPECT.. . Respect is often paid in proportion as it is claimed.
Ider, vol. 1, p. 276.
LITERARY REPUTATION.. of the decline of literary reputation, many causes may be assigned. It is commonly lost because it never was deserved, and was conferred at first not by the suffrage of criticism, but by the fondness of friendship, or servility of flattery. Many have lost the final reward of their labours, because they were too hasty to enjoy it. They have laid hold on recent occurrences and eminent names, and delighted their readers with allusions and remarks, in which all were interested, and to which, therefore, all were attentive; but the effect ceased with its cause; the time quietly came when new events drove the former from memory, when the vicissitudes of the world brought new hopes and fears, transferred the love and hatred of the public to other agents, and the writer whose works were no longer as. sisted by gratitude or resentment, was left to the cold regard of idle curiosity. But he that writes upon general principles, or delivers universal truths, may hope to be often read, because his work will be equally useful at all times, and in every country; but he cannot expect it to be received with eagerness, or to spread with rapidity, because desire can have no particular stimulation. That which is to be loved long, is to be loved with reason, rather than with passion:
. Ibid. vol. 2, p. 36 & 37.
- REASON AND FANCY. Reason is like the sun, of which the light is constant, uniform, and lasting. Fancy a meteor of bright but transitory lustre, irregular in its motion, and delusive in its direction.
Prince of Abyssinia, p. 116.
RHYME. Rhyme, says Milton, and says trusy, is no necessary adjunct to true poetry. But, perhaps, of poetry, as a mental operation, metre or music is no necessary adjunct; it is, however, by the music of metre that poetry has been discriminated in all languages; and in languages melodiously constructed, by a due proportion of long and short syllables, metre is sufficient. But one language cannot communicate its rules to another. Where metre is scanty and imperfect, some help is necessary. The music of the English heroic line strikes the ear so faintly, that it is easily lost, unless all the syllables of every line co-operate together. This co-operation can be only obtained by the preservation of every verse, unmingled with another, as a distinct system of
sounds; and this distinctness is obtained, and preserved, by the artifice of rhyme.
Life of Milton. To attempt any farther improvemert or versification, beyond what Pope has given us in his translation of Homer's Iliad, will be dangerous. Art and diligence have now done their best; and what shall be added, will be the effort of tedious toil, and needless curiosity.
i Life of Pope. RHETORICIAN. There is no credit due to a rhetorician's account either of good. or evil..
Life of Roger Ascham, p. 247.
REPROUF.. Reproof should not exhaust its power upon petty failings; let it watch diligently against the incursion of vice, and leave foppery and futility to die of themselves..
Idler, , vol. I, p. 141.
RULES. Rules may obviate faults, but can never con-.. fer beauties.
Idler, .vol. 2, p. 26. C'HARACTER OF THE ANCIENT ROMANS, While they were poor, they robbed mankind; and as soon as they became rich, they robbed one. another. Review of the Memoirs of the Court of Auguftus, p. 6.
RIGHT. The utmost exertion of right is always invidia. ous; and where claims are not easily determino. able, is always dangerous..,
Falkland Islands, p. 59.