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tune to a nearer inspection of the manners, principles, and affections of mankind.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 268.

Moderation in prosperity is a virtue very difficult to all mortals.

Memoirs of the King of Prussia, p. 137.

PEEVISHNESS. Peevishness, though sometimes it arises from old age, or the consequence of some misery, it is frequently one of the attendants on the prosperous, and is employed by insolence, in exacting homage; or by tyranny, in harrassing subjection. It is the offspring of idleness or pride; of idleness, anxious for trifles, or pride, unwilling to endure the least obstruction of her wishes. Such is, the consequence of peevishness, it can be borne only when it is despised.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 114.

It is not easy to imagine a more unhappy condition than that of dependence on a peevish man. In every other state of inferiority, the certainty of pleasing is perpetually increased by a fuller knowledge of our duty, and kindness and confidence are strengthened by every new act of trust and proof of fidelity. But peevisbness sacrifice's to a momentary offence, the obsequiousness or usefulness of half a life, and, as more is per. formed, increases her exactions. '

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 39. .

Peevishness is generally the vice of narrow minds, and, except when it is the effect of anguish


and disease, by which the resition is broken, and the mind made ton issible o bear the lightest addition to its miserits, usitno us from an unreasonable persuasion of the importance of trifles. The proper remedy against it is, to consider the dignity of human nature, and the foily of suffering perturbation and uneasiness, front causes unworthy of our notice.

Ibid. p. 41.

He that resigns his peace to little casualties, and suffers the course of his life to be interrupted by fortuitous inadvertencies or offences, delivers up himself to the direction of the wind, and loses all that constancy and equanimity, which constitute the chief praise of a wise man.

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 41.

PEOPLE. No people can be great who have ceased to be virtuous.

: Political State of Great Britain, p. 56.

The prosperity of a people is proportionate to the number of hands and minds usefully employed. To the community, sedition is a fever, corruption is a gangrene, and idleness an atrophy. Whatever body and whatever society wasteš more - than it requires, must gradually decay; and every

being that continues to be fed, and ceases to la· bour, takes away something from the publick - stock.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 121. Great regard shonld be paid to the voice of the people in cases where knowledge has been forced


· upon them by experience, without long deduca tions, or deep researches.

'Rambler, vol. I, p. 150.

PEDANTRY. . ! It is as possible to become pedantiç by fear of pedantry, as to be troublesome by ill-timed civility

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 76.


Punctuality is a quality which the interest of mankind requires to be diffused through all the ranks of life, but which many seem to consider as a vulgar- and ignoble virtue, below the ambition of greatness, or attention of wit, scarcely requisite amongst men of gaiety and spirit, and sold at its highest rate, when it is sacrificed to a frolic or a jest.",

. . Ibid. p. 223

PRUDENCE, . Prudence is of more frequent use than any other intellectual quality ;, it is exerted, on sliglit occasions, and called into act by the cursory business of common life. . .

Idler, vol. 2, p. 250, Prudence operates on life in the same manner as rules on composition; it produces vigilance rather than elevation, rather prevents loss thali procures arlvantage, and often escapes miscarriages, but seldom reaches either power or honour, . . is

. .!bid.

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PRUDENCE AND JUSTICE. Aristotle is praised for naming fortitude first of the cardinal virtues, as that without which no other virtue can steadily be practised; but he might with equal propriety, have placed prudence and justice before it; since without prudence fortitude is mad, without justice it is mischievous.

Life of Pope.

PREJUDICE. To be prejudiced is always to be weak, yet there are prejudices so near to being laudable, that they have often been praised, and are always pardoned.

Taxation no Tyranmy, p. 3.

PEACE. Peace is easily made, when it is necessary to both parties.

1 Memoirs of the King of Pruffia, p. 121.

PRACTICE.' In every art, practice is much; in arts manual, practice is almost the whole; precept can at most but warn against error, it can never bestow excellence. '

Life of Roger Aschano, p. 240. Uniformity of practice seldom continues long without good reason.

." Western Islands, p. 361."

PIETY. Piety is elevation of mind towards the Supreme Being, and extension of the thought to another


life. The other life is future, and the Supreme · Being is invisible. None would have recourse to an invisible power, but that all other subjects had eluded their hopes. None would fix their 'atten, zion upon the future, but that they are discontented with the present. If the senses were feast ed with perpetual pleasure, they would always keep the mind in subjection. Reason has no authority over us, but by its power to warn us against evil.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 209.

PERFECTION. To pursue perfection in any science, where perfection is unattainable, is like the first inhabitants of Arcadia, to chace the sun, wbich, when they had reached the bill where he seemed to rest, was still beheld at the same distance from them. .

Life of Waller. :: It seldom happens that all the necessary causes

concur to any great effect. Will is wanting to power, or power to will, or both are impeded by external obstructions.

:: Life of Dryden. An imperial crown cannot be one continued diamond; the gems must be held together by some less valuable matter.


PERFIDY. Combinations of wickedness would overwhelm the world, by the advantage which licentious principles afford, did not those who have long practised perfidy, grow faithless to each other.

: : Life of Waller, P3: PERSEVE


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