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not able, at pleasure, to evacuate his mind, and who brings not to his author an intellect defecated and pure; neither turbid with care, nor agitated with pleasure. If the repositories of thought are already full, what can they receive? If the mind is employed on the past or future, the book. will be held before the eyes in vain.

Ibid. p. 123 • Memory is the purveyor of reason, the power: which places those images before the mind, upon which the judgment is to be exercised, and which. treasures up the determinations that are oncè: passed, as the rules of future action, or grounds. of subsequent conclusion.

ni Rambler, vol. I, p. 248. The two offices of memory are collection and distributione, By one, images are accúmulated, and by the other, produced for use. Collection is : always the employment of our first years, and dis--tribution.commonly that of our advanced age.

Idler, vol. I, p. 246,.'

MIND. . An envious and unsocial mind, too proud to give pleasure and too sullen to receive it, always endeavours to hide its malignity, from the world : and from itself, under the plainness of siınple ho-. nesty, or the dignity of baughty independence..

Notes upon Shakleare, vol. 29; p.270.. Of the powers of the mind, it is difficult to : form an estimate. Many have excelled Milton in their first essays, who never rose to.works like Paradise Lost."

Life of Milton.


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3. Those who look upon the mind to depend on the seasons, and suppose the intellect to be subject to periodical ebbs and flows, may justly be derided as intoxicated by the fumes of a vain imas gination. Sapiens dominabitur astris. The author that thinks himself weather-bound, will find, with

or exhausted. But while this notion has possession of the head, it produces the inability which it supposes.

Ibid. Another opinion (equally ridiculous) wandersabout the world, and sometimes finds reception among wise men; an opinion that restrains the operation of the mind to particular: regions, anck supposes that a luckless mortal may be born in : a degree of latitude too high or too low.for wisa: dom or for witi

Ibid. The natural Aights of the human mind are not? from pleasure to pleasure, but from hope to hope.

' Rambler, vol. Iy pa 8. There seems to be some minds suited to greati and others to little employments; some formed to: soar sloft, and others to grovel on the ground, and confine their regard to a narrow sphere.. Of these, the one is always in danger of becoming useless by a daring negligence; the other, by a scrupulous solicitude. The one collects many. ideas, but confused and indistinct; the other is

and without dignity. .

. Ibid. :26cm There are some minds so fertile and comprehen.siye, that they can always feed reflection with new:


supplies, and suffer nothing from the preclusion of adventitious'amusements; as some cities have, within their own walls, enclosed ground enough * to feed their inhabitants in a siege. ''. i

3 . Ibid. vol. 3, p. 179. Such is the delight of mental superiority, that one on whoin nature or study have conferred ; would purchase the gifts of fortune by its loss..

Ibid. p. 267.

Nothing produces more singularity of manners, and inconstancy of life, than the conflict of opposite vices in the same mind. He that uniformly pursues any purpose, whether good or bad, has a settled principle of action; and, as he may always find associates who are travelling the same way, is countenanced by example, and sheltered in the multitude; but a man actuated at once by different desires, must move in a direction peculiar to himself, and suffer that reproach which we · are naturally inclined to bestow on those who deviate from the rest of the world, even without enquiring whether they are worse or better.

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Ibid. vot. 40 p. 248.

: To find the nearest way from truth to truth, or

from purpose to effect, not to use more instruments where fewer will be sufficient; not to move by wheels and levers, what will give way to the naked hand, is the great proof of a healthfuland i vigorous mind, neither feeble with helpless ignorance, nor over-burdened with unwiefdly knowledge,

Idler, vol. I, p. 202.

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PROGRESS OF THE MIND.'* ' 39 If we consider the exercises of the human mind, it will be found, that in each part of life some particular faculty is more eminently employed. When the treasures of knowledge are first opened before us, while novelty blooms alike on either hard, and every thing, equally unknown and unexamined, seems of equal value, the power of the soul is principally exerted in a vivacious and desultory curiosity. She applies, by turns, to every object, enjoys it for a short time, and flies with equal ardour to another. She delights to catch up loose and unconnected ideas, but starts away from systems and complications which would obstruct the rapidity of her transitions, and detain her long in the same pursuit.

- When a number of distinct images are collected by these erratic and hasty surveys, the fancy is busied in arranging them, and combines them into pleasing pictures with more resemblance to the realities of life, as experience advances, and new observations rectify the former. While the judgment is yet uninformed, and unable to compare the draughts of fiction with their originals, we are delighted with improbable adventures, impracticable virtues, and inimitable characters; but, in proportion as we have more opportunities of acquainting ourselves with living nature, we are sooner disgusted with copies in which there appears, no resemblance. We first discard absurdity and impossibility, then exact greater and greater degrees of probability, but at last become cold and insensible to the charms of falsehood, however specious; and, from the imitations of truth, which are never perfect, transfer our affection to truth itself.


Now commences the ruin of judgment or reason. We begin to find little pleasure but in comparing arguments, stating propositions, disen- :: tangling perplexities, clearing ambiguities, and deducing consequences. The painted vales of imagination are deşerted, and our intellectual activity, is exercised in winding through the labyrinths of fallacy, and toiling with firm and cautious steps up the narrow tracks of demonstration. Whatever may lull vigilance or mislead attention, is contemptuously rejected, and every disguise, in which error may be concealed, is carefully observed, till, by degrees, à certain number of incontestible or unsuspected' propositions are established, and at last concatenated into arguments, or compacted into systems

At length, weariness succeeds to labour, and the mind lies at ease in the contemplation of her own attainments, without any desire of new conquests or excursions. This is the age of recollection and narrative. The opinions are settled, and the avenues of appréhension shut against any new intelligence; the days that are to follow must pass in the inculcation of precepts already collected, and assertions of tenets already received; nothing is henceforward so odious as opposition, so insolent as doubt, or so dangerous ás novelty.

Rambler, vol. 3, p.271, 272,.& 2735

MINUTENESS. , The parts of the greatest things are little; what is little can be, but pretty, and by claiming dignity, becomes ridiculous.

Life of Cowley.


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