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tion of a borrowed ornament, may sometimes display so much judgment, as will almost compensate for invention; and an inferior genius may, without any imputation of servility, pursue the path of the ancients, provided he declines to tread in their footsteps.

Ibid, vol. 3, p. 231. The reputation which arises from the detail or transposition of borrowed sentiments, inay spread for a while like ivy on the rind of antiquity, but will be torn away by accident or contempt, and suffered to rot, unheeded, on the ground.

Ibid. p. 292. When the original is well chosen, and judiciously copied, the imitator often arrives at excellence, which' he could never have attained without direction ; for few are formed with abili. ties to discover new possibilities of excellence, and to distinguish themselves by means never tried before.

Toid. vol. 4, p. 25. The Macedonian conqueror, when he was once invited to hear a man that sung like a nightingale, replied, with contempt, “ That he had heard the nightingale herself;" and the same treatment must every man expect, whose praise is, that he imitates another.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 182. Almost all the absurdity of conduct arises from the imitation of those whom we cannot resemble.

- Jbid. vol. 3, p. 176. We are easily fiattered by an imitator, when we do not fear ever to be rivalled. . ..

Ibid. p. 249*

Imitations produce pain or pleasure, not be cause they are mistaken for realities, but because they bring realities to the mind. When the imagination is recreated by a landscape, the trees are not supposed capable to give us shade; but we consider how we should be pleased with such fountains playing beside us, and such woods waving over us.

Preface to Shakspeare, p. 114.

INDOLENCE. It is in vain to put wealth within the reach of him who will not stretch out his hand to take it,

Life of King. Indolence is one of those vices from which those whom it once infects are seldom reformed.

Rambler,' vol. 3, p. 298. Every other species of luxury operates upon some appetite that is quickly satiated, and requires some concurrence of art, or accident, which every place will not supply; but the desire of ease acts equally at all hours, and the longer it is indulged is the more increased.

Ibid. He that is himself weary will soon weary the public. Let him, therefore, lay down his employment, whatever it bė, who can no longer exert his former activity or attention. Let him not endeavour to struggle with censure, or ob- stinately infest the stage, till a general hiss commands him to depart..

[hid. vol. 4, p. 258.

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; As pride is sometimes hid under humility, idleness is often covered by turbulence and hurry.


He that neglects his known duty, and real employment, naturally 'endeavours to crowd his mind with something that may bar out the remembrance of his own folly, and does any thing but what he ought to do, with eager diligence, that he may keep himself in his own favour.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 1, 172. Perhaps every man may date the predominance of those desires that disturb his life, and contaminate his conscience, from some unhappy hour when too much leisure exposed him to their incursions; for he has lived with little observation, either on himself or others, who does not know that to be idle is to be vicious.

i Rambler, vol. 2, p. 181. There are said to be pleasures in madness known only to madmen. There are certainly miseries in idleness, which the idler can only conceive.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 15. Of all the enemies of idleness, want is the most formidable. Fame is soon found to be a sound, and love a dream. Avarice and ambition may be justly suspected of being privy confederates with idleness; for when they have, for a while, protected their votaries, they often deliver them up, to end their lives under her dominion. Want always struggles against idleness; but want herself is often overcome, and every hour shows the careful observer those who had rather live in ease than in plenty.

Ibid. p. 51.'' No man is so much open to conviction as the idler ; but there is none on whom it operates so little.

Ibid. p. 175.


The drunkard, for a time, laughs over his wine; the ambitious man triumphs in the miscarriage of bis rival ; but the captives of indolence have neither superiority nor merriment. .

Vision of Theodore, p. 94.

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It is not only in the slumber of sloth, but in the dissipation of ill-directed industry, that the shortness of life is generally forgotten. As some men lose their hours in laziness, because they suppose there is time for the reparation of neglect, others busy themselves in providing that 'no length of life may want employment; and it often happens, that sluggishness and activity are equally surprised by the last summons, and perish not more differently from each other, than: the fowl that received the shot in her flight, from her that is killed upon the bush.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 99. Idleness can never secure tranquillity; the call of reason and of conscience will pierce the closest pavilion of the sluggard, and though it may not have force to drive him from his down, will be loud enough to hinder him from sleep. Those moments which he cannot resolve to make useful, by devoting them to the great business of his being, will still be usurped by powers that will not leave them to his disposal; remorse and vexation will seize upon them, and forbid him to enjoy what he is so desirous to appropriate.

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 172. Those who attempt nothing themselves, think every thing easily performed, and consider the unsuccessful always as criminal.

Idler, vol. 1, p.se


The diligence of an idler is sometimes rapid and impetuous; as ponderous bodies, forced into velocity, move with violence proportionate to their weight.


There are some that profess idlenegs in its full dignity; who call themselves the idle, as Busiris in the play, calls himself the proud; who boast that they do nothing, and thank their stars that they have nothing to do; who sleep every night till they can sleep no longer, and rise only that exercise may enable them to sleep again; who prolong the reign of darkness by double curtains, and never see the sun, but to tell him how they hate his beams; whose whole labour is to vary the postures of indulgence; and whose day ditfers from their night, but as a couch, or chair, differs from a bed.

. ibid. p. 171. Idleness predominates in many lives where it is not saspected; for, being a vice which terminates in itself, it may be enjoyed without injury to others, and is therefore not watched like fraud, which endangers property, or like pride, which naturally seeks its gratifications in another's inferiority. Idleness is a silent and peaceful quality, that neither raises envy by ostentation, nor hatred by opposition; and therefore nobody is busy to censure or detect it.

Ibid. p. 172


Integrity without knowledge, is weak, and generally useless; and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 249.


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